TODAY -

Need for a separate time zone and higher productivity of employees

Oinam Nabakishore Singh *



Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.50 E longitude, in Mirzapur (Amravati Chauraha), Uttar Pradesh. Longitude of Imphal is near about 940. Time difference between Mirzapur and Imphal @4″ per degree longitude is 46 minutes. Accordingly, the sun rises and sets earlier in Manipur throughout the year as compared to the states on the western side of the country.

For example, as on 4th January, 2019, the sun rises and sets at 5.58 AM and 4.37 PM in Manipur while the corresponding time of sunrise and sunset in Delhi are 7.14 AM and 5.37 PM.

The filmmaker of Assam, Jahnu Barua, has been campaigning for a separate time zone for the past 25 years. In 2010, he suggested creating a separate time zone for the Development of Northeastern Region. In 2014, Chief Minister of Assam, Tarun Gogoi, started campaigning for another time zone for Assam and other northeastern states of India. However, the proposal would need to be cleared by the Government of India.

In June 2017, Department of Science and Technology (DST) in Government of India indicated that they were once again studying feasibility of two time-zones for India. Proposals for creating an additional Eastern India Time (EIT at UTC+06:00, shifting default IST to UTC+05:00 and Daylight saving (Indian Daylight Time for IST and Eastern India Daylight Time for EIT) starting on 14th April (Ambedkar Jayanti) and ending on 2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti) was submitted to DST for consideration.

The question to be asked is whether the present Indian Standard Time, which is same across the whole country is beneficial or not for Manipur in respect of its socio-economic life. Is there a need to have more than one time zone in India considering the vastness of the country? What are the pros and cons of having more than one time zone in India?

The United States of America has four time zones in contiguous areas-Eastern Time, Central Time, Mountain Time and Pacific Time with difference of one hour between each of them. There are two more time zones in USA for Alaska and Hawaii. Difference in time between the westernmost longitude and easternmost longitude in India is about one hour and fifty-six minutes.

If time is important in altering the attitude of people and creating a sense of urgency, having a time zone which allows optimal time between wake up and start of daily work in office or factories will have great impact on productivity of individuals and overall production in the society.

For instance, in Manipur, the gap between wakeup time which is close to sunrise and commencement of work in office and factories is very large-wakeup at 5-6 AM in winter and office commencement at 9.00 AM. Performance is much better when both body and mind are fresh right after the wakeup. Instead of starting work at 9.00 AM., it would be better if we start working from 7-8 AM.

In case, somebody has to work for longer period, one can continue to do so beyond office hours and before the sunset, which is considered as the outer limit for work as per convention and culture. Most of the countries in East Asia, commence their work at 8.00 AM and conclude at 4 PM.

While I studied at Asian Institute of Management, the Philippines for 11 months, classes began at 8.00 AM and sometimes continued upto 5.00 PM. Business and government offices too start working there at 8.00 AM. In Manipur, we should follow similar practice in the interest of productivity and production.

Another possibility of saving daylight time is advancing or setting time back on the clock. According to the Indian Standard Time, the sunset in Manipur is about 4.30 PM in winter and office goers, especially lady staff prefer to leave for home before sunset because of social compulsions. Effective hours of work in office is much lesser than the prescribed one.

In many countries, daylight time saving is used by advancing the clock for autumn and winter in order to save daylight and start working early in the day. If we advance by one hour, the sunrise will be at 7 AM instead of 6 AM and sunset in Manipur will be at 5.30 PM instead of 4.30 PM. It implies that people will be working during the period of daylight till the last working hour resulting in more production of goods and services. When the spring and summer return, the clock will be set back by one hour to bring Indian Standard Time back. This practice should be introducedin Manipur.

Both having a separate time zone for north-east and eastern India and daylight time saving need convincing of the Government of India. Having separate time zones and daylight time saving can help in improving our economy and social life. It will also help in reducing crime as trial courts will perform better and criminals will be deterred.

We are witnessing rapid changes in Manipur and the rest of the world. There is need for competitiveness on every front. Old legacy of going to office late and coming back early is against the tenets of professionalism. Be it government office or private establishment, there is urgent need for a complete shift towards better productivity.

Good health, freshness in mind and body, strong enthusiasm driven by high level of motivation will help in improving productivity. Our forefathers went to fields for cultivation much before the sunrise and work till 9-10 AM. We too should commence all works-be studies in educational institutions or private establishments or government offices by 8 AM and complete by 4 PM.

A shift in our culture of eating breakfast and lunch is also required to suit the need of the work. Canteens and coffee shops near the workplace will help in improving productivity as the employees can reach workplace in time without waiting to eat and come to office as the facilities of eating will be available near the workplace.

Energizing workers at intervals will make them more energetic and productive. It is necessary to look for new work and social habits if we are to become more competitive in the ever-competitive world.


Views expressed here are personal.


* Oinam Nabakishore Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was webcasted on January 11, 2019.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Glory Days of Manipur in the 18th Century
  • Alternate Rationality: Its Possibility : Book
  • Does burning of school reflect larger malady
  • RIST Talk 39 : Year of Periodic Table
  • Manipur : A woman's world
  • Paramedical courses as career options
  • Revoke suspension for NPF Office Bearers
  • Class X results : Best in 10 years
  • The wrath of Mother Nature
  • Poumai Purul Paoki Fest : Gallery
  • AEgi KoHcY :: Seireng
  • The Tamna Tamna Video: Critical Analysis
  • 'NDPP's child like attitude for meddling'
  • Rejoinder to NDPP by NPF President
  • Amazing beauty benefits of coconut oil
  • Urge Nagaland govt to review security
  • Pull out threat from the NPF
  • Myanmar launches ops on NE militants
  • Myanmar jails 24 from Assam, Manipur
  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • HSLC Toppers share thoughts, aspirations
  • CFP on 'Photoacoustics' at IEEE TENCON
  • Arrival of Fall Armyworm in Manipur
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #4
  • No Escape from Real World :: Poem
  • Civil & Structural Engineer at R-Square
  • Architectural Designer at R-Square DCS
  • 'NPF Manipur is directionless leadership'
  • HSLC :: Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC :: Subject Topper
  • HSLC :: Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC :: Full Roll No Listing
  • HSLC :: Compartmental
  • Dairies of 2 Tours in Naga Hills : Book
  • Kohima Press Club (KPC) elects new team
  • Manipur : The unsung fashion capital
  • Brain Stimulation for Parkinson disease
  • 2nd Foundation Day of NDPP
  • Changing face of the North East
  • 129th Birth Anniversary of Ho Chi Minh
  • Understanding performance of Govt school
  • Amazing Folk-tales of Koireng Tribe
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #1 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 76 :: Poem
  • Plastic Pollution & its effect
  • Significance of Nurses Week celebration
  • Legal Assistance to Prisoners' Family
  • Talk on 'Alliance - Biblical Perspective'
  • Shorthand/Stenography Typing Course
  • Fissures with a coalition partner
  • 4 plus 4 is always equal to 8
  • Mukna Kangjei Tournament : Gallery
  • Socio-cultural significance of Gudui-Ngai
  • Diesel auto vs Traffic control :: Artwork
  • Future of Moreh: Development partnership..
  • An alarming stay in a hotel
  • Naga Students Delhi Admission help Desk
  • Need to focus on the average students too
  • The politics of rumours
  • Phayeng Koubru Haraoba #4 : Gallery
  • Chinsuanlam, Apakpi :: eMing
  • ELVEEGO : Top 10 Promising Companies
  • Myanmar Refugee Problem : Report
  • Mother :: Poem
  • Minerva Punjab FC to conduct trials
  • Represent the people, not only party
  • When vegetables slowly poison us?
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #2: Gallery
  • Dear Mother :: Poem
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #3
  • Why are Govt schools lagging behind ?
  • Career option in Veterinary Science
  • Saluting Mothers of the world
  • Will Sharmila have a Third Life ?
  • NE for efforts to address illegal influx
  • Rs 10 coins not acceptable in Manipur!
  • Agri Fair @ CAU #2 : Gallery
  • Khomlen Manglanda - A Play #2 : Gallery
  • AMWJU new terms 2019-2021
  • Run for Raisina Hill
  • Happy Mother's Day
  • Mother's Day
  • Aspiration in Medical Career
  • MPSC : Wallowing in dirt
  • Why the 1st Bird Sanctuary in Thinungei
  • Purnima Moirangthem : 5th in Commerce
  • Respect for a mother
  • Academic excellence is not everything
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #6
  • A Dwarfish Whole :: Poem
  • Takayasu Arteritis treated at SKY Hospital
  • Mercury rise: Is it common men fault
  • Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang Photos
  • Had not there been ILPS agitation ? : Story
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #2
  • BJP for NE Community Campaign in Delhi
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Serou dam-Atypical structure in Chakpi river
  • Benefits of automation in medical laboratory
  • Civil Servant from Matupi hospitalized...
  • Madness on the roads of Imphal
  • Root of peoples' anger to doctors
  • Jiribam Bazaar :: 360 Panorama View
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Cry of a Dying River - 75 :: Poem
  • What Yoga is & is not ?
  • Rio at General Conference of NSF
  • Make right choice in selecting your campus
  • Suspension Order for 19 NPF Members
  • Festival of marks and more marks
  • ..no worry on condition of Govt Schools
  • Thailand Princess @Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Kadigampou, Akeng :: eMing
  • Ningombam Tampha :: 3rd in ISC Exam
  • Our Grammy goes to Thangmeiso Shinglai
  • Call for application from youths
  • Life is not about how far you hang on
  • NERIST admission notice : PG & PhD
  • Seminar at MU : Material Engineering
  • Class XII : Looking beyond Imphal
  • Understanding Consumers' rights
  • HSE : Candidates securing Highest Marks
  • HSE 2019 : Science Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Arts Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 : Commerce Stream Result
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Science
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Arts
  • HSE 2019 Toppers : Commerce
  • HSE 2019 : Result Abstract
  • HSE 2019 : District Wise
  • Solid waste management in Imphal
  • Naga Ancestral Freedom Movement
  • My franchise for Mom's Primary
  • Bamboo based industries in Manipur
  • Is sugar ageing you
  • Competition among schools
  • Will modification help in solving traffic chaos
  • Cheiraoba Chak Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • MANFETE 2019 at MU :: Gallery
  • What is Change ?
  • The integrity of Manipur
  • Dance & folk songs of natives of NE #1
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #5
  • Understand kids with developmental delay
  • Meet with Fortis Hospital, Delhi
  • Understanding idea of NE
  • Mr. Edn Min, please act like Manish of Delhi
  • Ibudhou Oknarel & Khudithibi
  • May Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Facts & fakes of poll prediction
  • Sketches & Notes of Summertime :: Poem
  • The other Face of 'May -Day'
  • Check-up for new born- Split Spine Defect
  • Retaining Walls & Flooding in Moirang
  • Gearing up for counting day
  • Religion profile of Manipur: Impact study #2
  • Andro Girls won Doon Cup :: Gallery
  • Rajbans Huidrom : Topper CBSE XII
  • Cry of a Dying River - 74 :: Poem
  • St. Joseph's School, Sugnu Imbroglio
  • Bier of English towards the burial ground
  • World Press Freedom Day observed
  • A lesson from Mandella
  • Nongdol Leima- Dance Drama #1:: Gallery
  • Human Trafficking to SE Asia via NE
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #2
  • Laipubam Nitish at St Gallen Symposium
  • Value of music
  • Engineers wanted at Multimind Software
  • Free Medical Camp at Suangdai
  • The great search Ops post Apr 28
  • Transforming adversity to opportunity
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #2 :: Gallery
  • M Diana: National Women Social Award
  • Handloom show : Robert Naorem & Soma
  • A spooky night that left us shaking
  • AB Mathur meets Thadou Students
  • Transportation as a service
  • Show Cause Notice : NPF Nagaland
  • Opinion expressed by some NPF Bearers..
  • CBSE results : Raining marks all over
  • Mission - Save Manipur
  • Urmila Shagolsem: Miss India 2019 Finalist
  • Thang Ta @Sangai Fest #5 :: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga & other peace talks #4
  • A half-written promise
  • The Chakkawar (Burnt-rice)
  • Play safe with natural ingredients
  • Rahmani Prog. Students succeeded in JEE
  • Collective efforts to address 'illegal influx'
  • High alert in Manipur as Cyclone Fani..
  • Manipur observes May Day
  • Board To Release 12th Results Soon
  • Presentation on Naga at UN contains errors..
  • NSCN (I-M) vacates camp in Manipur
  • Yaoshang Halankar #2 :: Gallery
  • Are Political Parties true to their Manifestoes
  • A North-East Indian in the land of smiles
  • Words :: Poem
  • Demand for ILP :: Articles/Photos...
  • Anglo-Manipur war from military point of view
  • Youth and Contemporary Issues #1
  • Yubi Lakpi :: Gallery
  • Peeshumlei : Book Release :: Gallery
  • Significance of festival: Nanu-Ngai
  • Onetwo Okram - Singer #1 :: eRang
  • dsnihe :: Seireng
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Tributes on Khongjom Day #1 :: Gallery
  • Shajibu Cheiraoba @ Pune : Gallery
  • Romita Yumnam : Mrs India Queen
  • Folk Dance @Republic Day #1 : Gallery
  • Meekap Thokpa Numit #2 : Gallery
  • Cheirao-chingkaba [April 14] : Gallery
  • Shivaratri Shopping List #2 : Gallery
  • Tributes to PLA killed #2 : Gallery
  • A talk with Ajit Ningthouja :: eRang
  • LS : Voting for Inner : Gallery
  • CC Meet Final: NEROCA Vs SU #2: Gallery
  • Ibendhou Kounu Haraoba #2: Gallery
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba at Mysore #2: Gallery
  • Voting (PC) @ Kangpokpi #3: Gallery
  • Mittong Khunou: The Battle Honour of INA
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • List of Restricted Holidays for 2019
  • List of Public Holidays for 2019
  • List of General Holidays for 2019
  • SPONSORED ADS