Information and Communication Technology:
A case study of computerization of land records in Manipur

N Irabanta Singh *

Computer training center at Tamenglong August 02 2016
Computer training center at Tamenglong in August 2016 :: Pix - TSE


Information and Communication technology (ICT) is transforming the way of life as it goes on, but to date, the change has been limited to a range of activities in certain technology intensive enterprises. The pace of change and the opportunities, which are being presented, are of such potential significance that the efforts need to be made to ensure as broad based participation as possible.

Further, information technology is all about connecting connectivity brings proximity, which improves the delivering of services by the government, local self-governments deserve maximum attentions as they are at the cutting edge and therefore immensely affect the daily lives of the citizens.

We are now moving on from IT to Information and Communication Technology (ICT and from IT to Information Society (IS). The old model of IT was providing automation to the internal working of government by data processing.

Whereas the shift to a new model of Information and Communication technologies (ICT) is that support and transform the external working of governance by processing and communicating data.

From a focus on processing applications (i.e. computers, the I in ICT) to a focus on communications (i.e. networks, the C in ICT), the focus has now shifted to both processing and communications. As the power and reach of ICT grow, so does the power and reach of change in governments. A final trend is the move of ICT from within to outside the governments (Heeks, 2001).

NIC Imphal East District centre started data entry work about land record computerization from June 2002 through a computer software called "Loucha Pathap" on the line similar to BHOOMI implemented by the Revenue Department, Government of Karnataka State (Chawla and Bhatnagar, 2001). Loucha Pathap referring to loucha or paddy field or land and pathap as rules indicates "Rules governing the land" was inaugurated on 2nd July 2004 by the Ex-Chief Minister of Manipur, Shri O. Ibobi Singh.

Now, any records for the district can be viewed through KIOSK system and internet through any cyber cafe without any intervention or help. This study will analyze the entire system of land records in Imphal East District that was in existence earlier to computerization and changes thereafter.

Methodology: The following methods were employed for collection of data from various sources:-

Primary sources: Interview was the mode of data collection

Secondary sources: The following documents were consulted
(i) LRC user's Manual (Draft). National Informatics Centre, Imphal East District, Manipur,
(ii) Observation of available land records under Imphal East District, Manipur from the office of the SDC (Porompat) Revenue circle.

Data analysis:

It consists of
(i) Analysis of entire land records system prevalent in Porompat SDC circle under Imphal East District with computerization;
(ii) comparative study of the role of computerization of land records using Loucha Pathap in selected revenue village under Porompat SDC circle with pre-computerization and changes thereafter computerization;
(iii) MLR form of Land records comparative study of an individual Jamabandi patta prepared by manual and computerized systems.

Discussion: The scheme for computerization of Land records (CLR) was started in 1988-89. This is a 100% grant in-aid scheme executed by the state governments. The main objective of CLR scheme is that land owners should get computerized copies of records of rights (CORs) at a reasonable price.

As regards to Manipur state, the merits and demerits of computerization Information officer, Imphal East District, was interviewed who states "If other States can have, why can't our State have land records computerization' (Personal communication August 12, 2008).

Computerization of land records in Manipur was started in 2000, but only Porompat Revenue circle under Imphal East District has been completed. Out of 34 revenue villages under only Porompat Revenue circle, only village No. 39 Wakha has been taken into consideration as a case study.

Further, the transparency is also boosted by the faith of the general public in computerization system. As such as 30 students who visited Porompat SDC office for collection of computerized Jamabandi patta, being owned by their parents as one of requirements for applying other backward classes (OBC) certificate issued by the D.C. Imphal East District were also interviewed.

Now, with a fee of Rs. 15/- (Rupees Fifteen only), is charged by the concerned LDC, the Revenue official can directly scan and print out the required Jamabandi Patta. The printed paper would be signed by the SDC concern. The students are happy with the Loucha Pathap land record maintenance for quick delivery of service.

Prior to 2006, any person desiring information has to submit an application first to the SDC office and then processed in a long procedure. The Jamabandi Patta is issued by the concerned SDC. Now, at the NIC office, the required documents are scanned, copied and printed.

Accordingly, the Loucha Pathap has great cut down on the loss of time and has helped the general public by reducing corruption and bribery. Similar opinions are also expressed by the public of Karnataka for introducing BHOOMI (2001) and in Haryana State for introducing HALRIS (2005).


The computerization of land record in Imphal East District, Manipur has revolutionized the whole system. Thus, the success of Loucha Pathap is demonstrated by the fact that in terms of land revenue collection, Porompat Circle, Imphal East District has been adjudged as the best circle in land revenue collection. It is hope that in future computerization of land record in Manipur will extend to remaining 15 districts of Manipur state.

* N Irabanta Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is former Professor (HAG)/ Life Sciences, MU and former Co-ordinator, Bioinformatics Infrastructure Facility, MU and can be contacted at irabanta(DOT)singh(AT)gmail(DOT)com
This article was posted on April 19, 2017.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Ningol Chakkouba @Kolkata :: Gallery
  • Tourism Day @ Phayeng #1 :: Gallery
  • Stories from Kuki-Naga Conflict: Book Rvw
  • Liberation War And Merger : Part 2
  • The premature bloom
  • Black Panther: Melanistic form of leopard
  • 11th Indo-Myanmar RBC Meet at Imphal
  • Press Conference of 5th North East Festival
  • Appeal to not organize Thabal Chongba
  • Need to raise a united voice
  • Still an uncertain generation
  • Ningol Chakkouba @Sikkim :: Gallery
  • Songoulun, Lamgousang, Yinmajo: eMing
  • Chakkouba Shopping #2 :: Gallery
  • Hill Tribe and Valley tribe
  • Demand of ST & ensuing recriminations
  • NGOs & rural development in Manipur
  • Ningol Chakkouba at Tulihal COB
  • Condemns murder of scribe in UP
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Zeliangrong's convention postponed
  • Mary Kom in Assam ring
  • Sports : Year long activity in Manipur
  • Ningol ChakKouba @MBC #1 :: Gallery
  • Houchongba Opening Ceremony :: Gallery
  • Thank God I didn't choose you :: Poem
  • Waking up at night
  • Remembering Jesus: Christian values..
  • Dharna on recognition of NPF Chief Whip
  • Recap of Current Nagaland Political Crisis
  • Legal opinion on NPF whip
  • Ningol Chakkouba celebrated in Manipur
  • Congress 'defectors' left in the lurch
  • 6 Naga groups form body to join peace
  • Nagas still have many years to be mature
  • Prelude to what we need to know 2!!
  • Ningol to her mapam lamdam :: Gallery
  • Chakkouba Fish Mela #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba Tribute : Flash
  • 'Merger Agreement' and Manipur Question
  • Should fake news be merely brushed away
  • Frozen street laws & nasty people..
  • Resolution of CEC, NPF : Oct 20
  • Concern over meeting btn China, NE ultra
  • Materialistic interpretation of Chakkouba
  • Of power and the powerful
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download it
  • Chakkouba Shopping #1 :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba : A message
  • 2 novel TB drugs move into human studies
  • Japan & its myriad culture from my eye
  • Cry of a Dying River- 5 :: Poem
  • Thanksgiving for first Naga woman pilot
  • Manipuri film nominated for APSA, Brisbane
  • NPF whip - the plain truth
  • Subterfuge & money cannot buy the law
  • Pearls of wisdom from Dalai Lama
  • Resisting Partisanship
  • Mera Men Tongba :: Gallery
  • Liberation War And Merger : Part 1
  • Diwaligi Ahingdo :: Wari
  • Exploding cyber crime in India
  • Manipur National Day- 18 October 1948
  • Greetings on Diwali & Ningol Chakkouba
  • TSA DJ Theme Song , DJ icon audition
  • Meghalaya Venue & Daywise Lineup
  • Tasked to monitor talk: Koijam-Himalay
  • Looking beyond the tough words
  • Rejoinder to deserted NPF Group Longleng
  • CM honors U-17 WC Footballers :: Gallery
  • I don't want to die before I am dead : Poem
  • Is the 'Fear for Qur'an' Being Traded ?
  • MUTA Series 4 : Who supports Whom?
  • What ails Manipur ?
  • Old Age pension Scheme details uploaded
  • Increased privilege for responsibility
  • Culturals @ Mera Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Seven Years Devastation: Book Review
  • Matos bhai & our FIFA boys "bravo"
  • Trafficking vis-a-vis Domestic Work
  • An open letter to Chief Minister
  • DG Assam Rifles calls on Chief Minister
  • Nagaland press firm against intimidation
  • No Aadhaar, No Mid-day Meal stand
  • The good, the bad and the ugly
  • Footballer: U-17 World Cup :: Gallery
  • Kwak Tanba #3 :: Gallery
  • Night Plaza: Outlook of a developing Manipur
  • Biased national media
  • Agri-volatic: boosting agricultural income
  • Natural skin glow for Diwali
  • Eleven LPG refills in 4 months !
  • 'No change in territorial boundary of States'
  • MaiOn (scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Tune out within dark
  • Loktak: Storm brain before blasting barrage
  • Gojilove : Now In Manipur
  • Fighting a losing battle
  • A Poem for My Wife :: Poem
  • October 15 retrospection
  • E Sonamani: Jnangarima Manad Alankaran
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #5 :: Gallery
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #4 :: Gallery
  • Geo-politics & Skill Devlp in Act East Policy
  • Wildlife Week: Working together for wildlife
  • Letter to ATSUM (Reply to rebuttal)
  • A rebuttal to "Imprudence of ATSUM"
  • Don't sleep with minor wife ruling: Rapist
  • Awaited expectation
  • Journey of Amur falcon #2
  • Irabot Day - March Past #2 :: Gallery
  • Buddha's Metta & Karuna #2
  • Hei-kak: An aquatic cash crop in Manipur
  • Flood prevention and mitigation
  • Unearthing gems: Northeast Diva 2016-17
  • Nagaland Whip issue hearing in the court
  • Of Leikhom Leinang & Uphul Waiphul: NH-2
  • March: Mera Houchongba #2:: Gallery
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #2:: Gallery
  • Langol Tourist Watch Tower #7 :: 360 ° View
  • .. end AIDS by 2030: Are we on track ?
  • Career in Tourism - Part 2
  • Which one should precede- ILPS or ST ?
  • Comedian Audition during Night Plaza
  • Seizure of Dried Fish Grenet (Tirkiya)
  • LPG diversion: Non-local in subscribers list
  • For a little bit more
  • Pot Lannaba: Houchongba #1 :: Gallery
  • Crowd @ World Tourism Day :: Gallery
  • Moreh PWD complex controlled by militants
  • FIFA U-17 : A milestone for NE football
  • Post submergence impacts of Mapithel dam
  • Cry of a Dying River - 4 :: Poem
  • Program on World Mental Health Day
  • Out but not down :: Needed : A strong Cong
  • Redefining 'Manipuri'
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Kh Ninthoinganba
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #3 :: Gallery
  • Observation of World Mental Health Day
  • Ruskin Bonding - VI
  • Life - A Bubble :: Poem
  • Mapung fana chathari
  • Surgical Closure of 'Hole in the Heart'
  • Inferred or in B/W? Integrity Vs integration
  • Imphal is changing but traffic a menace
  • Kwak Tanba #2 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thounaojam Jeakson
  • Langbal Keithel @ Kangjeibung #3 :: Gallery
  • NE Fashion Week @ Dimapur:: Gallery
  • Journey towards Breaking the Shackles
  • The Man Who Saw Tomorrow :: Poem
  • Free Medical Camp at Lilong
  • From Nobap to World Cup: Magnificent 8
  • Journey of Amur falcon #1
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Nongdamba Naorem
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #2:: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #4 :: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17: US won but we were lauded more
  • Imprudence of ATSUM
  • Tonsuring the nature
  • March: Mera Houchongba #1:: Gallery
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Dheeraj Moirangthem
  • AMAND Pune: Annual Cultural #1:: Gallery
  • Research Line : Book release Function
  • 100 Yrs Of Tangkhul Naga Football
  • Make RIMS shining
  • Another NE Youth Missing in the Capital
  • AMAND, Pune : 6th AGM / Annual Cultural
  • Sadar Hills District Demand: News Timeline
  • Nungshibi : Social Networking :: Website
  • Seeking 2 years time: Too early to judge
  • Let Holy books be replaced by Constitution
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Amarjit Kiyam (Captain)
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Thangjam Boris
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Wangjam Suresh
  • FIFA U-17 Profile :: Md Shahjahan
  • Loktak Folklore Museum- for fishing
  • Opening: Imphal Evenings :: Gallery
  • Mayanglambam Gourachandra: Awardee
  • Win the hearts if not the FIFA Cup
  • Cry of a Dying River #3 :: Poem
  • For the 8 football players of Manipur..
  • Article 342 makhada furup amana ST ki list
  • ATSUM against ST: Let the experts decide
  • A matter of concern for the future
  • Irabot Day - March Past #1 :: Gallery
  • Bor khoiramba @ Hiyangthang #2 :: Gallery
  • Manipur Have done it again
  • Hingchabi Changba: Possessed/ Exorcism
  • Tourism as career option
  • Hydro Electric Power: A must for Manipur #4
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Imphal Evenings- Night plaza #1 :: Gallery
  • Keithel Lairembi Ima #2 :: Gallery
  • Doren: 'Theatre of the Earth' wins in Kerala
  • Solo Album Launch of Awarthanga Chiru
  • How Manipur missed internal autonomy..
  • Nitya Raas, Ras Leela Fest #1 :: Gallery
  • 11th Mega Marathon Manipur #3 :: Gallery
  • Lamyanba Irabot- Birth Anniv #1:: Gallery
  • Irabot Day Celebration at New Delhi
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand : Timeline
  • Irabot Day Celebration (2017)
  • 'Maniwood' vs 'Haolywood' Football :: Gallery
  • Death Anniv- Bhagyachandra #5 :: Gallery
  • Featured Photo for 2017 #4 :: Gallery
  • Nangna Helli Nungshiba #1 :eRang
  • Manipur Sangai Festival 2016 #6 : Ooba
  • Priyogopal : Senior Film Artist :: eRang
  • Heitha Leithaba @Kekrupat #2:: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • Landscape of Manipur #7: Wallpaper