Scope for processing of fruits and vegetables grown in North Eastern region of India
- Part 2 -

Chingtham Chanbisana *

 Thoubal  Keithel as seen on January 28 2017
Thoubal Keithel as seen on January 28 2017 :: Pix - Shankar Khangembam


There is non availability of modern processing technologies and machinery and equipment are available at a high cost when the raw materials are found at cheap rate. People do not get food information about improved technologies. Loaning schemes have been provided for the rural farmer but there is a lack of awareness. Sometime, there is a lack of appreciation in the family for the work taken up.

Some Initiatives Taken up by Government to Improve Processing Sector

The government aimed to increase the level of processing in the organized sector to 25% in 2025. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has set aside Rs. 1000 crore for processing and market development. For new industries in fruit and vegetable processing, income tax rebate of 100% on profits made during the initial 5 years and 25% rebate in the following 5 years has been decided.

Government has decided to levy zero import duty on capital goods for 100% export oriented units as well as many agri-export zones are to be set up for end to end development of exports.

53 food parks are approved for enabling small and medium food and beverage units and consequently North East Mega Food Park, Nalbari (Assam) and Mega Food Park, Park, Nilakuthi (Manipur) has been established in Assam and Manipur respectively.

Processed products of Fruits and Vegetables

1. Tomato juice: Juice is extracted through juice extractor containing not less than 5% tomato solids and heated at 880C and filled hot into a glass bottle followed by sealing and sterilization.

2. Tomato Paste: It is a concentrated tomato juice or pulp free from skin and seed containing not less than 25% of tomato solids.

3. Tomato ketchup and sauce: Ketchup is concentrated tomato juice with added vinegar, salt added spice, onion and garlic etc. with tomato solids not less than 12 while sauce may be prepared from tomato pulp or other fruits/vegetables having thinner consistency.

4. Fruit beverages: This consists of fruit juice, Ready-to-serve (TS), nectar, cordial, squash, crush, syrup.

5. Pickle : They are processed products preserved and flavoured in a solution of salt and vinegar with spice or oil. Eg mango pickle, cauliflower pickle, lime pickle, chilli pickle etc.

6. Fruit chutney: It is prepared by cooking fruit pulp with added salt, sugar, spices, acetic acid and/or dry fruits with total soluble solids not less than 50% and fruit part not less than 40%.

7. Jam: It is prepared by boiling fruit pulp with sufficient quantity of sugar, acid and pectin so as to set and become firm enough to hold the tissues in place. 45 parts of the pulp are used for every 55 parts of sugar and the final product contains not less than 68% total soluble solids. Eg. Pineapple jam, banana jam, mix fruit jam, apple jam etc.

8. Jelly: It is a well set transparent semi solid product prepared from fruit pectin extract on cooking with added sugar and acid.

9. Marmalade: It is a jelly like product made commonly from citrus fruits with shreds of peel suspended in the set gel.

10. Preserves: It is prepared by keeping and preserving fruits and vegetables as whole or large pieces in sugar syrup until the soluble solid concentration of about 68% or more is achieved. It should retain its form, crispiness and tenderness without shrivelling. Eg. Aonla Preserve, Apple preserve, Carrot preserve, Mango preserve etc..

11. Candied fruit and vegetable: It is prepared by impregnation of sugar into fruit/vegetable into the fruit/vegetable pieces followed by surface drying to give a transparent coating of sugar on the surface. Eg. Candied pineapple, Candied aonla etc.

12. Crystallized fruits/vegetables: When candied products are covered with sugar crystal by rolling and allowing crystals to settle on the surface it is known as crystallized fruits/vegetables. Eg. Crystallized apple, crystallized mango etc

13. Canning: It is a type of preservation of fruits and vegetables whole or in pieces in sugar syrup or brine by heat processing them in hermetically sealed container. Eg. Canned peas, canned broccoli, canned pineapple etc.

14. Dried/dehydrated vegetable: Moisture is removed from fruits and vegetables by heat without losing texture and integrity and to prevent infection by microorganism. Eg. Dried tree bean, dried aonla, dried bamboo shoot etc.

15. Sauerkraut: It is a product of lactic acid fermentation of cabbage having mild laxative property and stimulates the peptic gland. White cabbage is more suitable.

16. Mango slices: Dried slices of mango from dehydrator are powdered to prevent spoilage by high humidity during the rainy season.

17. Mango leather: Juice from ripe mango is dried and cut into sheets of suitable size and wrapped in a wax paper.

18. Fruit cheese: It is prepared from guava, apple, pear and plum or their combination by using their pulp with sugar, butter, citric acid and salt with a small amount of colour.

19. Fruit butter: It is prepared  from pulp of apples, peaches, pears, apricots, plums,  grapes etc. or their combination by cooking with sugar, spices like nutmeg, cinnamon, clove etc. apple butter is very popular.

20. Fruit toffee: It is prepared by using pulp of mango, guava, papaya etc. with sugar, glucose, skimmed milk powder and little ghee, essence and colour.

21. Papain: It is an enzyme prepared from dried latex of unripe papaya. It is in great demand in the international market.


Since there are a variety of ways for preparation of products from fruits and vegetables, there is a good scope to process the indigenous fruits and vegetables to increase the income of the farmers as well as to provide employment which would help in uplifting the development of the region.

Farmers and producers of the region should be given awareness about the benefit of processing and the help laid out by the Government for making food processing industries at small and medium scale considering the economic status of the farmers.

During processing, good ideas should also be given about sanitation and the standard of the food safety rules so as to prevent any contamination in the processed products and prevent occurrence of any disease.

For further details contact:-
College of Horticulture, CAU,  (Imphal), Thenzawl, Mizoram
Public Relation & Media Management Cell,
CAU, Imphal - prmm(AT)cau(DOT)ac(DOT)in

Concluded ....

* Chingtham Chanbisana wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on January 12 2021 .

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Statehood Day Celebration 2021 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Questions over commissioning Mapithel Dam
  • Gender equality and human rights
  • Manipur first among NE in Innovation Index
  • Becoming mommy - Yes or No ?
  • Student Induction Program at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Uniform academic session
  • Bedlam beginning
  • Grandfather of Uipo Language- Mosel Khaling
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Lt Col Rajeev Bakshi : The Tiger of Tipaimukh
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Cleanliness Program at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Racism at its worst
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #3
  • Ultimatum from UNC
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #14
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Municipal Council, Kakching Khunou
  • Disaster :: Poem
  • Signs of cervical cancer
  • Training Programme on Mushroom Cultivation
  • JCILPS for more teeth to ILPS
  • Wildfire in Dzuko, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • IM says it's "deeply committed" to solution
  • Making of a General :: Book Review
  • Jesus, markets, state, & silenced dialogue
  • Logistics as career option
  • 'Solution expected anytime soon'
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Niangngaihkim, Thangneh: eMing
  • Bhuban cave: Holy place of TRC people #1
  • Police Guest House CCpur : Gallery
  • Know-how for using herbicides in rice
  • Too much too good ?
  • Roll up the sleeves for Covid shot
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Empowering women through sports
  • Dzuko 'the Nagmani'
  • 3rd foundation day- National Sport University
  • Research & Publication Ethics Workshop
  • Living Legends of Manipur : Wall Calendar
  • Cong existence felt, will it survive?
  • Day light Thabal Chongba #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • School Fagathanshi @Leimapokpam: Gallery
  • The voice inside me :: Poem
  • Let's embrace youths self esteem
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #2
  • Bedtime beauty hacks to look young
  • Menace on the roads of Imphal
  • Hill Valley bondage strengthened
  • Narcotic Drugs disposal @Lamlai #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Shachi Gurumayum honoured overseas Indian
  • Enthusiasm of LFCA's children
  • Energy Conservation Material Management
  • Commandant 12th Bn NDRF called on CM
  • Water education for sustainability
  • Postpone Public Hearing on Gender Policy
  • Students at the forefront
  • Fuelling the anger
  • COVID Vaccine arrived @ Airport : Gallery
  • Major (Dr) Laishram Jyotin, Ashoka Chakra
  • Mushroom training program at Langmeidong
  • 5 years of Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana
  • Drugs ki lansu amani
  • 3rd State Level Jump Rope Championship
  • Vaccine and low count of infection
  • Human fails to learn lessons from Corona
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #13
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • National Youth Day at Lilong Haoreibi
  • Face it all together: threat of pandemics
  • Majuli - India's only river island district
  • More of a question when, not should
  • Tungjoy re-visited
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID Vaccination Meeting with PM: Gallery
  • Fruits & Vegetables grown in North East #2
  • 18th BIG Call : Biotechnology Grant
  • Trade hate for love : Blissful 2021
  • Jump Rope (Judges & Referees) Exam
  • Connecting via Jiri
  • Dhanamanjuri University & its Identity Crisis
  • INA's Honour at the Battle of Imphal
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Ima Keithel @ Kanglatongbi/Sekmai : Gallery
  • Aromatic Oil Extraction training at Huishu
  • Tulihal - Our sweet old local airport
  • Gita - An antidote for life in Kali #1
  • Training on Mushroom at Nagamapal
  • The call for new normal still stands
  • 187 Death Anniv- Maharaj Gambhir : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Biocontrol of Parthenium for biodiversity #2
  • A message from mother nature :: Poem
  • New year resolution & complication
  • NEP-2020 : A new Landscape in Education
  • Wildfire in Dzuko, Senapati #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Satyamala : Most Fortunate Manipuri Princess
  • Transforming economy of the kingdom of God
  • Events and celebration as career
  • How to protect your lips in winter
  • Poppy plantation & drug trafficking
  • We Continue To Strive Forward
  • Press Club Foundation Day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Bereavement : Grief Reaction
  • Emergency Response System : Gallery
  • This world :: Poem
  • Bitter truth
  • Re-opening and rethinking border trade
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 # 12
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Fruits & Vegetables grown in North East #1
  • Life goes on !
  • Naga Rapper Macnivil - New Music Video
  • Awareness Prog with Women Commission
  • Farm Acts need of the hour
  • Imphal on eve of New Year 2021 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Cold Storage @ Bishnupur Bazar : Gallery
  • Pronoia - The sociological antidote to corona
  • New Year 2021 :: Poem
  • Careers opportunity in Fashion Industry
  • Economic growth: A mirage so far
  • The law of Habit
  • Zeilad Lake in Tamenglong #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Biocontrol of Parthenium for biodiversity #1
  • Child Nutrition and their future
  • Guilt free self love - Not a sin!
  • 'Anguish over wild fire at Dziikou Valley'
  • Another message for another year
  • Lamphelpat: Victim of unplanned urbanisation
  • Politics and the War Against Drug
  • Ibudhou Marongkhong Haraoba #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • Linguistic Society of America 2020 to Manipur
  • Time for Modi-Shah duo to ink the final pact
  • Vanishing Lamphelpat calls for conservation
  • New Community Centre at Ningthoukhong
  • Disturbed Area status: An unwelcome gift
  • Paona Independence League of Burma #3
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Presentation of Tourism in Manipur : Gallery
  • Manipur's super cops
  • The passing moment- clock of life :: Poem
  • Executive Committee of 2021-22 YMC
  • Take care of your hands this winter
  • RK Bhubonsana : Profile- Literature Awardee
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Prayers to honourable Home Minister
  • Book Release of Cheerom Meihoubarol
  • Chronicling activity of Veterans in Manipur #2
  • Biswajit Basu as Director (Projects), NHPC
  • Imphal on eve of New Year 2021 #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #6: Gallery
  • Bidding Goodbye 2020 with a toast of Corona
  • Let us not down NK Sanajaoba's Spirit
  • Dr Konika Khuraijam- SDP Achievers Award
  • One Day Adventure Programme at Lamdan
  • On stepping into a brand New Year
  • Welcome 2021: Will it be another happy days
  • Romita Yumnam is Mrs Jhansi 2020 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Mrs Romita Yumnam crowned Mrs Jhansi 2020
  • Year's End - 2020 :: Poem
  • Bye - Bye 2020 :: Poem
  • Maya Kuki in top 25 in Mrs Universe 2020
  • 2020: Decisive for the BJP in Manipur
  • The other side of Amit Shah & Manipuri talent
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #11
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • The cry of a disgruntled citizen
  • KVRSS Annual Research Awards 2020-21
  • Manage to reduce it
  • Life is a matter of choices
  • Painting Competition : Right to Information
  • New virus strain: The world is worried
  • Mayang Imphal Keithel #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • January Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Shanti Thokchom #43 : Trip to Grand Canyon
  • 2020 as the 'Year of Science'
  • Sampurna Raas Leela at Guwahati
  • Significant 2 hours delay in leaving lmphal
  • Biren will be Chief Ministerial candidate
  • Amit Shah @Imphal [Dec 27] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Organic cultivation of tomato
  • Xmas during pandemic - a time to reflect
  • Reviews of Loktak Downstream Project
  • Amit Shah: Man behind ILP in Manipur
  • S Lonphai, Henglep Sub-div, CCpur : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Christmas greetings
  • Halls of Ivy - a lament :: Poem
  • Remembering Jesus- A lonely 'Carpenter'..
  • Beauty oils: The solution for dry winter skin
  • Of Manipur and HM visits
  • Works of Haobam Paban Kumar #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Pukhrambam Narjit : Asangbi Sanagi Medal
  • Community health work is work
  • Chronicling activity of Veterans in Manipur #1
  • What are friends for ?
  • Discontinuation of Traditional Elopement
  • Christmas Traditions :: Book
  • Lessons from COVID-19: Universal healthcare
  • Getting bronze medal in drinking
  • Manipur on the way to development
  • Towards Atmanirbhar Cities
  • NSCN (K) in talk mode
  • Still murky news from Manipur University
  • Paona Independence League of Burma #2
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Christmas 2020: Pandemic time Choice
  • Winter woods :: Poem
  • Cultivation practices of Soybean in Manipur
  • Laishram Mema honoured at Mumbai
  • Blow out the old, ring in the new
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #10
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • School Fagathanshi Mission : Gallery
  • Yongchak: The Dying Bean in Manipur
  • Economy of using concrete transmission line
  • Careers opportunity in Journalism
  • The reality: Virus is still out there
  • Are we in the right direction
  • Khamba Thoibi Jagoi at JNMDA #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • 84 yrs recovers from C0VID-19 at Ukhrul
  • Azolla : A potential biofertiliser for rice
  • Rice water for winter beauty
  • Boring 2020
  • War on Drugs campaign : Drawing attention
  • War on Drugs: The uncheck loopholes
  • Cherry Blossom at Mao #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • CM visit to Senapati: Gallery
  • As the year comes to an end :: Poem
  • This too shall pass
  • A tribute
  • No test for incoming passengers
  • ILMDG's approach to preserve Ariba Pala
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipuri Filmmaker @ 51st Intl Film Fest India
  • Revisiting the life of Lamyanba NK Sanajaoba
  • 5 days skill development training program
  • Symposium on Combating COVID-19 : Day 3
  • The art of cleaning the dirt
  • Festive mood in CCpur for Xmas: Gallery
  • Panti Neimei : Prayer for longevity
  • New species of lac insect found in Manipur
  • Irang bailey bridge @ Noney : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Thanga #2: Gallery
  • Persons with Disabilities [Dec 15] : Gallery
  • ADR Centres at 5 districts : Gallery
  • Works of Haobam Paban Kumar #1 : Gallery
  • State level Nupi Lan Day : Gallery
  • Langban Lam-Haiba @ Andro #2: Gallery
  • Sory Wahengbam - Actress Gallery :: eRang
  • COVID patient cast vote @Wangoi : Gallery
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic