Modern village administration
- Part 1 -

K Lhouvum *

Folks, we all know how the tide of time changes everything. During the days of yore, life in the village was adorned with much positivism.The villagers enjoyed the bounty of nature in the form of surplus foods, large tract of land for cultivation, lots of green vegetation, tight bonding, thin population, less societal tension, communal harmony, sincerity, discipline, compassion, etc. Life was simple, virtuous, with lots of freedom and little complication.

Today, we have seen a sea change on all fronts of life. We can ignore the changing times only at our peril. We need to start life afresh and prepare ourselves to meet the challenges posed both by men and nature. Therefore, a need is felt to create awareness amongst the public and our leadership for acta non verba (action not verbal). This article is designed to gear us up to the various challenges in our villages, towns or cities for safety, security, progress and communal harmony.

The need to evolve the necessary instruments for a welfare administration is laid bare herewith briefly for our active introspection.

Components of Village-Town Administration

We shall touch the main points without delving into the details.

1. Governing Body

Every village/municipality must have a governing body governed by the rule of law and strengthen by a civilized conduct. Governance must be based on the foundation of democracy and NOT autocracy. Towards this end, the governing body must be chosen through election and NOT by selection. The procedure for the administration must be codified which may outlined the various departments along with its procedures of administration.

This governing body must provide the size of Elected Members / Ward Members depending on the population of the village, periodicity of governing meetings, service of agenda or agendum to the Members within defined number of days, quorum, dissent note, recording of minutes with signature, distribution of minutes, its implementation, review, etc.

2. Sanitation Deptt. We know cleanliness is next to godliness. This deptt. should have adequate equipment, conservancy vehicles and employees to maintain the area in good sanitary condition. Roadside cleaning, watering of roads through tankers, cleaning of drainage and sewerage lines, painting of public properties like signboards, culverts, speed-breakers, poles, dustbins, hoardings, etc. needed regular maintenance. The menace of mosquitoes can be reducing by spraying the area with fogging machines at least 2-3 times during summer.

Procurement of machines for trimming tree branches, suction machine mounted on truck to suck out waste from septic tanks, wheel barrows to collect garbage and deposit in public dustbins, collection of garbage at source by providing two coloured buckets to every households for collection of degradable and non-degradable waste and deposit it in garbage bins located at different places and then transported by Tipper vehicles duly covered to the designated trenching ground located outside the village for recycling in keeping with the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.

Also, sale of meat for public consumption by authorised licensees in designated location after certification by Veterinary doctors should only be permitted and monitored regularly.

3. Engineering Deptt.

This deptt. may not be a major concern in small villages due to paucity of funds or topography. However, we cannot afford to be ignorant of its future necessity. The duties of the technical team are multifarious.

They shall look after public works whether its repairing or new works like roads, drainage, sewer lines, maintenance of street lights, measures for low-cost power consumption via use of CFL bulbs only, installation of solar panels in every roof tops, power supply to every households or public buildings fitted with meter system that cannot be tempered with, sewerage treatment plants (STP) before its discharge into rivers, maintenance of safe public water supply after filtration, proper selection of sites for hoardings and its maintenance to avoid a messy look, sanction of building plans as per approved Building Bye-Law of the village, etc.

Fortunately or unfortunately, we don't have building bye-laws for village. As of now, anyone can construct any type of house according to his pocket or taste. In developed urban locations in mainland India including hill Cantonments, we've Building Bye-Laws with elaborate procedure for construction. You can't construct your own house as you like otherwise you can be prosecuted and penalty imposed.

4. Public Health

Hospital-PHC-Dispensary must be maintained up to the public expectation. Within the constraints of allocated funds, it must strive to deliver public health services. To achieve this objective, the managing authorities must monitor the various activities of the Hospital staff regularly: Daily, Weekly, Monthly, Quarterly, Half-annually or Yearly.

The inspection/monitoring system may include:

i) Checking Attendance Register or taking bio-metric attendance of employees daily
ii) Inventories of medicines - inflow and outflow of all items especially medicines must be recorded with signature of Pharmacist / Storekeeper /Accountant.
iii) To purchase generic medicines being cheaper than branded drugs which are costly though it has the same chemical properties and with the same effectiveness.
iv) Proper usage of costly instruments & equipment duly accounted and audited to avoid pilferage as also water supply, electricity incl. generators, furniture, signboards, etc.
v) To ensure availability of medical staff beyond the call of duty for emergency services
vi) Sanitation should be maintained at its best always. For, a clean environment is a contributory factor of healing patients.

5. Education

Today, the management and standard of many Govt.-owned educational institutions are felt not satisfactory. Instead of students, stray cattle are more regular in attending these schools!! As such, we need to confront the Govt. to provide: basic infrastructure, teaching equipment, regular maintenance of schools, regular workshop for the teaching staff to sharpen their teaching skills, regular inspection, to deploy sanctioned strength of teaching and non-teaching staff and other assistance.

Strict implementation of rules including No work No Pay principle needs to be implemented to produce pillars of our future society. The standard of Private Institutions is much better. However, it's costly for many people who depend on daily wages or petty business. For the marginalised segments of the society, good private schools are not readily affordable. Also, many private schools tend to commercialise the temple of learning.

The authorities must emphasise on how to nurture the talents of students both in academic and extra-curricular activities. The mental and physical growth of the students must be assess periodically and rectify their short comings. When we improve the standard of these institutions, migration to other States would be cut down considerably thereby saving the financial, mental and physical hardships faced by our students. It will also reduce the outflow of our scarce financial resources.

6. Natural Disaster Managements

The following are the known natural disasters : Earthquake, Volcanoes, Storm, Lightening, Famine, Unseasonal rains spoiling crops and loss of working hours, Flooded rivers, Landslides, Bridge collapse, House Fire, contagious Diseases, Diabolical creature entering the village, etc.

Our preparedness or response to these natural calamity needed practical assessment. Even if we don't have the wherewithal to meet these disasters, we must possess its basic information to be semper paratus (always prepared) to deal such eventuality. Govt. has a role to play here by creating public awareness and utilize modern technology system to secure for timely warning thereby lessen if not eliminates colossal loss of life and property.

We all must know how to live with Nature. Otherwise, Nature will react in a way that we won't have answers. Let's maintain our Eco-systems, maintain at least 60% of our land with forest like Bhutan! If the forest is left naked, the wilds will march toward our habitation and displace us! Elephants have started to visit villages frequently for food due to our reckless deforestation.

If we pollute the atmosphere, we will be awarded with pollution, diseases and global warming. The consequences of environmental imbalance are enormous. Unseasonable rains, blistering temperature, flooded rivers, loss of crops, soil erosion, etc will follow. Natural vegetation in the forest including production of jongchak has dwindle.

What other proof do we need for our ecological recklessness? For how long do we need to depend on the mercy of God for the miraculous protection since ages?

To be continued ...

* K Lhouvum wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The author is working in the Defence Estates Deptt, MoD, Govt. of India and has working experience of seven Cantonments as the Chief Executive Officer. He can be contacted at k(DOT)lhouvum_ides(AT)yahoo(DOT)com
This article was webcasted on June 03, 2019.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Sajibu Nongma Panba Shopping : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Importance of film preservation: Cine Dialogue
  • Decline in number of Cinema Halls
  • Moment With My Pen :: Poem
  • Michelangelo in my drawing room
  • Get vaccinated call
  • Nongpok Ningthou Phoudamba #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Sajibu Cheiraoba (Meitei New Year Day) :: Book
  • Golden Jubilee of Manipuri Cinema : Report
  • Think it differently
  • 2nd wave poses an increasing danger
  • Interesting twist to pending ADC elections
  • Yaoshang Sports @Laipubam : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Of Nambul River & Prof Rajendra Ksh #2
  • Lok Adalat at various places in Manipur
  • Covid-19 Survey : for science community
  • A Slave or A Master ! :: Poem
  • Spiritual flight journey
  • Workshop on NEP at Lilong
  • Old Manipuri Movie #2 : eRang Classic
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Yurreipem, Zingyo, Changton: eMing
  • can the dignity of menstruation be increased
  • Incentivize vaccination for success
  • Need for Flexible Education in Manipur
  • MoU with Film Heritage Foundation
  • Unwanted deafening silence
  • Hun : Thadou biggest cultural festival
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Licypriya addressed UN Youth Forum 2021
  • Status of women in the 21st century
  • ..we will fail to achieve Health For All
  • Monolith at Manipuri cinema Golden Jubilee
  • Complaint filed to MHRC on Sanaton death
  • Indifference to the fast spread of virus
  • Abridged Translation of Sanamahi Laihui #2
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Ningtham Kummei @JNMDA #2 : Gallery
  • Career in Poultry Science
  • Form independent investigation commission
  • Need of actions to control air pollution
  • Politics surrounding call for ADC polls
  • Nongpok Ningthou Phoudamba #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Journalists' Sports Meet #2 : Gallery
  • COVID test a must for all incoming flight
  • World Autism Awareness Day 2021
  • Architects @ Makok Technologies, Keinou
  • Bridge :: Poem
  • Second wave spreading swiftly
  • Yaoshang: Cooking Competition : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • World Veterinary Day, 2021
  • What is it in the name? Famous 'Michaels'
  • The Last Night :: Poem
  • Rehabilitating drug users
  • When Money matters, sincerity is out
  • Cultural Fest of Manipur #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Mai-Own : Produces from Manipur #3: Gallery
  • 'Manipur Model' of Homestays gets booster
  • Manipur Lokayukta: Today's Imperative
  • Second wave could delay economic recovery
  • Give teeth to war on drugs
  • Thabal Chongba @Bamon Leikai #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • The Joy of Easter Sunday
  • What's happening in Myanmar
  • Easter : A strange & unique celebration
  • For One To Faithful :: Poem
  • Executive member : Physics Academy NE
  • Abridged Translation of Sanamahi Laihui #1
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Relief @ Rajaimei, Senapati : Gallery
  • The Ultimate Sacrifice
  • ST demand may become redundant
  • Addiction to drugs & alcohol
  • NHPC visit 510 MW Teesta-V
  • Creating space for super spreader
  • Day 3: Yaoshang Sports Meet : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Apr : Govt of Manipur
  • Journalists' Sports Meet #1 : Gallery
  • World Autism Awareness Day 2021
  • Cut Money: The Virus of Illfare in Welfare
  • Vigyan Vidushi : Physics for women students
  • Mulling over the absolute
  • Arrest of former Salai Chairman
  • Yaoshang Nakatheng Chatpa : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Champion in Natl Thang-Ta C'ship
  • Yaoshang Pichakari : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn the Manipuri script
  • We are all Human ! :: Poem
  • Adequate nutrition for productive society
  • ADC elections assured, but when? ATSUM
  • Thabal Chongba @Bamon Leikai #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • April Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Marathon Race- Kanglei Sports: Gallery
  • Paradise found. Paradise made.
  • AR organises anti drug awareness campaign
  • Fire @ Shirui, Ukhrul [Mar 29] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Yaoshang MeiThaba @Kwakeithel: Gallery
  • Relief at Rajaimei & Tumuyon Khullen
  • Mask up to beat the second Covid wave
  • Yaoshang MeiThaba @Bamon Leikai: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Promotion of science @Senapati : Gallery
  • In need of a savior: the wailing of Myanmar
  • Science Awareness Programme at Senapati
  • World Sleep Day 2021 #2
  • AR interacts with ex-servicemen
  • Journalists' Sports Meet- Opening : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Film Preservation & Archiving Workshop
  • Fullmoon :: Poem
  • Appeal for assistance to Myanmar victims
  • Holi colour can cause dangerous side-effect
  • Training Program on Mushroom Cultivation
  • On Equality
  • Saroi Khangba @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Mai-Own : Produces from Manipur #2: Gallery
  • War on drugs & sports movement
  • Yaoshang (Holi) Festival :: Book
  • Will advances in TB outweigh Covid-19 ?
  • Expecting Rs 14567 crore from the Centre
  • Still making waves in the the year 2021
  • War on Drugs: The uncheck loopholes
  • Junior Men & Women Hockey : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Account Assistant @ Amber & Arthur, Imphal
  • Principle of Self Determination & Peace
  • A Poem's Story
  • NDPP delegation visited Assam
  • Climbing cases in the last few days
  • Human Rights issues & Tangkhul Women #4
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • World Water Day Water
  • The Night :: Poem
  • Demand to book Lamhainamdi incident
  • Five Films for Freedom, LGBTIQ+ campaign
  • Touch stance with look at past 'mistakes'
  • For a little bit more
  • Mai-Own : Produces from Manipur #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Lamjing Meira Episode 1 - AMAND Ladies
  • World Sleep Day 2021 #1
  • Science Awareness Program at Wabagai
  • Towards Special Agricultural Zone in Manipur
  • Office Bearers- Manipur Soccer Futsal Assn
  • Of forest and water in the world
  • Chingu Paokhollei Leirang - Ingellei
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur: Team champion, Natl Bodybuilding
  • One Midsummer Dream :: Poem
  • Public auction theory & policy
  • BJP likely to retain Assam
  • Imagination: Not a child's play
  • Climbing cases across the country
  • TAPASYA Foundation day #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Of Nambul River & Prof Rajendra Ksh #1
  • Khengjang-Yangoulen Fish Conservation
  • Workshop on NEP 2020 at Manipur Univ
  • Cyclist Philem Rohan reached Bengaluru
  • Delhi Citizens extend solidarity with Myanmar
  • Create ADCs first ultimatum
  • Saroi Khangba @Imphal #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Measures to contain COVID-19 in Yaoshang
  • Science Education @ Chandel : Gallery
  • Consultants @ The Property Geo, Imphal
  • The Myanmar crisis & our options
  • Whither Homeland... :: Poem
  • Course in Kinanthropometry
  • Awareness of science education in SC school
  • Understanding value of 'Time' & 'Money'
  • Human Rights issues & Tangkhul Women #3
  • Book- 'Critics forum Manipur' : Gallery
  • Realization in the dark :: Poem
  • 39th Orientation Program at MU
  • Gauri Healthy Heart Mission at Kakching
  • State of democracy in Thailand : Discussion
  • Disturbing reports of deaths
  • Stop sand mining from River bank
  • Sharungbam Rameshor: Yuva Puraskar
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Brewing Bio Entrepreneurships in Manipur
  • Mayasvi festival of the Tsou of Taiwan
  • Accountants at R-Square Design
  • Myanmar Memories
  • Staring at second wave of the virus
  • Inauguration and Launching Galore
  • Shopping List for Shivaratri #2: Gallery
  • Causes & solutions of unemployment
  • Where Fate Leads :: Poem
  • 'Dry fish' from Chittagong
  • Education for CWSN
  • ST demand: Gearing up for stir
  • Gadgets matters
  • Houses @Yangkhullen, Senapati : Gallery
  • World War II, INA & Manipuri Literature #3
  • Is there a perfect referee in football ?
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • The way to equal future
  • The magic of Coriander in skincare
  • From a high of 426 to zero
  • So far so good
  • My memories of Imphal from 1941 #20
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Mushroom training @MayangImphal: Gallery
  • Periodic, free & fair elections #2
  • Hinges and his beloved :: Poem
  • Meetei tribe wont grab land of hill tribes
  • Four years in office & looking ahead
  • 4 years of citizen centric govt
  • Human Rights issues & Tangkhul Women #2
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Eco-Tourism @CheiraoChing : Gallery
  • International Day of Action for Rivers
  • Save Myanmar, Save Humanism
  • 6th webinar 'Career opportunity in IT Industry'
  • Civil Services Examination 2021
  • Stand of others on ATSUM's demand?
  • Rih-Ngai Fest @Kakhulong : Gallery
  • Solution to surging congestion in Imphal
  • The paper once I valued most :: Poem
  • Jobs at Trueblue Taxi Imphal
  • Twelve profits of office
  • Kerala could repeat electoral history
  • ADC election should not be undermined
  • Shopping List for Shivaratri #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Mar : Govt of Manipur
  • Shivaratri - The night of blissful awareness
  • Aries Haoneo Kuki - new song release
  • Moreh : India's Gateway to ASEAN
  • Career option as makeup artist
  • Webinar on 75 Years of India's Independence
  • Training Program on Mushroom Cultivation
  • Need to save environment: Green Manipur
  • Banning of Thabal Chongba
  • Imphal City from Nongmai Ching #2: Gallery
  • Aries Haoneo Kuki : Singer Profile :: eRang
  • Mega Book Sales @MU : Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #1: Gallery
  • Karanjid Ahongshangbam: JEE Mains Topper
  • Mova Cave @ Hunpung, Ukhrul #1: Gallery
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kpi District #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 vaccination [Jan 16] #2 : Gallery
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • 'Zehara' - Manipuri Movie :: eRang Classic