TODAY -

Celebrating the rights of wildlife - Are we?

Rahul Ashem *



Killing off wildlife disrupts the natural ecological balance and their surroundings. Different faunal species are loss from the state of Manipur due to human pressures and various developmental activities. Manipur is a haven for a wide spectrum of wildlife. The State falls in the Indo Burma biodiversity hotspot and the Eastern Himalayas endemic bird area.

The distribution of different types of forests such as Tropical wet evergreen and semi evergreen forests which occur in patches in the lower and middle elevations throughout, except in the central valley plains. In the higher regions of the State, subtropical broadleaf (evergreen) forest occurs with small areas of conifers in the eastern areas.

Temperate broadleaf forest is found higher up in Mt Tenipu. The only grassland of significance is found in Keibul Lamjao areas. These grasslands are on floating mats of vegetation, locally called phumdi, composed of decaying organic matters. Each of these areas houses a large variety of animal and bird life. Some of them are rare while some vulnerable and endangered.

Mrs Humes barred back pheasant (Nonggin), the state bird is found in one of the State biodiversity hotspots and wilderness areas of Shirui peak (Ukhrul District). Brow antler deer (Sangai), the state animal is distributed only in the floating park of Keibul Lamjao National Park (Bishnupur District). The migration of Amur falcon (Akhuaipunia) in Bhalok village (Tamenglong District) is another indicator for healthy ecological environment and insect abundant forests. The distribution of Himalayan crocodile newts (Lengva) at Zaimeng Lake (Kangpokpi District), one of the high altitude lakes is highly considered.

The presence of Sumatran rhino (Samugandha) in the Anko range (Ukhrul District) is perhaps the most endangered large mammal in the world with an estimated population of not more than 300 in the wild. In addition, the state is also the home of the Leopard (Kabokkei), Leopard cat (Keijenglang), Clouded leopard, Western hoolock gibbon (Yongmu), Hog deer (Kharsa) etc.

Migratory birds like the Greater adjutant (Tharoi chabi khouchon), Rosy pelican, Cattle egret (Urok san dung), Common teal (Lei ngang chabi), Lesser whistling teal (Ti ngi macha), White eye pochard (Ee ruppi mit ngou), Brahmani duck (Nganu thang gong angangbi), Grey headed parakeet (Tenawa meiten) flocks to the state during the winter months. Typical areas representing each of the ecosystems have been earmarked as special areas wildlife.

At present, most of the natural forests are in vulnerable stage due to diverse anthropogenic pressures and over exploitation. The change is creating a new adaptation policy for all faunal diversity. Some species are likely to lose out while others are trying to adapt in their living environment. Moreover, the rising population of human activities is experiencing the loss of conservation status by shrinkage, fragmentation, deforestation and resource exploitation thereby altering the extent and spatial configuration of their habitats.

The conversion of landscape into roads, dams, plantations creating more fragmented forests replacing diversity with paltry monocultures. Clearing of forest area and shifting cultivation is another threat for the loss of animal population in the wild. The development of numerous agricultural areas has also caused the habitat to diminish. It is becoming increasingly difficult for smaller to larger animals to find a sufficient place to survive. Pop­u­la­tions have been frag­mented by de­forestation, increasing the susceptibility of the entire species to infectious disease and natural catastrophic events.

Furthermore, the growing impact of human wild animal conflict is disrupting the web of life and creates unforeseen challenges. The impact is more particular in smaller animals occurring in vast number in terms of the scale of their impact on humans. However, majority of bigger herbivores and large carnivores are greatest threat to humans and responsible for the majority of human wild animal conflicts. Human induced wildlife mortality not only affects the population viability of some of the most endangered species but also has a broader environmental impact on ecosystem equilibrium and biodiversity preservation.

Sadly, we, the human introduce many technologies to the surrounding environment that has negatively impact on the natural habitat. Changes in lighting in an area, for example, artificial lighting on Loktak Lake can significantly affect migratory bird species behavioral and biological rhythms, which are guided by natural cycles of light and dark. The same phenomenon also disoriented the nocturnal bird species by night time lighting. Another suitable example for the disappearance of Manipur elephant has been threatened by the forest degradation and deforestation by human activities like shifting cultivation, encroachments of forest land and settlements resulting in the retaliatory of elephant populations.

Top carnivore species like tiger shows their absence from their habitat in the last tiger census from the State. The animal is losing their stripes due to a myriad of reasons and circumstances ranging from deforestation, habitat fragmentation, poaching, prey density, infectious diseases and trade of body parts as well as conflict with humans. We are responsible for disturbing the wildlife and their sensitive habitats. It is well known that disturbing the wildlife habitat raises their stress level and increases energy consumption.

If repeated frequently, the disturbance can impact on reproduction and the survival of the species. Communities in and around forests are directly dependent on the biological resources for their livelihood. Several wildlife species are responsible for causing substantial damage both to crops (wild boar, wood pigeon) and to regenerating forests (Barking deer, Sambar). For the reason, the herbivore species are labeled as pests and can be killed outside of the hunting season. Many species of wildlife are affected by the impact of human development on their traditional habitat and food sources.

Apart from fragmentation, roads are becoming a serious threat to wildlife, as several wild animals are killed on a daily basis by speeding vehicles. Vehicles today travel at high speeds and this combined with poor eyesight and slow response time of animals results in the death of innumerable wildlife. Scores of reptiles, birds and amphibians are killed due to vehicular traffic in many of the protected areas in the State.

Wildlife week is celebrated in the first week of October every year. The celebration is to raise awareness about the importance of faunal diversity and in turn, saving them. The week also encourages the consciousness of the people towards the conservation of wildlife community.

The need of time is to create more awareness amongst the community and local villagers about the importance of wildlife and its conservation methods. The villagers must strictly follow the regulation in protection of wildlife and biodiversity of the surrounding environment.

The village youth need to be trained in aspects of conservation and wildlife that will help promote alternate livelihoods such as ecological tourism. Promoting education regarding conservation issues will also be helpful. Besides, information on wildlife status, population and community interactions and their contributions to ecosystem development is needed for effective conservation of wildlife management on protected areas. The celebration of wildlife week starts from the basis that we are stronger as a group to face animal issues around the State of Manipur.


* Rahul Ashem wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer can be reached at benthhook(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on October 09 , 2018.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Contribution of Rani Gaidinliu
  • Police Day Marathon #2: Gallery
  • Kayada Ningthijaba Eseino :: Review
  • Stop religious encroachment of Kangla
  • Cry of a Dying River - 50 :: Poem
  • Money- laundering and juveniles
  • To drive or to be driven
  • The barricade cordoning CMO
  • October 31 rally : Manipur is a reality !
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #2 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-19 : Gallery
  • Tribes, Castes & Development :: Book
  • Durga Puja celebration in Manipur
  • Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
  • Life did put me into darkness :: Poem
  • Matrimonial sites: Dangerous proposals
  • Absentee in history
  • Of KTC and demand of UMLA
  • Pari Imom (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Chunglenyanba, Awa Leima :: eMing
  • Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947 #1
  • 7th anniversary of PCRM
  • Funding TB response is smart investment
  • The Broken Stone:: Poem
  • 15 Ceremonial Horses handed to Myanmar
  • Needs for realizing the truth
  • Time to put education on track
  • Bor khoiramba @Hiyangthang #1 : Gallery
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #2
  • Finance knowledge to make better decision
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Bunglawn Remembers Dr Kalam's Visit
  • No baab tree :: Poem
  • Official website of Sangai Photo Festival
  • Beauty care with natural ingredients
  • Deportation of Rohingya against intl law
  • Noting efforts to put MU on track
  • MU: Teachers/students released : Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #3 : Gallery
  • Ithai Barrage Impact on Environment
  • Rural development as career option
  • Put the kibosh on ochlocracy
  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in women
  • India International Cherry Blossom Festival
  • Marketing Assistant @ PiCiDi, Canchipur
  • 'Ram Madhav is wrongly briefed' : NPF
  • Uniforms for school teacher: What purpose?
  • Marangwon at @Mt Khorung #3 : Gallery
  • Police Day Marathon #1: Gallery
  • I call it life :: Poem
  • International day for Disaster reduction
  • Contested territorial demands in Manipur
  • WhatsApp & mobile usage study results
  • Physics Programme in Nowgong College
  • Rejoinder to NDPP [15 October]
  • Stop bluffing Nagas
  • The state of the states
  • Gearing up for Oct 31 rally
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #4
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #2: Gallery
  • X-Jam -Extreme Sports & Music festival
  • Urban Local Govt in Mizoram :: Book
  • 3 perspectives in context of present Manipur
  • Figures in the Shadows :: Poem
  • To UNC, Zomi Council, Hmar Inpui on ST
  • HC acted in good faith for MU
  • Jarnail Singh @ MU : Gallery
  • Heikru Hidongba #3 : Gallery
  • The undeniable subtlety of Atingkok
  • Kuki Black Day: desperation to Nagas #1
  • Let me shower moonlight :: Poem
  • On allegations issued by NPF : NDPP
  • Challenges to the digital dreams
  • Eyes now on K Yugindro
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #3: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #2 : Gallery
  • Meetei Tribe wont grab land of Hill Tribes
  • Making a tangible difference
  • Contradicted journey of IPC Section 377
  • Free open defecation & open pee
  • Act East & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Vacancies at Multimind Software
  • Waiting for "Sorry"
  • Out Yugindro in Jarnail Singh
  • Mera Chaorel Houba #1 : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural evening : Gallery
  • Management Convergence at Mizoram Univ
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Cry of a Dying River - 49 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is free from compulsion...
  • 7th AGM / Cultural evening of AMAND, Pune
  • Forsaken farmers - food for thought
  • Second police raid at MU
  • NESO opposes Indo-Nepal Treaty in NE
  • British Council, NEC sign MoU
  • MU: Student/police clash -10 Oct #1: Gallery
  • Death Anniv - Bhagyachandra #1 : Gallery
  • Anglo-Kuki War 1917-1919
  • University :: Poem
  • Remembering class boycott 2009-2010
  • Hair stylist as career option #2
  • Training of Trainers on Gender Justice
  • Manipur University fresh violence by police
  • MU Crisis- admissions and omissions
  • Issues besetting State before LS polls
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba #2 : Gallery
  • Sizo Festival @Saikot : Gallery
  • Opening of Moreh-Tamu Border Gate
  • Forest Cover of Nagaland :: Book Review
  • Ingocha Chingtham: Cycling from Mumbai ..
  • Blood Transfusion service- future in Manipur
  • IT Enabled Employment Generating Course
  • NDPP condemns statement of NPF
  • Beyond the reality
  • Need for MUTA to approach Court
  • Kang Tournament @Kongba #2: Gallery
  • Elangbam Sonamani : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Celebrating the rights of wildlife- Are we
  • The sky's gone wonderful :: Poem
  • Communal Harmony and Integration
  • Opportunity for India in Indo-Pacific Region
  • To be a good man
  • Education : Why no private players here ?
  • Tarpon Sonba : Gallery
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • MN Singh promoted as IG of CBI felicitated
  • Loktak from different perspectives #2
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • The Journey of Happiness :: Poem
  • A personal discourse of Manipuri people
  • Improper use of loud speakers in Manipur
  • Art Exhibition @Art College #3: Gallery
  • Sudip Kongbrailatpam -recording engineer
  • Dismantled 9th times & safer in 10th times
  • Remembering Irawat: Are we following ..
  • State Level Archery Championship 2018
  • Stop religious encroachment at Kangla
  • Navratri (festival) make up
  • khongjang changsinnaba sem sarey : ST
  • MU crisis: Emerging questions
  • Lining up five days blockade
  • Dhol Chollom @Sangai Fest: Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #2
  • Maroi napakpi in Manipuri dishes
  • National Integration Tour Team
  • Cry of a Dying River - 48 :: Poem
  • Ending antimicobial resistance to #endTB
  • Condoles death of Pu Kaikhokam Kipgen
  • Rejoinder to NDPP (5th Oct) : NPF
  • Responsibility required - not restriction
  • After Thuingaleng Muivah who ?
  • Paddy dry up due to deficit rainfall
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #2: Gallery
  • Binalakshmi Nepram : RAW in WAR Award
  • Agribusiness & Carbon Management : Book
  • Is Gandhi (ian) relevant today ?
  • Guidelines for Hostels for Children
  • ATM based frauds : Router compromise
  • 'Rio's announcement as just mockery'
  • Training Program on Mushroom Cultivation
  • 'Chadong' - the victim of development
  • Poles apart : Pandey and Singh
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #2
  • Why has Egg become Danger for Manipur?
  • Speech by Atif Anik on Irabot Day 2018
  • Wounded tree :: Poem
  • Hair stylist as career option
  • Synopsis of Sizo Festival 2018
  • Traffic regulation still a Flop show
  • In the evening of his life : Th Muivah
  • Langban Heitha Leithaba : Gallery
  • World Bamboo Day #2: Gallery
  • Where have all the lights gone ?
  • Mahatma and non-violence
  • Detention of students/professors of MU
  • Gandhi Jayenti at Itanagar
  • IBSD cleans Imphal City
  • MU: Abide by wisdom of Sr citizens
  • Power of humility
  • Ghost of Pandey : Four teachers suspended
  • Lamyanba Irabot- March Past #1: Gallery
  • October Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Looking at Loktak from perspectives #1
  • Morning - a Haiku :: Poem
  • R&V Art House curates 'Land of Polo'
  • Show for football fans at NEUFC Fan Park
  • Indigenous People: Stand against Fascist
  • Clarification on Tamei Residential School
  • Organic Farming Tour to Sikkim
  • System error- or is this real democracy
  • Autonomy for Naga- Stakeholders on board
  • Th. Muivah hospitalized
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Floral Tribute #1: Gallery
  • Choidev Chongba @Kang Fest : Gallery
  • A Road Trip to Myanmar #1
  • The day after Sahnit-Ni
  • Cry of a Dying River - 47 :: Poem
  • Observation of World Alzheimer's Day
  • Benefits of almond oil for the hair
  • NEUFC Fan to host musical performances
  • ..but Irabot may still shed tears in heaven
  • Heikru Hidongba #2 : Gallery
  • Lamyanba Hijam Irabot :: Read all about
  • Tingmila Doungel : Manipuri Boxer
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to dead by living
  • Manipur: Past & Present (Vol.2) :: Book
  • Genesis of Naga-Kuki clash in early nineties
  • 9th Children's Cultural Meet 2018
  • Parakram Diwas : 2nd Anniversary
  • International Visitors Leadership Program
  • He calls state Govt as unrecognized..
  • Tough stand of Govt noted
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #3
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #2 :: Gallery
  • Tribute to Oja Nandiram with 'In Memoriam'
  • The resurgence of Hijam Irabot
  • Love for post of MU vice-chancellor
  • Condemns arrests of MU student/teachers
  • Spot Enquiry by MCPCR Team
  • Seriousness with sincerity matters
  • 48 hours bandh on, then what ?
  • MU: General Srtike [27 Sep] #1 :: Gallery
  • Hijam Irabot - Our 'Icon of Revolution'
  • Food preparation among Zeliangrong
  • Is it the final countdown to #endTB?
  • Let's give time a chance :: Poem
  • If Buddhism Is Not A Religion Or Philosophy
  • Using false identity to mislead
  • In response to CM's appeal
  • CM's call against bandh
  • MU: Hunger Strike[25 Sep] :: Gallery
  • Irabot's letter to Assembly :: 18 Oct 1948
  • Ringui Village, Ukhrul :: Gallery: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Tuilha Kol waterfall #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS