TODAY -

Nupee Manbee | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society

Maimom Ranjit (Inao) Singh *

 Nupee Manbee  | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society
Nupee Manbee | Male to Female Transgender Community in Manipur Society :: Pix - TSE



Since the beginning of life in our planet, except for very few unique species termed as 'hermaphrodite', there has been two types of any species i.e. male species and female species. Likewise, human being too has these two types of species: male or man and female or woman (male-masculine gender and female-feminine gender). But, fortunately, some qualities which are not in other species are found in human beings like cognition, understanding of human moral value and psychology.

Everybody knows about these two group of people in our society - man and woman. The said two groups can live and has been existing in our society very openly without any fear, hessitation and stigma according to the rules and responsibilities, taking part in the family and society in the culturally accepted and recognizable way.

Upon deeper look, it is seen that another two groups of people, besides the above mentioned groups, exist in our society. They are: (1) the persons who are born as a female gender, biologically and physically, but their appearance, role, practices, lifestyle, grooming, eroticism and acting shows a deeply rooted and similar with that of a man and (2) those who are born as male gender, but their mode of speaking, dealing, attitude, gesture, mindset/thoughts, believe, adherment, emmotion, romanticism and desires are very parallel with woman. Today these groups of people are known as female to male transgenders and male to female transgenders (TG).

Here in this essay, I'll write about the male to female transgender 'Homo' (a loose term used for effeminate man in Manipur). As existing in other countries of the world, male to female transgender people has been here in India and Manipur since the years and years back. They are called by different names using identified terminologies according to the place, religion, language/dialect, culture, caste, creed and custom of their respective society where they belong to.

Not withstanding, most of them do not lead a secured life as other larger community. There are some root causes and factors for this. They are often a target of vicious names calling by society, use of abusive and hurtful words (like sign of bad luck/omen), heckling, teasing and mocking and even physical attack.

Such negative attitude arising from the society is happening at work places, public spaces, educational institutions and even in their respective families and neighbourhood. Such harrassment and violence results in emotional and pychological trauma and then impedes the lives of transgender community indeed.

It's very clear that most people from the larger community of the society does not know and has not fully understood about the TG community with regards to: who they are; why are they, the way they are; what are background scenario of a TG, etc. The society also does not seem to try to find out about these.

Actually, it would be not wrong to say that 9 out of 10 from the larger community do not have proper knowledge about TG. Most of them think that the mode of effeminate nature of TG people is artificial and not by nature, and that it could be changed by beating, threatening, abstinence from same behaviour company, getting psychological treatment, looking after by concerned families etc.

By such wrong concept and perception that has no accurate evidence and proof, the society always treat the TG community negatively. consequently it brings physical weakness, mentally dis-alert and immotional insecurity. So, according to this destructive frame of mind which they made to be associated with, they begin to have a wrong sense of being, turn to wrong path and even attempt to suicide.

On the other hand, this socially stigmatized and marginalised group has been contributing something to Manipur society in areas like make-up, designing, potloi making, art and culture etc. They are very genuine and excellent in these fields. Not only these, but also there are some persons who have maintained high status, themselves being intellectuals and social minded. Neverthless, they cannot disclose their sexual indentity and come out openly saying we too are 'Nupee Manbi' (TG). Why is that? It is because of the stigma and discrimination meted to the TG community.

It would be very pertinent to be noted that the main cause of the aforesaid disturbances and awful reaction being faced by TG community is due to the deeply rooted gender bias and gender stereo typical norms of the society. South Asian countries as well as India (in the same breadth, Manipur too) are also a male dominent and patriachal society.

In this society, there is a social compulsion and bind that these persons who were born as male, should conduct certain activities and follow the set role and responsibilities expected out of a male member in the society i.e. marry a woman, being a father of the child, maintain and lead the family, so on and forth. But in reality, most of the TG community cannot follow this rigid gender norm of the society as it's basic nature is in contrast. When they try to attempt it, they face a lot of problems in their lifes.

Not wanting this unwanted situation and with an idea to readress this issue, some have come out openly to work for the development and welfare for the TGs in the state.

In fact, there are three registered Community Base Organization (CBO) run and formed by themselves namely: Maruploi Foundation, Sissy Approach Voluntary Esteem (SAVE) and Awaken Artisan Shelter Association (AASHA). The three CBOs are working at Bishnupur , Imphal East and West under the financial and technical support received from State, National and International funding agencies. Besides this, there is a coalition body/network formed by the said CBOs, named AMANA which is working at state level for TG community focusing on life skill, education, livelihood and human rights concerns for them.

It is to bring to the kind notice of larger community people that transgender community too are human beings. They too experience and feel the range of human temperaments like romance, eroticism, happiness, joy, laughter, sadness, anger.They too have the right to enjoy the fundamental rights guaranteed by Indian Constitution as a citizen of India. Society should not discriminate them. Their effeminateness could not be changed. This is their inborn quality, but not an addiction as in using intoxicant drugs.

As a very historic and glaring example, in 1973 and 2002, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and World Health Organization (WHO) declared that homosexual persons have no psychological problem and same sex activity is also natural, and not abnormal or a psychiatric disorder. And also in 1996 researcher Simon Lay Vay of Kinsy Institute base in USA produced the different brain between straight men and gay men. So, let them live in our society as we live.

(Everyone is equal before the law, no one should discriminate and inject violence to any other people and communities)


* Maimom Ranjit (Inao) Singh wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on May 29, 2012 and later updated with grammatical and sentence correction on May 30 2012.



* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Heikru Hidongba #1 : Gallery
  • Heigru Hidongba (Boat Race)
  • Get down to business
  • The Eternal Moment :: Poem
  • Why is oiling good for the hair
  • Jobs at SKY Hospital
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Creating Future Media Leaders in NE
  • Understanding Communist ideology
  • Suspended but drama not over yet
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #1
  • Chingyainu, Chingnguremba :: eMing
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki Conflict: ..Kuki aggression
  • Tibeto-Burman Languages : Book
  • Indian Judiciary no more a caged bird
  • IGAR (S) calls on Governor of Manipur
  • Spirit of Irabot still runs in Journalists
  • Concern should be about mob mentality
  • Tribes, Art & Soul of India #1: Gallery
  • Rally against Mob Lynching #1: Gallery
  • 'Sahnit' an honour or a disgrace
  • Irabot : Socio-Political Challenges
  • Training employees for better governance
  • Blue Ocean :: Poem
  • Sextortion: Making money from shame
  • Condemn murder of Neiphretuo Metsie
  • Social lacunae
  • BJP on poll drive at Imphal, Kohima
  • Mary Kom lost 2 kg in 4 hours
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #2
  • Felicitation of Sportsperson: Gallery
  • ICJ: Investigation of Extrajudicial Killing
  • Legal profession as career option #2
  • Loktak Down Stream HE Project (2x33MW)
  • Protest against mob lynching at DU
  • Ripples of Music :: Poem
  • Memo submitted to CM over lynching
  • Poems of Peace, Resistance ...
  • Helicopter Schedule for Imphal-Jiri
  • Mirabai recommended for Khel Ratna
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #3: Gallery
  • Manipur State is still winning..
  • Gazetteer of North-East India :: Book
  • Sunfeast Cup Football Tournament
  • Trip down memory lane
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Folk Song :: Poem
  • The Endureres at Dwarka Half Marathon
  • Main accused in cop slaying nabbed
  • Naga talks not confined to Nagaland..
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1 : Gallery
  • Rest in Peace Humanity
  • Ph Banti's artwork 'Trafficking of children'
  • Cry of a Dying River - 45 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is not a religion
  • Jobs at R-Square Design
  • Candle Light at DU over lynching
  • Society as a reflection of govt
  • Mobocracy : Shame on Manipur
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • miAoIbgi pNTuH :: Seireng
  • An opinion on Tharoijam killing
  • How Manipur lost internal autonomy, Kabaw
  • Admission for PhD at Tripura Univ
  • Meefam ST at Nambol, Khangabok
  • Importance of Forest & Environment
  • Deep social divide: Two different folks?
  • Kuki Black Day: Kukis Will never forget
  • R & V Art House's First Art Fest 2018
  • Celebrating International Literacy Day, 2018
  • Born a Kuki, die a Kuki :: Poem
  • History of North East India :: Book
  • Will SimpliciTB make TB treatment simpler
  • Meefam chathaduna ST gi issue..
  • Dipankar Talukdar- Mr Model of World Star
  • System error- who will fix Broken Window
  • Reshuffle Talks : Say No to Yes Me
  • India negotiating vehicle pact with Myanmar
  • Chalwa Village, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #2
  • Is FA a self exposed daylight robbery?
  • Nation Needs Small Farmers
  • Who is programming you ?
  • Bandhs as dissent & survival of laziest
  • Looking for Raju :: Poem
  • The cry of the 2nd class citizen
  • Bharat Bandh in Imphal
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #1
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki conflict: Search for definitions
  • Mega Marathon Manipur : Download Form
  • Legal profession as career option
  • Guv felicitates 5 JAK RIF for flood relief
  • Stored Anger :: Book Review
  • On stepping into the 20th year of TSE
  • Sept - month which reinstated our courage
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #2 : Gallery
  • Empty :: Poem
  • Lets beat littering - plastics pollution
  • NEHU Seminar : Urbanization in India
  • Jobs at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • Declaration of Naga Collective Spirit [Sep 8]
  • Akanba Khongjangidamak Yathokpa Loire
  • Support for STDC from UMA, Assam
  • 'Deplorable power supply in Nagaland'
  • Tryst with destiny - Should we accept ?
  • Stand off at MU : Impact on LS Poll
  • Exploring the enthralling Tuilha Kol
  • Kamesh Salam : Outstanding Green Activist
  • The Valley Of Brahmaputra :: Book
  • Development of road database
  • The inner page story :: Poem
  • Kakching WW-II Memorial Run 2018
  • STDC public meeting at Langathel Keithel
  • Maibi Jagoi at Sangai Fest : Gallery
  • My poll without prejudice to anyone
  • MEETAC - Mission for streamlining TK
  • Conditions leading to Marxism
  • Heart Camp at Khelakhong, Thoubal
  • Cyber bully: Crime that follows you home
  • Bhupen Hazarika : Tribute at London
  • AEP & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Political pandemonium
  • Students central to MU issue
  • Landscape from Koubru #2 : Gallery
  • Leishangthem Robert for Mr. World 2018
  • Oinam Shilla Chanu at Mrs India Earth
  • North-east Frontier Of India :: Book
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #1
  • Cry of a Dying River - 44 :: Poem
  • JRF Post at Mizoram University
  • Honours to Bamboo; a ubiquitous gift
  • Case of hunter now being huntedr
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #3 : Gallery
  • Women Empowerment & judicial Activism
  • Narin Chenggum - wild edible mushroom
  • Flying Star at your lips :: Poem
  • Out of the box thinking
  • Call centre fraud: Vicious vishing attack
  • Changing India & its impact on Manipur
  • MU stand off gets uglier
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #4
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #1 : Gallery
  • Eastern Frontier of India :: Book Review
  • Remembering Radhakrishnan ..
  • Moments to cherish :: Poem
  • Glimpse of the Buddha's teaching
  • NH7 Weekender Express Editions
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [05 Sep]
  • Mental equation
  • Are teachers teaching ? Apt, timely poser
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit @Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #1 : Gallery
  • Globalization, Act East Policy & Manipur
  • Review on anthology of Parthajit Borah
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Child Friendly Police Stations proposed
  • ADBU Goes Green with Solar Energy
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco
  • Fetal Echocardiography - Seminar held
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [04 Sep]
  • Divide, divert and rule will not work
  • FA, MU crisis : Issues before LS polls
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #1 : Gallery
  • Komrem Student Day @Bangalore : Gallery
  • September Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • The Coils of Pakhangba :: Book
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco, Tura
  • Condemns MU VC's vindictive stance
  • 'Policy of India to suppress people'
  • NDPP congratulates Abu Metha
  • Pandey back at MU! Violating spirit of MoA
  • Exhibition @ Art College #2: Gallery
  • AMWJU Sit-In-Protest : Gallery
  • Shri Krishna Janmasthami :: Book
  • Life's heck :: Poem
  • Environment & lung health are vital
  • Innovation for the common man
  • Humanitarian crisis with NRC in Assam
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [02 Sep]
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • The Story of 40 Pineapple Suckers
  • Rebirth of Manipur Human Rights Comm
  • Yumkhaibam Nanao Eramdam Yaourakhre
  • Lecture: Governance & Public Services
  • X-rated poem :: Poem
  • Ningol Chakkouba Celebration in Delhi
  • Baton changes hands at IGAR (South)
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [01 Sept]
  • A Wake-up call
  • Lok Sabha polls : More crucial for BJP
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #2: Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • The World of Kuki People :: Book
  • Effects of the Burning of Meitei Puyas
  • Soil Technician required at MaolKeki
  • Jr. Mr. India 2018, Gyanendra Thokchom
  • Rejoinder to HTC & allies' statement
  • Consensual sex..Does it amount to rape ?
  • Need for all to keep their sanity
  • Sanagi Tenawa :: Funga Wari
  • MU: Den of Insurgents or Den of Ideas?
  • Can NRC Update save Assam and NE ?
  • Victim of Enforced Disappearances
  • Admission for Ph.D. at Tripura University
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #1: Gallery
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco College
  • Resolution: Right of Human Right Defender
  • Advancing rights of Human Right Defender
  • Dolaithabi Dam , Senapati : Gallery
  • Eid-Ul-Adhaa Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #1 : Gallery
  • 47th Nagas Annual Meet at Mumbai
  • Transcending Patriots' Day(s) #4
  • Sangai Fest: Fashion Show #2 : Gallery
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #3
  • Dr. Jodhachandra Sanasam : Sahitya
  • Architects announces 1st MADE 2018
  • Expedite FA Rally #2 : Gallery
  • Billie's Book by Ranjeeta Mayanglambam
  • Shougrakpam Bijaya :: A Profile
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Disputed Myanmar Border Pillar : Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #3: Gallery
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS