TODAY -

Human Capital Formation, need of the hour
- Towards a new Education Governance in Manipur -

Mohendro Nandeibam *



When the whole world is talking about innovation-driven economy powered by growing Human Capital formation, we are talking about "Schooling without Learning" in mushrooming "Learning Shops" operating unmindful of negative externalities and cascading erosion suffered by larger section of the society.

Today in Manipur the ideal outcome of Academic Citizenship is extremely low; to such an extent that the virtues of "social Capital" have been consciously or unconsciously defiled and diluted; and that the very foundation of development remains threatened with dismal future in all manifestations while education is largely meant to strengthen both mental and physical power of community. We should keep in mind that autonomy does not mean separation from the society.

One experiences the crippling phenomenon of young minds with confused aspirations in the bewildered age of cut-throat competition. We have been, it seems, running in the beaten track. We get weighed down by the mounting burden of blind imitation and borrowed system of routine exercises in the four corners of rooms. What about home-grown system with commitment rooted in domestic institutions ?

What about our core competence which is expected to lead and excel ? Remember, we are in the age which respects "strength" only. How to evolve the State identity of excellence ? What about the Vision of human resource development ? Vision, mission and action should go together.

The big question before Manipur is how far the New Education Policy of 2020 could be a path-breaker in a backward State like Manipur. Yes, opportunity is given. But utilisation of opportunity is entirely a different thing. Are we ready to break all speed breakers ? What is plan of action ?

What is the road map while the administration has yet to gear up and tighten the belt to manage education sector for the change. As a matter of fact brain power, money power and manpower should go together. What works in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan may not work in Manipur.

The regional realities are different. The starting base is different. There cannot be "one size fits all". National ambition cannot be fulfilled without fulfilling regional aspirations.

One thing we should keep in mind is that development of education cannot be created overnight. It evolves and passes through challenging stages in response to changing imperatives of the society. We have to tune the trend to comply with the demanding circumstances. It cannot be static. It has to be dynamic and equally responsive. We are now required to follow the principle of 'reform, perform and transform' (PM).

While there are many objectives of education, Human Capital formation comes into centre stage in view of the fact that knowledge, skill and health of manpower remains overriding in any commendable intervention for development. Besides, professional discipline goes a long way in creating a healthy environment. Man behind machine is as important as machine.

Machine hardly works unaided. They are building blocks to harness the benefits of modern technology and to blunt its unusual disruptions. In fact, human capital compliments physical capital in production process and becomes an important input for technological innovation and long term growth. As such, the three components of human capital need to be enriched and given equal attention.

While good background of comprehensive education is required for better understanding and quicker adaptability, equally important is skill formation. It is not easy to acquire and cultivate three types of skill such as 'cognitive skill' 'socio-behavioural skill' and 'skill combination'. Another fact to be kept in mind is the changing nature of production and work demands enriching skill.

Building these skills require a strong human capital foundation and lifelong learning.

A sound foundation of human capital is that early childhood generates significant social returns. A high quality programme for 3-5 years developed in 1960s by Perry School in Michigan revealed a return to the society over and above of USD 7-USD 12 for each dollar invested (World Development Report-2019). By the age of 3, children of low income countries have heard 30 million fewer words than their affluent peers.

The earlier children are exposed to better neighbours and environment, the stronger are benefits. Investment in first thousand day of child's life is considered extremely important.

As children turn into teenagers interventions to close gap become more expensive and may not yield better result. It is here that the findings of Annual Status of Education Report (Rural) facilitated by PRATHAM Mumbai, appreciated by World Bank Group, could be taken advantage of.

Manipur needs an in-depth study on critical gaps in education sector to know where do we stand now, where to go, how to go and how soon to catch up with the rest of the country. Remember, wrong information leads to inability to work correctly.

Inspite of best possible interventions made so far, the performance of India in Human Capital Index, remains fairly low with 115th position out 157 countries in the world. India scores only 0.44 as against 0.88 of Singapore, 0.84 of Japan and 0.67 of China. The economy achieving "full health" and "full education" scores value of 1 (World Development Report, 2019).

Now what about Manipur ? The State, right now, is a classic example of professional backwardness; a convincing product of low level of human capital. The State should not expect sustainable flow of private investment in the absence of sustainable availability of professional workforce.

How far the present system of "remote control without accountability" can remedy, improve and develop the process of human capital formation ? Do we have a vision ? Do we have a road map ? Do we have decision with determination to break all speed breakers ?

How far we have changed the concept of education; from class-room-certificate-oriented system to human capital formation ? How far our teaching-learning institutions have gone beyond four corners of dilapidated buildings ?

Go to villages and only then, one can see and feel the dismal picture. It is going to be an uphill task of the new Ministry. Education is a State subject and a commodity in free market economy. Only quality matters.

We cannot control preference and price and at best we may regulate not at the cost of rising spirit of competitiveness. What Manipur needs is "controlled expansion" as part of New Education Governance. We can think of District Directorate of Primary Schools with directional departure.

There is need for rigorous monitoring and institutional parenting within the parameters defined by the School Quality Assessment Framework provided by Prime Minister-Schools for Rising India (PM-SHRI). Just change 2 'Ts' TEACHER and TECHNOLOGY for transformation as first step.


* Mohendro Nandeibam wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is a former Professor of Economics, Manipur University,
and is currently Chairman, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Manipur.
and can be contacted at profnmsingh(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on 21 September 2022.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Bor @Hiyangthang Lairembi #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Poets keep a mirror of the real world
  • World Animal Day: Wildlife Week Celebration
  • 'Who am I?'
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • NSU land claims undermining sportspersons
  • Poor reflection on society: Students on street
  • Mera Chaorel Houba @ Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Chingangbam Ranju: Gold in Skateboarding
  • Clean India Campaign 2022 at MU
  • Prof without a PhD
  • Bio-security to prevent diseases in livestock
  • Befitting response from 'unwanted' parents
  • Stand of STDCM & WMC : ST demand
  • Lamyanba Irawat Birth Anniv #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • North East cheers for now
  • Loving Her :: Poem
  • Revoke Show Cause Notice to Dr Sanatomba
  • This Gujarat Model is worth replicating
  • The age-old art of Chola bronze statues
  • Laklaroi Amuk Hanna Yeningtha #2 : Gallery
  • October Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • Old Lambulane, was a trend setting locality
  • Agniveer recruitment rally at Mizoram
  • Prevention of parasitism in livestock #3
  • The ground zero of gratitude
  • Eye makeup products every girl should have
  • Another statewide observance of Irabot Day
  • Saluting the Lamyanba : Respecting dissent
  • How does the full moon make waves...
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Legalising production & sale of liquor
  • RKCS Children's Painting Competition
  • Online Essay Competition
  • Significance of World Heart Day 2022
  • A kind of feeling :: Poem
  • Free rice and plight of state's farmers
  • Lifting prohibition after 3 decades
  • Linthoi Chanambam : First Judo Gold Medalist
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #4: Gallery
  • Sore Admiration :: Poem
  • Accountant Assistant @ Amber & Arthur
  • World Heart Day 2022
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Plastic menace: Time over for warning
  • Promoting cycling in Imphal
  • Mera Chaorel Houba @ Kangla #1 :: Gallery
  • Tripura Fashion Week @ Agartala :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • ST status demands in India #2
  • Socio-cultural tourism in NE India
  • Investigation against CRPF Personal
  • Backache in diabetics: Never ignore it
  • 'Poison' liquor still favourite for commoners
  • What has happened to the ban on SUP ?
  • Maibi Jagoi @ Thangjing Haraoba :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Lamyanba Irabot Ningsing Tha : Plantation
  • World Pharmacists Day 2022
  • Workshop of Wildlife Crime Prevention
  • Genius is knowing when to stop !
  • Naga final pact as Nagaland polls near
  • Lifting prohibition : Talk of the day
  • Tarpon Chaklen Katpa @ Andro #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Lamyanba Irabot Ningsing Tha : Fingerlings
  • Tripura Fashion Week in Agartala
  • World River Day & our environment
  • Nubank : banking industry in Brazil
  • Opposition parties struggling to dent BJP
  • From High Court to Supreme Court ?
  • Lokchao Bridge @ NH 102 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • What were Phizo's last words to Khodao?
  • Priyadarshini, Priyanka: Everest Taekwondo
  • I swear :: Poem
  • Incomplete lifting of prohibition
  • Prevention of parasitism in livestock #2
  • Wakhal Eronba- Sumang Leela #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Arbin Tonjam: best designer - Miss Manipur
  • Lamyanba Irabot Ningsing Tha at Ithing
  • Ferry to Ganges :: Poem
  • Making public health messaging entertaining
  • Student schooling order exposes fault...
  • Discipline : The common thread
  • Camping @ Shirui Lily Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Youth : An idea can change the world
  • Perceived class conflict triggers friction ...
  • The tale of a forgotten diary
  • Face Redness- How to get rid of it
  • CADA - Govt on collision course
  • Inching towards a final pact ?
  • Border Pillar Inspection @Kamjong :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Strange bed fellows attempting to cohabit
  • Training for entrepreneur in Food Processing
  • Recalling Alzheimer once again !
  • New Education Policy : The CUET rigmarole
  • Liquor for better health! Indigestible
  • Now focus on ST demand
  • Byron Aihara - A True Lover of Manipur
  • International Day of Peace 2022
  • Human Capital Formation, need of the hour
  • Prevention is better than cure !!
  • Prevention of parasitism in livestock #1
  • Security Conference at Tamenglong
  • Concrete action must follow 'CM Da Haisi'
  • Tag of a dry State for the last 30 years
  • Pungyam Yeiba Fest @Singjamei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • National Bamboo Innovation Challenge
  • International Day of Peace & environment
  • Lamyanba Irabot Ningsing Tha: Social Service
  • World Bamboo Day celebrated
  • Domestic capitalists unwilling to trust & invest
  • Street food vogue boon for youth
  • Sit-ins demanding inclusion in ST list
  • Down Memory Lane: My Years with MSAD #3
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya to attend UN General Assembly
  • Screenwriters invited to 6-month screenlab
  • An ideal civil servant
  • Tripura Fashion Week in Agartala
  • Opposition parties struggling to dent BJP
  • Taking the customer for granted
  • Miss Manipur 2022 #2 :: Gallery
  • Irabot Ningsing Tha : Jagoi Competition
  • Bringing drug users to mainstream society
  • Namo Birthday special: India matters globally
  • Criticizes village occupation in Ukhrul
  • Use of local agri wastes as substrate
  • Jiribam Keithel [15 June] #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Boeing University Innovation Leadership
  • ST status demands in India #1
  • Literacy enhancement as a career choice
  • Agniveer recruitment rally at Assam
  • Ignoring the perfect solution to everything
  • Eyeing to end insurgency in next 5 years
  • Laklaroi Amuk Hanna Yeningtha #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipuri Muslim (Pangal) Historical Society
  • 7th election: NE Student Org, Jalandhar
  • Macnivil releases new song: Price they'll pay
  • Youth advocating for sexual health & rights
  • Engineers : The backbone of any Nation
  • IBSD celebrated Hindi Diwas
  • Who is at fault for shrinking roads?
  • After 25 years of negotiations
  • Heikru Hidongba @Bijoy Govinda #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Joint Accordant by NSCN/GPRN & NNPGs
  • In search of Khubak Ishei
  • Lamyanba Irabot Ningsing Tha at Bishnupur
  • Beauty benefits of Amla
  • STDCM sets sight on bandh to draw Govt
  • The unplanned city of Imphal Concrete jungle
  • Down Memory Lane: My Years with MSAD #2
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Constitution & flag still dogs settlement
  • Churachandpur - The chaos and mess !
  • Rice Afrika is using tech to increase rice
  • Voluntary Blood Donation: An act of solidarity
  • Nagaland desperate for solution to Naga issue
  • Final solution likely very soon: Note key word
  • Miss Manipur 2022 #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Is there a need for another Nupi Lan ?
  • Consultation: Development at Lairouching
  • Bullying : Losing of children's dignity
  • Social Entrepreneur, social currency they earn
  • AMSU in dire need of support of CSOs
  • Mum on the points of JCILPS, STDCM
  • 57th Hunger Marchers' Day #3 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • 1st Anniv: The Keithel Store Pune :: Gallery
  • Beyond Teachers' Day
  • On farm production of Mycorrhizae
  • Onam and the legend behind it
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Fake voters testify official nepotism
  • From 1999 to 2022 : TSE is now 23
  • Yaoshang Thabal Competition #3 :: Gallery
  • Kholao Deben went with the Queen
  • Imaginary grudge severs human relations
  • A Phenomenally Him :: Poem
  • Bharat Jodo Yatra: Last ditch effort...
  • Special Lok Adalat for Imphal & Bishnupur
  • Pineapple Fest @Bunglon, CCpur :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Tarpon: Annual offerings to the dead by living
  • Book review: Aeromycology over Kachai lemon
  • On saying Hello
  • Himalayan Day celebrated at IBSD, Imphal
  • Get rid of strawberry legs at home
  • Manipuri driver primary source of 'Loyalty tax'
  • The 'tax-extortion' argument
  • Down Memory Lane: My Years with MSAD #1
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • [Jobs] Biotechnology ignition grant for NE
  • 1st Anniversary of The Keithel Store Pune
  • International Literacy Day & our Environment
  • 1 Lakh Hand Sanitizer Bottles handed over
  • Pinning hope on Sangai fest to draw tourists
  • Points to study from Mizoram
  • Heikru Hidongba @Bijoy Govinda #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Sept : Govt of Manipur
  • Schedule Tribe Demand, Recent cries
  • Intricacies of core issue in Naga insurgency
  • On Poiroukhongjin High School issue
  • Celebrating International Literacy Day, 2022
  • Condemn physical assault on women vendor
  • Scoundrel official undermining essence of ILP
  • Is the ban on SUP effective ?
  • Ayekpam Shyamsunder's life & works
  • Book release: 'Osman Thambal' at Imphal
  • World Sexual Health Day celebrated in NE
  • Manipur Tech Univ: top at India Hackathon
  • Insomnia :: Poem
  • Change - Inside Out!
  • Biological control in agriculture #2
  • Nearest-to-home posting of teachers policy
  • Addressing shortage of teachers
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Haraoba #6 :: Gallery
  • Ancient Manipur kingdom and Brahmanism
  • Teachers' role in multicultural North East
  • Regarding closing 34 Assam govt schools
  • mPharma is revolutioning access to medicine
  • Asking to believe as we receive
  • 10 years of TPC: Success collectively shared
  • Significance of observing Teachers' Day
  • Krishna Janma @ ISKCON :: Gallery
  • Growing support globally to end HIV medicine
  • Teachers' Day & My Rumbling Thoughts
  • Soibam Bindeshori : Indian Prime Icon Award
  • Can't public figures drink & dance
  • Climate emergency
  • Jumping ship trademark of state's politicians
  • Switching side from JD (U) to BJP
  • Sit-in for Meetei ST @ Kongba :: Gallery
  • Meira Rally against Drug Traffic #2 :: Gallery
  • 57th Hunger Marchers' Day #2 :: Gallery
  • Reception of Linthoi Chanambam :: Gallery
  • Jiribam Train station [15 Jun] :: Gallery
  • Haipou Jadonang - Martyr Day :: Gallery
  • 13 August observed by CSOs :: Gallery
  • Mirabai Chanu: gold @ Commonwealth Game
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download