TODAY -

Tobacco endgame is critical 'cog in the wheel' for sustainable development

Bobby Ramakant *

Tobacco endgame is critical 'cog in the wheel' for sustainable development



Although governments have promised sustainable development by 2030 by adopting UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but tobacco triggered pandemics threaten to stall or even reverse the progress made. Tobacco is a major risk factor of killer non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardio-vascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, among others. In addition to devastating health, tobacco is also linked to poverty, hunger, adverse environment impact, catastrophic economic impact, and stalling human development.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the tobacco industry and the deadly impact of its tobacco products cost the world’s economies more than US$ 1 trillion annually in healthcare expenditures and lost productivity. In India, the direct and indirect costs of tobacco are over INR 1,04,000 crores every year. "It worsens health inequalities and exacerbates poverty, as the poorest people spend less on essentials such as food, education and health care" said Professor (Dr) Rama Kant, WHO Director General's Awardee and former national President of Association of Surgeons of India (ASI).

"Over 7 million (70 lakhs) deaths occur globally every year due to tobacco use. If business as usual continues, then tobacco deaths are projected to shoot up to 8 million (80 lakhs) every year by 2030 - which will fail us on SDGs. India's National Health Policy 2017 promises to reduce premature deaths due to NCDs by 25% by 2025 - a target we will miss if we fail to prevent tobacco diseases and avert tobacco deaths. Each tobacco related disease and death can be averted. Effective tobacco control can save lives and the mountainous economic burden can instead be used for human development" Added Prof Rama Kant, President of Lucknow College of Surgeons and former Director of Tobacco Cessation Clinic at King George's Medical University (KGMU).

"The Sin Tax Reform Law of Philippines is primarily a health measure with revenue implications, but more fundamentally, it is a good governance measure. The Sin Tax Law helps finance the Universal Health Care program of the government, simplified the current excise tax system on alcohol and tobacco products and fixed long standing structural weaknesses, and addresses public health issues relating to alcohol and tobacco consumption" said Michelle Reyes, Technical Advisor, International Union Against TB and Lung Disease (The Union). Raising taxes on tobacco products is an evidence-backed tool to reduce tobacco use, said Reyes. "We appeal to the Indian government to levy highest Goods and Services Tax (GST) on all tobacco products including Beedi" said Professor (Dr) Rama Kant.

Over 180 governments are obligated for implementing the global tobacco treaty (WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control), raising taxes is one of its provisions too.

The global tobacco treaty also empowers governments via FCTC Article 5.3 to protect public health policy from tobacco industry interference. In November 2016, governments had agreed to expand the expertise and case studies available to file legal and civil suits against Big Tobacco. The decision, which advances Article 19 of the global tobacco treaty, opens the door for governments to sue the industry and recoup millions of dollars for the health care costs associated with tobacco use.

"It could also provide precedents for people to pursue legal liability for other industries that affect public health and the environment, like the fossil fuel industry" said Cloe Franko, Senior International Organizer, Corporate Accountability International. To date, a handful of countries have utilized the principles contained in Article 19. For instance, Canadian smokers recently won a $15 billion payout from the industry, after an historic 17-year legal suit.

Progress made on tobacco control but not enough

"Government has made considerable progress in advancing tobacco control despite industry interference and other challenges. But this progress is too small to match the required scale to prevent every tobacco disease and avert tobacco deaths. For example, we have to ensure that our tobacco cessation services reach out to every tobacco user and help with tobacco quitting. No child or youth or any person of any age should begin tobacco use. Our health system should detect, diagnose, treat and cure each of the tobacco related diseases and avert premature deaths. Are we truly prepared to walk the talk on tobacco control and sustainable development?" asked Rahul Dwivedi, who leads Vote For Health, a citizens' alliance for health and gender justice.

'Business as usual' will fail us on #SDG

"Urgent, intensified and unprecedented efforts are mandatory if we want to turn the tide of tobacco pandemic and make sustainable development a reality for every human with 'no one left behind'. Failure to act will only serve tobacco industry's markets. We have no choice but to ensure endgame of tobacco so that progress on each of the 17 SDGs can be accelerated without hindrance" said Shobha Shukla, Executive Director of CNS and Advisor to Vote For Health.

"Coordination between specific health programmes and inter-sectoral collaboration is fundamental to deliver on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We cannot end TB unless we also reduce tobacco use. We cannot avert premature deaths caused by NCDs unless we decimate tobacco. Progress on each of the 17 SDGs is entwined and interdependent on each other. All different health and non-health sectors need to unite for tobacco endgame" rightly stressed Shobha Shukla, who has taught in India's prestigious Loreto Convent for several decades.


* Bobby Ramakant, CNS (Citizen News Service), wrote this article for e-pao.net
Bobby Ramakant is the Director (Policy) at CNS (Citizen News Service) and recipient of the WHO Director General's WNTD Award 2008. Follow him on Twitter @bobbyramakant or visit: www.citizen-news.org
This article was posted on June 03, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Kwak Tanba @Sana Konung #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • 10th Anniversary of PCRM
  • Shri Krishna devotion in Sankirtan #2
  • Every girl child must be digitally empowered
  • Myths about hair care
  • Condemn Poll related violence in Andro
  • Anti-drug crusader seeking public mandate
  • Of news makers & others : Unwitting help?
  • Athuan Abomai funeral : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Mirabai Chanu - Daughter of Meira Paibis
  • Appeal to govt for ST recommendation
  • Entrepreneurship through Mushroom
  • My best Friend :: Poem
  • 'needs for preserving culture'
  • Authorities in denial mode on deforestation
  • Mount Manipur
  • Legal Outreach Program [Oct 16] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Outreach Programme in villages of Manipur
  • We belong with you :: Poem
  • The man with a golden heart
  • Yuva Shakti - Sports to Start-ups
  • Three Durgas - Micro, Small & Medium
  • General strike [October 15] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Nobel for journalists, Wow !
  • No Health without Mental Health
  • Seriously, what are we waiting for? :: Poem
  • Breeding management of dairy cows
  • Poor roads impeding development goals
  • Drop in new cases
  • Bor khoiramnaba @Hiyangthang #1 : Gallery
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Steeper climb for female to civil service
  • World Food Day 2021
  • Journey of Covid vaccination so far
  • Vitamins for beauty
  • The Killing Fields 2021 :: News Timeline
  • Pravish case: Will justice be delivered ?
  • Racing towards Goonda Raj ?
  • A tribute to Padmashri Thongram Haridas
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Shri Krishna devotion in Sankirtan #1
  • Malaria vaccine: Vital addition to toolkit
  • Drizzle :: Poem
  • Environment protection under Constitution
  • It's election time, 'CM Da Haisi'
  • Firing on a funeral service
  • Tungjoy, Senapati District : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • I-FLOCS eSYMPOSIA Manipur, 2021 held
  • Meaning of Life :: Poem
  • To love is to let go
  • Intl Conference @RGU, Arunachal [Oct 12]
  • Licence to abet violent polls
  • Not the time to let the guards down
  • Mai-Own : Manipur products #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • RIST Popular Talk -50 : Nobel Prize
  • Helpline on World Mental Health Day
  • Career options in Mental Health
  • International Conference at RGU, Arunachal
  • 'Houseful' BJP no guarantee to retain power
  • Ugly unfolding of events
  • 125th Jananeta Irawat Day #2 : Gallery
  • Tamenglong & Noney Projects : Gallery
  • Maisnam Meiraba: Men's Singles @ Bulgaria
  • A divided world :: Poem
  • Gandhi Account
  • Haplessness of voters
  • Lining up for the saffron party
  • Cosmos Fest @ Maram [7 Oct] #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Veg-in-a-Basket recognises its farmers
  • World Mental Health Day 2021
  • The fog always lifts :: Poem
  • Probable future of learning
  • Pest and disease management
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2022
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • The power of laughter
  • Yet to come :: Poem
  • Keidoubagi Kidoino Shumang Leela
  • Sadbhavna Mandaps in Kangpokpi
  • Best chance to prevent virus deaths
  • What should Manipur look forward to?
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Folk Tale Tapta: Some Observations
  • Victoria's Secret
  • Training on Mushroom Cultivation
  • Night inspection of Prime Minister
  • New country roads promise...faster, quicker
  • Pact with Abonmai JAC silence detractors?
  • Probe for 30 days; job promise
  • Irawat Day @ Pishum : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Karishma Chanu : 2nd @ World Bodybuilding
  • Justice for Late Athuan Abonmai
  • Story to tell :: Poem
  • TIME2021 :: For Math Teachers & Educators
  • Wildlife Week, celebration of nature 2021
  • Vice President's wake-up call
  • Eyes now on Delhi for some days
  • Raas Lila and Shumang Lila
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • India Vice President visited IBSD, Takyelpat
  • Wake up :: Poem
  • Preserve trees when building a new house
  • Forgotten concern in economic governance
  • Launch of drone project for vaccination
  • The virus is still out there
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day of Non-violence
  • The cowboy dream
  • I may not be human but... :: Poem
  • Taking Kohima and Dispur on board
  • Building Cultural Competence
  • Case dip no guarantee Covid is over
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Meeting at Hojai, Assam on ST status
  • In my garden of life :: Poem
  • The colored lens of life
  • Get rid of dandruff
  • 2022 polls: Different dilemmas ..
  • BJP on the swing
  • Issues galore for polls
  • Abonmai: Tamenglong Rally- 29 Sep: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipuri Nata Sankritana Mahajyaga
  • 'Cleanliness Drive' on 'Gandhi Jayanti'
  • Intricacies of intending candidates
  • Why cage ourselves ? :: Poem
  • Gandhi Jayanti observed at Manipur Univ
  • Sit-in Abonmai killing [1 Oct] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Legal Services Week
  • Ningmareo Shimray, Natl Teacher Awardee
  • Phytobiotics as antibiotic growth for animal
  • Hindi Pakhavaada (Fortnight) Tamasha!
  • Pan-India Awareness & Outreach Campaign
  • The start & where to ? Stepping into Oct
  • 125th Jananeta Irawat Day #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Dr N Raghumani: CRSI Bronze Medal Award
  • Abonmai Killing: Protest [27 Sep]: Gallery
  • Irawat Day celebrated at Lilong
  • The interview
  • Strength training for young & old
  • Vaccination drive : need of the hour
  • Irabot Day: Time to contemplate
  • Bishwamitra Chongtham - Boxing: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • October Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Melei Charong @ Pune [26 Sep]: Gallery
  • Thangol maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Lecture: Spectroscopy on Material @ MU
  • Quest :: Poem
  • 10th AGM / Cultural program of AMAND
  • Average testing rate keeps alive virus threat
  • A look at the coming Assembly polls
  • New paradigm transforming North East
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • 23rd Morung Dialogue: .. Cultural Heritage
  • Nata Sankirtana @JNMDA Imphal [28 Sep]
  • World Heart Day 2021
  • Book published on Irabot Day :: Download
  • Adieu ! Oja Raghu Leishangthem
  • Yet another Tourism Day for formality
  • Quick speed in picking up 2 suspects
  • Vanijya Utsav @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Zeliangrong and Athuan Abonmai
  • Irawat the Legend #3
  • Three ladies :: Poem
  • World Tourism Day 2021
  • Task cut out for NIA
  • Low count of daily cases in last days
  • Harup Waterfall, Kangpokpi Dist #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Jadonang's Legacy : Talk- Rongmei Scholars
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #4: Gallery
  • Let it go :: Poem
  • Need a beauty fridge for skincare products?
  • Same old Imphal-Jiri road during monsoon
  • 'Taken note of camps' of the NSCN (IM)
  • Imphal Ring Road and violations
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Schools in Jiribam : Gallery
  • Condemns attack on Student at B'lore
  • World Lung Day 2021
  • Equal pay for work of equal value
  • Training on Mushroom Cultivation
  • The sixth sense manifest :: Poem
  • Tarpon Katpa @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Land transfer commotion in Jiribam
  • Seminar On Youth & Environment organised
  • Irawat the Legend #2
  • 6 from Manipur cleared Civil Services Exam
  • World Pharmacist Day 2021
  • Scapegoating foot soldiers
  • The battered body says it all
  • World Alzheimer's Day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Alzheimer's Day 2021 commemorated
  • MaolKeki Scholarship at St Stephen College
  • Condemnation on killing of Athuan Abonmai
  • Sana Leibak Manipur
  • Feelings :: Poem
  • Nominal monetary solace to Covid victims
  • Abducted from under the nose of cops!
  • Guru Leimapokpam Lakpati: Nata Sankritan
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Vanijya Utsav @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Truth should prevail over ethnic politics
  • Projects for Tamenglong & Noney
  • Changes :: Poem
  • Good road must to reap fruit of Act East
  • Rio, Sarma taken on board?
  • Discussion: Merger Agreement 1949 : Gallery
  • Mova Cave, Hunpung, Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Kanglasha Kaba Khanba removal #2: Gallery
  • Thri Kappi Sanaba @Andro #1 : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • Laonii Fest of Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Phuba Khuman, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Olympians reception : Gallery
  • Mary Kom reception- Aug 20: Gallery
  • Hijam Gourashyam : Manipur Sahitya
  • Sushila Likmabam reception- Aug 18: Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #2 : Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #1 : Gallery
  • Mirabai felicitated truck drivers: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #3: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • HSLC 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 1st Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 2nd Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 3rd Division
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • Saikhom Mirabai @ Kakching: Gallery
  • Shanglakpam Nilakanta: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Sushila Pukhrambam :: Olympics : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai : Tokyo Olympics 2020
  • Pukhrambam Sushila : Tokyo Olympics Dream
  • Sushila Likmabam: Olympics Dream: Gallery