TODAY -

The Philippine Experience

Anna Rosario Dejarlo Malindog *



The write up re-produce here is an excerpt from the lecture delivered by Anna Rosario Dejarlo Malindog on the Arambam Somorendra Memorial Lecture on June 10, 2013
The write up re-produced here was an excerpt from the lecture delivered by on the occasion in 2013


"Filipinos don't realize that victory is the child of struggle, that joy blossoms from suffering, and redemption is a product of sacrifice" - Dr. Jose Rizal

Since time immemorial, my country just like many others is home to great women of courage, character, and bravery. Filipino women like Gabriela Silang, Melchora Aquino, Gregoria de Jesus, and many other great and courageous women were active in the nationalist struggle against the Spaniards during the Spanish colonization experience of my country. As early as 1893, organized women advocated various women's concerns and issues.

In 1899, the Women's Red Cross was established by Hillarie Aguinaldo, the wife of Emilio Aguinaldo, one of the most revered heroes and revolutionary leaders of my country, to do humanitarian work.

At the advent of the American colonization, several women's groups were founded and established that advocated various women's concerns and issues. For instance, the Feminist Association of the Philippines set up by Feliz Rodriquez in 1905 advocated for educational, labour and prison reforms for women and minors. In 1906, Pura Villanueva Kalaw established the Associacion Feminista Ilongga, which was the first group of women in my country that clamored for right to suffrage.

On the other hand, during World War II, the role of women in my country gained momentum with a different twist. The movements of women clamouring for the right to suffrage at that point in time were gaining such a huge impetus. In 1921, the National Federation of Women's Club, which served at that time as the vanguard in safeguarding and pushing for the women's suffrage agendum was founded.

This organization was the first one that organized the first women convention of 1929 where a resolution was passed asking the government to grant women the right to vote. Another women's organization, National League of Filipino Women, that was established during that time specifically advocated and lobbied for national independence.

Philippines won independence in 1946 just after World War II. This hard won independence came after decades of colonization which saw intense struggles towards independence and self-determination. The struggle for women's rights and emancipation formed a significant strand of the broader national struggle for independence and self-determination.

The continuous contributions of these women and women's movements, as my country faced new challenges as a new independent nation state endured. During the period of Martial Law, which lasted for at least 21 years, my country was devastated by social and political unrests.

The left movement during that time, together with the Filipino masses, and various sympathetic groups declared their dissent against a perceived corrupt government led by the former president and dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, against US imperialism, and against semi-colonialism.

The moderate left movement at that time was transformed into a more radical and militant one as leaders of the left movement like Jose Maria Sison [who founded the Kabataang Makabayan (Young Nationalist/Patriots)], and Bernabe Buscayano (who founded the New Peoples Army) became very adept and engrossed in their fight against the dictatorship of Marcos.

Nonetheless, it is not only the men of my country who became passionately involved in the struggle against the Marcos regime at that time. Women also became involved and participated both politically and militarily, as the left movement became more subversive.

For instance, the Malayang Kilusan ng Bagong Kababaihan (MAKIBAKA) founded in 1970, which was the first women organization with a clear-cut ideological underpinning that fought for nationalism under the Marcos dictatorship, was one of most prominent and active women's organizations at that time. MAKIBAKA's fundamental advocacy at that time centered against the patriarchal structure of the country, imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucrat capitalism.

As the struggle against the dictatorial rule of Marcos came to its peak, the first ever People Power Revolution or what is popular known as the EDSA Revolution (it was peaceful and a non-violent revolution) toppled the Marcos regime. This marked a new epoch in our modern political history. The country was faced with the so many challenges as it traversed back to the path towards democracy. One of the most pre-eminent challenges faced by my country at the time was to draft the 1987 Constitution, which is known to be the "Democratic Constitution" of my country.

In this great endeavor of constitutional drafting, the women's movement of my country had so far played a significant role in making it sure that the women agenda becomes part and parcel of the content of the constitution as exemplified in the constitutional provisions protecting the rights of women in my country.

An alliance of women's organizations and coalitions named as the Concerned Women of the Philippines, Women's Caucus, Gabriela and the Pilipina-led Lakas ng Kababaihan (Strength of Women) were fashioned and founded.

For the first time in the history of women's movement of the Philippines, the said alliance forged the solidarity of women from all walks of life, and from various advocacies and organizations to push for the women's agenda to be built in and be reflected in the drafting of the 1987 Philippine Constitution. This was indeed one of the remarkable achievements of the women's movement in my country.

Consequently, women groups such as the Women Involved in Nation-Building (WIN), the Democratic Socialist Women of the Philippines (DWSP), the Ugnayan ng mga Kababaihan sa Pulitika (UKP or Women's Political Caucus), bearing the advocacy of asserting the significant role of women in strengthening democracy, and their participation in politics, and in all aspects of public and state affairs emerged, while the country is the process of democratization after the dark ages of Martial Law.

Furthermore, women and women's organization in my country became more active in politics as the Party List System was put into practiced. In 1992, Gabriela, a left-leaning women's organization participated in the first ever party-list election and it won a seat in Congress.

In the succeeding party list elections i.e. 2004, 2007, 2010, and the recent 2013 mid-term elections in my country, Gabriela women's party won seats in the Congress. There were many women's organizations that also tried their luck in running a women's party in this electoral contests. However, it was Gabriela that is said to the most successful.

Concluding Remarks

Indeed, it is my humble realization and reflection that, as peoples and nations of our world continuously fight and struggle for self-determination and independence, we should not forget to recognize the sacrifices of the great women be it in Manipur or elsewhere.

I want as well to convey to the people and women of Manipur that their ideals and their struggle for self-determination are shared by many peoples and nations of Asia and beyond, that they are not alone in this struggle.


* Anna Rosario Dejarlo Malindog gave this speech at Arambam Somorendra Memorial Lecture on June 10, 2013 which was later published at Imphal Times
This article was posted on June 12, 2018.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Sangai Day 8: Food Stall #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 7: Vaiphei Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 1st & 2nd session of 12th Manipur Assembly
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #3
  • IFFI means to upscale to Manipuri Cinema
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Continuous bid to save endangered ponies
  • Arguments over ST : Meiteis are indigenes
  • Sangai Day 6: Elowe: Dzuko Valley :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 5: Khunung Eshei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Alligator weed: Indigenous fodder resource
  • Two lives :: Poem
  • People don't actually care !!
  • The beauty in tea
  • Healthy response to Sangai Fest
  • Lessons from Japanese fans at WC
  • Sangai Day 5: Fashion parade :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Thangal Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Masterclasses add value to 53rd IFFI at Goa
  • 7th Charuangc 2022 : Rongmei of Delhi-NCR
  • Miss India from Manipur
  • Startup Innovation Conclave 1.0
  • National Constitution Day at Lilong
  • Sangai Day 4: 3 Types Of Drums :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Chothe Dance :: Gallery
  • Involuntary Displacement in Manipur
  • Forgotten feature Film comes alive at IFFI
  • Will we protect medicines that protect us
  • God gives us our daily bread...
  • NPF consultative meeting at Zunheboto
  • Lapses in education laid bare by student
  • Adding a new flavour to War on Drugs
  • Sangai Day 3: Polo International :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tangkhul Dance :: Gallery
  • 1st L. Keivom Memorial Day
  • Eina Khankhiba Natte : Movie Review
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Eight Meet of Astronomers concluded at MU
  • 'Manipuri films projecting Manipuri culture'
  • Condemn govts of Assam & Meghalaya
  • Corruption-free Manipur resolve under scrutiny
  • Asia at the World Cup
  • Sangai Day 2: Khutpak Chatkoi #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tarao Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Screening of Manipuri films at IFFI
  • Nagaland Govt has no economic policy: NPF
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #2
  • Reinvent Northeast - Dimapur launched
  • Uneasy calm in northeast as border rows rage
  • FIFAWC and Sangai Festival : Splendid recipe
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Pune :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Ningol Chakouba organized at Pune
  • Free mega health camp at Nagamapal
  • Outlaw glyphosate and its derivatives
  • Creators Meet of Tripura at Agartala
  • No respite from drug and tobacco threats
  • Manipur: Fountainhead of drugs ?
  • Sangai Day 1: Laihui Folk Music #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 1: Opening ceremony :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Copa Manipur at Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • South Asia's film market features Manipur
  • ST Demand: Decided by merits; not by poll
  • Ecotoxicology- needed to save living beings
  • 'Look East policy into Act East Policy'
  • Tourism promotional fest litmus test for state
  • Sangai & Pony, the twin face of Manipur
  • Tarpon Chaklen Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Activities List
  • The Dream Kangleipak :: Book Review
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 53rd IFFI featuring Manipuri Cinema kicks off
  • World Toilet Day 2022
  • Pulicat Lagoon, Flamingos' haven
  • Amid substance abuse, thrust on open gym
  • FIFA World Cup 2022
  • 1st CM's Sagol Kangjei C'ship :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Sangai Fest as a way to Look East Policy
  • 1st Chief Minister's Sagol Kangjei C'ship
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #1
  • For PM Modi, G20 has come at the right time
  • Rock band Arogya releases latest single
  • Community Ningol Chakouba #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Out of the heart comes the issues of life
  • NE Startup Showcase @ Manipur Tech Hub
  • Immortal Gallows :: Poem
  • Workshop on Amrita Meditation at RGU ArP
  • Skin Pigmentation in Winter
  • Influx issue headache for all indigenes
  • Wanted: Visionary leaders :: Follies of past
  • The changing idioms of Manipuri theatre
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • DFC Shillong launched with Model workshop
  • Antimicrobial resistance... to reverse progress
  • 2nd North East Olympic Games closes
  • Unending quota system & National excellence
  • Solar energy can help India achieve net-zero
  • Sangai Festival as launch pad for tourism
  • All eyes on Qatar
  • Manipur Journalist Awards #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Delegates for IFFI, Goa
  • Intellectual Class- First Line of Defense
  • Who are ST in true spirit of Constitution
  • Journalism is a public good ...
  • Vaccine transported through Drones in ArP
  • Mass tree felling depreciates existence...
  • ST demand : Let Delhi have the say
  • 5th Kwatha Festival #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • This Eleventh Edition of Sangai Festival
  • The garden of Kew #2
  • NE International Fashion Week 2022
  • Housing system for sow & piglets
  • Doctors grieving relentlessly, Govt silent
  • Law catching up after 21 years
  • Leima Jagoi @ Nongshaba #1 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Technology innovation Hub
  • North East BJP Karyakartas Sammelan
  • Supreme Court call for revisit of reservation
  • Rural Immersion Camp at West Kameng
  • World Diabetes Day 2022
  • Undeserving PDS rice beneficiaries
  • Leaving the doors wide open
  • On author, research & publication #3
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • MSAD : newly elected executives for 2022-23
  • 'Trust deficit' in Naga talks
  • Professor Bimola : A Life Fully Lived
  • Love's Twist :: Poem
  • Rani Gaidinliu Training Camp concluded
  • Job for all promise as unemployed rises
  • Presenting Manipur to the world
  • Manipur Fashion Extravaganza #3 :: Gallery
  • Seminar on Role of Women in Sports : Report
  • The great Asian Highway : Tokyo to Istanbul
  • Seminar : Reconstruction of Education
  • 4th National Lok Adalat for the year, 2022
  • Rishi Sunak .. is a pucca English Burra sahib
  • Ningol Chakkouba : Gift presents :: Gallery
  • Conference on Metallomics @ Manipur Univ
  • An awakening sprout in darkness :: Poem
  • Narration from a man who chase mountains
  • Jobs @ JCRE skill solutions, Thangmeiband
  • Masterclass on Social Photography kicks off
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Probe into PMGSY project blot on graft-free
  • Opinion poll & quest for ST status
  • MANITEX @ Nilakuthi #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Consultation: Indigenous Rights in Manipur
  • Aphababu Oiragadi, Shokloidaba Oiragadi
  • Office Assistant @Horizon Studio, Gurgaon
  • Howrah Bridge- A bridge without nuts & bolts!
  • Pollution affects beauty
  • EV boost plan after failure of diesel-auto
  • Raining drugs and drug peddlers
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Golden Jubilee Manipuri Cinema at IFFI Goa
  • Legal Services Day Ceremony
  • Art of stopping bandhs & blockades
  • Seminar on Role of Women in Sports
  • No time for debate, but action
  • Taking ST campaign to Ministers' doors
  • Camping @Shirui Lily Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Aku Zeliang : Young Talent of the Year Award
  • 'Soul search' a must for media
  • Safe and sustainable tourism
  • Preserving environment as a Career Choice
  • Manipur in UN's drug cartel map...
  • Manipur on the tourism map ?
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Application: AgriEntrepreneur across Manipur
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Program & Venues
  • Ningol Chakouba at Bengaluru
  • Nightingale Award: 3 nurses from Manipur
  • Uneasy over ambiguous inter-district boundary
  • Prescription from Dr Sapam Ranjan
  • Linthoi Chanambam- Judo Player :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Will global family planning meet galvanise govt
  • Prohibition law vis-a-vis Manipur
  • Soil: Earth's skin is the environment cleaner
  • The future of students
  • Low conviction diluting object of POCSO
  • Shortage of teachers dating back to 2012
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Hari-Uthang Kang Chingba :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • The garden of Kew
  • Objectionable content have to be answered
  • Rising Sun Water Festival at Umiam Lake
  • Busting fake news a big challenge
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 3rd Rongmei Freshers' meet in Delhi
  • Consultation on Climate Change in Manipur
  • Soil conservation measures for hill agriculture
  • Pulicat, trading centre since 1st century
  • Quixotically blaming media for blockade call
  • Mature handling of ST campaign
  • Kut Festival @ Churachandpur : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Lack of Sports Infrastructure in Pherzawl'
  • Delegates wanted for participation at IFFI
  • Legal Awareness through Mobile Van
  • President Murmu's visit to Nagaland ...
  • Winter fruits for glowing skin
  • Protest imminent as Govt eyes Loktak drive
  • Pushes for an 'honourable solution'
  • Kut has become a global craze now
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural Program #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Requital :: Poem
  • Being Vegan- a big step to protect the Earth
  • Save Meetei and other indigenous people
  • Agniveer Recruitment Rally
  • Social media here to stay
  • Has AFSPA helped in bettering situation ?
  • Kangpat Khullen Primary School :: Gallery
  • On author, research and publication #2
  • Ningol Chakkouba Shopping #2 :: Gallery
  • November Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Lukanand Ksh : 1st runner up @Mister Intl
  • Chaga Ngee : Festival of the Liangmai
  • Lamyanba Irawat Birth Anniv #4 : Gallery
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #1 :: Gallery
  • Okram Kumar : Archaeological researcher
  • Mera Houchongba @ Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Olympians & National awardees of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #4: Gallery
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download