TODAY -

International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2020

N. Munal Meitei *



On the last Saturday that people frequently talked about 10-10-2020, a very beautiful rare date, there was a great tremor up to the magnitude of 5.4 Richter scale with epicenter in Churachanpur District Manipur amidst the invasion by COVID-19 pandemic across the world.

The International day for Disaster Risk Reduction is celebrated on the 13th October every year and ‘Disaster risk governance’ is the theme for this year. This day aims to promote a global culture of disaster reduction through awareness, education, prediction and warning systems including disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness to reduce the destructive impact on the communities as the natural disasters are becoming a very frequent issue.

“We cannot stop natural disasters but we can arm ourselves with knowledge: so many lives wouldn’t have to be lost if there was enough disaster preparedness,” once said by Petra Nemcova. Disasters have created enormous challenges for vulnerable populations such as poor children and more precisely for the differently abled persons who have a barrier that confronts them during disaster situations.

India is exposed to multiple disasters which jeopardise the quality of life of the people. About 58.6% of the Indian landmass is prone to earthquakes from moderate to very high intensity; over 40 million hectares i.e. 12 % of land is prone to floods and river erosion; of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis; 68% of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought and maximum of the hilly states are again at risk from landslides.

National Disaster Management plans the impetus to build a safe and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster oriented approach for the peoples like the children and young people, women and girls, differently abled persons, the ageing populations etc. to defend them from the disasters risks.

North-east India including our Manipur is located in Earthquake Zone V- “very severe intensity zone.” The region has experienced at least 18 severe earthquakes measuring up to 7 on the Richter scale in the last 100 years.

Manipur was struck with an earthquake of 6.7 on the 4th January 2016 which was one of the most damaging earthquakes since 1880 and 1939. At least 11 people were killed and around 200 others were injured and numerous structures were also damaged.

Though the state Govt. has promulgated some guidelines and rules for construction of houses and buildings including the schools, it seems that it is lying only on the papers. Such guidelines and rules should be enforced strictly to save ourselves from the unpredicted natural disasters and be made available in all the social media including Whatsapp, Facebook and Twitter etc. for mass knowledge of the common people. In the New Education Policy-2020 also, such guidelines should be compulsorily included as a major subject and then only we can be saved.

Manipur being in a landlocked state, we may not be directly affected by the tropical cyclones arising in Bay of Bengal. However we are vulnerable to associated hazards of cyclonic winds and heavy rains thereby causing frequent flash floods accompanied by blowing away of the houses, trees and electric posts and landslides etc.

We may remind the cyclone Mora during May 2017 causing floods across many parts of the state. It may also remind the tragic incident of Ramrei tourist site or Chadong lake which occurred at around 5pm on the 28 April 2019 when the two boats occupied by many picnickers turned turtle by the cyclone gale in the middle of the lake claiming three lives.

Altogether 9 people were also killed in the landslide triggered by incessant rainfall in Tamenglong district on the 11th July 2018. Many more sporadic disaster related incidents with many casualties are reported in Manipur for every now and then. Landslides triggered by cloud burst have become a regular feature in most all the hill districts mainly along the National Highways.

Being a hilly state, flash floods are among the most common and destructive natural hazards causing extensive damage to the economy of the poor farmers in the state. The frequency and intensity of floods has grown in the state over the years primarily because of deforestation in the catchments, unplanned development and increase of encroachments in the flood plains. These demands for better preparedness to make sure that appropriate and effective response measures are taken during disaster emergencies.

Now the question is how much we are prepared and safe from these disasters that may happen anytime and anywhere in the state? The answer is no, we are still yet to be prepared with equipped modern technology and knowledge from time to time.

We are much lacking behind in the field of immediate reliefs to be provided including search, rescue and medical assistance and quick transport of the casualties to the nearest hospitals. Traffic Managements, establishment of temporary shelters for evacuees and ensuring provision of essential services such as medicines, food, clothing, drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, lighting arrangements etc. are yet to be developed.

Presently safe drinking water is an acute challenge facing the state and thus what may happen during disaster is an unanswered question. During the post disaster phase also, many factors such as risk of diseases and epidemics because of water quality, poor sanitation, decaying biological matter, water stagnation, and inadequate shelter and food supplies may arise.

The relief camps should have the provision for essential health-care facilities because health and hygiene will be crucial to prevent outbreak of epidemics in the post disaster phase. But again are we prepared for them?

Disasters disrupt progress and destroy the hard-earned fruits, often pushing the development of the nation back for several decades.

Therefore to fight back the disasters which are unpredictable and beyond our power, on coming the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction 2020, we all citizens must always be in preparedness and equipped with befitting modern knowledge to minimize the loss in life and property and to safeguard our long earned national developments.


* N. Munal Meitei wrote this article for Imphal Times
The writer can be contacted at nmunall(AT)yahoo(DOT)in
This article was webcasted on October 15 2020.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Hringningam, Thangkhonieng, Ganbamliu: eMing
  • Myanmar's 2020 Election: The Way Forward
  • Ahead of high level meeting
  • Langban Lam-Haiba at Andro #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • The aftermath of Unlock - 2
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Foundation Stone - Manipur Intl Univ Campus
  • Aesthetics of nature :: Poem
  • Let's talk about career
  • 'Signs of community spread'
  • Recommendation to Manipur Govt on COVID
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Bhagyachandra Death Anniversary: Gallery
  • Samananda Yumnam : NEET 2020 topper
  • Resilience to minimise humanitarian crises
  • Shyam, Your Life, Is Sundarful
  • Manipur gi Ahanba Assembly Meepham
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Partners in coalition Govt
  • Imphal valley from Tuikhang Aimol : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Indo-Naga Peace Talks : Discussion Report
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #3
  • 'Engage through dialogue, Refrain Violence'
  • Luminous :: Poem
  • Maya Rani Singh : NE Women Success Stories
  • Tough talk from Th Muivah
  • Nambul : The River that cries as it dies
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace parleys reach deadlock
  • Harassment of Women in Digital Space
  • Discussion : Indo-Naga Peace Talks
  • Women :: Poem
  • Kitchen ingredients to revive your hair
  • Prevalence of Domestic Violence in North East
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Toll free tele-counselling for children
  • Protect our job seekers or prevent them
  • International Day of Rural Women 2020
  • Corona also kills English !
  • Webinar 'How to crack NEET [Medical]'
  • Rising number of deaths & infections
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Chemistry Nobel Prize 2020
  • Prisoner Database Management Portal
  • Webinars: A step forward in Digital Revolution
  • My trusted friend :: Poem
  • On political acountability: Pandemic issues
  • Consultative meet sans NNPG, NSCN (IM)
  • Global Handwashing Day 2020
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Looking at COVID-19 in Tamenglong
  • Groundwater TubeWell @Sinamkom : Gallery
  • 1st E/online mediation organised
  • Intl Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Political Affairs Committee of NPCC
  • Projected figure of 25,000 by mid November
  • The Barefoot Legend Of India
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Come by-election, COVID-19 lurking around
  • 'How to crack NEET [Medical entrance'
  • Discussion : Kuki Nationalism & Aspiration
  • To whom does it belong ? :: Poem
  • What is Plant Variety Right (PVR)?
  • High profile entry of two to BJP
  • The promised & present political scenario
  • Thang Ta @ JNMDA #2 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • For Pettigrew College in Ukhrul : An appeal
  • Tough Times Never Last But .. :: Review
  • MoU between IBSD, Imphal & Manipur Univ
  • Working with elderly as career
  • Channel wars heating up in glare of TV news
  • 100 pc : Absurdly high cut off
  • Wuyawon - flower @ Wuya Kachui : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #2
  • Is GoM serious in building a peaceful state?
  • Fear :: Poem
  • Ice cubes for beauty
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Don't deliver outside India quip
  • Evolving digital film culture in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Is NSU Conflict Sensitive ?
  • Mount Koubru: Lifeline of Saitu-Gamphazol
  • Devt & community aspiration : Chadong Case
  • The Short Stranger At Relationship :: Poem
  • Impact of Covid on Manipuri women
  • World Mental Health Day 2020
  • Thasi-Thanou, My Bipolar Mother
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Raining jobs in Wangoi !
  • Admin/ Business Support @ R-Square Design
  • Father ? :: Poem
  • Agrarian reforms: Will they help farmers
  • Congratulates WFP on Nobel Peace Prize
  • Climbing death toll and infection
  • Imphal-Moreh Road & Landscape : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #1
  • 'Jan Andolan' campaign : CM pledged [8 Oct]
  • 20 hrs refresher course on mediation
  • A memoir of good old days :: Poem
  • From bush war to politics of talks
  • Wildlife week: Raising awareness to children
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day for Older Persons, 2020
  • Protection of Natural Resources at Molnoi
  • As I see the Invisibility :: Poem
  • Go-to-Village Mission and Job Plans
  • 'Dont levy fees from private school student'
  • Ugly stand off over NSU site
  • Ending the great Indian political farce
  • Dhol Chollom #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Network marketing: good or bad ?
  • 9th AGM / Cultural Program of AMAND, Pune
  • Webinar on National Education Policy 2020
  • World Teachers' Day 2020
  • Whistle blown for five ACs
  • Banana Fest 2019, Longmai #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • 'May you be the mother of many sons...'
  • Dead leaves of December :: Poem
  • Assam Don Bosco Univ- 9th Convocation
  • Lecture : India-ASEAN Relations at NEHU
  • Monsoon nail trends
  • Ukhrul brutality
  • Desperate measures
  • A new look at Ta Khousaba
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Trees planted - Licypriya birthday : Gallery
  • Elections during Pandemic
  • Journey that made me a School Master
  • Umeswari Barman: Success Stories from NE
  • Lakhs of trees for Licypriya birthday
  • September deadline has expired
  • Food items at Waithou Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Anaemia Free Manipur Campaign : Gallery
  • Ode to Barak :: Poem
  • Myanmar visit by Foreign Secy & Army Chief
  • Why I do not support the BJP
  • 9th Convocation of Assam Don Bosco Univ
  • Covid: Heed local experts, not central politician
  • I.T Road - GoM neglected region ?
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Gandhi Jayanti / Cleanliness Day : Gallery
  • What made China intrude in Eastern Ladakh
  • Please induct me as Minister
  • Is it my mind ? :: Poem
  • COVID Care Centre at Khuman Lampak
  • Unlock 2 on in Manipur
  • An apology to the event of Sept 21
  • Paddy field of Longa Koireng : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day of Non-Violence
  • Online refresher course on mediation
  • Tips for a healthy heart during COVID-19
  • Coffee cultivation in North-East
  • Irabot remembered on his 125th birthday
  • Unlock 5.0 : Unlocking the economy
  • Every day should be Hijam Irabot day
  • 124th Birth Anniv of Lamyanba Irabot : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Tracing how human & algae see light & colour
  • Opening of classes, desperate call of student
  • Training on mushroom at Salam Mayai Leikai
  • Dying while we live: Cry of our dying soul
  • The Future of Higher Education : Discussion
  • Wangjing Tentha, Lilong : Whistle blown
  • Uncertain future of ex-MLAs as ministers
  • How Irawat became a Marxist revolutionary
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • October Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Licypriya urges everyone to plant a tree
  • A roadblock to NEP 2020: Rote learning
  • Second online Lok Adalat of Manipur held
  • What lesson has Covid-19 taught us ?
  • Being the junior partner in Govt
  • Attracting tourists: few pointers..
  • Manipur Art Fest 2019 #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Mushroom cultivation @Singjamei : Gallery
  • Ownership of mineral rights : A case study
  • My idea of justice
  • NPF Legislature meets with NEDA Convener
  • How to use glycerine on the face
  • Mantra of trace, test and treat
  • Criminalization of politics
  • Irrelevance of 66 MW Loktak Downstream HEP
  • Thangol adu maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Inauguration of Destination NE 2020 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Programme on Irabot's Death Anniversary
  • RIST Popular Talk -45 : Quantum chaos
  • Salad days :: Poem
  • NPP : Adopt the wait & watch strategy
  • Last Day : Sangai Festival 2019 #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Irabot, one & only leader of oppressed mass
  • World Tourism Day 2020
  • Belated Happy Birthday
  • In Unison with Divinity :: Poem
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #2: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #3
  • We do not stop playing because we grow old
  • Naga Talent Scouting Contest
  • 'Nagaland financial published is deceptive'
  • Politics of drop and induct Ministers
  • Playing a risky game
  • Swearing in @ Rajbhavan [24 Sep] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya - Parliament to pass Climate Law
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #2
  • Petition to PM by farmers of Ningombam
  • Low ease of doing business in Manipur
  • My idea of justice
  • Offensive against party hopping
  • Politics is more than a game of numbers
  • RK Bikramjit (Flutist & Composer) : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #4: Gallery
  • Hijam Irawat : Irawat the Legend #1
  • Nurturing young minds amidst lockdown
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • A hot test in a Darjeeling lodge
  • Number games before reshuffle
  • Preserving biodiversity amidst uncertainty
  • Barak: Our economic & ecological security
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Loan Distribution- Street Vendors : Gallery
  • Imposing fresh curbs, need of the hour
  • Youthful Years :: Poem
  • Foundation Day- Journalist Union #2 : Gallery
  • Irabot Day & practice of volunteerism
  • Morung Dialogue: To Freedom: A Human Story
  • Nongin, the State bird of Manipur
  • Shirui Village, Shirui Hill, Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Tongjei Maril 1942: Bridle Path to Motor Road
  • Brahmacharimayum Roji: Actress #2 : eRang
  • COVID Care Centre @UNACCO #1: Gallery
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • Akhunba Takhellei #2 : Film scene :: eRang
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic
  • Hentak :: An indigenous Manipuri food
  • SPONSORED ADS