TODAY -

Baghjan Oil Spill: Rethinking Oil exploration in India's North East

Jiten Yumnam *



Oil Exploration across India's North East, pursued from British Colonial times, remains a contested subject for a long time. In Assam, where the oil exploration started more than a century back at Digboi, the contested topic is not mere social and environmental implications, but also the contribution of oil industry in shaping Assam's economy and its polity for that matter.

While Assam contributes about 10% of the country's total crude oil and natural gas production, the State languish as one of the poorest states in India [1].

With all the Seven North Eastern States confirmed to possess rich deposits of oil and gas deposits, oil companies, viz, Canada based Canaro Oils, Netherland based Jubilant Oil and Gas Private Limited, France based Geopetrol, India's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited, Oil India Limited etc aggressively descends to extract the oil and gas and profits from North East region.

Oil exploration and drilling by oil companies continue to unleash social and environmental impacts, during their exploration survey works and direct drilling works in addition to human rights impacts.

On 27th May 2020, a major blowout, or an uncontrolled release of natural gas and crude oil occurred at the Baghjan Oilfield of Oil India Limited (OIL) in Tinsukia district, Assam after reported failure of the pressure control systems.

The oil spill continues since the exploration on 27th May, as the OIL company failed to control the oil spill as of 10th June. And indeed, a massive fire broke out at Baghjan oil spill site on 9th June, causing panic among communities, besides worsening air, water, and soil pollution around the drilling site. The Chief Minister of Assam, Mr. Sarbananda Sonowal, even suggested the use of aircraft of the Indian Air Force to douse the fire at the oil spill site [2].

The OIL company contracted experts from Singapore based Alert Disaster Control to control the oil spill [3]. Oil indicated on 9th June that it will take another four weeks to control the fire. Affected communities are forced to wait and suffer for months from contaminations of their land and livelihood sources till foreign experts control the oil spill long after.

Seeking help by OIL from foreign countries indicates the lack of technical capacity of the OIL company to handle major oil spills and to clean up contaminations, which is a matter of serious concern for indigenous peoples across North East, where OIL is now involved extensively in exploratory drilling works, such as in Assam and Manipur.

The Baghjan 5 well is a gas-producing well in Tinsukia district, operating since 2006, at distance of 900 metres from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. The well produces around 80,000 standard cubic metres per day (SCMD) of gas from a depth of 3,870 metres. Oil officials indicated that the current oil discharge due to spill is estimated at 90,000 SCMD as of 8 June [4] .

The Baghjan incident is not the first oil spill and environmental contamination in Assam. Earlier, in February 2020, a blast at the oil pipeline of OIL had set Assam's Burhi Dihing River on fire in Dibrugarh district's Naharkatia town [5] .

In the recent past, two comparable blowouts happened in Assam, one at an OIL-owned oil well in Dibrugarh in 2005 and an ONGC-owned oil well in Rudrasagar in the 1970s. Elsewhere, the Pasarlapudi blowout in January 1995 in Andhra Pradesh is the biggest in the history of the India's oil and natural gas exploration with oil spill and fire continuing for more than two months.

Impacts: The oil spill inflicted adverse effect on biodiversity of the two eco-sensitive zone of Maguri-Motapung wetland, part of the eco-sensitive zone of the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park (DSNP), home to at least 36 species of mammals including feral horses and at least 382 species of birds.

The spill site at Baghjan 5 well is around 300 metres from the boundary of the buffer forest of the DSNP. Locals found a carcass of a Gangetic dolphin, declared as "endangered" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature in the Maguri wetland. Several endangered birds and fish varieties were killed. The oil blowout also affected local tea gardens in surrounding oil spill area.

As many as 1,610 families with around 3,000 people are affected and evacuated due to the spill. As per Assam Pollution Control Board, the gas leak from oil spill, which is a mix of propane, methane, propylene and other gases flowed up to a radius up to 5 km and condensate is mostly falling on tea gardens, banana trees and betel nut trees besides falling into DSNP.

These are areas villagers depend for fishing and livelihood. Villagers in the vicinity of the drilling site of prime oil well (BGR No 5) reported enormous flaring of gas burned continuously prior to the Baghjan incident and villagers for long developed headache, irritation of eyes, skins, and nasal passages etc due to the gas flaring [6] .

In an environmental clearance issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change, Government of India (MoEFCC), the OIL, was appraised of the conditions to be enforced under the provisions of
Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act, 1974;
the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,1981;
the Environment(Protection) Act,1986;
the Hazardous Waste Management Rules, 2016,
the Public Liability Insurance Act,1991 etc.

However, the OIL has failed to comply with conditions outlined in the Environment Clearance Report. Further, the OIL was to take adequate measures to prevent spillage of hazardous wastes into the water bodies and further to mitigate oil spilling and fire hazards.

Further, para xviii of the Environment Clearance Report directs the company to install blow-out prevention system to avoid accidents during drilling. The May 27 blowout incident testify the failure of the precautionary measures of OIL. Earlier in May, OIL announced that MoEFCC granted environment clearance for hydrocarbon exploration in seven locations close to DSNP.

Oil Drilling in India's North East: Despite such incidents at Baghjan and wide environmental catastrophe, Oil companies has been trying to drill oil and gas from all over North East, in addition to Assam to meet India's energy demands to sustain its economic progress.

The Government of India (GOI) introduced policies for energy security, including allowing 100% foreign direct investment in natural gas, petroleum products and refineries. Oil laws like the Oilfields (Regulation and Development) Act, 1948 conferred exclusive right to GOI on oil exploration. New policies are framed to promote oil exploration in India's North East.

The formulation of the North East Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 on 9th February 2016 by the GOI planned to invest Rs 1,30,000 crore in 15 years to explore and drill oil and gas and to create necessary infrastructures in North East.

The vision document stated that the two sedimentary basins, Upper Assam Shelf and Assam-Arakan Basin – cover an area of 116,000 sq. km and contain hydrocarbon resources around 5,040 Million Metric Tonne. The vision seeks to increase exploration from the unexplored areas NE India amidst India's Act East Policy [7] .

OIL's oil exploration and resistance in Manipur: In Manipur, the OIL company, responsible for the Baghjan oil spills, endeavoured to explore and drill oil from Manipur from 2017, after the Jubilant Oil and Gas Private Limited withdraw oil drilling plans from 2012 due to wide community objections.

OIL contracted Rs 143-crore to Asian Oilfield Services Limited in January 2017 for 2D seismic data and commenced oil surveys in Jiribam, Tamenglong and Imphal West Districts in Manipur. The demarcated area for oil surveys by OIL cover almost all of Manipur, including ecologically sensitive areas of Manipur like the Loktak Wetlands, Barak and Manipur River system, the Yaingangpokpi Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, Keilam Wildlife Sanctuary etc.

The OIL commenced surveys in Khaidem, Moidangpok, Sangaithel villages in Imphal West district since March 2017 without consent of villagers and blasted explosive devices during their survey without clear information on the impacts in Khaidem Village.

Moreover, OIL officials verbally misinformed villagers nothing ever will happen to them. The company was compelled to stop their oil exploration survey works due to protest. OIL expressed its plans in March 2020 to continue with oil exploration in Manipur and to float a tender for 2D survey works 850-line Kilometre (lkm) to establish the oil and gas potential of the state. OIl decided to commence work with reassurance of security by Government of Manipur [8].

The oil companies failed to conduct any impact assessment including for 2D and 3D seismic surveys on the land, people and environment of the proposed villages and sites of oil surveys and drilling operations. Manipur indeed falls in two of the World's Biodiversity Hotspot, the Eastern Himalayas Biodiversity Hotspot, and Indo-Burma Hotspot.

Oil companies downplayed the environmental impacts of oil exploration during their survey works and efforts to drill oil. The draft EIA report prepared by Canada based SENES Consultancy for Jubilant Energy undermines the fact that the entire Tamenglong, Churachandpur, and Jiribam is an eco-sensitive zone with rich flora, flora diversity.

The proposed oil exploration site fall under the Barak River Basin and are interspersed with several rivers [9] .

Oil Exploration and Human Rights: The Oil India Limited unleashed human rights violations by contaminating the land and water bodies and by denying the livelihood of communities depending on Rivers and wetlands. Continued oil exploration across Assam and India's North East will intensify climate change due to emission of Greenhouse gases.

India's laws, viz,
Oil Fields (Regulation and Development) Act, 1948 ,
the Oil Industry (Development) Act, 1974;
Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of User in Land), Act, 1962;
and Petroleum & Natural Gas Rules, 1959
grants exclusive propriety rights of all oil and gas resources and its handling to the Government of India.

Section 5 and 6 of the Oilfields (Regulation and Development) Act,1948 empowers the Central Government to frame rules for mining lease for oil exploration. These laws failed to recognize the advances on indigenous peoples' rights, sustainable development etc.

The effort to explore and drill oil in Manipur involves a process of disrespect and non-application of human rights-based approach to development, one that recognise Indigenous peoples' rights over their land and resources.

Further, the MoEFCC amended the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) notification, 2006 on 16 January 2020. All offshore and onshore oil and gas exploration, development, and production projects, which were classified as 'Category A' projects are now categorised as 'Category B2' projects, thus exempting from EC requirements [10].

The draft EIA Notification, 2020 with exemptions to oil exploration and drilling from Impact Assessments and public consultations will facilitate oil companies to violate indigenous peoples rights with unregulated oil exploration in North East.

Conclusions: The continued oil spill at Baghjan should lead to serious review and rethinking of oil exploration and fossil fuel-based industries pursued aggressively across India's North East, especially the irreparable social and environmental implications over generations.

The Government and Oil India Limited should rehabilitate and compensate the villagers Impacted by the Oil Spill to restore their livelihood and health and to urgently clean up the village areas, water bodies and air contaminated by the Oil Spill be taken up.

OIL should be held accountability for social impacts and irreparable loss of biodiversity. An investigation should be pursued to prosecute responsible officials. Oil India Limited and other oil companies should stop oil further oil exploration and drilling in Eco-sensitive and fragile biodiversity zones in Assam and across India's North East.

The assurance for safety and precautionary measures by Oil Companies before oil exploration is proven irrational with incidents like Baghjan Oil spill in Assam. While people suffer from such contamination and spills, oil companies continue to make profits.

The languishing of Assam as one of the poorest States of India despite oil exploration from British times need careful studies to avoid similar reality in Manipur.

Accountability of oil companies involved in violations remains a concern in the region. The John Energy Private Limited, one of the companies contracted by OIL at the Baghjan oil site has been served show cause notice by OIL [11].

However, this is not the first time and will not be the last. There are no reports of oil companies investigated and prosecuted for social impacts and environmental damage. The oil companies already embarked on long-term potential opportunities to maximize profits, to expand their oil assets and to exploit the natural resources across India's North East with tacit support of local authorities [13].

North East for that matter, witnessed series of peoples' conglomerations1, expressing deep concern with both the process and impact of oil exploration [13]. Villagers from Churachandpur, Jiribam and Tamenglong Districts opposed the oil exploration move by Jubilant Energy in in 2012.

On 17th May 2017, villagers of Khaidem Village stopped the Oil India Limited from conducting oil surveys in their village. The Government should refrain from pursuing oil exploration without recognizing community rights and taking their consent. It is high time to review and rescind the corporatization of peoples' land and resources.

The oil laws and the North East Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 should be repealed to ensure compliance with human rights advances to advance Indigenous peoples' rights and to protect the rich biodiversity of North East.

Oil companies should acknowledge that Indigenous peoples land and resources are not for sale and not for profiting. The ongoing Baghjan oil spill in Assam should be a stark reminder of the fallacies of oil exploration in Manipur and across India's North East.

Notes :

[1] “Per Capita Income of Indian States 2019-20”, Hemant Singh, Jagran Josh, 7 April 2020
https://www.jagranjosh.com/general-knowledge/per-capita-income-of-indian-states-1468997157-1
[2] “Assam gas well fire could take 4 weeks to extinguish, says OIL”, Utpal Parashar, MSN, the 10th June 2020
[3] “Attempt to cap gas blowout in Assam in 2-3 days with help from experts: OIL”, Business Standard, 5 June 2020
[4] “Assam Gas Leak, why it’s tough to Plug and what threats it poses to the area”, T. Agarwala, Indian Express, 8 June 2020
[5] “Assam River on Fire For 2 Days After Crude Oil Pipeline Bursts”, NDTV, 3 February 2020
[6] “Blowout at Oil India well threatens national park in upper Assam”, Down To Earth, 30 May 2020
[7] “Petroleum Minister releases Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 for North-East”, Press Information Bureau, Government of India, 9 February 2016
[8] “Oil India keen to finish Manipur survey”, the Sangai Express, 8 March 2020
[9] http://www.slideshare.net/mechportal/water-pollution-in-petroleum-industry
[10] ‘Waiving off oil, gas exploration clearance could’ve grave consequences’, Ishan Kukreti, Down to Earth, 20 January 2020
[11] “OIL sends show cause notice to Gujarat firm for gas well blowout in Assam”, Hindustan Times, 1 June 2020
[12] Circular of the Director, Commerce and Industry Department, government of Manipur, Date 31 March 2011, Memo no. D (5)-15(1)/IND/2010/IH7
[13] “Oil India reacts cautiously as seismic survey hits roadblock in Manipur after rebel group abducts sub-contractors”, Rajeev Bhattacharya, First Post, 20 April 2018


* Jiten Yumnam wrote this article for e-pao.net
The writer can be contacted at mangangmacha(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on June 12 2020 .



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Eikhoigi Puwarini Nambul Turel #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Implication of Draft EIA Notification 2020
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Plain packaging will aid in ending tobacco
  • The virus and I :: Poem
  • Impact of COVID-19 on students
  • Delimitation & development: Role of Census
  • War on invisible enemy
  • Manipur & the Lushai Expedition, 1871-72 #1
  • COVID-19 Status 03 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Online Painting/ Sketching Competition
  • Covid-19: Impact in Manipur :: Photos/News..
  • Extension of Disturbed Area Act in Nagaland
  • The Politics of South China Sea Disputes : Book
  • Xi Jinping - Know the man, his upbringing..
  • Save Nambul River mission
  • If 'Transparency' is an alien concept?
  • Fashion Show @ Sangai Fest #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Eikhoigi Puwarini Nambul Turel #1 : Gallery
  • German agency to support NE entrepreneurs
  • Naawa Seidum: 'Best Narrative Film' at MIFF
  • The twilight of nature :: Poem
  • Career scope in Chemistry
  • Condemns non-inclusion of bodo language
  • Compulsion behind 5 days ultimatum
  • Unfolding the menace of Health Department
  • View from Shirui Hills in Ukhrul #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Power dynamics: Leikai Clubs & Meira Paibi
  • Kinthuilung, Khelheibha, Lunpilal: eMing
  • People's charter of demands to PM & CMs
  • A discourse with my soul :: Poem
  • Can antiviral fabrics stop the spread of COVID
  • Design behind 'abnormal' growth ?
  • Apologetic misnomer
  • Kanglen Aarti katpa #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Land Commission for improving relations #1
  • National Statistics Day & Statistical system
  • Distribution of Face Mask to Old Age Homes
  • A walk on prime meridian
  • Manipur leads a valiant fight against COVID
  • 48 hours later and not yet a word
  • Fate of print media in aftermath of COVID-19
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 June : Govt of Manipur
  • July Calendar for Year 2020 : Tools
  • Cyberbullying using social media as weapons
  • Distribution of Face Mask to CRPF Personnel
  • Sports, children & transferability to classroom
  • The rain sings outside the window :: Poem
  • Online learning enrolments during lockdown
  • Morphing from negative to positive
  • COVID-19 and its impact to community
  • Gandhari (Dance Drama) #4 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Takhelchangbam Kunjabihari : Wari Liba
  • Antrimwanbut Khwan : Inpui emagazine
  • Public services essential to COVID response
  • Rajas & Maharajas in Parliament
  • Naga artist Ket Meth releases music video
  • Extending lockdown till July 15
  • Neire, Mei Taare- words of the new generation
  • COVID-19 Status 27 June : Govt of Manipur
  • E-Conference : New Frontiers in Science
  • COVID mirror
  • Property Sales & Client Support @ R-Square
  • SKY Hospital - 12th Foundation Day
  • Benjamin Tao - Convenor, Manipur, TICCI
  • Online Social Work Alumni Meet at RGU
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Has state BJP succumbed to NPP's pressure?
  • Individual responsibility to battle Corona
  • COVID-19 Status 26 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The Lushai Expedition, 1871-72
  • Intl Day in Support of Victims of Torture
  • Remember :: Poem
  • Yoga as career choice
  • Head count on contentious census
  • In the game of politics
  • I Rise :: Film Scenes : eRang
  • Kits to frontliners @ ISBT : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 June : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day against Drug Abuse [Jun 26]
  • Corruption: A National Security Issue
  • Book : Rights & Entitlements at Chandel
  • Power tussle amid pandemic
  • Still no checking on corruption
  • Sangai Fest [Dec 1 2019] #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Essentials must include reproductive health
  • The Killing Fields 2013-20 : News Timeline
  • To peruse a father's heart :: Poem
  • The importance of the way we think
  • Politics of South China Sea disputes : Book
  • Art of running a coalition Govt
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Sports and environment in Manipur
  • Corona stigma dogging even doctors & nurses
  • Mapping the Change Makers in North East
  • TNL knew better meaning of Quarantine
  • The Kukis, Justice and the UN
  • Scripting a high octane drama
  • QC at Saikul in Kangpokpi : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Impacts of Mapithel dam on forest & climate
  • Kang Chingba (Rath Yatra) Festival :: Book
  • Messengers of hope on World Music Day
  • Sound of environment :: Poem
  • Online Conclave for Women Entrepreneurs
  • Admission for Class XI should not be closed
  • Approaching the four figure mark
  • Demoralizing anti-corruption crusade
  • Lameithanbi - a myth with geological linkage
  • COVID-19 Status 21 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Highways of Life - best film at DocFest B'desh
  • The Unwelcome Delimitation : Part - II
  • We and today :: Poem
  • Yoga - A need of the hour
  • Cupid in COVID times
  • Voices for & against delimitation
  • Amur Falcon Fest @Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Gerrymandering in delimitation of AC
  • A humble tribute to fathers!
  • Jobs at LMP Technology, Canchipur
  • The gateway to heaven :: Poem
  • Nongpok Sanjenbam village #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Axone & Lingering Question of Racism in India
  • Training : Prevention of Spread of COVID-19
  • Patents or people: Conundrum of healthcare
  • Rahul Gandhi birthday observed at Dimapur
  • Programme on Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Curfew Violators- 19 June : Police Dept
  • Interesting election to lone RS seat
  • Arithmetic doesn't work in politics
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Training program on cultivation of mushroom
  • NHRC registered Case to investigate Oil Spill
  • Experience :: Poem
  • Floriculture as career choice
  • Admission for Class XI at Govt Hr Sec School
  • Unfolding political developments
  • The fate of titular king in hard political game
  • Quarantine Center @ Mantripukri : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 June : Govt of Manipur
  • What Now for Returning Migrant Workers
  • Activation of State Food Commission
  • At a crossroad :: Poem
  • Women Entrepreneurs' program in Northeast
  • Curfew Violators- 17 June : Police Dept
  • 28 days quarantine period : TNL example
  • Arambam Samarendra Anniv #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Inevitable long wait alongside complacency
  • Compassion amidst the COVID gloom
  • Domestic Workers future beyond COVID-19
  • Poverty stricken student- 11th rank at HSLC
  • Consultative Meeting for Opening of Schools
  • On CM Rio press conference of June 15
  • Freebies on offer from schools
  • June 18 again: but is Manipur's territory safe
  • Class X (HSLC) Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 June : Govt of Manipur
  • On George Floyd, breathless blacks & cops
  • Merit Scholarship - Class X & XII : Download
  • Condolence message for Th Oliver Monsang
  • COVID-19: Resilience & way forward
  • Understanding and accepting adversities
  • Nagaland Cabinet decision to regularize MOs
  • Spotlight on quarantine centres
  • Leirum and Luirim connotation
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Merit List
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Result Sheet
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Subject Toppers
  • Class X Exam 2020 : Statistics Abstract
  • COVID-19 Status 14 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Podcast on Manipur by Carnegie Endowment
  • Proposed park in Chivu needs a rethink
  • Home :: Poem
  • Social Media during Lockdown
  • Worrying double digit spikes
  • Adieu to Pi, Themneihat ..
  • COVID-19 Status 13 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Online Survey for people at Quarantine
  • The way forward after COVID-19
  • To strive for economic revival in COVID-19
  • A moonlit night in June :: Poem
  • Career options in Horticulture
  • Need for empathy & responsibility
  • Cultural @Sangai Fest 2019 #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 June : Govt of Manipur
  • The Unwelcome Delimitation : Part I
  • RIMS in top 40 Medical institute in India
  • FDP: Research Topic for Arts & Science
  • Importance of webinars for academicians
  • 'Strictly follow SOP by Nagaland Govt'
  • To be discharged sans test results
  • Now Chief Minister is silent on corruption
  • Livelihood implication on Unjas
  • COVID-19 Status 11 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Rethinking Oil exploration in North East
  • Decry the assault on Dr. N Haraba
  • Pandemic Parodies
  • CBSE exam for remaining subjects
  • QC Discharge Rule Clarification [11 June]
  • Looking back at first case, shutdown 1.0
  • Winning Covid-19
  • Arambam Samarendra Anniv #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 June : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur's Draft Bamboo Policy
  • Sanjita Chanu cleared of doping charge- IWF
  • On reopening of schools in Manipur
  • Research & Project Associate at IBSD, Imphal
  • Concern with Oil Spill at Baghjan
  • Prison spell : CM bang on target
  • Even diarrhea kills human sometimes
  • Relief Services in 5 dists #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 June : Govt of Manipur
  • 4th delimitation in Manipur : Impact analysis
  • Sunzu Bachaspatimayum - Secretary of MFDS
  • Yes, Homecoming ! :: Poem
  • Speed up COVID-19 Test in Senapati IQC
  • Sales & Client Support @ R-Square (Imphal)
  • Curfew Violators [09 June] : Police Dept
  • Looking at cluster transmission
  • Is quarantine centers hotspot for COVID-19 ?
  • 2nd Barak Festival @ Senapati : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 08 June : Govt of Manipur
  • With Four Prime Ministers :: Book Review
  • Meeting with youth of Manipur amidst lockdown
  • COVID-19 Memo - Govt of Manipur [08 June]
  • Delimitation: Redrawing political ambitions
  • Quarantine @ JNV Yaralpat: Gallery
  • MA (Manipuri) in Meetei Mayek from 2020
  • Quarantine @ UNACCO School: Gallery
  • Motsillaba Mingsel :: eRang Photos
  • Laibi Oinam : Lady Auto Driver ...
  • Train @Jiri [May 28] #2 : Gallery
  • Geographical Indication, Leirum Phee & others
  • Thang Ta at Sangai Fest #3 : Gallery
  • I Rise :: Film Synopsis & Biography
  • Measures @ Imphal Airport - 25 May : Gallery
  • M.K Binodini Devi's Sense of Beauty
  • Phisakol #3 :: eRang
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2020 #2: Gallery
  • The Princess & the Political Agent : eBook
  • Tangkhul Forum vegetable for valley: Gallery
  • Items distributed to Tarao -Apr 23 #2: Gallery
  • SPONSORED ADS