TODAY -

The Leimakhong-Koubru Mountain Range

Yenning *

Beautiful scenic view from top Mount Koubru.
Beautiful scenic view from top Mount Koubru. :: David Mayum



The Leimakhong-Koubru Mountain Range

"Awang Koubru Asuppa,

Leima-Lai Khunda Ahanba,

Nongthrei Ma-u Lingliba,

Irik Mapan Thariba,

..... Lainingthou!"

"Oh! Almighty Koubru the Guardian of the North,

Where the First Settlement evolved,

Nongthrei seeds be sown

I pray to Thee......."


In the cosmogony of the Meiteis, it is believed that the evolution of human settlement in the state of Manipur originated from Koubru peak and later descended downward gradually to the foothills and the Valley of Manipur. Till today, the people of Manipur regard the Koubru Mountain as one of the most sacred mountains in the State. Every year, a week after Cheiraoba (Manipur New Year), on the first Friday, the native people go on pilgrimages to the Koubru Peak, which is around 2,802 metres high.

The peak is a misty landscape; one can walk along with the clouds and talk to the howling wind. Lord Koubru's abode is on the highest point atop caverns. Another special attraction at the peak is the Lai Pukhree (Pond of the Lord), a massive rectangular boulder and the cliff of the Koubru.Situated in northern boundary of the Manipur Valley (Imphal), the Koubru mountain range including the Leimakhong foothill plateau is a complex array of physical and geo-ecological environment as well as known for geo-hydrological, biological, aesthetic and cultural values of the inhabitant of Manipur.

In other words, the Range is the platform for epicenter of all mythology, tradition and belief of human creation on the Earth within the Manipuri world. As a result of this, the Mountain holds an important spiritual significance of the people of Manipur.

There are many similarities in the physiographic and ecology of the Leimakhong-Koubru Mountain Range, but the Koubru differ inherently in terms of aesthetic evolution of the mountain ranges of Manipur. Owing to a unique bio-geographic location i.e. altitudinal range, topographic variation, the mountain range harbours numerous habitats and a rich array of flora and fauna. The abrupt rise of the mountains from less than 500 metres to over 8,000 metres results in a diversity of ecosystems that range from sub-tropical to alpine and arid types.

The complexity of topography, geology and relief features, coupled with intensive biotic influence, has given rise to a variety of ecosystems. The combined effects of geological processes and total flow of ecosystem services and goods from the Koubru Range have not yet been fully ascertained.

The Leimakhong- Koubru range covers an area of 750 Sq Kms approximately. The area will include the legendary and historical site of Leimakhong, part of the Sekmai village, Khurkhul, Feidinga. The Leimakhong River and the Leimakhong foothill plateau which begin from the eastern side of the Koubru Mountain represent an enchanting landscape. Leimakhong literally means "Spring of the Princes".

During the reign of Maharaja Churachand of Manipur, Leimakhong was identified as the royal spot for scenic leisure and resting. Some of the significant landmarks of the area include Ingourok Temple and the presence of Ichum Lairenbee (Ichum Goddes) and the Sanahal Lokchao.

The Vaisnavite Meiteis consider the Ingourok Temple as a sacred site of Lord Mahadeva. Others believe it to be the lying position of Lord Gautama Bhudha. The Sanahal Lokchao hill stream is the landmark where the first micro-hydel dam was constructed, which generated 100 KW and 56 KW in the year 1930. The power generated from this hydel-electricity station electrified the Royal Palace and the main Imphal Town.

In addition to the annual pilgrimages paid by the inhabitants of Manipur, there are efforts to convert both the Koubru and Leimakhong into tourist spots. A negative impact on the mountain ranges on account of the annual pilgrimage is the disturbance to its natural ecology. It is a common knowledge that pilgrims return home with bamboo, plantain and wild orchids, etc. which are plucked/cut indiscriminately. Carbon footprints left by the pilgrims have never been discussed, perhaps, on account of sacredness linked to the pilgrimages.

Today, when preservation of our surrounding and environment has taken centre-stage throughout the world, one should realize that Koubru and Leimakhong are situated in extremely fragile mountain ecosystems. Moreover, these places are highly vulnerable to adverse effects of climate. Increasing anthropogenic pressures and natural perturbations on the mountain ecosystems result in the depletion of natural resources, increase the recurrence of natural hazards and adversely affect the livelihoods of the local people, with far reaching implications at the local, regional and global level.

With the nearly-done policy on Look East Policy, tourism has been identified s one of the sectors that can bring revenue to the state. But such an inception is without any plan or strategy, as is the usual case in Manipur. Within this understanding, Koubru-Leimakhong has been identified as suitable tourist sites. However, given the fragility of the landscape, mass tourism in the Koubru is likely to cause irreparable damage.

Instead of bringing about welfare and prosperity, it is bound to affect the livelihood of the local people. However, nature and local culture based tourism otherwise known as ecotourism can be promoted. This can immensely contribute to local development.

However, little efforts have been made to promote community based eco-tourism in the Leimakhon-Koubru Range. For example, there has been no plan on the part of the Government to develop a nature Park. Moreover, without any due consideration, efforts have been made to promote ecotourism only around Reserved Forests or in the middle of a waterbody, say for example, which we see in the Loktak Lake today.

This seems to be the logical unfolding of governance which is akin to solving problems in the state in a fire-fighting manner. A good example of joint management of tourism for the benefit of local communities can be in the shape of creating a "Valley of Flowers" around the buffer zone of the proposed Nature's Park of the Koubru Range. Creating revenue or wealth should not be at the cost of nature or the community.

(Guest writer of the week, Oja Ranjan)


* Yenning wrote this article for The Sangai Express as part of "Hoipolloi and Mundanity"
The writer can be contacted at yenning05(at)rocketmail(dot)com or visit www.hoipolloiandmundanity.blogspot.com
This article was posted on December 22, 2013.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Apangba Manao :: Funga Wari
  • Sangai : Evening @BOAT #4 : Gallery
  • Nupi Lan : Women Agitation, 1939-40 #3
  • Aquatic edible insects of Loktak
  • Pet dogs on a killing spree
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Life is a beauty :: Poem
  • Certificate distribution at East Sikkim
  • Of good governance
  • Let's celebrate womanhood too
  • Mary Kom - Meethoileima : Gallery
  • Cultivation of low Chilling Apple Variety
  • Sangai Fest: Nagaland : Gallery
  • Human Rights Day & Draconian law
  • Oh! Joy of being veteran
  • War and Peace :: Poem
  • Bali Jatra- Odisha's maritime heritage
  • Understanding nature's gift
  • SC stand on victims of rape
  • Nupi Lal Ningsing Lamjel #1: Gallery
  • Chingningthou, Chaonu :: eMing
  • Chengni Khujai: Insurgency Chronicle #2
  • Taboo of Casteism in Manipur
  • Cry of a Dying River - 57 :: Poem
  • Understanding CMA as career
  • Smallest Child's Heart operated at SKY
  • Channeling the drive
  • Big anti-incumbency factor: Lok Sabha poll
  • Lamklai Kummoi Maring Fest #3: Gallery
  • Nupi Lan : Women Agitation, 1939-40 #2
  • Sangai Day 1: Inauguration #4 : Gallery
  • Tibetan Refugees in India :: Review
  • Nongpok Thong Hangba ...opportunities
  • Significance of Panti Neimei
  • Memoirs of love :: Poem
  • Developers required for Jobsenz @ NIELIT
  • On assembly election victory of Congress
  • The day after tomorrow
  • Kudos to rights defenders
  • Sangai Fest: Maibi Jagoi : Gallery
  • NEROCA FC Vs Indian Arrows : Gallery
  • Nupi Lan : Women Agitation, 1939-40 #1
  • Promoting Human Rights: A Perspective
  • Khongji :: Poem
  • Surveying tigers: A big challenge in Manipur
  • Terrorism & Technology - II
  • Silencing significance of Human Right Day
  • Trun up to Parliamentary polls: Issues
  • Deteriorating Tumukhong Village road
  • Sangai Fest: Chareng Len : Gallery
  • International Mountain Day, 2018
  • Loudness not ok please
  • A wounded Pine Tree :: Poem
  • Natural remedies for hair growth
  • BEHS office inaugurated at Motbung
  • Tattooed With Taboos :: Review
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Stone Forest @Yunnan, China : Gallery
  • Eerie, Eerier, Eeriest :: Review
  • Sangai Fest: Muay Thai : Gallery
  • ..that made me fall in love with Naga
  • Research Support Officer wanted
  • Condemns arrest of Journalist Wangkhem
  • Programs at Public Health Foundation
  • Fixing the broken window
  • Head count of dogs !!
  • Pari Imom (Film) #2 :: eRang
  • Matheous Thingbaijam Cycling NE: Gallery
  • Gwangju Prize for Human Rights 2019
  • Tests for allergies
  • Cycling across NE: Matheous Thingbaijam
  • Site Officer/ Manager @R-Square Design
  • Armed Forces Flag Day celebrated
  • A lasting legacy
  • 'Stray dogs' as predators
  • Sangai Day 3: Pung Chollom #2: Gallery
  • Thai Princess @Imphal Airport: Gallery
  • Fashion Show @Sangai Fest #1: Gallery
  • Mysterious Animal Attack of Manipur
  • Khelen Thokchom Media Fellowships
  • Career option in Purchase Management
  • Terrorism & Technology - I
  • Intimidation to media person
  • Ban on hunting migratory birds
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #3
  • Sangai Day 3: Pena: Gallery
  • I am a beautiful HIV Virus :: Poem
  • Teacher & Student: Stop eroding education
  • Diaspora unites at Thadou Nampi, USA
  • Deciding Mary's title :: WJ
  • A good man perspective
  • Now people need to extend co-operation
  • Day 3: Kabi Burnan : Gallery
  • Art meets Fashion : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 5: @ BOAT #3: Gallery
  • NAF announces Annual Scholarship
  • Preventing methods to save livestock
  • How Do You Do ? :: Poem
  • Competitiveness of Manipur
  • Shattered dream - "The Smart city"
  • Arrest, release & re-arrest of young man
  • Ningol Chakouba @ MBC #3 : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Thang Ta #3: Gallery
  • Stalls at Hapta Kangjeibung #1: Gallery
  • How do you see 'disability' today ?
  • I don't exist without polo: Rafael Secco
  • The Road :: Poem
  • Students needed for cultural revolution?
  • Hard stand, hard decision
  • Cong rolling up sleeves ahead of LS polls
  • Day 8 : Arambai Langba : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Evening Program #3: Gallery
  • The Midnight Hunter : Analysis
  • Art exhibition "Art meets Fashion"
  • The Haipi Lho-lhun Kut
  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism in Meitei Nation #3
  • Sangai Day 9: Thadou Dance: Gallery
  • Sangai Chef: Cooking Final : Gallery
  • Han Kang's The White Book
  • Sangai Day 4: Yubi Lakpi : Gallery
  • Sangai Chef: Season 1 Cooking Final
  • Disaster Management Course at NEHU
  • Training on Online Fact Checking
  • Clarify : Impact of Act East Policy
  • On the series of Killing of Livestock..
  • Today is World AIDS Day
  • From entrails to body now
  • NESO : abolish Citizenship Bill
  • NEC building cultural centre at Delhi
  • 12th Manipur Polo Intl #1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 9: Kabui Dance : Gallery
  • Day 5: Stalls @Keibul Lamjao: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Holi Pala #1: Gallery
  • Importance of TESOL in Government School
  • Farewell to Lt Gen LN Singh, VSM**
  • Waphong Inthan - A failed village
  • On the arrest of Kishorchand
  • Blank Editorial
  • Predator or predators on the prowl
  • Thai Princess visit Kangla #1: Gallery
  • December Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Sangai Day 8: Mukna Kangjei #1: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Evening Program #2: Gallery
  • Polo grows on you: Col Tarsem
  • Rediscovery of Gangmumei Kamei: Review
  • For whom does she cry ? :: Poem
  • DG Assam Rifles visits Manipur
  • Detention of TV journalist not fair
  • Arrest of 8 mountaineers from Manipur
  • Sangai Day 4: Lai Haraoba #1: Gallery
  • Bangladesh Manipuri Students : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Pung Chollom #1: Gallery
  • We have a balanced team: George Shelton
  • Cry of a Dying River - 56 :: Poem
  • Sangai with Sumo & Samba ?
  • Morphing : An innocent loses her life
  • Bangladesh Manipuri students at Sylhet
  • Thai princess visits Kangla Fort
  • Olympics gold my dream : Mary Kom
  • Exploring the beaten path
  • Opening up Manipur: Visa office assurance
  • Thai Princess Sirindhorn @Sangai : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2018 #5: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 6: Pherzawl Dance : Gallery
  • Manipuri Maichou 7 :: Book Review
  • Chandon :: Poem
  • Conservation of biodiversity
  • Defers proposed indefinite highway bandh
  • 19th Hornbill Festival at Kisama
  • Sangai stops dancing
  • Mary Kom: Epitome of sporting excellence
  • Sangai Day 5: Evening Prog #1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 5: Thailand Dance : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Imphal Art Camp : Gallery
  • Edward Armstrong - USA Polo Team
  • An abrupt journey to an oasis of blue bull
  • Winter Blues :: Poem
  • Technical Internship Training for Japan
  • NPF on Nagaland Deputy Chief Minister
  • A ditch to Technology
  • Border row: India Myanmar, sacrificial lamb
  • Sangai Day 4: Pena Esei :Gallery
  • Day 5: Sangai Chef: Season 1 : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Evening Program #1: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival 2018: Turning into a Mela?
  • Sumo Wrestling: popular event in Sangai
  • Sangai Chef: Season 1: Cooking : Day 5
  • Truths in rumours & humours
  • PANE Conference organized at AUDC
  • Sangai Day 2: Dance from Kamjong: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 3: Thang Ta #1: Gallery
  • Can we have the Sangai festival daily?
  • Platonic love :: Poem
  • IGAR(s) congratulates Mary Kom
  • WPW Syndrome operated and cured
  • NSUD clarification on Nagas' Meet
  • National Highway bandh from Nov 27
  • Prospective candidates of Cong, BJP
  • Sangai Day 2: Sumo Wrestling #1: Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Myanmar : Gallery
  • Sangai Day 2: Geet Govinda: Gallery
  • 2017- a watershed year for Manipur Polo
  • Faculties (PG) at Gauhati University
  • Biodiversity for economic development #2
  • Mera Kongchat Mass Rally #4: Gallery
  • Sangai Chef: Season 1 : Day 1
  • GC Tongbra's 'Chengni Khujai'
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Thy name :: Poem
  • Bartending as a career option #2
  • Legal Awareness Programme
  • Tribute to Bhupen Hazarika at London
  • Blessing for Manipur
  • Cherry Blossom & Sangai: beyond Imphal
  • Sangai Fest: Inauguration #2 : Gallery
  • Mera Wayungba #2 : Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @Pune : Gallery
  • ChingTam Ningol Chakouba @Goa: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Mysore #2 : Gallery
  • Scaramouche, Fandango, Galileo, Figaro..
  • Laija (Film Scenes) #1 :: eRang
  • Ningol Chakouba @ Dubai #2 : Gallery
  • Rajkumar Jhaljit : Sahityaratna 2017
  • Ningol - mapam lamdam : Gallery
  • Mera Houchongba @Konung #3: Gallery
  • Fabrics of Bangladeshi Manipuri: Download
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Eepan Thaba #1: Gallery
  • Manipuri Calendar for 2018 : Download
  • mtM :: Seireng
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #4: Gallery
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS