TODAY -

Intensive vegetable rice rotation

Sagolsem Sumanglal Singh *



It is the story of Shri Sapam Lukhoi of Wabagai Thingel Leikai, Kakching a progressive and innovative farmer who is a very dedicated, hardworking and honest farmer. As conveyed by him, he owns a piece of land measuring about 0.5 ha, where he takes up various farming activities some of which are highlighted here particularly the inclusion of a method of rice cultivation that seems to be very striking and innovative one.

He is aware of the agricultural situation in Manipur where most of the paddy fields remain follow after kharif season. He has seen the situation of crops grown after rice such as cabbage, potato, pulses – mainly pea and oilseeds- mainly rapeseed and mustard in some pockets. He observed that these crops were not very profitable.

The vegetables are grown by most of the growers as single crop on their land holdings due to which prices fetched are very low due to over-flooding of those vegetables in the market. Moreover, rice cultivation is also not very profitable due to very high cost of cultivation. Mr. Lukhoi Singh had faced floods and droughts very often in his field due to which his crops were destroyed.

Response/Initiative

Considering all these problems, he thought of trying out some crop combinations in order to get maximum profit by utilizing his small piece of land and thus he had planned his crops in such a manner that maximum benefits could be achieved. So, he took up mainly various kinds of vegetable cultivation in a very much intensive planned manner since vegetables fetch much higher income.

He included rice in between the vegetables to make it vegetable rice rotation. Whenever he grows the crops, he thoughtfully follows most of the agronomic principles to the fullest possible benefit from them. In the present story, the principles he has followed are inter cropping, relay cropping, mixed cropping, minimum tillage, crop rotation, crop diversification etc.

His plan could be called a “super intensive multiple vegetable rice rotation.” A very interesting area in his endeavour is where he has successfully grown rice in a very innovative manner. In this process he mixed cropped the rice within the bhindi and French bean rows, by sowing the seed under direct seeded dry sown condition in May 2016, a very typical and successful endeavour indeed for this particular year in which the rice was produced by default under completely aerobic condition throughout the rice season.

In the earlier years too, this method of rice sowing was very successful while the neighbouring farmers failed to harvest rice successfully either in stagnant water after the rice plants were well established or drought conditions.

Results/Outcomes

Here is how he has managed to grow 8 crops in one year starting from March 2016 to February of the next year, 2017 very successfully and have earned a good income. Out of the eight crops grown in the sequence, only seven crops have been included in the evaluation for economics of the system, since one crop (pumpkin) in the system was harvested beyond the one year i.e., after February 2017.

The present story is aimed at showing the possibility of such a cropping sequence which he had already taken up earlier to show emphasis on the method he has adopted to grow rice with much less investment. He puts everything in the right place, right time and right sequence. The method of growing rice in this crop sequence can be considered very innovative one.

Cropping sequence in 0.5 ha – In March the field was ploughed thoroughly, plots of 6 ft. width was made on which stakes of bamboo was erected into the loose soil.

o Cucumber (var. Alamgir-380) and cabbage (var. Green Hero) was intercropped.

o After one month of cabbage and cucumber bhindi was planted by dibbling long the sloping sides of the plots

o After another half month when the cucumber harvest started trailing, French bean (local) was dibbled in between the cucumber hills. Bhindi and French bean were relay crops of cucumber and cabbage intercrop after the French bean started to flower rice (CAU R-1) was sown in May under direct seeded dry sown condition as relay and mixed crop on the vegetable plots and inter culture of the French bean beds was done to incorporate the rice seeds into the soil.

o French bean harvest was completed earlier during which the bhindi harvest also started and continued until the rice was about to mature.

After the harvest of rice, potato pumpkin relay or intercropping was taken up very successfully. In this method, previously prepared pumpkin seedlings were planted along the sides of potato plots when the potato reached about the height of 1/2 ft.

Crops during October, 2015 – February, 2016 before the actual crop sequence of the present study 2016 March

Evidence/Impact

Potato + pumpkin after direct seeded dry sown rice
Cost of cultivation for the whole year
Cabbage + Cucumber = Rs. 51000.00
Bhindi = Rs. (2000.00 + 9000) = Rs. 29000.00
French bean = Rs. 1600.00 (self-produced seed) + 12000.00 = Rs. 13600.00
Rice = Rs. 240.00 (for seed of 8 kg @ Rs. 8 kg-1) + 4000 (for Reaping) + 1700.00 (for heaping) + 3000.00 (machine threshing) = Rs. 4940.00
Potato = Rs. 80000.00
Total = Rs. 178540.00
Gross income:
Cabbage = Rs. 105000.00
Cucumber = Rs. 180000.00
French bean = Rs. 159000.00
Bhindi = Rs. 60000.00
Rice = Rs. 54000.00
Potato = Rs. 240000.00
Total = Rs. 798000.00
Net Profit (Rs. 798000.00 – Rs. 178000.00)
= Rs. 6,20,000.00
B:C = 4.5

Lessons Learnt

o Rice crop was assured with very less cost of cultivation
o No cracking of the soils even during very severe drought as the soil was not puddled
o Easy to work the soil for the next crop of rice where the potato haulm and pumpkin runner could be ploughed in for rice under SRI
o Minimum tillage for the relay or other crops on the farm
o Different items could be sold at the same time to the benefit of both producer and buyer. The buyers could get different items for their market without searching.
o Crops could be taken in a year
o Crop failure is reduced as, if one fails compensated by other, the next rice can be again sown as mixed crop under direct seeded dry sown condition after vegetables


For further details contact:-
Public Relations & Media Management Cell,
CAU, Imphal


* Sagolsem Sumanglal Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is SMS (PBG), KVK, Thoubal
This article was webcasted on June 30 2022 .



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Jhulon Festival: Nupee Pala #1 :: Gallery
  • Read all about 13th August day significance
  • Report released : 'One District, One Crop'
  • Comment on ADC Bill
  • 'BHEEM' - Breastfeeding to Harness...
  • Moirang INA Martyrs Memorial campaign
  • 'Har Ghar Tiranga' with Ex-Serviceman
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • HAC members under Govt, public scrutiny
  • Tearing apart the idea of Manipur?
  • Houses @ Thalon, Tamenglong #1 :: Gallery
  • Cattle crossing Sekmai River :: Gallery
  • Resilient students: KEDO boys crack HSLC
  • Why people impacted by climate disasters...
  • 1000 Cr disbursed to farmers in Meghalaya
  • India Innovation Centre for Graphene
  • Employees doubling up as social media warrior
  • Only the unfortunate get caught?
  • 1st session: 12th Manipur Assembly
  • The beauty in random acts of kindness
  • Beauty :: Poem
  • 'Survival of Meetei Vs privilege of few'
  • Briefing on National Lok Adalat at Lamphel
  • Economic blockade is temporarily suspended
  • Fissures grow as indigenes stare at future
  • Raising the ST banner again
  • Leima Jagoi @Thangjing Haraoba :: Gallery
  • The ATSUM blockade
  • World's Indigenous Peoples Day at Leibi
  • World Indigenous Peoples' Day
  • 'Denounce agreement signed with State Govt'
  • Integrated crop management in Manipur
  • Fuel outlets, traders feasting on blockade
  • Omitting blockade: Clever play of words
  • Martial Art @Shirui Festival 2022 :: Gallery
  • Local coordinated action firewall HIV response
  • Mahua of MP on sale
  • Drug Awareness campaign at Ningthoukhong
  • The emptied :: Poem
  • The other younger version in you
  • Economic blockade, acts of arson tension
  • Busting drug manufacturing unit
  • Kangla Nongpok Torban #1 :: Gallery
  • Understanding Hill Areas Committee & ADC Bill
  • 'Release the arrested Tribal student leaders'
  • Unloved :: Poem
  • Eco-system & its economic evaluation #2
  • Neem for hair care during monsoon
  • Shutting down internet to quell protests
  • Suspending mobile data services
  • Pi Thadoi performed @JNMDA #1 :: Gallery
  • WABA | World Breastfeeding Week 2022
  • Figuring out real value of thing is key to living
  • "Tribe" in India: shrouded in uncertainty #3
  • We cannot #endAIDS if we depend on North
  • NDA to get its nominee into Upa Rashtrapati
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Tarao Harvest Fest @ Chandel #5 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 August : Govt of Manipur
  • Conversion of Jhum fields for sedentary agri
  • National Aquifer Mapping Programme
  • NEP : Preparing for a knowledge economy
  • Govt move to put curb on new villages
  • HAC recommended ADC Bill, 2021
  • Media protest against NIA [4 Aug] :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 August : Govt of Manipur
  • The untold story of Koubru Mountain
  • UNAIDS data paint a grim picture of HIV
  • 'Nasha Mukt Bharat Abhiyan' at MU
  • Water approach to solving water scarcity
  • Environmental Activist Anish #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 August : Govt of Manipur
  • First rain :: Poem
  • Eco-system & its economic evaluation #1
  • My first colour film roll
  • House debates ADC Bill after protest threat
  • Ideas from the man from Ukhrul AC
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #2 : Gallery
  • Online class : Interpretation
  • Acid test for Amit Shah & Neiphiu Rio
  • Nonage :: Poem
  • HIV care is essential, but not enough...
  • Fish based integrated farming system #2
  • The memories of my business school
  • Govt desperate to reopen IMFL sale outlets
  • Prohibition in force since 1991!
  • Kwatha (Indo-Myanmar border) #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 August : Govt of Manipur
  • Post for Project Associate at MU
  • "Tribe" in India: shrouded in uncertainty #2
  • Why is status of daughters not changing...
  • Animal Farm (In the Context of Imphal City)
  • ..with a pinch of salt & enjoy the humour
  • Sportspersons shine as state grapples ...
  • Call for ADC Bill, NRC: Studying the whys
  • Seasonal food items @ Ema Keithel : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 July : Govt of Manipur
  • How will children living with HIV grow up ...
  • Trafficking laws: to curb modern slavery
  • Pieces :: Poem
  • Drinkwell: Making safe water accessible
  • Tokyo to Birmingham: Hailing the Golden Girl
  • Infrastructure must to fuel Act East Policy
  • Aribam Syam Sharma :: Biography
  • Mirabai Chanu: gold @ Commonwealth Game
  • Petitions to Assembly for public grievances
  • Impact of science on society deliberated
  • 'Reinvent Northeast' initiative launched
  • Skin fasting for refreshed skin
  • NDPP-BJP Alliance for Nagaland Elections
  • Survey report of Tupul landslide
  • August Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • COVID-19 Status 29 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Propose: Dada Saheb Phalka to Aribam Syam
  • Indigenous peoples lead to #endAIDS
  • World Hepatitis Day
  • 'Education abroad' by Stars of Northeast
  • Tigers, their survival is in our hands
  • Condition of road testifies cash-strapped state
  • Give more teeth to IMC call
  • Phuba Thapham, Senapati Dist. #2 : Gallery
  • Pu Neilienthang Telien : IAS MN-2013
  • Fish based integrated farming system #1
  • Lies :: Poem
  • Gaidinliu Vihar inaugurated at Tamenglong
  • Chatham Saw Mill - Asia's oldest & largest
  • Rosy surrender policy enticing armed outfit
  • Need to look beyond the academics
  • Pi- Thadoi :: A synopsis of the Play
  • COVID-19 Status 27 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Fixture for Durand Cup Trophies 2022
  • "Tribe" in India: shrouded in uncertainty #1
  • VUCA Plus in Manipur
  • Ukhrul observed Bijili Mahotsav & Ujala Diwas
  • CM unveils the Durand Cup Trophies
  • Performance of Government schools
  • Peaceful session in Assembly as tension...
  • Leima Jagoi by Transgender #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Marangching: could it be a wake-up call ?
  • AIDS: turning adversities into stepping stones
  • Fr. Joseph Kachiramattam: a Positive Aura
  • Dairy farming: A means of sustainable income
  • Spotlight back on Lhoukhosei Zou
  • Law makers must to curb drug scourge
  • Basanta Raas @ Govindajee Temple : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga American Foundation: 2023 Conference
  • Where fish are no longer forced to climb tree
  • Wholesale & retail price for 19 items revised
  • Tourism potentials of border pillars
  • The Fathomless Pain :: Poem
  • The poser: 'Kyam Pharaba Ngashidi'
  • Modern devices must to tackle drug menace
  • Pathetic Imphal-Jiribam Road #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Poppy/ganja plantation and Christianity
  • People living with HIV demand medicine
  • Apple benefit for skin
  • President Droupadi Murmu is the first tribal
  • Yearning for justice as encounters declines
  • The freebies put up for all to see
  • Meghachandra Kongbam & Manipuri Cinema
  • COVID-19 Status 23 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #3: Gallery
  • The flesh profiteth nothing
  • 5 days Skill Training through Photography
  • Career through Skill Development
  • Don Bosco University adds new courses
  • Choidev Chongba @Kang Fest: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Legend of Lord Koubru & Liangmai princess
  • Pandemic talks resume amidst corporate ...
  • Nationwide hackathon for developers
  • The elasticity of love
  • Raj Bhavan to Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • Laying siege on highways to air grievances
  • Kabui Jagoi @Nongshaba #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Bhavamochani- Image of Manipuri dance form
  • Rooftop rainwater harvesting for water supply
  • Remains :: Poem
  • 'Let thy food be thy medicine'
  • What is the stand of Imphal ?
  • Used vehicles flooding into state inevitable
  • 13th Foundation Day EEVFAM #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Predicament of NH-202 construction in Ukhrul
  • Weeding out Congress Grass from Imphal
  • 'Out Of The Box' concludes in Agartala
  • National Lok Adalat at Lamphelpat
  • Making a beeline for private schools
  • ..State to justify double engine narrative
  • Environmental Activist Anish #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Overpopulation, an Asset or a Curse
  • NPF re-organization of Peren Division
  • Rev Joseph Mittathany Vision for Manipur
  • Chanakya IAS Academy launches at Jorhat
  • Announced on Jul 6, actualised on Jul 18
  • Loktak clean-up: Scapegoating soft targets
  • Tribute to Meira Paibis 2004 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 July : Govt of Manipur
  • The fourth wave of pandemic
  • Unparliamentary expressions not words
  • Kharchi Monsoon Festival of Tripura
  • MicroEnsure : Democratizing Insurance
  • Lessons to learn from Mizoram
  • Frauds feasting on pathetic higher education
  • Kanglen Kang Chingba @Konung :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Epidemiology of breast cancer in Manipur
  • Solidarity Meet in support of Sri Lanka
  • Plastic mulching for vegetable production
  • The savour of one desire :: Poem
  • IM under scanner of Nagaland politicians
  • Call of 'Nagas of Nagaland'
  • Shang-gi Chaminnaba @Andro #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 July : Govt of Manipur
  • Memorandum to PM : Enlist Meetei in ST
  • The Abandoned Village :: Poem
  • 94th ICAR Foundation day at CCpur
  • Demography as a Career Choice
  • Routine childhood immunization back on track
  • Anti-Repression Day #1 :: Gallery
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lam Thokpa #5 :: Gallery
  • Late Most Rev. Joseph Mittathany
  • 13th Foundation Day EEVFAM #1 : Gallery
  • Kang Chingba at Konung #3 : Gallery
  • Kang Khichri @Bamon Leikai :: Gallery
  • HSLC 2022 : List Of Top 25 Rank Holders
  • HSLC Result 2022 : Statistical Abstract
  • HSLC Result 2022 : Subject Topper
  • HSLC Result 2022 : Compartmental
  • HSLC Result 2022 : Full Listing
  • HSLC Result 2022 : pass % : Private
  • HSLC Result 2022 : pass %: Aided
  • HSLC Result 2022 : pass %: Govt
  • Environmental Activist Anish Ahmed
  • Landslide at Tupul [Jun 30] #2 : Gallery
  • Landslide at Tupul [Jun 30] #1 : Gallery
  • 21st Great June Uprising #2 : Gallery
  • Padmashree Award Moirangthem Muktamani
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download