TODAY -

Nupee Manbee | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society

Maimom Ranjit (Inao) Singh *

 Nupee Manbee  | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society
Nupee Manbee | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society :: Pix - TSE



Since the beginning of life in our planet, except for very few unique species termed as 'hermaphrodite', there has been two types of any species i.e. male species and female species. Likewise, human being too has these two types of species: male or man and female or woman (male-masculine gender and female-feminine gender). But, fortunately, some qualities which are not in other species are found in human beings like cognition, understanding of human moral value and psychology.

Everybody knows about these two group of people in our society - man and woman. The said two groups can live and has been existing in our society very openly without any fear, hessitation and stigma according to the rules and responsibilities, taking part in the family and society in the culturally accepted and recognizable way.

Upon deeper look, it is seen that another two groups of people, besides the above mentioned groups, exist in our society. They are: (1) the persons who are born as a female gender, biologically and physically, but their appearance, role, practices, lifestyle, grooming, eroticism and acting shows a deeply rooted and similar with that of a man and (2) those who are born as male gender, but their mode of speaking, dealing, attitude, gesture, mindset/thoughts, believe, adherment, emmotion, romanticism and desires are very parallel with woman. Today these groups of people are known as female to male transgenders and male to female transgenders (TG).

Here in this essay, I'll write about the male to female transgender 'Homo' (a loose term used for effeminate man in Manipur). As existing in other countries of the world, male to female transgender people has been here in India and Manipur since the years and years back. They are called by different names using identified terminologies according to the place, religion, language/dialect, culture, caste, creed and custom of their respective society where they belong to.

Not withstanding, most of them do not lead a secured life as other larger community. There are some root causes and factors for this. They are often a target of vicious names calling by society, use of abusive and hurtful words (like sign of bad luck/omen), heckling, teasing and mocking and even physical attack.

Such negative attitude arising from the society is happening at work places, public spaces, educational institutions and even in their respective families and neighbourhood. Such harrassment and violence results in emotional and pychological trauma and then impedes the lives of transgender community indeed.

It's very clear that most people from the larger community of the society does not know and has not fully understood about the TG community with regards to: who they are; why are they, the way they are; what are background scenario of a TG, etc. The society also does not seem to try to find out about these.

Actually, it would be not wrong to say that 9 out of 10 from the larger community do not have proper knowledge about TG. Most of them think that the mode of effeminate nature of TG people is artificial and not by nature, and that it could be changed by beating, threatening, abstinence from same behaviour company, getting psychological treatment, looking after by concerned families etc.

By such wrong concept and perception that has no accurate evidence and proof, the society always treat the TG community negatively. consequently it brings physical weakness, mentally dis-alert and immotional insecurity. So, according to this destructive frame of mind which they made to be associated with, they begin to have a wrong sense of being, turn to wrong path and even attempt to suicide.

On the other hand, this socially stigmatized and marginalised group has been contributing something to Manipur society in areas like make-up, designing, potloi making, art and culture etc. They are very genuine and excellent in these fields. Not only these, but also there are some persons who have maintained high status, themselves being intellectuals and social minded. Neverthless, they cannot disclose their sexual indentity and come out openly saying we too are 'Nupee Manbi' (TG). Why is that? It is because of the stigma and discrimination meted to the TG community.

It would be very pertinent to be noted that the main cause of the aforesaid disturbances and awful reaction being faced by TG community is due to the deeply rooted gender bias and gender stereo typical norms of the society. South Asian countries as well as India (in the same breadth, Manipur too) are also a male dominent and patriachal society.

In this society, there is a social compulsion and bind that these persons who were born as male, should conduct certain activities and follow the set role and responsibilities expected out of a male member in the society i.e. marry a woman, being a father of the child, maintain and lead the family, so on and forth. But in reality, most of the TG community cannot follow this rigid gender norm of the society as it's basic nature is in contrast. When they try to attempt it, they face a lot of problems in their lifes.

Not wanting this unwanted situation and with an idea to readress this issue, some have come out openly to work for the development and welfare for the TGs in the state.

In fact, there are three registered Community Base Organization (CBO) run and formed by themselves namely: Maruploi Foundation, Sissy Approach Voluntary Esteem (SAVE) and Awaken Artisan Shelter Association (AASHA). The three CBOs are working at Bishnupur , Imphal East and West under the financial and technical support received from State, National and International funding agencies. Besides this, there is a coalition body/network formed by the said CBOs, named AMANA which is working at state level for TG community focusing on life skill, education, livelihood and human rights concerns for them.

It is to bring to the kind notice of larger community people that transgender community too are human beings. They too experience and feel the range of human temperaments like romance, eroticism, happiness, joy, laughter, sadness, anger.They too have the right to enjoy the fundamental rights guaranteed by Indian Constitution as a citizen of India. Society should not discriminate them. Their effeminateness could not be changed. This is their inborn quality, but not an addiction as in using intoxicant drugs.

As a very historic and glaring example, in 1973 and 2002, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and World Health Organization (WHO) declared that homosexual persons have no psychological problem and same sex activity is also natural, and not abnormal or a psychiatric disorder. And also in 1996 researcher Simon Lay Vay of Kinsy Institute base in USA produced the different brain between straight men and gay men. So, let them live in our society as we live.

(Everyone is equal before the law, no one should discriminate and inject violence to any other people and communities)


* Maimom Ranjit (Inao) Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on May 29, 2012 and later updated with grammatical and sentence correction on May 30 2012.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Mova Cave, Hungpung, Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • Expanding Economy Beckons :: Speech
  • Before trains arrive, must read
  • Impact of the Shirui Lily festival
  • Securing Wi-Fi: Negating doorstep threat
  • Blood donation drive in North East
  • Expecting changes in dealing SoO
  • Scourge of drug trafficking
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Let's talk about our children today
  • A blow to image boosting
  • Fear and Superstition
  • Latrine :: Poem
  • Letter to JS-MHRD from MUTA
  • JS-MHRD did not meet with MUTA
  • Drawing on Energy Efficiency
  • MU impasse: Attention Mr. Prime Minister
  • Admission time : Sky high cut off
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Yoga Day: Celebrating Your Health
  • Chak-hao - black gold of Manipur
  • In response to the culture of shaming
  • 3rd Documentor Imphal
  • 4th International Day of Yoga by AR
  • Appeals for Resolution of MU Crisis
  • Recommendation to control Flood damages
  • International Yoga Day at Loktak PS
  • After Flood : Introspection about the future
  • MUSU & JAC : Hot issues before the Govt
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #2
  • General Thangal Eco Park : Gallery
  • Letter to President on Crisis at MU
  • Precision medicine & life sciences
  • Black topping-can ground leveling be behind
  • Condemns security force intrusion in MU
  • Developer wanted at LMP, Konjeng Leikai
  • AR gears up for International Yoga Day
  • NPF rejoinder to NDPP : 20 June
  • Rejoinder by Dr. Shurhozelie : 20 June
  • For a little bit more
  • Deadline of 5 days time set : MU crisis
  • Garlic Festival @Ukhrul #4 :: Gallery
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #3 : Gallery
  • Inungshi, Gaichanglungliu :: eMing
  • Taking 'Hau' Music to Rest of World
  • Kakching bags cleanest city in NE Award
  • JRF (Junior Research Fellow) at IBSD
  • Oxfam India launches emergency response
  • VC, MU - Resign immediately :: MUTA
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Translation of ancient Manipur texts begin
  • Pre Yoga Capsule organized
  • NDPP Rejoinder on 19 June
  • NPF Youth Wing Rejoinder on 19 June
  • Favouring digital govt : still a Virtual dream
  • June 18 Anniv : Consult all stakeholders
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Binota Thokchom at BRICS Young Scientist
  • The Merger of Manipur
  • Improving school management in Manipur
  • Pros & cons of screening tests
  • NPF Rejoinder on 18th June
  • Nagaland CM statement on Aboi ambush
  • June 18 significance: Still living on prayer
  • Need to identify one's strength
  • 18 Immortal Souls Remembered : Flash
  • The Great June Uprising : Read all about it
  • The Pitfalls of Identity Politics
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • All his sons :: Poem
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Eid bring cheer in flood hit areas
  • Willong Khullen, Maram #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Defending the environmental defenders
  • Delusion in self - cause of worry
  • Road to Russia: FIFA World Cup
  • It must be love :: Poem
  • 'Future of Naga people is bleak'
  • Give a miss call to Amnesty
  • 'Naga area' bandh on June 18
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Id-Ul-Fitr Festival
  • Letter to PM Modi on Naga Talks
  • Greetings on Eid-Ul-Fitr
  • Rejoinder to NPF statement
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland Chief Minister
  • Flood relief continue on 3rd day
  • India-Vietnam Youth Dialogue 2018
  • MU debacle: Why would it be left unnoticed
  • Spirit of World Cup : Brazil to Russia
  • NEC to come under Home Ministry
  • Manipur NGO hosts summit on LGBTQ
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Women Struggle in Self-Determination
  • 14 June- World Blood Donor Day
  • Naga Integration not possible- NPF react
  • Naga Integration is not possible- CM Rio
  • Relief work in flood affected areas
  • A day which keeps our spirit alive
  • Ranked 320 in the country : MU
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #5
  • Be alert: It's admission time
  • Yin and Yang
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • Temp accommodation for Aligarh students
  • Wrath of Mother Nature: Why challenge..
  • 60 pc is no longer first class : 95 pc
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Sanamahi Laihui & Sanamahi Laining
  • Kuhi- Essential plant for Nungbi pottery
  • Climate justice is integral to development
  • The bridge :: Poem
  • Lt S Vijaya Devi felicitated
  • Then : Indifferent :: Now : Hyper sensitive
  • Phumdigi Tantha : Dance Drama : Gallery
  • Grief at Xavier Rutsa's demise
  • Modi's India: A descend into Ochlocracy
  • The Philippine Experience
  • Cry of a Dying River #33 :: Poem
  • Community Iftar at Moijing, Cachar
  • Candle Light at DU over Assam lynching
  • Demand replacement of Manipur Univ VC
  • The Tragedy of Higher education
  • Unacceptable points spelt out
  • Teinem Luira Phanit @Ukhrul #3: Gallery
  • RPL-PMKVY trainees @Hojai : Gallery
  • Manipur Sports University in UP ?
  • Coloniality of the Postcolonial
  • Yellow leaves in the autumn :: Poem
  • Prof N Irabanta-distinguished academician
  • Leadership matters
  • Artificial turf for budding talents
  • 2 municipal bodies in NE awarded
  • Who is Arambam Somorendra ?
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #3 : Gallery
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #2
  • Grass root challenge- Education in hills
  • Earth does not belong to us...
  • Sita Mata as test-tube baby
  • What happen to VIP Culture Mr. CM
  • Merchants of education
  • Laitonjam Rajnikanta : Profile
  • A blessing to see :: Poem
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #4
  • Difference between Hinduism & Hindutva
  • How to choose the perfect fragrance
  • Iftaar party at Lilong
  • Bitter truth of Manipuri society
  • MU, NSU, IGNTU : Students at the centre
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #1 : eRang
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #2 : Gallery
  • Pony : A Cavalry Horse Par Excellence #2
  • Issues that keep Manipur burning
  • Cry of a Dying River - 32 :: Poem
  • CM & AR interaction with villagers
  • Certification of PMKVY trainees of Hojai
  • Christian appeals for Peace in Shillong
  • How safe are our women?
  • Riders put up by JAC for talk
  • Khangkhui Cave in Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Pluralism, Democracy & Ethnic Relation #2
  • Irom Sharmila meets with Mehbooba Mufti
  • JRF @ Mizoram University (Biotechnology)
  • Tobacco and heart disease
  • Understanding SOWA - RIGPA #2
  • Campaign "to End Child Sexual Abuse"
  • Implementation of 7th Pay
  • Indigenous street vendor sing gi wafam
  • The crumbling Manipur University
  • Kang Tournament @ Yaiskul : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #1
  • A rainy night :: Poem
  • HSLC Exam is the start! What next?
  • 1528 cases of fake encounter
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #1
  • Handloom Weaver @Bishnupur : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #2 : Gallery
  • Hinduism in Manipur : Political Perspective
  • All the World and his Wife :: Poem
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Women in CCpur turn to self-help groups
  • Purul Paoki Wrestling : Gallery
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #1 : Gallery
  • Khangminashi IV (Lecture) : Report
  • Seminar at MU - Hinduism in Manipur'
  • Evolution of The Meetei State
  • Heartbreak at Ukhrul: Unfolding Shirock
  • State Level Khurpui-Lam Festival: Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • School Girls Basketball #2 : Gallery
  • Where is Manipur....???
  • 'Manipur' in Google maps : Gallery
  • The Killing Fields - 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Mama Poktabi :: Funga Wari
  • Veterans Football Tournament #2 : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Sougrakpam Vijaya makes history sailing...
  • Arunachali unfurled Salai Taret at Mt Everest
  • Panthoiba: 2nd Rank- class XII, Uttarkhand
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA Day : Gallery
  • HSLC 208 Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • HSLC 2018 :: Toppers Listing
  • HSLC 2018 :: Check Result
  • HSLC :: Statistical/Subject Topper
  • HSLC 2018 :: External
  • Poumai Purul Hiimai Paoki #2 : Gallery
  • Kakching Garden :: 360 Panorama View
  • Folk Dance Festival #5 : Gallery
  • Aerial view from Chingmeirong : Gallery
  • Curtain Raising- Sangai Fest 2017: Gallery
  • Lainingthou Lai Lam thopka #2 : Gallery
  • Re-visiting Khangkhui caves in Ukhrul
  • Gardening @Ema Keithel #2: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #2: Gallery
  • Pakhangba Cheng Hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Steelheart @ Shirock , Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • A. Halim Chowdhury: A Profile
  • Class XII Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Class XII Result : Science Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Arts Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Commerce Toppers
  • HSE Result 2018 : District Wise
  • HSE Result 2018 : Highest Marks
  • HSE Result 2018 : Science Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Arts Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Commerce Stream
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS