Rebuttal on the Report of fact-finding mission on media’s reportage of the ethnic violence in Manipur
- 06 September 2023 -


Seema Mustafa
Editors Guild of India
New Delhi

Dear Ms. Mustafa,

We, the undersigned professionals, strongly condemn and denounce the report published by Seema Guha, Sanjay Kapoor, and Bharat Bhushan on 2nd September 2023. The report claims to be a fact- finding mission, commissioned by the Editors' Guild of India (EGI), on media's reportage of the ethnic violence in Manipur.

While almost the entire report is biased, baseless, and assuming that other entities who will be affected by this report will take their own course, we would like to take special exception to the points below:

1. Methodological flaws: As the title of the report suggests, it was meant to be a "fact-finding on media's reportage of the violence". However, most of the reports are based on perception and hearsay with no appropriate media citations and references. There is no honest reportage of the impact of violence on both the communities. Thus, the basic premise on the scope of this mission was compromised right from the start of this report.

2. Inconsistent citations: It is worrying for common citizens like ourselves, who have always seen the media as the fourth pillar of our democracy, twisting facts in the report. The report's content does not clearly point out the respective media sources of the 'facts'.

There are 6 pictures in the report excluding the cover page picture, 'Wall of Remembrance' of the Kuki community. In these pictures, there is a lack of uniformity in providing the sources and details, with some of them having only captions without dates while others having captions with dates. Two pictures are without caption, date, or image courtesy.

There is an arbitrary inclusion of visuals without taking into account the details. The image of the burning government forest office at Maultam, Churachandpur burnt on May 3, is reported as a burning Kuki house (ref. Page 7). While we understand that the EGI tweeted on this and rectified the caption, we question the quality and reliability of the field work conducted and the role of EGI to ensure quality and ethical reporting.

We also wonder how the report made it through proofreading, photo editing, and copyediting. Usage of pictures and wrong captions to depict one-sided violence shows lack of honest and unbiased reportage.

3. Misrepresentation of legal proceedings: The report states that the Manipur High Court, on March 27, ordered the state government for inclusion of the Meitei community in the Scheduled Tribes list (ref page 3). The original order from the Honourable High Court of Manipur did not have this recommendation (ref Honourable Manipur High Court order number WP (C) no. 229 of 2023 dated 19.4.2023). This is misleading and deceptive content about a Court's proceedings produced by the EGI.

4. Misleading Information on Evictions: The report's argument that the eviction from reserved-forest areas was conducted in Kuki-dominated areas and Kukis were singled out (ref page 3) is completely false. We wonder how the fact-finding team missed visiting other communities who were also evicted or approaching government departments who had the exact numbers and locations.

The fact is that, from 2015 till 2023, most houses evicted were of Meiteis, so far 143 houses against 59 Kuki houses. Other communities viz. Meitei pangals (137 houses), Nagas (38 houses) and Gorkhas (36 houses) were also evicted.

On the other hand, a recent report from Narcotics and Affairs of Border (NAB) suggests that the scale of poppy cultivation in Manipur has spread across 15,400 acres of land in the hills between 2017 and 2023. Of this, 13,122 acres were in Chin-Kuki dominated areas, 2,340 acres in Naga-dominated areas and 35 acres under others.

These two official figures are crucial to underscore the fact that the drive against illegal encroachment has no direct link to poppy cultivation, which anyone from a neutral media entity should have brought forward to the public. The fact-finding mission has failed here again by producing misleading content.

5. Biased Portrayal of Meira Paibis: The report has a section on Meira Paibis (ref page 8 and 9), that are not media reportage or even facts but opinions of the three authors to portray Meira Paibis in a bad light. For instance, phrases such as 'forgetting their feminist past','showed no remorse', 'normal rules no longer applied', and 'cheerleaders of the violent mobs' are baseless allegations.

The whole section writes only about the agitations by Meira Paibi while completely overlooking the media reportage of Meira Paibis' demonstrations for restoration of peace and condemnations of sexual assaults. There are sweeping statements all over the section.

The last two paragraphs show kuki women as the only women 'victims' and engaging in similar agitations but in a 'peaceful' way. The report writes about the humiliation of the 'three kuki women' in the same paragraph about general women and children as worst sufferers, thereby portraying the kuki women and children as the victims.

6. Misquotation of Internet Ban Judgement: The section titled, 'Banning the Internet' refers to Anuradha Bhasin judgement of Supreme Court (ref page 18) and says that "The judgement limits the ban to 15 days" which is not true as the judgement does not mention any specific time limit for the internet ban.

Rather, it is the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Amendment) Rules, 2020 with newly inserted subrule (2A) to the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services (Public Emergency or Public Service) Rules, 2017 amended in 2020 which says that "The suspension order issued by the competent authority under sub-rule (1) shall not be in operation for more than fifteen days".

The report has wrongly lifted the reference for 15 days limit from the Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF) article which says that "it violates Rule 2(2A) of the Telecom Suspension, 2017, as amended in 2020, after the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India" without referring to the source material. While condemning the internet ban, it is not expected to object to it using misleading statements.

While the EGI report talks in detail about internet ban and fake news, the team ends up providing selective information. This can be evidenced from their not reporting about uninterrupted internet service in Chin-Kuki dominated Churachandpur.

It is an important fact that even a notice was issued by H Gyan Prakash, Commissioner (Home) on 31st May 2023 asking for justification for relaxing internet ban in Churachandpur District despite the state government order suspending internet service throughout the state from 3rd May 2023 and ordering a probe into misuse of the internet.

Similarly in one incident under the Fake News and Disinformation (ref page 22), it narrates about a particular Imphal based newspaper covering a biased report on desecration of temple on August 3. However, it ignores the fact that the same newspaper the very next day carried the same news with corrections on its front page.

7. Lack of professionalism: It is evident from the facts that they reported a state cadre police officer as an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer and the report's cover page carries the photograph of Kuki "Wall of Remembrance" for a fact finding report. The cover page carries one picture from only one community ignoring the other severely impacted community.

The major part of the report has used the Kuki and cognate tribes as Kuki-Zo communities whereas historically they are referred to as Chin-Kuki communities in the government records. This paramounts to supporting their strategy to legalise the recent immigrants from Myanmar to India.

8. Violation of journalistic ethics: The Conclusions and Recommendations section's first point states that journalists of Manipur wrote one-sided reports. The irony is that this report itself is a one-sided narrative portraying one community as the perpetrators of violence and the other as the victims. Violence of this kind has continued for 4 months due to its two-way attacks.

The report has not maintained neutrality and objectivity, thereby violating the journalistic ethics. The EGI, a trusted body in India, possibly has not examined and scrutinised the report before it is published. The EGI claims to work for protecting press freedom and for raising the standards of editorial leadership of newspapers and magazines.

However, with a very biased and misinformed report on Manipur, as evidenced from the above points its 'Fact-Finding Team' has done great injustice to its own reputation and contributed to fake news factories which are working overtime to destroy the peace building process in the tiny state of Manipur. It has joined the information war rather than fighting against it.

Presentation of facts and evidence from reliable sources to establish accuracy and team's recommendations towards restoration of peace in Manipur would be highly appreciated. We demand complete scrapping of the report and deployment of a more competent team, consultation with all affected communities and contributing to a broader peace building process.


1. Dr R.K. Nimai, Social Activist, Imphal, Manipur
2. Biswanath Mutum, Social Sector Specialist, Tripura
3. Dr Angomcha Bimol Akoijam, JNU, New Delhi
4. Dr Melody Kshetrimayum, Academician, Pune
5. Dr Nambram Sushibala Devi, Planning and Design Consultant, Mumbai
6. Lenin Loitongbam, Aerospace Engineer IIT Bombay
7. Giten Khwairakpam, Development Professional, Imphal, Manipur
8. Shridhar Washikar, Airport Master Planner, Mumbai
9. Sushanta Singh Takhellambam, Joint GM, L&T Oman. Muscat
10. Chingangbam Nivason, Professional Structural Engineer, NIT Jaipur
11. Kshetrimayum Dideshwor, Research scholar, Wuhan University of Technology, China
12. Linthoi Nongthombam, Corporate Finance, Mumbai
13. Dr Shanta Laishram, Academician, Delhi
14. Sanjeeta Aheibam, Managing Director, Manipuri Weddings, Hyderabad
15. Dr Maitri Kshetrimayum, IIT Bombay
16. Hero Thokchom, Iboyaima Hospital, Imphal, Manipur
17. Dr Nongthombam Eliza, Academician, Manipur
18. Dr Sunanda Nungleppam, Dermatologist, Manipur
19. Dr Roshan Keisham, Pathologist, Manipur
20. Dr Ranjana Sinha, Dental Surgeon, Navi Mumbai
21. Leishangthem Raghumani Singh, Power System Engineer, Mumbai
22. Geetarani Takhellambam, Advocate, Manipur High Court, Imphal
23. Bisoya Loitongbam, Development Professional, Lucknow
24. Dr Khaidem Ranjankumar Singh, Scientist, Mumbai
25. Somchandra N, Information Technology Consultant, Mumbai
26. Dr Homen Irengbam, Medical Surgeon, Imphal
27. Monish Karam, CEO, 1 Million Heroes, Singapore
28. Dr Nganthoiba Pebam, Social Sector, Imphal, Manipur
29. Ngangom Junior Luwang, Advocate, The Supreme Court, Delhi.
30. Rishi Raj Sinha, Research Scholar, IISER, Mohali, Punjab
31. Swapan Ashangbam, Development Professional and Farmer, Assam
32. Dr Jiten Nongmaithem, Principal Scientist, South Korea
33. Mutum Gunodhan, Social Activist, Silchar, Assam


* This info was provided by Solidarity Manipur to
This article was posted on September 08 2023 .

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Protesters & SF @Kwakta #2: Gallery
  • Violence in Manipur 2023 :: News Timeline
  • Marina by Night
  • Seminar at "Oriental Theological College"
  • Indo-Naga Talks (From 2012) :: Timeline
  • Vote for me or my wife
  • Sohra International Half Marathon
  • State failure vis-a-vis ethnic cleansing
  • The blockade on the road to peace
  • World Bamboo Day @Patsoi #1: Gallery
  • The Meitei Nupi :: Poem
  • Traumatic experiences: Kuki-Meitei clash #1
  • Tifo unveiled during NE United game
  • Sign languages as Career
  • Torbung on May 3: Where it all started
  • The danger of Zalengam dream
  • The descent of Radha-Krishna #6: Download
  • Conflict in Manipur: Summary of issues
  • Chronological report on Manipur violence #5
  • Get to know more about Canine Distemper
  • The Power of Poppy - 3 :: Poem
  • Why Is Manipur Burning ?
  • Condemns Biased UN Side Event
  • Inpui Baptist Church celebrated Decadal
  • When the public relations fail #2
  • A decade for youth to make India #1
  • Tell the story to the outside world
  • Misleading the House of Commons
  • 'Laangban Chara Tamba' #2: Gallery
  • Village Volunteers: Protectors of the Nation
  • World Bamboo Day Painting Comp. results
  • Voluntary Blood Donation Camp
  • Improved potato varieties suited to Manipur
  • Autumn hair care: Tips for healthier hair
  • Manipur cannot go on like this
  • Shifting the theatre of war to Geneva
  • 1958: Kuki Chiefs' Memo to Union HM
  • Never too early never too late
  • Celebrities' approaches to Mental Health
  • International Day of Peace
  • Litter box training for cats
  • Trek leaders training programme
  • An indifferent Delhi
  • A good move with bad intention
  • Protesters & AR @Pallel #2: Gallery
  • Before the inflection point in our society !
  • Whither Naga Peace? Spl session of Parl
  • Lumpy Skin Disease
  • In total chaos since May 3 evening
  • Clutching at straws by drowning man
  • Winter Relief @ Mayang Imphal : Gallery
  • World Bamboo Day at Chandigarh
  • Will leaders walk the talk to end TB at UN
  • When the public relations fail #1
  • Chronological report on Manipur violence #4
  • Reimpose AFSPA call
  • Lesson to be learnt from SAFF boys
  • Breaches of International Humanitarian Law
  • Do we have a Government!
  • 'Birthday boy' glows, critics wonder...
  • Two Murals from Two Corners
  • Sir, a birthday treat for us
  • 'Laangban Chara Tamba' #1: Gallery
  • Student Council: Pillars of Governance
  • World Ozone Day observed at Imphal
  • Col N Hemachandra: Brigadier in Army
  • The Power of Poppy - 2 :: Poem
  • Manipur Crisis: You can bring Delhi to Imphal
  • Manipuri Kokyet finds space in Parliament
  • Relief materials at Moirang, Thoubal
  • Armed Forces' role in Manipur under scrutiny
  • India elevated G20 as 'premier forum'
  • 'Solution first, peace later' slogan
  • Hoping against hope
  • Candle light vigil @ Kangla #2: Gallery
  • DMCC met Defence Minister Rajnath Singh
  • The existential crisis - The Reality
  • Seriousness of legal proceedings
  • Role of Governor in summoning Assembly #2
  • One-sided reports vis-a-vis Manipur crisis
  • Death of a Sub-inspector
  • Raja Dumbragi Jeevan Charitra : Download
  • Dr Marjit: Academic Award at Malaysia
  • Interreligious Appeal to end violence
  • Gurkha War & diaspora in Manipur #3
  • Manipur Special Youth Assembly Session
  • From new districts to separate State
  • Looking for ally, desperately
  • Protesters & SF @Kwakta #1: Gallery
  • An Open Letter to President Joe Biden
  • Elephants in a Seed
  • Switzerland of India become a love lost State
  • Restoration of mining affected areas
  • Why did Army invite EGI : CJI
  • EGI invited by Army for objective assessment!
  • Note on Kuki-Hmar Trouble [1960]
  • Sober Thoughts
  • Weaving Looms presented at Relief Camp
  • A compassionate relief & cash payment
  • Sisters and brothers :: Poem
  • Coming to the negotiating table
  • The way forward
  • Protesters & AR @Pallel #1: Gallery
  • Romi Meitei : Best director @Kazan film fest
  • Success of Rahmani30 in Manipur NEET-UG
  • Modi, Biren, Shah exposes tragic series
  • Bharat is older than India
  • Mega Health Camp & Skill Development
  • Demand for ST tag by Meiteis
  • Internationalising the Kuki-Meitei conflict
  • The descent of Radha-Krishna #5: Download
  • Creating Hope Through Action
  • Ningthoujam Binoy: National Teachers' Award
  • The Power of Poppy - 1 :: Poem
  • Role of Governor in summoning Assembly #1
  • Gurkha War & diaspora in Manipur #2
  • Darkest Era of Meiteis
  • Robert Memorial Internship Awarded
  • Churachandpur Meiteis at the crossroads
  • Chronological report on Manipur violence #3
  • Meeting of Meitei Club, Burari
  • G20 call to action in agriculture
  • Silent on the remains at CCpur
  • The resolution to unite all CSOs
  • Rebuttal: EGI Fact-finding Mission Report
  • S Tiken (Thang-Ta) Fellowhsip Award
  • Manipuri or Meitei ?
  • Relief Distribution at Wakhong Pukao
  • Human-centric globalisation : Taking G20
  • Cancer Screening at SP Office, Imphal
  • Doing a disservice to Kuki-Chin cause
  • Epidemic threat at relief centres
  • The Chothes of Manipur
  • Communalism; A Dangerous Ism
  • Condemns the incident at Chalwa
  • Unity - need of the hour
  • International Day of Police Cooperation
  • 5,000 Scholarships for 1st year undergrad
  • Classic case of victimising the victims
  • 11 years in service and raring to go
  • Relief Work - August 2023 : Gallery
  • Krishna Leela
  • Gurkha War & diaspora in Manipur #1
  • Cancer Awareness at Imphal East
  • Training on cultivation of mushroom
  • Illegal immigrants & Manipur violence
  • Missing fact in EGI's fact-finding report
  • Is govt inviting a 3rd Nupi Lal ?
  • The Chieftaindom of Kukis
  • The role of teachers in society
  • Condolence Message
  • Framework for the future of work
  • Understanding Manipur crisis in four days!
  • The case of 'Meitei media'
  • List of Kings of Manipur: 33 - 1984 AD
  • Chronological report on Manipur violence #2
  • Winter Relief Services commenced
  • Special Session of Parliament
  • Advantage of simultaneous election in India
  • Fake Finding Committee ?
  • Poisoning the mind of Kuki-Chin people
  • Raja Dumbragi Jeevan Charitra #4 : Book
  • Organic links between C3C & Manipur conflict
  • Entrepreneur set to introduce first Tea Wine
  • Remedies to reduce hair growth on upper lip
  • Rally against Narco-Terrorism #3 : Gallery
  • On ethnic Nationalism & exclusive domains
  • Stay vigilant on Employment Offers
  • Waterways development in NE India
  • Condemn accusations on Pangal
  • Violence doesn't bring lasting solution #2
  • Feeding lies and more lies
  • Blame it on CSOs
  • Climate Change & flawed solution in Manipur
  • 92th Martyrdom Day of Haipou Jadonang
  • Change the minds, Peace is possible anytime
  • Who is running Nagaland Govt ?
  • Chronological report on Manipur violence #1
  • Manipur Distress Relief Work : August
  • Playing heroes on social media
  • Yes, it's time for a public assembly
  • Haipou Jadonang Martyrdom Day
  • September Calendar for Year 2023 : Tools
  • Statement of Thadou Students' Assn
  • Land of jewel trapped under conspiracies #4
  • Health Awareness Programme at MU
  • Manipur- 13 medals at Junior National Judo
  • Where have the guns come from ?
  • The curious case of 10 Kuki MLAs
  • Candle light vigil @ Kangla #1: Gallery
  • Restoring peace - The talk of the town
  • National Sports Day 2023
  • Rethinking caste-based reservations in India
  • Why computer studies is gaining popularity
  • Cold bucket of water after a hot shower
  • Committing a crime to avoid a crisis
  • Raja Dumbragi Jeevan Charitra #3 : Book
  • 19th Asian Games: 43 Manipuri athletes
  • Relationship of Manipur & Tai kingdom #3
  • Violence doesn't bring lasting solution #1
  • Bangladesh's aid to Myanmar
  • Does 'separate State' agenda drive violence?
  • Is the Chief Minister lying?
  • Hunger Marchers' Day
  • Sudden strike & the knotty quagmire
  • Moon, Bharatnaut and ShivShakti
  • Even Rocket Science is doable
  • Tales from relief camps
  • All in a day's session
  • Manipur in History: Reflection...
  • Langonjam Birmangal: Manipuri literature #2
  • Onam Fever (Festival of Kerala)
  • Cancer Awareness Program at Khongman
  • Manipuri film @ National Film Award
  • Huidrom Oliviya: bronze at World Cadet Judo
  • Patriots' Day @ Kangla: Gallery
  • Congratulations to Dr Raghu Ningthoujam
  • Scientist Raghu Ningthoujam leads team
  • Intractable Framework Agreement of IM
  • Protesters with Army [Aug 03] #3 : Gallery
  • Indigenous Wrestling @ Purul : Gallery
  • Patriots' Day @ Thangal Temple: Gallery
  • Maram folklore & Meitei connection
  • >
  • 'Remove Assam Rifles' [Aug 07] #2 : Gallery
  • Raja Dumbragi Jeevan Charitra #1 : Book
  • Patriots' Day @ Hicham Yaicham : Gallery
  • Model of Spelling-bee Competition
  • Patriots' Day @ New Delhi : Gallery
  • Protest against AR [9 Aug] : Gallery
  • Taionaba Taibang Gi Akanba Nongju
  • Protesters with Army [Aug 03] #2 : Gallery
  • Nang-eigi Pangal Sonbi Emado
  • 'Remove Assam Rifles' [Aug 07] #1 : Gallery
  • Rally against Narco-Terrorism #1 : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2023 #3: Gallery
  • HSLC 2023 :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC 2023 :: Subject Topper
  • HSLC 2023 :: Full Result
  • HSLC 2023 :: Compartmental Result
  • HSLC 2023 :: Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2023 :: Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2023 :: Pass % : Aided Schools
  • HSE 2023 Toppers :: Science
  • HSE 2023 Toppers :: Arts
  • HSE 2023 Toppers :: Commerce
  • From May 3, 1993 to the present
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023