TODAY -

Motivation and rewards for development

Oinam Nabakishore Singh *



Understanding human behavior is important for their development. In psychology, one of the basic and fundamental areas of study is motivation as it lies at the root of all human actions. What is motivation? It is defined as a driving force or energy to an action to fulfill some needs and expectations. In fact, every action by any living being has its root at motivation.

At the very basic level, motivation arises from physiological needs of all living beings - hunger, thirst, and shelter. This is manifest in animal kingdom when predators chase their preys. A lion or tiger muster all the energy and skill to run after the deer, which also makes all-out efforts to save itself.

Similarly, human being, when hungry, try to satisfy its hunger by using the best means. Shelters are made to protect from hostile weather and to protect from wild animals. Clothes are worn to keep oneself warm. These are some examples of meeting the physiological needs.

Another source of motivation is expectation of others, who are important to the person. A student tries to do better in school to fulfill expectations of parents, teachers, to get recognition and appreciation. A member of the society is expected to behave in conformity with the expectation of other members and social norms. An employee is expected to perform in accordance with the expectation of his/her employer to be relevant.

A sportsperson makes all efforts to fulfill the expectations of his/her fans. It is proven beyond doubt that expectation is an important tool and means for improvement of human being and hence society.

Creative people engage themselves in works of arts-painting, sculptor, designs, writing poems, etc. in order to mainly fulfill their inner happiness. Of course, appreciation and recognition by others also serve as inputs to continue the works and perform better.

Drawing lessons from the theory and widely accepted application of various forms of rewards, we should try to improve individuals, families, communities and organizations. Rewards are of two kinds-tangible and intangible ones. Tangible rewards are in kind, like cash rewards or incentives, trophies, raise in remuneration, promotions, physical items having financial value.

On the other hand, intangible rewards are in the form of appreciation, recognition, respect and status. Psychologists have concluded that intangible rewards last longer to motivate a person, while tangible rewards are short-lived in sustaining motivation. In order to motivate any individual or a group of individuals, we may use a combination of tangible and intangible rewards.

Teachers have been using both tangible and intangible rewards to motive students especially in lower classes.

Children are categorized as intrinsically or extrinsically motivated. Their approach and commitment to studies are different. Those intrinsically motivated do not require much tangible rewards and they are motivated internally to study more and challenge themselves.

On the other hand, extrinsically motivated children wait for rewards like appreciation and tangible rewards. They do not take any initiative to study unless rewarded or penalized. By proper understanding of the nature of children, both parents and teachers may use a mix of tangible and intangible rewards to improve the learning by students. There arises the need for training of teachers in lower classes with exposure to child psychology.

State Council of Education and Research and Private Institutes conduct one year primary school teachers’ training to equip teachers with necessary knowledge on teaching and learning. Here in Manipur, it should be mandatory to for primary school teachers to have training before recruitment.

In workplace, different incentives are used to motivate employees at different levels in order to improve productivity, quality and efficiency so that profitability improves. Most common incentive is cash rewards for better performance. In sales, incentives are linked to quantity of items sold as well as satisfaction of the customers in regard to not only the quality of the product, but also of the entire process of transaction.

Management of the firms take feedback from the customers so as to identify the areas of weakness and strengths so as to remain competitive. Firms use not only financial rewards, but also other intangible rewards like recognition and praise individually and in front of others to motivate employees. In Manipur, verbal appreciation appears to be less due to the culture of less verbalization of events.

Because of the law and order problems arising from the spell of insurgency in the state, doing more used to be penalized. Now with improved situation, doing more is being rewarded financially. A number of youths in the state have engaged in small businesses for the profit generated. Motivation for taking the risk of starting a new business is making profit-a tangible reward.

How to create an eco-system of rewarding risk taking especially in business to develop Manipur? Success stories of people who started in a modest way and went on to become very successful can motivate some youths. Examples of such stories of successful people in Manipur and the rest of India are abundant.

Penalty for not taking risk should also be emphasized. More risk may mean more rewards, even thogh all risk taking may not necessarily lead to rewards. Families and schools are the institutions which can help in motivating the young minds towards the most desirable direction so as to take Manipur to higher levels of growth and prosperity.


Views expressed are personal


* Oinam Nabakishore Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on March 12, 2019.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Weaving at Nongpok Sanjenbam : Gallery
  • Report of Human Rights Commission India
  • Dont you feel the pulse of the people
  • How I missed my best friend wedding
  • We live by the river
  • Recycling of Plastic Waste & its application
  • Performance on Natl Human Rights
  • Tally course by Certified Trainer
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #4
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2019 #3: Gallery
  • Social service @ Moirang : Gallery
  • World Music Day @Yaiskul #3: Gallery
  • Can RIIN save Nagaland? #2
  • Cry of a Dying River - 85 :: Poem
  • Jobs at Manitech Consultancy
  • Soaring mercury at Imphal
  • Power of humility
  • 3rd Singcha Wuyawon Festival 2019
  • seL tiHZakaNdta nuHZa_Iba :: Seireng
  • Stalls @Sangai Fest #2 : Gallery
  • How do we trust Naga peace talk ?
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #4
  • Retirement age at 65 or 70 or 55 ?
  • 'Bangla' - Cultural right of Bengalis
  • Political deadlock since 1st week of June
  • Blowing the gaff on greed
  • Folklore of Hao communities #2
  • Choidev Chongba @Kang Fest: Gallery
  • Social Background leading to RIIN
  • Class Room or Timber Depot ?
  • Textbook of Rural Marketing :: Book
  • Career Option as Air Hostess
  • MU : Disbursal of non-NET Fellowships
  • PDA will complete 5 years term unhindered
  • Lungnila Elizabeth : Long road to justice
  • Cracks at Thong Nambonbi : Gallery
  • Evidence of origin of Meiteis from Africa
  • Plastic Surgery Day @RIMS : Gallery
  • Chirangchaiba, Ahongcha :: eMing
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Of engaging rural youths by NABARD
  • Taking charge of health with home testing
  • National Plastic Surgery Day at RIMS
  • Social Media da furup masel hunnaduna
  • July 11 & July 15: Manorama & nude protest
  • The political conundrum
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #7
  • Yumnam Shamu : Natbhusan (Duhar)
  • Discourtesy :: Poem
  • Skill training for sustainability
  • A Simple Proposal for RIIN
  • Activists of Differently Abled at Jaipur
  • Condolence for AMAND Pune Founder
  • Key Words: Indigenous to Nagaland
  • Political crisis sideline people problem
  • Ibudhou Pakhangba Haraoba #1: Gallery
  • What do Nagas think about Indo-Naga talks
  • Mass Media & National Integration :: Book
  • The adjective called- Biren
  • KVPY Aptitude Test : Imphal included
  • Remedy for Unemployment in Manipur
  • Not everything right within Govt
  • Naga solution rests on flexibilities: Ravi
  • The Great June Uprising #5: Gallery
  • Kanglen Kang Chingba #1 : Gallery
  • nupi ko_Iba :: Seireng
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #3
  • The Naked Smile :: Poem
  • A road journey from New Delhi to Imphal
  • National Lok Adalat at Lamphel
  • The bloody mind & the Nature's kindness
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #3 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Slow Food Nation :: Book Review
  • Naga National Movement & AFSPA
  • Struggles of parenting teenagers
  • L Sadananda wins gold at Commonwealth
  • Downward spiral of Congress
  • Chadong, lake of tears or site of tourism
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #3
  • Fashion Show @Sangai Fest #4: Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 84 :: Poem
  • Hilly NE to rely on Rain Water Harvesting
  • Manipur a mirror of Nagaland
  • Net-work Marketing
  • Tough stand of rebel MLAs
  • Mysterious slaughter of livestock re-visits
  • I am Mary Kom's biggest fan: Chhetri
  • Folklore of Hao communities #1
  • Seram Nirupama : Gold at Commonwealth
  • Manipuri & Chinese Language Connection
  • Understanding NE a Reporters' Journal
  • Budget according to common man
  • Democracy and Behaviourism
  • Child Friendly Rooms at Police Station
  • Ghost of CAB hangs over North East
  • Legitimizing misappropriation of money
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1: Gallery
  • HSLC Compartmental Exam Result 2019
  • Mirabai, Bindyarani & Rishikanta win gold
  • Understanding :: Poem
  • Doubling agri-exports by 2022
  • Are our Journalists Safe & Secured ?
  • Jobs @ Horizon Design Studio, Gurgaon
  • Of Territorial Council and Nagalim
  • ..sacrificing Manipur's land to Myanmar?
  • Neli Chachea: Dolls out of Maize Husks
  • Freedom of Press : Freedom of Speech
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #2
  • Crack CDSE and join defence services
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • National Workshop on Mathematica
  • Teachers required at Vagdevi Vidyapeeth
  • NAD Review Meeting at Manipur University
  • Attack on Human Rights Defender
  • Quixotic land that Manipur is
  • Wishes of common man
  • Poumai Paoki Wrestling #2: Gallery
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #2 : Gallery
  • Khariksing Adonis Tangpu at Asian cycling
  • Management of harmful weed, Parthenium
  • Maisnam Meiraba wins at Russia
  • Cry of a downtrodden State 4 :: Poem
  • Condemns the act of life attempt
  • Sharing the same stage
  • Pakhangba Cheng-hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Social Evolution of Meiteis
  • Happy Club Moirang
  • Cry of a Dying River - 83 :: Poem
  • Nirmala Sitharaman's budget: It is different
  • Some uneasy windfall
  • Arts/Culture Students Day #1 : Gallery
  • Kasanu bing rwan lang pi : Inpui Poem
  • Workforce Management : Book Review
  • Dr. Ksh Vedmani : Faculty Iconic Award
  • When pandemonium will stop in RS
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • General Body Meeting of AMWJU
  • frisk Dzukou trekkers for plastic items
  • Call for distrubance free education
  • The clarification and the inaction
  • Kang Chingba @ Konung #1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Festival : Stalls : Gallery
  • The Jewish connection to AIR Tune
  • Van Mahotsav 2019, celebration of life
  • Are we inviting "Pyaar" & poll
  • Digital India - A New India
  • Understanding red, green and yellow lights
  • Lai-Harouba @ JNMDA #1 : Gallery
  • Yanglem Mangi Devi :: Sangeetbhusan
  • Whose game is it anyway ?
  • Kang Festival :: Photo Gallery
  • Village administration of Zeliangrongs #1
  • Cry of a downtrodden State 3 :: Poem
  • Workshop : Six Waste Management Rules
  • Mountain Echoes, Bhutan Festival
  • Now it is no longer 'internal dissent'
  • The greed
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #2
  • World Music Day @Yaiskul #2: Gallery
  • Face book's messenger :: Poem
  • Kang Chingba / yatra Festival : Book
  • Financial assistance to Joute's family
  • Security studies in Manipur University
  • Miss / Mister North East audition
  • Ambulance provided to Bishnupur/CCpur
  • Downward spiral all the way for Cong
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #6
  • Behiang Police station @Singhat : Gallery
  • Why I did not renew my driving license?
  • Sarungbam Athouba: Aquathlon Gold Medal
  • Data entry as career options
  • Akanba Maong Da Condemned Touba
  • Attending roll call at New Delhi
  • Giving life to Nambul River
  • The Great June Uprising #4: Gallery
  • July Calendar for Year 2019 :: Tools
  • Shiksha Abhiyan @ Pune : Gallery
  • Daniel Chabungbam: RK Sanatomba Award
  • Cultural relation -ethnic groups of Manipur
  • CII - 9th Manufacturing Innovation Conclave
  • AMAND Shiksha Abhiyan launched at Pune
  • From poppy cultivation to heroin production
  • Nutritional benefits of Black Rice
  • Manipur: 2nd Runner-up in Natl Pencak Silat
  • Cashless Economy: Issues : Book
  • Good Teaching for better Learning
  • Forty Winks :: Poem
  • Cut-off marks in St. Stephen's College
  • Awaba Fongdokpa : Manipur Journalists
  • Mattress, Blankets donated to villages
  • Speaker in Politics: better think before leap
  • Aliyah #1 (Film Scenes) :: eRang
  • Look at the Sky: Best Short Film IDSFFK
  • A New Dawn for Banking
  • Condolence Message: Hill Journalist
  • 'PIL against ILP is a threat to Nagas'
  • Yoga, overdraft & stability
  • Eat for beauty
  • On issues pertaining to ILP & filing of PIL
  • Let Chennai story be wake up call
  • Some Legislators will face the music
  • To Bee Or Not To Bee
  • Fashion by Kumarjit Laishram #3 : Gallery
  • Cry of a Dying River - 82 :: Poem
  • Growing career opportunity at Yoga
  • Interaction with Legal Aid Clinics
  • Awareness program on Child Rights focus
  • On PIL against ILP coverage to Dimapur
  • Internal storm after a brief lull
  • Understanding Reality
  • Mukna Changdamnaba : Gallery
  • Tapping innovation to secure water future
  • Mouri's Story :: WJ
  • Denounce JNU's hindi imposition
  • Lecture: Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking
  • Heart Camp at Sanjenbam Khunou
  • 'Rio leadership of immoral political tactics'
  • Lessons from Nagaland : Ban on plastics
  • Report on signing of peace deal- IM & GOI
  • BAMCHAS Convention @ Sylhet : Gallery
  • BAMCHAS Sylhet, B'desh: Grand Convention
  • Abdul Hamid : Kamini Kumar Gold Medal
  • Did Manipur Experience Cultural Genocide
  • Health for justice: Justice for health
  • Beauty benefits of baking soda
  • Course in Domestic Data Entry Operator
  • Protect non-locals in Dimapur call
  • Legitimizing the pocketing of public money
  • UN Human Rights: Manipur Experience #1
  • Maring War Dance : Gallery
  • Chayom Thupki (Meetei Philosophy) #5
  • Yoga Day at Pune : Gallery
  • Sanamahi Cheng Hongba #1: Gallery
  • Ambassador of Japan with CM : Gallery
  • Tolloi, Ukhrul :: 360 Panorama View
  • Id-ul-Fitr @ Hatta #2 : Gallery
  • 2019 HSLC Exam Toppers :: Gallery
  • Hr Sec Exam 2019 Toppers #2: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2019 : Download
  • SPONSORED ADS