Indo - Naga & other peace (Accord) talks
- Part 6 -

BD Behring *

11. Centrally funded University.

11.1. A centrally funded Central Institute of Technology (CIT) will be set up to impact education in various technological/ vocational disciplines such as Information Technology, Bio-Technology, Food Processing, Rural Industries, Business Management, etc.

11.2. The CIT will be subsequently upgraded to a Centrally funded State University with technical and non-technical disciplines to be run by the BTC.

12. Relief & Rehabilitation

12.1. The BLT would join the national mainstream and shun the path of violence in the interest of peace and development. After the formation of the interim council of BTC, BLT will dissolve itself as an organisation and surrender with arms within a week of swearing-in of the interim council.

The State Government would provide full support to relief and rehabilitation of the members of BLT who would surrender with arms in this process in accordance with the existing policy of the State. Financial support in such cases, however shall be limited to be provisions of the scheme prepared and funded by the Government of India. Withdrawal of cases against such persons and those related to overgroundBodo movement since 1987 shall be considered according to the existing policy of the State of Assam.

12.2. The Government of India will initiate steps for review of action against the Bodo employees of Government of India and subordinate officers as well as in respect of Central Government Undertakings. Similar action would be taken by the Government of Assam.

12.3. Bodo youth will be considered for recruitment in Police, Army and Paramilitary forces to increase their representation in these forces.

13. Special Rehabilitation Programme for the people affected by ethnic disturbances:

The Special Rehabilitation Programme (SRP) for the people affected by ethnic disturbances in Assam, who are at present living at relief camps in Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon etc. shall be completed by the Government of Assam with active support of BTC. Necessary funds for their rehabilitation shall be provided by the Government of India and lands which are free from all encumbrances required for such rehabilitation shall be made available by the BTC.

14. Interim Council Immediately after signing of the agreement, Interim Executive Council for BTC shall be formed by Governor of Assam from amongst the leaders of the present Bodo movement, including the signatories to this settlement, and shall include adequate representation to the non-tribal communities in BTC area. The Interim Council shall not continue for a period beyond 6 months during which period election to the Council shall be held. Government of Assam shall dissolve the Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC) and repeal the BAC Act.

15. Government of Assam will consider inclusion of all tribals including Bodos in RHAC/MAC/LAC in consultation with leaders of these Councils.

16. The Implementation of the provision of the Memorandum of Settlement shall be periodically reviewed by a Committee comprising representatives of Government of India, Government of Assam and BTC.

Signed on 10th February, 2003
at New Delhi
in the presence of
Shri L.K. Advani,
Hon'ble Deputy Prime Minister of India
Shri Tarun Gogoi,
Chief Minister of Assam.
Chairman, Bodo Liberation Tigers
(P K Dutta)
Chief Secretary, Govt. of Assam Ministry of Home Affairs
(R C A Jain)
Secretary (BM)
Government of India

Manipur: Suspension of Operation agreement signed with Kuki militants.

August 25, 2008 14:32 IST

The Manipur government and the Centre have signed an agreement for stopping counterinsurgency iperations against Kuki militants in the state, official sources said on Monday. The suspension of operation agreement was signed last Friday (August 22) by D S Poonia, principal secretary (Home) of Manipur and Navin Verma, joint secretary (north-east) of the Union Home Ministry on behalf of Manipur and the Central governments respectively. Eight members each from the Kuki National Organisation and the United People's Front also signed the agreement on behalf of different Kuki militant outfits, the sources said.

KNO and UPF represendted 11 and eight Kuki militant outfits respectively. KNO vice president LanminthangVaiphei and UPF general secretary S T ThangboiKipgen were also among the signatories from the side of the militants, the sources added. Two more groups sign pact today Hill militant outfits, UTLA and PRA, join suspension of operation Imphal, March 23: The Manipur government's efforts to bring militant groups to the negotiating table has paid more dividends with two more Kuki militant groups agreeing to sign the Suspension of Operations agreement.

The United Tribal Liberation Army (UTLA) and the Pakan Reunification Army (PRA), which mainly operate in the state's hill districts, will sign a tripartite agreement with the Centre and state government officials here tomorrow, an official source said. The agreement will be signed by Sambhu Singh, the Union joint secretary, home, in-charge of North-east, senior officials of Manipur government and leaders of the two outfits at the banquet hall of the head-quarters of the 1st Manipur Rifles battalion here, he added. The United Tribal Liberation Army, which was formed in 2002 with about 150 cadres, had agreed to sign the agreement during the fourth round of talks with government officials in December last year.

The peace pact, however, could not be signed immeditely because of the Assembly elections in January. The outfit mainly operates in Churachandpur district and Jiribam subdivision of Imphal East, intelligence sources said. The Pakan Reunification Army was formed in 2007 at Khobung in Chandel district with a few hundred cadres. They mainly operate in Chandel district. With this, the number of militant groups signing peace pacts will go up to 22.

The first tripartite agreement was signed in 2009 with 19 Kuki militant groups under two umbrella organisations the Kuki National Organisation and the United Peoples Front. In 2010, the Kangleipak Communist Party (Lallumba) signed the agreement. The cadres of these 20 groups, numbering more than 1,500, are now accommodated in 12 designated camps. The Kuki National Organisation and the United Peoples Front are still waiting to start a political dialogue.

The Kuki armed groups are fighting either for a "Kuki homeland" or to safe-guard the interest and identity of their community. Though most of the hill-based militant groups have signed the Suspension of Operations agreement, major groups like the United National Liberation Front, the People's Liberation Army, the Kangleipak Communist Party, the KangleiYawolKannaLup, the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak and the United Peoples Party of Kangleipak, which are fighting for Manipur's "independence", have not responded to the call for peace talks.

The Kuki National Lib eration Front has also rejected the Suspension of Operations agreement. "With two more Kuki armed groups joining the peace process, there will be more peace in the hill districts of Manipur. We are also trying to bring the other groups into the peace process," an official of the state home department said.


The Naga Public has become sceptical about the on-going Naga Peace Talk which has been continuing without any tangible solution for the last 22 years. Therefore, the peace talk must be more transparent to the general public, less the aspiration and hope of the Naga People is dashed/scrambled. The Naga People are waiting hilariously for lasting solution instead of bearing the hardship or other dire consequences in the event of renewal of the bloodshed conflict as happened in the past. Indeed, maintaining the atmosphere of peace and tranquillity with goodwill in the present world ismy consistent commitment and conviction in all my endeav our.

That is why, as a member of the World Peace Council where I participated also at the World Peace Council Conference, I tabled a motion in the House of 5th Manipur Legislative Assembly of fifth session on 22-07-1991 under half an hour discussion urging the government of India for initiating Peace talked with the Naga insurgents and other groups of insurgents.

For other insurgent groups and other organisations except the Naga Peace accord like
(1) Kashmir merged with India, 1947
(2) Manipur Merger Agreement, 1949
(3) Shimla Agreement, 1972
(4) Sikkim Annexed, 1975
(5) Sheikh-Indira Accord, 1975
(6) Assam Accord, 1985
(7) Mizoram Accord, 1986
(8) Memorandum of Settlement, Bodoland Territorial Council, 2003
(9) Manipur Suspension of Operation Agreement with Kuki Militants, 2008
were already settled in the past.

Therefore, what I personally perceive is that, the Indo-Naga peace talk has frustrated or sustained long enough for too long and hence, it is time now to finally settle or bring to a logical conclusion without further delay.

Concluded .....

* BD Behring wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is Former Parliamentarian, Former Legislature Convener of Naga Political Leaders Forum, Manipur
The writer can be reached at bdbehring1953(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on May 12, 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • HSLC Toppers share thoughts, aspirations
  • CFP on 'Photoacoustics' at IEEE TENCON
  • Arrival of Fall Armyworm in Manipur
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #4
  • No Escape from Real World :: Poem
  • Civil & Structural Engineer at R-Square
  • Architectural Designer at R-Square DCS
  • 'NPF Manipur is directionless leadership'
  • HSLC :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC :: Subject Topper
  • HSLC :: Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC :: Full Roll No Listing
  • HSLC :: Compartmental
  • Dairies of 2 Tours in Naga Hills : Book
  • Kohima Press Club (KPC) elects new team
  • Manipur : The unsung fashion capital
  • Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson disease
  • 2nd Foundation Day of NDPP
  • Changing face of the North East
  • 129th Birth Anniversary of Ho Chi Minh
  • Understanding performance of Govt school
  • Amazing Folk-tales of Koireng Tribe
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 76 :: Poem
  • Plastic Pollution & its effect
  • Significance of Nurses Week celebration
  • Legal Assistance to Prisoners' Family
  • Talk on 'Alliance - Biblical Perspective'
  • Shorthand/Stenography Typing Course
  • Fissures with a coalition partner
  • 4 plus 4 is always equal to 8
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament : Gallery
  • Socio-cultural significance of Gudui-Ngai
  • Diesel auto vs Traffic control :: Artwork
  • Future of Moreh: Development partnership..
  • An alarming stay in a hotel
  • Naga Students Delhi Admission help Desk
  • Need to focus on the average students too
  • The politics of rumours
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #4 : Gallery
  • Chinsuanlam, Apakpi :: eMing
  • ELVEEGO : Top 10 Promising Companies
  • Myanmar Refugee Problem : Report
  • Mother :: Poem
  • Minerva Punjab FC to conduct trials
  • Represent the people, not only party
  • When vegetables slowly poison us?
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Dear Mother :: Poem
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #3
  • Why are Govt schools lagging behind ?
  • Career option in Veterinary Science
  • Saluting Mothers of the world
  • Will Sharmila have a Third Life ?
  • NE for efforts to address illegal influx
  • Rs 10 coins not acceptable in Manipur!
  • Agri Fair @ CAU #2 : Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #2 : Gallery
  • AMWJU new terms 2019-2021
  • Run for Raisina Hill
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Mother's Day
  • Aspiration in Medical Career
  • MPSC : Wallowing in dirt
  • Why the 1st Bird Sanctuary in Thinungei
  • Purnima Moirangthem : 5th in Commerce
  • Respect for a mother
  • Academic excellence is not everything
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #6
  • A Dwarfish Whole :: Poem
  • Takayasu Arteritis treated at SKY Hospital
  • Mercury rise: Is it common men fault
  • Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang Photos
  • Had not there been ILPS agitation ? : Story
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #2
  • BJP for NE Community Campaign in Delhi
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Serou dam-Atypical structure in Chakpi river
  • Benefits of automation in medical laboratory
  • Civil Servant from Matupi hospitalized...
  • Madness on the roads of Imphal
  • Root of peoples' anger to doctors
  • Jiribam Bazaar :: 360 Panorama View
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 75 :: Poem
  • What Yoga is & is not ?
  • Rio at General Conference of NSF
  • Make right choice in selecting your campus
  • Suspension Order for 19 NPF Members
  • Festival of marks and more marks
  • worry on condition of Govt Schools
  • Thailand Princess @Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Kadigampou, Akeng :: eMing
  • Ningombam Tampha :: 3rd in ISC Exam
  • Our Grammy goes to Thangmeiso Shinglai
  • Call for application from youths
  • Life is not about how far you hang on
  • NERIST admission notice : PG & PhD
  • Seminar at MU : Material Engineering
  • Class XII : Looking beyond Imphal
  • Understanding Consumers' rights
  • HSE : Candidates securing Highest Marks
  • HSE 2019 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Commerce Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Science
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Arts
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Commerce
  • HSE 2019 : Result Abstract
  • HSE 2019 : District Wise
  • Solid waste management in Imphal
  • Naga Ancestral Freedom Movement
  • My franchise for Mom's Primary
  • Bamboo based industries in Manipur
  • Is sugar ageing you
  • Competition among schools
  • Will modification help in solving traffic chaos
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • MANFETE 2019 at MU :: Gallery
  • What is Change ?
  • The integrity of Manipur
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #1
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #5
  • Understand kids with developmental delay
  • Meet with Fortis Hospital, Delhi
  • Understanding idea of NE
  • Mr. Edn Min, please act like Manish of Delhi
  • Ibudhou Oknarel & Khudithibi
  • May Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Facts & fakes of poll prediction
  • Sketches & Notes of Summertime :: Poem
  • The other Face of 'May -Day'
  • Check-up for new born- Split Spine Defect
  • Retaining Walls & Flooding in Moirang
  • Gearing up for counting day
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #2
  • Andro Girls won Doon Cup :: Gallery
  • Rajbans Huidrom : Topper CBSE XII
  • Cry of a Dying River - 74 :: Poem
  • St. Joseph's School, Sugnu Imbroglio
  • Bier of English towards the burial ground
  • World Press Freedom Day observed
  • A lesson from Mandella
  • Nongdol Leima- Dance Drama #1:: Gallery
  • Human Trafficking to SE Asia via NE
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #2
  • Laipubam Nitish at St Gallen Symposium
  • Value of music
  • Engineers wanted at Multimind Software
  • Free Medical Camp at Suangdai
  • The great search Ops post Apr 28
  • Transforming adversity to opportunity
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #2 :: Gallery
  • M Diana: National Women Social Award
  • Handloom show : Robert Naorem & Soma
  • A spooky night that left us shaking
  • AB Mathur meets Thadou Students
  • Transportation as a service
  • Show Cause Notice : NPF Nagaland
  • Opinion expressed by some NPF Bearers..
  • CBSE results : Raining marks all over
  • Mission - Save Manipur
  • Urmila Shagolsem: Miss India 2019 Finalist
  • Thang Ta @Sangai Fest #5 :: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #4
  • A half-written promise
  • The Chakkawar (Burnt-rice)
  • Play safe with natural ingredients
  • Rahmani Prog. Students succeeded in JEE
  • Collective efforts to address 'illegal influx'
  • High alert in Manipur as Cyclone Fani..
  • Manipur observes May Day
  • Board To Release 12th Results Soon
  • Presentation on Naga at UN contains errors..
  • NSCN (I-M) vacates camp in Manipur
  • Yaoshang Halankar #2 :: Gallery
  • Are Political Parties true to their Manifestoes
  • A North-East Indian in the land of smiles
  • Words :: Poem
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Anglo-Manipur war from military point of view
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #1
  • Yubi Lakpi :: Gallery
  • Peeshumlei : Book Release :: Gallery
  • Serpents are Farmers' Companion
  • When a school is burnt
  • Significance of festival: Nanu-Ngai
  • Onetwo Okram - Singer #1 :: eRang
  • dsnihe :: Seireng
  • Heikrujam Jodha at Global, Geneva
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #1 :: Gallery
  • JRF @ Dept of Forestry, MU
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Romita Yumnam : Mrs India Queen
  • Was Cleopatra really beautiful ?
  • Romance of insurgency in 1970s #2
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba observed at Pune
  • Zero malaria should start with me
  • Significance of Shri Mad Bhagabatam #1
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland State BJP President
  • Naming wives as prime suspects
  • The social lacunae
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #1
  • Folk Dance @Republic Day #1 : Gallery
  • Meekap Thokpa Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Cheirao-chingkaba [April 14] : Gallery
  • Traditional warfare technique of NE native #2
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #1 : Gallery
  • Khongjom Numit: Commemoration
  • Wu Cheng'en at Yuntai Mountain :: Review
  • Shivaratri Shopping List #2 : Gallery
  • Pherzawl - a dying District! ?
  • Tributes to PLA killed #2 : Gallery
  • A talk with Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang
  • LS : Voting for Inner : Gallery
  • CC Meet Final: NEROCA Vs SU #2: Gallery
  • Ibendhou Kounu Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #2: Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda : Play synopsis
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #3: Gallery
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #1: Gallery
  • Mittong Khunou: The Battle Honour of INA
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Yangnu Golmei : Sangeetbhusan 2018
  • Selfie da track :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirarakhong Village, Ukhrul :: 360 View
  • Muhammad Abdur Rahman Khutheibam
  • MSAC Literary Meet @Chandigarh : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019