TODAY -

Restored Wetland : Yaralpat

Rahul Ashem *

 Yaralpat Lake as seen on December 27 2015
Yaralpat Lake as seen on December 27 2015 :: Pix - Lamdamba Oinam



Fortunately, Yaral-pat is one good example of wetlands restoration in Manipur. The pat is famous for the bloom of indigenous flower 'Kombirei' (Iris Spp), the mauve blue coloured flower.

Folklores link a close connection between the pat and the flower, basically known as the Yaralpat ki Kombirei. Restoration credit goes to the concept of local community participation in the act of securing Yaral resources.

By definition, wetland restoration is the management of physical, chemical or biological characteristics of degraded wetlands to return to its natural functions. More importantly, restoration maintains the surrounding ecosystems and services, which in turn provide water, habitat and shelter to hundreds of plants and animals species.

The Wetlands Rules (2017) defines complete autonomy to States to conserve and manage wetlands located within their managerial boundaries. The rules make it mandatory for States to have a State Wetland Authority, which will plan and execute wetland management interventions.

Summarizing, Yaral-pat had no qualifications as a wetland for many years. Many reasons must be there for the conversion of wetland to agricultural practices. In most cases, the attraction of wetlands for agriculture is that they are often flat, fertile lands with a ready supply of water.

Besides, wetland agriculture provides an important coping mechanism for many rural communities having to deal with the harsh vagaries of climate. The State is known to depend on agriculture for their economic growth and provides economic support for each and every household.

In support of the UN International Year, Ramsar's theme for World Wetlands Day (2014) is 'Wetlands and Agriculture'. It provides an opportunity to highlight the importance of wetlands in supporting agriculture.

The theme gives special attention to the role of wetlands in providing natural infrastructure to support agriculture for food production. In practice, agricultural use of wetlands alters the ecological systems and services. The use of fertilizer and pesticide has destroyed many of these values at present.

Scientific studies suggest that agriculture and agricultural practices simply destroy wetlands, undermining biodiversity and degrading all the beneficial ecosystem services that they provide. Most of the wetlands found in Manipur (hills and valley) are under threatened conditions. In other cases, some wetlands are ephemeral and remain dry for years at a time.

Generally, destruction of wetlands disturbs the ecological services and functions as well as the livelihoods and well being of the people.

Degradation of wetlands releases certain amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere leading to the rise in temperature, precipitation and humidity. During the monsoon season, flooding is a common sequence in Imphal valley. The reason is mainly due to the removal of ponds, water bodies and degradation of wetlands system.

In addition, inadequate drainage systems, blockade due to indiscriminate disposal of solid waste and building debris, encroachment of water drains and natural drainage are other factors.

Conversion of water bodies to residential building is another problem of removing the interconnectivities in the surrounding environment. In summer, the Imphal valley becomes like a heat island due to increase in temperature.

Surface and atmospheric temperatures are increased by anthropogenic heat discharge due to energy consumption, increased land surface and the associated decreases in vegetation, water bodies and wetlands which reduce the surface temperature. It is difficult for the public to understand the importance of environment significance, they willingly destroy the wetlands and water bodies.

Nevertheless, conservation of wetlands requires public support, Government legislation and conservation programs. Worldwide, wetlands play a key role in delivering the Sustainable Development Goals, Aichi Biodiversity Targets, the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and other related commitments.

The Global Wetland Outlook outlines the status and trends in wetlands worldwide, along with the challenges and responses. This year 2021, wetlands day theme 'Wetlands and Water' highlights the contribution of wetlands to the quantity and quality of fresh water on our planet.

The need is to be more aware and concentrate on the issues and solutions on water conservation campaign because it becomes a compulsory for every one of us.Water bodies are getting polluted on daily basis by the domestic, agriculture or other waste material products.


* Rahul Ashem wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer can be reached at benthhook(AT)gmail(DoT)com
This article was webcasted on February 12 2021.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kpi District #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Totem of natives of North East India #1
  • 5 days with Bhaktisvarupa Damodara Swami
  • National Science Day 2021 at Lilong
  • Themes & objectives in National Science Day
  • More teeth to war against drugs
  • Mayang Imphal Keithel #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur COVID Vaccination Report : 26 Feb
  • March Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Road from Imphal to Yangkhullen #2: Gallery
  • Best Panel Lawyer, Best DLSA in Manipur
  • Sustainable Agriculture: Key to Food Security
  • Film : Is it a medium or an art form? #1
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Buyer Seller Meet @ Hotel Imphal: Gallery
  • Job @ Makok Technologies, Keinou
  • Should Meetei belong to Minority or ST #2
  • Colour your hair, limit the damage
  • Medical camp at Lamlaba Village, Tamenglong
  • Japan Lan: Life In Kangla Sangomshang
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • AMWJU Meeting : Resolutions [Feb 25]
  • Positions @ KIIT-Tech Business Incubator
  • 'Seeding Gampreneurs' transforming villages
  • Orchidarium at IBSD Shillong is reopened
  • Cracking down on 'errant' teachers
  • Chadong Village/Chadong Lake #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Shanring, Themkhoneng, Chao Len: eMing
  • Folktales of Mao Maram & Poumai : Gallery
  • Guwahati Session : World Meetei Convention
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • HIV science has advanced but ...
  • I will rise :: Poem
  • Not the time to let the guards down
  • Journalism is not everybody's cup of tea
  • Foot bridges in Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • AIFF recognised Andro Girls Team : Gallery
  • Relief @ Songlung, Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • Lecture on medicinal plants at IBSD
  • Jobs @ Neopath Technologies, Imphal
  • Students on the protest path
  • Ignoring the core issues
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #18
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Implementation: Climate Change : Gallery
  • KAPU Meet: Tribute to Late Benny Khongsai
  • Career options in beauty industry
  • Meet on capacity building on energy efficiency
  • Need to establish cause of death
  • Don't break the bone
  • Shirui Lily Festival 2019 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Nakamh-Riangsuanneic - Folklore Film Fest
  • Should Meetei belong to Minority or ST #1
  • Aspergilloma of lung
  • From wetlands to dry lands
  • Ipudhou Pakhangba Puruksoubi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Sit-in-protest against bomb threat : Gallery
  • Young Generation and Modernization
  • The Mansion :: Poem
  • Netaji's DNA & INA Moirang
  • Demonstration demanding to cut Price Hike
  • 'Condemn hurling grenade at Governor'
  • Fulfilling the long cherish dream
  • Churachandpur Profile
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Paoyi villagers with CM : Gallery
  • Predicament of Journalists & Media Houses
  • A day of stardom for Thoiba Singh at Seoul
  • Lay off hands on the media
  • Smiles of the Emas
  • Cherry Blossom at Mao #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Basak: A dying art form
  • World War II, INA & Manipuri Literature #2
  • Meeting of AMWJU : Resolutions [Feb 18]
  • CM & Governor urged to cut down price hike
  • Union Minister for Social Justice meet CM
  • Seram Neken joins Congress party
  • Snowfall at Shirui, Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Meitei-Pong Relations & Conquest of Khampat
  • Dying of Yongchak: declare National Disaster
  • Protection of tribal land in Manipur #2
  • Is policing pandemics different... ?
  • Home remedies for winter hair problems
  • Facets of human trafficking in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Road from Imphal to Yangkhullen #1: Gallery
  • Understand prerequisits for ST tag
  • When all goes wrong
  • Centre Head @ JCRE School of Hospitality
  • Khamba Thoibi Jagoi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Re-Opening of Ima Keithel : Gallery
  • Emergency Meeting AMWJU: Resolutions
  • ICERME-2021: Intl Conference on SDG-7
  • Law in Motion : Basics of Law
  • Discussion on Koubru Chinggoirol #2
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni - Naga Seed Sowing Festival
  • Wung-Hao of Tangkhul & Chinese Counterpart
  • World War II, INA & Manipuri Literature #1
  • 3rd Jump Rope Championship : Result
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #17
  • Book: Manipur-Myanmar connections: Gallery
  • Mushroom training at Tentha Heibung
  • Workshop on GeoGebra at IISER Bhopal
  • Indian Women & Maths annual conference
  • Walking through final lap of my life :: Poem
  • Can BJP strategy win in Tamil Nadu ?
  • Granting minority status to Meitei
  • Snowfall at Shirui, Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • Shanti Thokchom's Life Experiences #44
  • Inspection at Kangla & Cheiraoching : Gallery
  • Protection of tribal land in Manipur #1
  • Oxford and Aatmanirbharta
  • Education in Mother Tongue will strengthen
  • Impressive shows from young MLAs
  • If it is for the people...
  • Ipudhou Pakhangba Puruksoubi #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Relief at Yangkhullen, Senapati: Gallery
  • Restored Wetland : Yaralpat
  • Appeal: WG to monitor crime against women
  • Distress Relief at Yangkhullen, Senapati
  • Sensitization on constitutional obligation
  • ST demand for the Meiteis
  • Democratisation of Education
  • Licypriya in 'Forbes 30 Under 30' List 2021
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Sushila, Indubala selected for Asian Judo
  • RIST Talk 48 : Microplastic is everywhere
  • Productivity revolution of farmers in Manipur
  • NEC Secretary meeting with CM Manipur
  • Valentine's Day beauty tips
  • College teachers on strike!
  • Are you fooling people of Manipur Mr FM
  • RK Jhalajit's contribution in historiography
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Keibul Lamjao: today in deplorable state
  • Nadda's hailing 'War On Drugs' Campaign
  • Sachi Gurumayum called on CM
  • She really can be trusted for fiscal prudence
  • Child Marriage: Stigma for a civilized society
  • Fate of hostellers
  • Ema Gi Wari by Imphal Talkies : Review
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Projects Inauguration - Tamenglong: Gallery
  • Budget: Perspective on Gender Budget
  • NPF meeting with NSCN (K-Niki)
  • Mushroom training program at Nagamapal
  • Solace me, chap ! :: Poem
  • Active cases below 3 figure mark
  • Mother Nature is still unhappy
  • Discussion on Koubru Chinggoirol #1
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Packaged Organic Product launch : Gallery
  • Naga American announces Scholarship
  • Prize distribution for 9th MANIFA held
  • Range of options to prevent HIV is key
  • Paoyi village setting an example
  • Churachand Maharajgi Imung : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Churachand Maharajgi Imung published
  • Grab the given opportunities
  • A poet :: Poem
  • Supports farmers' movement call
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Financing burden of lifestyle diseases in NE
  • A budget that lays foundation for growth
  • Sports & Physical Fitness as career choice
  • Volunteers' Meet at Irong Bazar
  • Limping towards the New Normal
  • Is India prepared for Chinese aggression?
  • Re-openning of schools #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Is Compulsive Shopping a Mental Disorder ?
  • Ex-Tempore Competition at Lilong
  • My hundred deaths :: Poem
  • Fragile - Handle with care !
  • Stand off over taxi, auto fares
  • Restructuring the society without disparities
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #16
  • The ring has finally arrived!
  • Study of growing traffic congestion in Imphal
  • World Wetlands Day 2021
  • Bringing Equality for Women in Armed Forces
  • Ima Keithels: Closed since March 21
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Understanding panic disorder
  • Life, It is ! :: Poem
  • A pinch of blessing with a tonne of a curse
  • COVID-19 combine to clobber MSME sector
  • Single digit spike of just 4 in last 24 hrs
  • Impact in India after coup in Myanmar
  • Remembering Kuki singer Benny Khongsai
  • Was Netaji really in Manipur ?
  • Environmental impacts of COVID-19 pandemic
  • Memo to CM concerning transportation
  • Fertilization in cultivation of broccoli
  • Need to stop meddling with nature
  • Learning to live with changing time
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Helicopter Service in Manipur
  • Pray for 2021 to be peaceful
  • Dwell in me - Oh ! human :: Poem
  • Adverse impact of rampant use of plastic
  • Studying prospects ahead of 2022
  • Re-openning of schools #1 : Gallery
  • Edu'treat 2021 in Ukhrul concluded
  • Coward cold :: Poem
  • Raison D'Etre of Takhel Khong, Bamon Leikai
  • Covishield : An account of post-vaccination
  • Beautiful Mother-to-be
  • The shattered NSU
  • Exhibition @ Fine Arts, MU #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Inauguration of Projects at Kamjong : Gallery
  • Changing Environment during pandemic
  • Legal Services Camp at Kakyai Langpok
  • COVID-19 vaccines : Facts & fiction
  • Training on planting material of ginger
  • Quiz Competition : 'Youth against Drugs'
  • Chicken neck syndrome : Idea of North East
  • Reviving Meitei Mayek a blessing but....
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #15
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya Kangujam : 'Water Heroes Award'
  • International Custom's Day celebrated
  • Our room of three years :: Poem
  • Mushroom training at Moirang Kampu
  • Covaxin & Covishield: Centre instruction
  • State govt should not miss it
  • 72nd Republic Day @ Kangla : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Mischief : Book by William Wright
  • Gaan-Ngai @ Iboyaima Shanglen #1 : Gallery
  • Life & culture in North East India :: Book Rvw
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni @ Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Food items @ Waithou Keithel #2 : Gallery
  • Narcotic Drugs disposal @Lamlai #2 : Gallery
  • Prison Diary of Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba
  • Nine Hills, One Valley : Special Film award
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #1 : Gallery
  • Day light Thabal Chongba #3 : Gallery
  • Imphal on eve of New Year 2021 #2 : Gallery
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #6: Gallery
  • Romita Yumnam is Mrs Jhansi 2020 : Gallery
  • Sory Wahengbam - Actress Gallery :: eRang
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS