World Mental Health Day 2022
- Make mental health and well-being for all a global priority -

Dr N Heramani / Dr Seram Chaoba Devi *

The world had a host of mental health issues that weren’t properly being treated, there were struggles to gain public funding for treatment, inhumane treatment in many parts of the world and overall ignorance in regards to what mental health actually is.

The World Federation of Mental Health (WFMH) knew that they needed to act on a global scale to solve a global crisis. So starting in 1992 and continuing on, the world mental health day is observed on 10th October every year.

Mental health/Mental well-being : It refers to a state of being emotionally, psychologically and socially healthy. It is essential for overall well-being and as important as physical health. Mental health is critically important for everyone, everywhere : Mental health is an integral part of our general health and well-being and a basic human rights. Having good mental health means we are better able to connect, function, cope and thrive.

Mental health conditions are highly prevalent. About 1 in 8 people globally live with a mental disorder. Suicide affects people and their families from all countries and context and at all ages. Suicide accounts for more than one in every 100 deaths. Mental disorders are the leading cause of years lived with disability. In both males and females, anxiety disorders and depressive disorders are the most common.

Mental health problems are experienced over the life-course : Over the course of our lives, we find ourselves that our mental health continuum fluctuates in response to changing situations and stressors.

Childhood: Our prenatal environment, infancy and early childhood can set the tone for the rest of our lives. Most mental health conditions in adults have their onset by adolescence. Adverse experiences during early childhood including violence, neglect or death of a loved one can disrupt early brain development and compromise nervous system for life.

Adolescence: It is a developmentally sensitive time for a person’s mental health, a crucial period for developing the social and emotional skills, habits and coping strategies that matters mental health. Many risk behaviours such as use of substances start during adolescence and can be particularly detrimental to mental health.

Adulthood: Family building can be a risky time for mental health. Working life can also be difficult. Negative working environments are associated with a greater risk of developing depression, anxiety and work-related stress, unemployment and loss of employment are known risk factors for suicide attempts.

Old Age: Earlier negative life experiences can take a toll on elderly mental health. Loss of functional ability, musculoskeletal pain, bereavement and isolation can all result in loneliness and psychological distress.

How common is mental illness?

Pre-pandemic, in 2019, an estimated 970 million people in the world were living with a mental disorder i.e. 13% of the global population. This figure rose significantly as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In both males and females, anxiety and depressive disorders are the two most common mental disorders.

Around 8% of the world’s young children (5-9 yrs) and 14% of the world’s adolescents (10-19yrs) live with a mental disorder. Idiopathic developmental disorders are the most common among young children affecting 1 in 50 children aged less than 5 years and autism spectrum disorder being the second most prevalent. Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder and conduct disorder are common among younger boys especially 10-14 years.

13% of the older population live with a mental disorder mainly depressive and anxiety disorder. People with severe mental health conditions die 10 to 20 years earlier than the general population.

Gaps in public mental health

o INFORMATION GAP - Incomplete data, Insufficient research
o GOVERNANCE GAP - Inadequate policies, plans and laws, Misplaced priorities
o RESOURCES GAP - Scant spending, Lack of essential medicines, Scarce workforce
o SERVICES GAP - Poor treatment coverage, Limited range and quality of services.


All over the world, people living with mental health conditions are the subject of deep rooted stigma and discrimination. In many communities, mental health conditions are not considered to be health issues, but are seen as a weakness of character, punishment for immoral behaviour or the result of illicit drug taking or supernatural forces.

They are commonly assumed to be lazy, weak, unintelligent or difficult when in fact they are more at the risk of being attacked or harming themselves than harming other people. People living with mental health conditions are often treated with fear, shame and contempt.

Stigma even extends to working in mental health care and can contribute to staff shortages in mental health systems. People will often choose to suffer mental distress without relief, rather than risk the discrimination that comes with accessing mental health services.


For most countries and communities, mental health conditions continue to exact a heavy toll on people’s lives, while mental health systems and services remain ill-equipped to meet people’s need. All over the world mental health receives just a tiny fraction of health budgets.

BUT with right support, most people with severe mental health conditions can function at a very high social and economic level, maintaining excellent relationships and functioning well. NOW, the need for wide ranging transformation towards mental health for all is indisputable and urgent.

Government needs to step up their commitment and action to achieve a transformation that can change the course for mental health.

We should make this world a better place where mental health is valued, promoted and protected; where high quality, culturally appropriate, acceptable and affordable community based mental health care is available to everyone and anyone who needs it and where people living with mental health conditions can participate fully in society free from stigma, discrimination or abuse.


o Eat healthy, regular meals and stay hydrated: A balanced diet and plenty of water can improve our energy and focus throughout the day. Limit caffeinated beverages
o Exercise regularly: Just 30 mins of walking every day can help boost our mood and improve our health.
o Make sleep a priority: Stick to a schedule and make sure you are getting enough sleep, reduce blue light exposure from phone or computer before bedtime.
o Try a relaxing activity: Incorporate meditation, muscle relaxation and breathing exercise in your daily routine
o Practice gratitude: Remind yourself daily of things you are grateful for. Write them down at night or replay them in your mind.
o Allocate time for working and time for resting
o Make time for doing things you enjoy
o Minimize newsfeeds
o Stay connected: Reach out to your friends or family members who can provide emotional support and practical help.
o Limit screen time

* Dr N Heramani / Dr Seram Chaoba Devi wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writers are 1. Professor and HOD 2. Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Shija Academy of Health Sciences
This article was webcasted on October 06 2022.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • 60th Mr Manipur Bodybuilding #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Poumai Dance :: Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Khulang Eshei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Medicines that save us from STI
  • Taj Mahal - The white wonder
  • World Soil Day
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Oting killing: Protracted probe imminent
  • How many tourists visited during Sangai Fest
  • Sangai Day 1: Laihui Folk Music #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Aeromycology over Kachai lemon plantation #2
  • Fostering NE-Bangladesh ties through Assam
  • Medical camp at Khongsang
  • Brighten your winter face with pumpkin
  • Stray cattle menace & food self-sufficiency
  • Accusing fingers raised by PAPPM
  • Sangai Fest: Sayol Sangai Chatkoi :: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #5: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day of Persons with Disabilities
  • The unseen masks men put on
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #4
  • Christmas Carol Competition at Leimakhong
  • Sangai Fest: Thang Ta :: Gallery
  • Sangai Fest: Chiru Dance :: Gallery
  • Sports sees no gender, Sports has no gender
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • RFYC Naupang League in Mizoram
  • MPSC is going ahead of UPSC
  • Session on Meditation & Mental Health
  • Challenges stacked up for Manipuri women
  • Antagonists of ST demand for Meiteis
  • Sangai Day 10: Closing #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 10: Crowd scene :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Dec : Govt of Manipur
  • Will Thailand lead in antimicrobial resistance
  • Webninar @NEHU : India-Japan Relations
  • Keeping up with time :: Poem
  • World AIDS Day 2022 at Tamenglong
  • Doctor-Govt stalemate, public in peril
  • Progress of the Naga peace talk
  • Sangai Day 9: Dancing Drummers :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Aimol Dance :: Gallery
  • December Calendar for Year 2022 : Tools
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • A flight of the Hornbill
  • Working with children as career
  • Stable situation essential for attracting tourist
  • Selling Manipur to outside world
  • Sangai Day 8: Shumang Leela :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Kom Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Innocence :: Poem
  • Foreign Secy's Myanmar visit ... Naga peace
  • Cancellation of residential proof certs
  • Derelict teachers threat to govt schools
  • Many questions, but no answers
  • Sangai Day 8: Food Stall #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 7: Vaiphei Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 1st & 2nd session of 12th Manipur Assembly
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #3
  • IFFI means to upscale to Manipuri Cinema
  • Continuous bid to save endangered ponies
  • Arguments over ST : Meiteis are indigenes
  • Sangai Day 6: Elowe: Dzuko Valley :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 5: Khunung Eshei :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Alligator weed: Indigenous fodder resource
  • Two lives :: Poem
  • People don't actually care !!
  • The beauty in tea
  • Healthy response to Sangai Fest
  • Lessons from Japanese fans at WC
  • Sangai Day 5: Fashion parade :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Thangal Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Masterclasses add value to 53rd IFFI at Goa
  • 7th Charuangc 2022 : Rongmei of Delhi-NCR
  • Miss India from Manipur
  • Startup Innovation Conclave 1.0
  • National Constitution Day at Lilong
  • Sangai Day 4: 3 Types Of Drums :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Chothe Dance :: Gallery
  • Involuntary Displacement in Manipur
  • Forgotten feature Film comes alive at IFFI
  • Will we protect medicines that protect us
  • God gives us our daily bread...
  • NPF consultative meeting at Zunheboto
  • Lapses in education laid bare by student
  • Adding a new flavour to War on Drugs
  • Sangai Day 3: Polo International :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tangkhul Dance :: Gallery
  • 1st L. Keivom Memorial Day
  • Eina Khankhiba Natte : Movie Review
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Eight Meet of Astronomers concluded at MU
  • 'Manipuri films projecting Manipuri culture'
  • Condemn govts of Assam & Meghalaya
  • Corruption-free Manipur resolve under scrutiny
  • Asia at the World Cup
  • Sangai Day 2: Khutpak Chatkoi #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Tarao Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Screening of Manipuri films at IFFI
  • Nagaland Govt has no economic policy: NPF
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #2
  • Reinvent Northeast - Dimapur launched
  • Uneasy calm in northeast as border rows rage
  • FIFAWC and Sangai Festival : Splendid recipe
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Pune :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Ningol Chakouba organized at Pune
  • Free mega health camp at Nagamapal
  • Outlaw glyphosate and its derivatives
  • Creators Meet of Tripura at Agartala
  • No respite from drug and tobacco threats
  • Manipur: Fountainhead of drugs ?
  • Sangai Day 1: Laihui Folk Music #1 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 1: Opening ceremony :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Copa Manipur at Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • South Asia's film market features Manipur
  • ST Demand: Decided by merits; not by poll
  • Ecotoxicology- needed to save living beings
  • 'Look East policy into Act East Policy'
  • Tourism promotional fest litmus test for state
  • Sangai & Pony, the twin face of Manipur
  • Tarpon Chaklen Katpa #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Activities List
  • The Dream Kangleipak :: Book Review
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • 53rd IFFI featuring Manipuri Cinema kicks off
  • World Toilet Day 2022
  • Pulicat Lagoon, Flamingos' haven
  • Amid substance abuse, thrust on open gym
  • FIFA World Cup 2022
  • 1st CM's Sagol Kangjei C'ship :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Sangai Fest as a way to Look East Policy
  • 1st Chief Minister's Sagol Kangjei C'ship
  • Organic seed production- Issue & strategy #1
  • For PM Modi, G20 has come at the right time
  • Rock band Arogya releases latest single
  • Community Ningol Chakouba #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Out of the heart comes the issues of life
  • NE Startup Showcase @ Manipur Tech Hub
  • Immortal Gallows :: Poem
  • Workshop on Amrita Meditation at RGU ArP
  • Skin Pigmentation in Winter
  • Influx issue headache for all indigenes
  • Wanted: Visionary leaders :: Follies of past
  • The changing idioms of Manipuri theatre
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • DFC Shillong launched with Model workshop
  • Antimicrobial resistance... to reverse progress
  • 2nd North East Olympic Games closes
  • Unending quota system & National excellence
  • Solar energy can help India achieve net-zero
  • Sangai Festival as launch pad for tourism
  • All eyes on Qatar
  • Manipur Journalist Awards #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • Delegates for IFFI, Goa
  • Intellectual Class- First Line of Defense
  • Who are ST in true spirit of Constitution
  • Journalism is a public good ...
  • Vaccine transported through Drones in ArP
  • Mass tree felling depreciates existence...
  • ST demand : Let Delhi have the say
  • 5th Kwatha Festival #1 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • This Eleventh Edition of Sangai Festival
  • The garden of Kew #2
  • NE International Fashion Week 2022
  • Housing system for sow & piglets
  • Doctors grieving relentlessly, Govt silent
  • Law catching up after 21 years
  • Leima Jagoi @ Nongshaba #1 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Technology innovation Hub
  • North East BJP Karyakartas Sammelan
  • Supreme Court call for revisit of reservation
  • Rural Immersion Camp at West Kameng
  • World Diabetes Day 2022
  • Undeserving PDS rice beneficiaries
  • Leaving the doors wide open
  • On author, research & publication #3
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Nov : Govt of Manipur
  • MSAD : newly elected executives for 2022-23
  • 'Trust deficit' in Naga talks
  • Professor Bimola : A Life Fully Lived
  • Love's Twist :: Poem
  • Rani Gaidinliu Training Camp concluded
  • Job for all promise as unemployed rises
  • Presenting Manipur to the world
  • Manipur Fashion Extravaganza #3 :: Gallery
  • Seminar on Role of Women in Sports : Report
  • The great Asian Highway : Tokyo to Istanbul
  • Seminar : Reconstruction of Education
  • 4th National Lok Adalat for the year, 2022
  • Rishi Sunak .. is a pucca English Burra sahib
  • Ningol Chakkouba : Gift presents :: Gallery
  • Conference on Metallomics @ Manipur Univ
  • An awakening sprout in darkness :: Poem
  • Narration from a man who chase mountains
  • Jobs @ JCRE skill solutions, Thangmeiband
  • Masterclass on Social Photography kicks off
  • Training on mushroom cultivation
  • Probe into PMGSY project blot on graft-free
  • Opinion poll & quest for ST status
  • MANITEX @ Nilakuthi #1 :: Gallery
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023
  • Camping @Shirui Lily Fest #2 :: Gallery
  • Aku Zeliang : Young Talent of the Year Award
  • Manipur in UN's drug cartel map...
  • Hiyang Tannaba @ Loktak #3 :: Gallery
  • Application: AgriEntrepreneur across Manipur
  • Sangai Festival 2022 :: Program & Venues
  • Ningol Chakouba at Bengaluru
  • Linthoi Chanambam- Judo Player :: Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • Hari-Uthang Kang Chingba :: Gallery
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #2 :: Gallery
  • Kut Festival @ Churachandpur : Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Cultural Program #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol on way to her mapam #1 :: Gallery
  • Okram Kumar : Archaeological researcher
  • Mera Houchongba @ Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Olympians & National awardees of Manipur
  • Rules of English Pronunciation : Download
  • Sub-Syllables in English : Book Download