TODAY -

Milk hygiene practice in India

Rubyta Chanam *



Generally animals are milked at least twice a day worldwide including India, which can influence hygiene quality of milk considerably.

Tropical climate, inadequate cooling facilities, wide spread adulteration, lack of quality consciousness and small scale scattered production are the prevailing conditions in India. In India milk production and distribution are currently being followed in an unorganized way.

However, in a modular system, which is carried out in a highly organized way like ANAND pattern co-operative system operating in Gujarat, the individual milk producer supplies the milk within 1-3 hours of production to a village level society.

This is transported twice-a-day in cans within 3-5 hours to the district level dairy plant under ambient conditions.

In an Indian situation, where the dairy plant is far off, the milk from village society goes to a chilling centre, cooled below 50C and then transported to the district level dairy plant.

Here it is pasteurized and supplied to the consumer. In developed countries, it is a common practice to cool the milk immediately in the farm, and the same is collected by the dairy plants every day or alternate day or twice a week. This practice requires cold storage of milk at collection centres for 2-3 days before it is processed.

In western countries, the problem of milk borne diseases have been solved completely by enforcing strict laws.

Animals are periodically tested for contagious diseases and all measures are taken to produce milk free from pathogens.

Even though these conditions are not strictly followed in our country, the habit of boiling in milk invariably before consumption by the consumer has probably saved them from serious milk borne infections, and Milk Products Order (MMPO). In India, in 1991 as a part of the economic reforms, the dairy sector was delicensed. This effectively opened the industry to private entrepreneurs. The Government of India promulgated the Milk and Milk Products Order (MMPO) in June 1992.

MMPO prescribes certain provisions for the orderly development of the dairy industry. One of the key features include that all plants handling between 10000 and 75000 litres/day or producing milk products containing more than 500 and 3750 tonnes of milk solids per year are required to be registered by the State authorities, while those processing over 75000 litres/day or more than 3750 tonnes per year of milk solids require registration with the central government.

The premise in which milk or any milk product is being handled, processed or manufactured, stored or distributed, by the holder of the registration certificate, and the person handling them shall conform to the sanitary requirement and standards.

o The premises shall be clean, adequately illuminated and ventilated, properly white washed or painted. There shall be proper and adequate arrangements for disinfection and deodorization. There should preferably be space around it on all sides.

o Employees suffering from a hand or face injury, suppurating skin infection or clinically recognizable infectious disease shall not be permitted to work in the premises.

o A person having a bandage, plaster or protective cover for any injury shall not be allowed to handle raw materials or unprotected products.

o The staff working in processing and preparation of product shall be provided with white aprons or uniforms and head gears, which shall be clean.

o The management shall see that all workers are neat, clean and tidy.

o The management shall also provide facemasks to all workers working in butter, powder and cheese making and packing section.

o Motor vehicles, tank wagons, trolleys, insulated containers etc used for transport or distribution of milk products shall always be maintained in clean condition and all the parts coming in contact with milk shall be made of stainless steel or food grade resin coating impregnated with fibre glass.

o Every three years the surfaces shall be coated with food grade resin and a certificate thereof shall be kept for inspection in case of resin coated vessels.

o Adequate CIP system shall maintained, each consisting of hot water, acid and lye tank with necessary pipes and fittings provided in such a way that the CIP solution is circulated to each and every equipment till all equipment and accessories are cleaned up to required standards.

o The equipment used for handling milk and milk products shall conform to sanitary standards as may be fixed from time to time by Milk and Milk Products Advisory Board (MMPAB).


* Rubyta Chanam wrote this article for The Sangai Express
Rubyta Chanam - Regd No 14-VK-77 - is a student of CVSc, AAU
This article was posted on January 11, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Meiteilon Folk & Tangkhul duet : Ooba
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #3: Gallery
  • How to be unique among private schools
  • The measuring Tape :: Poem
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #4
  • HSE examination Schedule 2017
  • HSLC examination Schedule 2017
  • Election Code : Use of school Grounds
  • Sadar Hills Demand 2011-2017 : Timeline
  • Public hearing on Child Rights- Postphoned
  • TSA DJ Celebration Committee Formed
  • Lecture : Democratic Transition in Burma
  • Mary Kom- needs to tackle insurgency
  • Group seeks global support
  • Not the time to pass the buck
  • Lamkhunu Na Chakkouba :: Funga Wari
  • Gaan Ngai @Moirangkhom #1: Gallery
  • Gaan Ngai @Ragailong #2: Gallery
  • Ever smiling Prof Gangmumei
  • Intensifying Global Crisis & Conflict #2
  • Buddhism and politics #2
  • Election Model Code : Use of Loudspeakers
  • Election Model Code : Govt. Scheme
  • Interaction of President Of India
  • Mohammedan signs Reisangmei Vashum
  • Rs. 6.95 lakh cash in new notes seized
  • Dos and don'ts for the media
  • Sanamanbi Sanarei :: eRang Classic
  • Angkor Wat @Cambodia #3: Gallery
  • Kappu Ema Kapsi Penna Ngasidi : Poem
  • ESC for PG Course, MU- abnormal case
  • The old mental baggage
  • Buddhist connection of Hajo in Assam
  • Sadar Hills District Demand :: Articles
  • Women Support Centre launched in Delhi
  • Power of the commoners
  • Gaan Ngai @ Namguilong #1: Gallery
  • Lalmoi, Gaijuan, Morungkham :: eMing
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #2: Gallery
  • Jangled all the way with Jiangam
  • 2nd Statehood Women Polo Tournament
  • Polo tour to protect rare breed of pony
  • What do Nagas think about Nagas?
  • RIST talk 24: Cosmological Observations
  • Appointment of Director of IGNTU-RCM
  • Alleged Torture of Gaidon Kamei
  • Non-indigenous Nagas filing nominations
  • Key issues missing in run up to polls
  • Assumption but it is possible
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #2 : Gallery
  • Lamlong Keithel #5 : Gallery
  • Sonia Nepram bags Young Achiever Award
  • Human Rights in India: UN periodic review III
  • Indian NGOs slam India's human rights
  • God Loves You All The More :: Poem
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #2
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #2
  • Summary Of Electoral Rolls Released
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Jobs Opening @ Virgo Enterprise
  • Jobs Opening @ Taibang Sintha
  • Questioning the silence of Delhi
  • Political pandemonium: opportunity ...
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2: Gallery
  • Puthiba Haraoba @Tripura : Gallery
  • Prof Irabanta in the galaxy of Aerobiologist
  • The Naga question
  • Judicious Selection Of Candidates
  • Your financial health
  • Youth Street News 2017 Calendar released
  • Voter Awareness Activities: 11 MLA Election
  • Rijiju blames Manipur govt for eco-blockade
  • Thang-ta fights for recognition
  • Incomplete idea of India as a Nation
  • Unfulfilled promises Who should be blamed
  • Gaan Ngai @ Ragailong #1: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Significance of Gaan-Ngai festival #1
  • Milk hygiene practice in India
  • Goa International Youth Football Fest
  • 4th WIM Cup 2016 at Goa
  • Fresh impetus to Naga talks
  • Pulling up sleeves before election
  • The public: more than mere numbers
  • Reinterpreting Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1920
  • Chinglen Nongdrenkhomba #1: Gallery
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Fest :: Flash
  • Gaan-Ngai: Zeliangrong Festival :: Articles
  • Blockade and bandh bonanzas
  • Tangkhul Welfare Society Mumbai - Stmt
  • Model Code of Conduct: Discretionary Fund
  • Binalakshmi Nepram meets Thant Myint-U
  • From goods trucks to passenger buses
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1: Gallery
  • A Hymn for Goddess Emoinu
  • All about Gaan-Ngai : Gangmumei Kamei
  • Follow The Code And Go To Vote :: Poem
  • State level Manipuri Pony Show
  • Model Code of Conduct : Republic Day
  • Verdict of the Court says guilty
  • Khoupum Valley & Cave #1 : Gallery
  • Manipur Press Club day : Gallery
  • Prof. Gangmumei Kamei: Personal Tribute
  • Thought on current situation in Manipur
  • My maiden sojourn of enchanting NE #1
  • My New Year :: Poem
  • Transformation of govt into governance #3
  • Fresh proposal for tripartite talk
  • Discussion on Manipur today & tomorrow
  • Painting Competition - Voters Day
  • Requisites for a fresh start
  • Prof Gangmumei Kamei Funeral: Gallery
  • Points On Election Manifesto in Manipur #1
  • Clean Rolls For Fair Poll : Poem
  • Can BJP deny Okram Ibobi a 4th term
  • Every day is a New Year's day
  • Foundation Day of Manipur Press Club
  • PG Course in Plastic Surgery at Shija
  • Election Expenditure monitoring measure
  • Board for issue of Disability Certificate
  • ILP System Demand- Photos from 2012
  • Workshop on Digital Payment Systems
  • KNLF merges with UKLF
  • Fmr. Minister son convicted in murder case
  • Priyanka Rajkumari #2 (Photos) :: eRang
  • Khunung Eeshei/ Ema Emoinu #3 : Radio
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #2: Gallery
  • Daylight Robbery In Manipur
  • Ibobi lost control over his own creation
  • NABH certifies Shija Hospitals
  • CEO Notice on Poll Model Code of Conduct
  • Promotion of payment through Digital mean
  • Condolence for Prof Gangumei Kamei
  • Highway siege hits fuel prices
  • Parties spar over crisis
  • Recalling the Oja in Prof Kamei
  • When election subsides major issues
  • Pana Polo Exhibition #2: Gallery
  • Assembly Election : Poll Schedule
  • Wild edible plants & indigenous fruits
  • Possible reasons for creation of new district
  • Who says there is no hope for Manipur
  • New Year message for 2017
  • DBT project positions at Manipur University
  • Shillong Lajong FC : Complete Team List
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Deeply polarised vote ahead
  • Of nations and nationalism
  • New Year picnic @Singda : Gallery
  • Diana Khumanthem- IAS candidate: Gallery
  • Northeast appears safe for scribes
  • Not the time for passing the buck
  • Ethnic encapsulation and ethnocentrism
  • Liver cancer proportionate to cirrhosis
  • Lajong New Foreign Signings
  • Count waterbirds this January
  • Lamhui Lousing :: Funga Wari
  • UNC prez judicial custody [Jan 2]: Gallery
  • 'Goals for Girls' USA visited Andro Team
  • New Year picnic @Sekmai #1: Gallery
  • Online 2017 Manipuri Calendar :: Tools
  • New Year 2017- Decide for common good
  • A brand new year! :: Poem
  • Featured Front Page Photo for 2016 #6
  • New Year 2017 eve -Shopping: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2017 : Download
  • A talk with Meghachandra Kongbam
  • The Hill-Valley divide widens again
  • Dzuko valley Landscape #3 :: 360 View
  • E-Pao 17th Anniv: Best Wishes for 2017
  • Imphal Book Fair #2 : Gallery
  • 2016 : A year that isn't a year
  • Unification Politics of Manipur Nagas #2
  • Safety Norms for drivers for New Year
  • Manipur: A leading IT hub in NE India
  • Sikkim can be a unique Biotech Hub
  • Strengthening Ibobi Intention defeated
  • Engineering chaos or helpless indignation?
  • Maibi Jagoi @Sangai Festival: Gallery
  • RK Viswajit : Prof Yashwantrao Youth Award
  • Root of Christianity among Koireng tribe
  • Unsettled dispute; Uncertain fate of Manipur
  • Maphou Dam @ Mapithel Hills : Gallery
  • Miss Manipur 2016 #4 : Gallery
  • Ethoi Oinam - Actress Profile :: eRang
  • Journalists protest [Dec 27] : Gallery
  • 60th CC Meet Final #2 : Gallery
  • Water Sports Festival @Takmu #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Sangai Festival : Photos from 2012
  • Rally to stop UNC Blockade #2 : Gallery
  • Laishram Meena Devi :: A Profile
  • Moirangthem Rajen : Akademi Award
  • Xmas shopping @CCpur : Gallery
  • Landscape of Manipur #3: Wallpaper
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #2 : Gallery
  • 60th CC Meet Semifinal #1 : Gallery
  • Nupi Lal Ningshing Thouram #2 : Gallery
  • Snowfall at Tamei, Tamenglong: Gallery
  • Police personnel ambushed : Gallery
  • Honour to police killed : Gallery
  • Landscape of Dzukou Valley #5: Gallery
  • Imas from Nupi Lan: Gallery
  • Kakching district creation: Gallery
  • Mukna @Indigenous Game Fest : Gallery
  • Diana Khumanthem (IAS candidate)
  • Non-Local Peoples Bill : Draft [Sep 27]
  • Manipur Phone Directory :: e-pao Tools
  • SPONSORED ADS