TODAY -

Career options after graduation

Ranjan K Baruah *



Most of our students are confused after passing graduation level examination. Lack of information and awareness on job options and opportunities and absence of effective campus placement brings more confusion amongst graduates in the state.

Most of our students do not have career planning for which they are more frustrated after graduation. Few students take admission in post graduate or post graduate diploma and go for further studies however many students quite after graduation as they search for jobs or employment opportunities.

In last edition we have published about career options after Class X and XII. This edition, we are publishing some options after graduation. We are aware that selecting a good career has been a challenge for many.

But with proper planning and necessary information we could choose or select the best career options for us. It’s important to choose our career from an early age and the best to choose the professional courses or regular education comes after we pass senior secondary examination.

Students who are in graduation level or recent graduate may opt for higher studies or professional courses or may appear in various entrance examinations. Some of the entrance examinations after graduation are as follows:

Defence Entrance: Students can appear Combined Defence Service Examination after passing graduation. Students from any stream can appear for the CDS examination. For Air Force or Navy students must have physics and maths in passing examination. Students from Arts and Commerce can opt for Army only.

This exam in conducted by Union Public Service Commission. Even doctors or engineers may also appear in CDS exam for joining in defence forces. There are special entries for women in defence forces. Apart from CDSE, there are other exams or selection process like University Entry Schemes, AFCAT , etc.

Civil Service Examination – Union Public Service Commission conducts civil service examination for various posts depending upon vacancies. Through civil service examination aspirants may join IAS, IFS, IPS, IRS, etc. Apart from civil service UPSC conducts many other examinations for filling up vacancies in various departments of the country.

Para Military Forces: Para Military Forces (PMF) in India includes Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Central Industrial Security Force, Sashatra Seema Bal, Assam Rifles, Indo Tibetan Border Police, etc. The Paramilitary Forces of India are these agencies that help the law enforcement agencies and the Indian Armed Forces in their operations.

It has over a million personnel active in its service. PMF is regarded as the world’s second largest paramilitary organization (second only to the Chinese People’s Armed Forces) and its head officers and other senior officers being members of Indian Police Service (IPS).

Public Sector Units (PSUs): PSU are a government owned corporations, state-owned companies, state enterprises, publicly-owned corporations or government business enterprises.

Public Sector Enterprises (like NTPC, ONGC, IOCL, OIL, etc), an aspirant is required to have good technical knowledge, apt general apt and reasoning and a pleasing personality. PSUs recruit through individual entrance Examinations having technical and non technical questions.

WSES: In 1992, an important landmark in the history of Indian Army was the induction of women into the officer cadre, and the onerous task of training them was undertaken by the Officers Training Academy.

We could see woman in army as officers and also as doctors, lawyers, nurses. There are also women officers in technical side. Mostly unmarried woman are seen in technical, non technical and the time of serving is limited.

The Woman Special Entry Scheme for officers offers non-technical, technical and specialist entry for females.

Management: Students from any stream can opt for courses in MBA or other management courses. For admission in the reputed institute of the country aspirant must appear in Common Admission Test / Management Aptitude Test, etc.

We shall publish more options in our next edition.


* Ranjan K Baruah wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is a career mentor and can be contacted at bkranjan(AT)gmail(DOT)com for any career related queries
This article was posted on April 12, 2018.


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