To the Education Minister, MU and MPSC : MA(Edn) Vs M Ed

Dr Robiya, Dr Sanjoy, Ch Hemanta & Munidro *

Manipur Public Service Commission (MPSC) Building in Imphal :: March 2013
Manipur Public Service Commission (MPSC) Building in Imphal in March 2013 :: Pix - Deepak Oinam

The argument regarding the appointment of Asst.Professor in the Education Department of the Government College is of great concern. The controversy arises from the two degrees one is MA( Education) and another is M.Ed. Recently MPSC conducted the selection test for the appointment of Asst. Professors in various Department under the Government colleges.

In this regard, those M.Ed degrees holders were rejected in advance but the MPSC allowed them to appear the said test on the ground that they are eligible and equivalent to M.A.(Education) as per the Norms of the UGC and NCTE and consequently they had been informed to collect their Admit Card on or before 9 a.m of the 27th October for the selection Test by the MPSC.

MPSC permitted them to sit the screening test. Thus the test was conducted calmly. On the other hand, those M.Ed. Degree holder were rejected in the case of Higher Secondary Post. It is contradictory statement of the Manipur Public Service Commission. Decision of the MPSC is partial regarding these two matter in Education Subject, which is not a right decision, because those M.Ed. degree are also rejected as per MPSC Notification and again they are allowed to appear the said written examination.

Now the issue is that whether those M.Ed. degree holders are eligible for the said post. So far the knowledge of the UGC is concerned, no norms and regulations state the equivalency of these degree holders. UGC states that it does not determine equivalence between degrees in reply to the clarification and suggestions regarding Scheme of Examination and equivalency of Master Degree in different subject regarding sought by MPSC letter No. 7/15/2014-MPSC(DR) Dated 27.02.2015.

Further UGC mentions that for employment purpose the employer organization decides the equivalence according to its recruitment rules and suitability of educational qualification to the requirement of the post and for higher education purposes, equivalence is determined by the university concerned.

On the other hand, MA (Education) is meant for the academic and it is the Master of Arts. So, the said post is meant for those candidates who passed M.A.(Education) not for M.Ed. Here, the qualifications prescribed for the faculty positions in the regulation of NCTE is not required for the appointment of Asst. Professor of general colleges even though they may be the authority concerned for National Council For Teacher Education.

For B.Ed/ M.Ed.colleges, NCTE regulation will be followed in the appointment of teachers. The present requirement of Asst. Professor is not that B.Ed./ M.Ed colleges but of purely general colleges.

MA (Education) is a Master of Arts in Education and is thereby an academic qualification like Master Degree in History, Political Science, Economics etc, whereas M.Ed is a professional qualification quite different in approach and content. While one is purely academic the other is practical based. In Manipur University context, M.A in Education can't be studied by any graduate except those who offered in the degree course either Hons. or gereral in Education.

But for M.Ed course any graduate with B.Ed is eligible. Even a graduate with B.Ed is not eligible for studying M.A in education in the present context. Manipur University had demarcated the line of studies for the two courses specifically.

Further, the following facts will be the guiding principles for a clear- cut demarcation in the appointment for the post of Asst. Professor in the Government Colleges and Manipur University especially in the Department of Education, based on the directives of the Hon'ble Supreme Court.

(a) "As per the Hon'ble Supreme Court in Dr. Prit Singh Vs S.K. Mangal and others,1993 Supp(l) SSC 714 had held that the degree of Master of Arts is an academic qualification, whereas degree of Master of Education is a professional qualification. Their Lordships had further held that when the qualifications required "a consistently good academic record with first or high second class (55% marks/ grade B in the seven point scale) Master's degree in any subject", it shall mean an academic qualification like Master of Arts."

(b) "Mr. Sanjeev Bhushan, learned counsel appearing on behalf of petitioner in CWP No. 4489/2012 has placed strong reliance on Dr. Ram Sevak vs. Dr. U.P. Singh and others, (1992) 2 SCC 189. In Dr. Ram Sevak Singh case, the Master's Degree or an equivalent degree of a foreign university in one of the subject allied or interconnected therewith was the minimum essential qualification. However, in the case in hand, the minimum essential qualification prescribed is at least 2na Class Master's Degree in Arts/ Science or its equivalent from a recognized University. M.Ed. can't be treated as Master's degree in Arts/ Science."

It may be pertinent to mention that these Supreme Court directives were quoted by the Hon'ble High Court of Himachal Pradesh , Simla, in CWP No. 4489/2012 along with CWP No. 750/2014, decided on 5/9/2014.

Resolution No.2 of the Departmental Meeting of Education Department of Manipur University held on 31/10/2015 resolved that " M.A ( Education) is Master of Arts in Education and M.Ed is Master of Education. They are not equivalent as M.A (Education) is purely academic and M.Ed is a professional. So, their apex bodies are different."

In connection with this matter Manipur University has to clarify whether (Master of Arts), M.A. Education and M.Ed. is equivalent or not. Regarding this matter, Hon'ble Education Minister is requested to look into the matter and also to make right decision about the demarcation of the two subjects.

In conclusion, these two degrees are different from each other. Degree of Masters of Education(M.Ed.) is a professional Degree and not equivalent to Degree of Masters of Arts. Since M.A (Education) is Master of Arts, it is not equivalent to M.Ed. Therefore, those M.Ed degree holders had better go in their professional course in place of Academic course. Manipur university must not act against its rules and regulations made by itself and in favor of some vested interest. Let our University be one of the best University in India and save Education Department as well as the carrier of those students who offer Education as a subject from the foundation course.

Please refer:
1. Verdict of the Hon'ble Supreme Court, 1992 and 1993.
2. Verdict of the Hon'ble High Court of the Himachal Pradesh, Shimla.
3. Rules and Regulations of the UGC-2010.
4. Resolution of the Education Department, Manipur University held on 31st October, 2015.

* Dr Robiya, Dr Sanjoy, Ch Hemanta & Munidro wrote this article for The Sangai Express
This article was posted on November 13, 2015.

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Rally against Mob Lynching #2: Gallery
  • Beyond the tragedy of Tharoijam
  • Jarnail's tryst with Manipur :: Review
  • Heart OPD & Echo Screening Mission
  • Call for protest against MU crackdown
  • The farce continues at MU
  • Heikru Hidongba #1 : Gallery
  • Heigru Hidongba (Boat Race)
  • Get down to business
  • The Eternal Moment :: Poem
  • Why is oiling good for the hair
  • Jobs at SKY Hospital
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Creating Future Media Leaders in NE
  • Understanding Communist ideology
  • Suspended but drama not over yet
  • Arrested for molesting student in Mumbai
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #1
  • Chingyainu, Chingnguremba :: eMing
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki Conflict: ..Kuki aggression
  • Tibeto-Burman Languages : Book
  • Indian Judiciary no more a caged bird
  • IGAR (S) calls on Governor of Manipur
  • Spirit of Irabot still runs in Journalists
  • Concern should be about mob mentality
  • Tribes, Art & Soul of India #1: Gallery
  • Rally against Mob Lynching #1: Gallery
  • 'Sahnit' an honour or a disgrace
  • Irabot : Socio-Political Challenges
  • Training employees for better governance
  • Blue Ocean :: Poem
  • Sextortion: Making money from shame
  • Condemn murder of Neiphretuo Metsie
  • Social lacunae
  • BJP on poll drive at Imphal, Kohima
  • Mary Kom lost 2 kg in 4 hours
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #2
  • Felicitation of Sportsperson: Gallery
  • ICJ: Investigation of Extrajudicial Killing
  • Legal profession as career option #2
  • Loktak Down Stream HE Project (2x33MW)
  • Protest against mob lynching at DU
  • Ripples of Music :: Poem
  • Memo submitted to CM over lynching
  • Poems of Peace, Resistance ...
  • Helicopter Schedule for Imphal-Jiri
  • Mirabai recommended for Khel Ratna
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #3: Gallery
  • Manipur State is still winning..
  • Gazetteer of North-East India :: Book
  • Sunfeast Cup Football Tournament
  • Trip down memory lane
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Folk Song :: Poem
  • The Endureres at Dwarka Half Marathon
  • Main accused in cop slaying nabbed
  • Naga talks not confined to Nagaland..
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1 : Gallery
  • Rest in Peace Humanity
  • Ph Banti's artwork 'Trafficking of children'
  • Cry of a Dying River - 45 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is not a religion
  • Jobs at R-Square Design
  • Candle Light at DU over lynching
  • Society as a reflection of govt
  • Mobocracy : Shame on Manipur
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • miAoIbgi pNTuH :: Seireng
  • An opinion on Tharoijam killing
  • How Manipur lost internal autonomy, Kabaw
  • Admission for PhD at Tripura Univ
  • Meefam ST at Nambol, Khangabok
  • Importance of Forest & Environment
  • Deep social divide: Two different folks?
  • Kuki Black Day: Kukis Will never forget
  • R & V Art House's First Art Fest 2018
  • Celebrating International Literacy Day, 2018
  • Born a Kuki, die a Kuki :: Poem
  • History of North East India :: Book
  • Will SimpliciTB make TB treatment simpler
  • Meefam chathaduna ST gi issue..
  • Dipankar Talukdar- Mr Model of World Star
  • System error- who will fix Broken Window
  • Reshuffle Talks : Say No to Yes Me
  • India negotiating vehicle pact with Myanmar
  • Chalwa Village, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #2
  • Is FA a self exposed daylight robbery?
  • Nation Needs Small Farmers
  • Who is programming you ?
  • Bandhs as dissent & survival of laziest
  • Looking for Raju :: Poem
  • The cry of the 2nd class citizen
  • Bharat Bandh in Imphal
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #1
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki conflict: Search for definitions
  • Mega Marathon Manipur : Download Form
  • Legal profession as career option
  • Guv felicitates 5 JAK RIF for flood relief
  • Stored Anger :: Book Review
  • On stepping into the 20th year of TSE
  • Sept - month which reinstated our courage
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #2 : Gallery
  • Empty :: Poem
  • Lets beat littering - plastics pollution
  • NEHU Seminar : Urbanization in India
  • Jobs at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • Declaration of Naga Collective Spirit [Sep 8]
  • Akanba Khongjangidamak Yathokpa Loire
  • Support for STDC from UMA, Assam
  • 'Deplorable power supply in Nagaland'
  • Tryst with destiny - Should we accept ?
  • Stand off at MU : Impact on LS Poll
  • Exploring the enthralling Tuilha Kol
  • Kamesh Salam : Outstanding Green Activist
  • The Valley Of Brahmaputra :: Book
  • Development of road database
  • The inner page story :: Poem
  • Kakching WW-II Memorial Run 2018
  • STDC public meeting at Langathel Keithel
  • Maibi Jagoi at Sangai Fest : Gallery
  • My poll without prejudice to anyone
  • MEETAC - Mission for streamlining TK
  • Conditions leading to Marxism
  • Heart Camp at Khelakhong, Thoubal
  • Cyber bully: Crime that follows you home
  • Bhupen Hazarika : Tribute at London
  • AEP & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Political pandemonium
  • Students central to MU issue
  • Landscape from Koubru #2 : Gallery
  • Leishangthem Robert for Mr. World 2018
  • Oinam Shilla Chanu at Mrs India Earth
  • North-east Frontier Of India :: Book
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #1
  • Cry of a Dying River - 44 :: Poem
  • JRF Post at Mizoram University
  • Honours to Bamboo; a ubiquitous gift
  • Case of hunter now being huntedr
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #3 : Gallery
  • Women Empowerment & judicial Activism
  • Narin Chenggum - wild edible mushroom
  • Flying Star at your lips :: Poem
  • Out of the box thinking
  • Call centre fraud: Vicious vishing attack
  • Changing India & its impact on Manipur
  • MU stand off gets uglier
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #4
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #1 : Gallery
  • Eastern Frontier of India :: Book Review
  • Remembering Radhakrishnan ..
  • Moments to cherish :: Poem
  • Glimpse of the Buddha's teaching
  • NH7 Weekender Express Editions
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [05 Sep]
  • Mental equation
  • Are teachers teaching ? Apt, timely poser
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit @Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #1 : Gallery
  • Globalization, Act East Policy & Manipur
  • Review on anthology of Parthajit Borah
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Child Friendly Police Stations proposed
  • ADBU Goes Green with Solar Energy
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco
  • Fetal Echocardiography - Seminar held
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [04 Sep]
  • Divide, divert and rule will not work
  • FA, MU crisis : Issues before LS polls
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #1 : Gallery
  • Komrem Student Day @Bangalore : Gallery
  • September Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • The Coils of Pakhangba :: Book
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco, Tura
  • Condemns MU VC's vindictive stance
  • 'Policy of India to suppress people'
  • NDPP congratulates Abu Metha
  • Pandey back at MU! Violating spirit of MoA
  • Exhibition @ Art College #2: Gallery
  • AMWJU Sit-In-Protest : Gallery
  • Shri Krishna Janmasthami :: Book
  • Life's heck :: Poem
  • Environment & lung health are vital
  • Innovation for the common man
  • Humanitarian crisis with NRC in Assam
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [02 Sep]
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • The Story of 40 Pineapple Suckers
  • Rebirth of Manipur Human Rights Comm
  • Yumkhaibam Nanao Eramdam Yaourakhre
  • Lecture: Governance & Public Services
  • X-rated poem :: Poem
  • Ningol Chakkouba Celebration in Delhi
  • Baton changes hands at IGAR (South)
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [01 Sept]
  • A Wake-up call
  • Lok Sabha polls : More crucial for BJP
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #2: Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • The World of Kuki People :: Book
  • Effects of the Burning of Meitei Puyas
  • Soil Technician required at MaolKeki
  • Jr. Mr. India 2018, Gyanendra Thokchom
  • Rejoinder to HTC & allies' statement
  • Consensual sex..Does it amount to rape ?
  • Need for all to keep their sanity
  • Sanagi Tenawa :: Funga Wari
  • MU: Den of Insurgents or Den of Ideas?
  • Can NRC Update save Assam and NE ?
  • Victim of Enforced Disappearances
  • Admission for Ph.D. at Tripura University
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #1: Gallery
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco College
  • Resolution: Right of Human Right Defender
  • Advancing rights of Human Right Defender
  • Dolaithabi Dam , Senapati : Gallery
  • Eid-Ul-Adhaa Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #1 : Gallery
  • 47th Nagas Annual Meet at Mumbai
  • Transcending Patriots' Day(s) #4
  • Sangai Fest: Fashion Show #2 : Gallery
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #3
  • Dr. Jodhachandra Sanasam : Sahitya
  • Architects announces 1st MADE 2018
  • Expedite FA Rally #2 : Gallery
  • Billie's Book by Ranjeeta Mayanglambam
  • Shougrakpam Bijaya :: A Profile
  • Disputed Myanmar Border Pillar : Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #3: Gallery
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic