TODAY -

E-Pao! Education - Manipur as a centre of learning

Quality education in Manipur ó Whether realistic to achieve it ó

By: R Yangsorang *


As the examinations of Class X and XII are underway, some thoughts on the problems and prospects of achieving quality education in Manipur may be constructed. Every educator will say that improvement in the quality of education is a continuous process beginning from bottom to top by strengthening the very base of education i.e. elementary education which is the foundation.

Quality education and all for it is not confined to individual merit or excellence, but it has to be judged in the context of the development in the true sense of the term. By mere quantitative expression of educational facilities without qualitative interventions, the quality cannot be achieved. The struggle for universalisation of elementary education is the most important factor to achieve the aim for quality education. The stage is the grass-root of meaningful education. All children should have accessibility of education within easy reach.

There should be at least minimum facilities in schools like toilets, adequate classrooms, furniture, drinking water and teaching aids. Without which, what is to expect from the schools? A Government school must have teachers of requisite qualifications and disposition, that is the quality, and they should have the necessary motivation, outlook to cater to the needs of the students. Teaching-learning process is supposed to contribute to high performances in academic and other activities. Adequate financial resources are to be mobilized for various schemes and projects of academic improvement and efficient management of education which is the core area.

Quality improvement in the context of school education involves inter alia relevance to socio-economic needs by linking education to environment; achievement of a certain level of learning at various stages of education; developing basic qualities like discipline, leadership, creativity, co-operation, self-learning etc. for raising the quality of life amongst the younger generation; programmes for continuous and comprehensive evaluation to improve the teaching-learning process; and measures for improving the competencies of the teacher.

The programmes are manifold and the scope is endless. But one thing is unavoidable. It is competency. Will it be possible to get all these schemes executed with the existing Government school teachers who need to upgrade their teaching expertise? In the subsequent part of this essay, their qualifications will figure.

And again, there is English school mania in Manipur where pseudo English schools are flowering here and there: the word English is loosely used when medium of instruction cannot be imparted through it practically. English may be in our idea, thought and brain to some extent but it isnít in our blood and vein. Thatís why even many university professors canít speak it easily though some of them write the British way.

Some of the schools run by catholic fathers and sisters at Imphal with their type of education christening it Don Bosco type of education worldwide may have produced brilliant students. But out of so many students, only some of them are picked up and the rest are thrown away. Poor parents whose incomes are negligible and uncertain to sustain schooling fees of their children have suffered miserably for the best hunt.

Here is a story which may be of some interest that in a silver jubilee congregation of a baptist church at the foothill held in the last week of February, 2006, two speakers of outstanding entities cheered and enthralled baptist Christians with their apocalyptic and mellifluous voices. In a Reverendís words, there are some persons who never read in English schools have become I.A.S. officers and they have forgotten their churches.

The other lady speaker in her angelic voice said she had never studied in English school. Are their remarks truly relevant? Such remarks require further scrutiny. A message for them and alike is that students who were brought up from Government schools of early 70s and before are much better in writing; and in speaking correct English too.

Another story is that the most conservative tribal village of a foothill whose chief and deputy chief were irremovable and unyielding to the call of the Lord as formidable distrust against western religion was widespread in the village. The old folks were greatly alarmed at the activities of the youngsters who were accused of corrupting the minds of the villagers.

Nevertheless, the more forward looking among them were convinced that Christianity was not the Devilís religion but a God-send. So enthusiastic were mainly the youngsters in their curiosity to learn the Bible. With the tide running so strongly in favour of the new religion and undaunted, a church had come up in the village in 1970. Afterwards, illiterates and partly literates tried to give their children education with English teaching background by shifting them to the so called English schools, and all of them came back home bringing with them another variety of English not understood by educated circles.

The mania should be forsaken once. The exercise doesnít contribute a single output for achievement of quality education. It is a futile attempt on the parts of parents. We must come to a purely rationale level to identify schools. The mass awakening is now a must for reshaping and rebuilding of Government schools where children can get proper education without troubling their parents as in the egalitarian society of our dream.

It is unfortunate that the number of children in Government school is decreasing due to mismanagement and too much of political interference during the last two decades. It is crystal clear. The education system is plagued by regional imbalance. Unless more effective measures are taken on priority basis for proper planning of schooling facilities, elimination of regional disparities and equalization of educational opportunities among all sections of the population will not be feasible.

For implementation of the various programmes for qualitative improvement of school education, it is necessary to note the present position in respect of enrolment indicating inter-district disparities, accessibility of schools to children, infrastructural deficiencies, non-availability of qualified teachers in village schools, attendance and drop-out rates.

The enrolment ratio for girls in Manipur has improved very much in comparison with that of the past decades. Yet, in rural and hill areas, the enrolment of girls and children of poor and illiterate families is still not encouraging. In fact, one of the main hurdles holding up progress in the universal enrolment is the presence of a number of illiterate persons. Although the literacy rate as per 1991 Census is 60.96% as against all India literacy rate of 52.16%, in real terms the number of illiterate is on the increase due to high rate of growth of population. Teaching profession has become the last resort in the job market for the competent and well qualified persons.

Quite a few people who have neither the competence nor the aptitude for teaching have come into the profession over the last decades making mockery of school education in Manipur. Sufficient number of high quality teachers is generally not available at the time of recruitment for various reasons. This is another set-back for school education in Manipur.

On the other hand, there is little or no opportunity for the new recruits to attain the best possible professional preparation. There is no continuous orientation of in-service teachers. The conditions in which they are working are also less than satisfactory. In the circumstances, there is low motivation and low quality of teachers working in the schools.

Needless to say, teachers are to interpret and implement whatever policies and programmes that are laid down by the department. Their role is the key element in qualitative improvement of education. Without the requisite qualitative improvement in teachers, universalisation of elementary education will be worthless. The non-availability of well qualified and trained teachers at the primary stage especially in rural and hill areas is a serious problem.

Even though the size of rural and hill areas population is much bigger than that of urban population, the rural and hill areas are getting much less in respect of allocation of essential infrastructures including qualified teachers. According to the report of the Comprehensive Survey of Education in Manipur (NCERT) 1972, about half of the teachers working in Lower Primary Schools in Manipur were only middle school class pass during the year 1972-73. Some of them had not even passed middle school examination. Those teachers are still working in the schools. Of the total number of middle pass teachers, 94% were teaching in the schools of rural and backward areas.

Further, the report revealed that under-matric teachers working in Government primary schools constituted 58.79% as against 33.31 % in aided schools and 47.30% in purely private schools, and about 53% of the under-matric teachers were untrained. Even today, the number of under-matric teachers working in primary schools is about 40% of the total primary teachers.

The percentage of untrained teachers at primary, junior high and high school stages are still not satisfactory including schools under autonomous district councils. There were many incidence in which students eclipsed teachers in classroom teaching. Funny scenes used to occur anywhere. In ultimate analysis, it is the teacher who is the kingpin of the teaching-learning process. It is his or her quality, motivation and relationship that he or she establishes with the students and the innovative ways that he or she adopts in his or her teaching which would influence the quality of education.

The teacher input may actually more than compensate various inadequacies and deficiencies such as lack of attention by parents, their illiteracy, and absence of some physical facilities in the school. Indeed, there is positive relationship between teacher behaviour and pupil achievement. This would require professional development of the teachers. Orientation course of short duration for all in-service teachers would be essential to enable the teachers to perform their duties effectively.

It is necessary to review the existing staffing norms for teachers in the light of the fact that the schools should be equally staffed. While doing so, it may be kept in mind that the norms are not based only on the workload and teacher-pupil ratio but also on the basis of class structure, stage-wise, subjects to be taught etc. This would ensure optimum utilization of teachers and would help to do away with the problem of surplus and shortage of teachers in schools.

In that atmosphere, Minimum Level of Learning (MLL) can be ensured. The major concern for bringing quality education lies in recruitment rules which should be reviewed to recruit in future more competent teachers and their qualifications raised. The selection procedure should be streamlined. The teacher education facilities should also be upgraded with improved service conditions. Short orientation courses subject wise are indispensable to upgrade their competence both in content and methodology. Such course should be conducted as a regular feature or as often as practicable to ascertain the competence of the in-service teachers of different grades.

Curiously enough, in spite of his or her innate gifts, however, someoneís life is one of failure until it wins recognition through publicity or political backing. Not quite seldomly, exposure serves the purpose. There are thousands of graduates and postgraduates with good background and they will certainly become teachers of the quickest fame and disposition if they are really given the chances to teach in Government schools.

For such appointment process, UPSC or the recent MPSC type of examination can be introduced in the state of Manipur so that the deserving candidates can be appointed as teachers. Of course, the paucity of excellence is painfully evident in those government schools for the last 25 years or so. Everyone is weary of it. Who is to blame?

Something miraculous is yet to take place to produce anything very decisive, great or all successful to achieve what is called Quality Education in the millennium.


R Yangsorang wrote this article for The Sangai Express.
This article was webcasted on March 17th, 2006

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Protest crackdown at MU: Gallery
  • Diversity, Race & Gender-Based Violence
  • Protest held against crackdown at MU
  • Stop Terrorising the MU Campus
  • Mob violence at Manipur University
  • Facts about Nagaland House at Kolkata
  • Midnight raid at MU
  • Tuilha Kol waterfall #2: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Rally against Mob Lynching #2: Gallery
  • Beyond the tragedy of Tharoijam
  • Jarnail's tryst with Manipur :: Review
  • Who killed the looter? (Short Story)
  • Heart OPD & Echo Screening Mission
  • Call for protest against MU crackdown
  • The farce continues at MU
  • Heikru Hidongba #1 : Gallery
  • Heigru Hidongba (Boat Race)
  • Get down to business
  • The Eternal Moment :: Poem
  • Why is oiling good for the hair
  • Jobs at SKY Hospital
  • The Killing Fields 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Creating Future Media Leaders in NE
  • Understanding Communist ideology
  • Suspended but drama not over yet
  • Arrested for molesting student in Mumbai
  • Manipuri Diaspora in Myanmar #1
  • Chingyainu, Chingnguremba :: eMing
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki Conflict: ..Kuki aggression
  • Tibeto-Burman Languages : Book
  • Indian Judiciary no more a caged bird
  • IGAR (S) calls on Governor of Manipur
  • Spirit of Irabot still runs in Journalists
  • Concern should be about mob mentality
  • Tribes, Art & Soul of India #1: Gallery
  • Rally against Mob Lynching #1: Gallery
  • 'Sahnit' an honour or a disgrace
  • Irabot : Socio-Political Challenges
  • Training employees for better governance
  • Blue Ocean :: Poem
  • Sextortion: Making money from shame
  • Condemn murder of Neiphretuo Metsie
  • Social lacunae
  • BJP on poll drive at Imphal, Kohima
  • Mary Kom lost 2 kg in 4 hours
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #2
  • Felicitation of Sportsperson: Gallery
  • ICJ: Investigation of Extrajudicial Killing
  • Legal profession as career option #2
  • Loktak Down Stream HE Project (2x33MW)
  • Protest against mob lynching at DU
  • Ripples of Music :: Poem
  • Memo submitted to CM over lynching
  • Poems of Peace, Resistance ...
  • Helicopter Schedule for Imphal-Jiri
  • Mirabai recommended for Khel Ratna
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #3: Gallery
  • Manipur State is still winning..
  • Gazetteer of North-East India :: Book
  • Sunfeast Cup Football Tournament
  • Trip down memory lane
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Folk Song :: Poem
  • The Endureres at Dwarka Half Marathon
  • Main accused in cop slaying nabbed
  • Naga talks not confined to Nagaland..
  • Trekking to Dzukou Valley #1 : Gallery
  • Rest in Peace Humanity
  • Ph Banti's artwork 'Trafficking of children'
  • Cry of a Dying River - 45 :: Poem
  • Buddhism is not a religion
  • Jobs at R-Square Design
  • Candle Light at DU over lynching
  • Society as a reflection of govt
  • Mobocracy : Shame on Manipur
  • Kuki Black Day @CCpur : Gallery
  • miAoIbgi pNTuH :: Seireng
  • An opinion on Tharoijam killing
  • How Manipur lost internal autonomy, Kabaw
  • Admission for PhD at Tripura Univ
  • Meefam ST at Nambol, Khangabok
  • Importance of Forest & Environment
  • Deep social divide: Two different folks?
  • Kuki Black Day: Kukis Will never forget
  • R & V Art House's First Art Fest 2018
  • Celebrating International Literacy Day, 2018
  • Born a Kuki, die a Kuki :: Poem
  • History of North East India :: Book
  • Will SimpliciTB make TB treatment simpler
  • Meefam chathaduna ST gi issue..
  • Dipankar Talukdar- Mr Model of World Star
  • System error- who will fix Broken Window
  • Reshuffle Talks : Say No to Yes Me
  • India negotiating vehicle pact with Myanmar
  • Chalwa Village, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #2
  • Is FA a self exposed daylight robbery?
  • Nation Needs Small Farmers
  • Who is programming you ?
  • Bandhs as dissent & survival of laziest
  • Looking for Raju :: Poem
  • The cry of the 2nd class citizen
  • Bharat Bandh in Imphal
  • Historical Evaluation of Puya Meithaba #1
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #2 : Gallery
  • Naga-Kuki conflict: Search for definitions
  • Mega Marathon Manipur : Download Form
  • Legal profession as career option
  • Guv felicitates 5 JAK RIF for flood relief
  • Stored Anger :: Book Review
  • On stepping into the 20th year of TSE
  • Sept - month which reinstated our courage
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #2 : Gallery
  • Empty :: Poem
  • Lets beat littering - plastics pollution
  • NEHU Seminar : Urbanization in India
  • Jobs at JCRE Skill Solutions
  • Declaration of Naga Collective Spirit [Sep 8]
  • Akanba Khongjangidamak Yathokpa Loire
  • Support for STDC from UMA, Assam
  • 'Deplorable power supply in Nagaland'
  • Tryst with destiny - Should we accept ?
  • Stand off at MU : Impact on LS Poll
  • Exploring the enthralling Tuilha Kol
  • Kamesh Salam : Outstanding Green Activist
  • The Valley Of Brahmaputra :: Book
  • Development of road database
  • The inner page story :: Poem
  • Kakching WW-II Memorial Run 2018
  • STDC public meeting at Langathel Keithel
  • Maibi Jagoi at Sangai Fest : Gallery
  • My poll without prejudice to anyone
  • MEETAC - Mission for streamlining TK
  • Conditions leading to Marxism
  • Heart Camp at Khelakhong, Thoubal
  • Cyber bully: Crime that follows you home
  • Bhupen Hazarika : Tribute at London
  • AEP & Importance of Myanmar & NE
  • Political pandemonium
  • Students central to MU issue
  • Landscape from Koubru #2 : Gallery
  • Leishangthem Robert for Mr. World 2018
  • Oinam Shilla Chanu at Mrs India Earth
  • North-east Frontier Of India :: Book
  • Thien & its downfall in Zeliangrong #1
  • Cry of a Dying River - 44 :: Poem
  • JRF Post at Mizoram University
  • Honours to Bamboo; a ubiquitous gift
  • Case of hunter now being huntedr
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #3 : Gallery
  • Women Empowerment & judicial Activism
  • Narin Chenggum - wild edible mushroom
  • Flying Star at your lips :: Poem
  • Out of the box thinking
  • Call centre fraud: Vicious vishing attack
  • Changing India & its impact on Manipur
  • MU stand off gets uglier
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #4
  • Krishna Janma @Mahabali #1 : Gallery
  • Eastern Frontier of India :: Book Review
  • Remembering Radhakrishnan ..
  • Moments to cherish :: Poem
  • Glimpse of the Buddha's teaching
  • NH7 Weekender Express Editions
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [05 Sep]
  • Mental equation
  • Are teachers teaching ? Apt, timely poser
  • Sirarakhong Hathei Phanit @Ukhrul : Gallery
  • Sit-In: Naga Peace Talk #1 : Gallery
  • Globalization, Act East Policy & Manipur
  • Review on anthology of Parthajit Borah
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Child Friendly Police Stations proposed
  • ADBU Goes Green with Solar Energy
  • Convocation of Assam Don Bosco
  • Fetal Echocardiography - Seminar held
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [04 Sep]
  • Divide, divert and rule will not work
  • FA, MU crisis : Issues before LS polls
  • Krishna Janma @ISKCON #1 : Gallery
  • Komrem Student Day @Bangalore : Gallery
  • September Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • The Coils of Pakhangba :: Book
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco, Tura
  • Condemns MU VC's vindictive stance
  • 'Policy of India to suppress people'
  • NDPP congratulates Abu Metha
  • Pandey back at MU! Violating spirit of MoA
  • Exhibition @ Art College #2: Gallery
  • AMWJU Sit-In-Protest : Gallery
  • Shri Krishna Janmasthami :: Book
  • Life's heck :: Poem
  • Environment & lung health are vital
  • Innovation for the common man
  • Humanitarian crisis with NRC in Assam
  • Rejoinder to NDPP from NPF [02 Sep]
  • Jangou Rah : eRang Classic
  • The Story of 40 Pineapple Suckers
  • Rebirth of Manipur Human Rights Comm
  • Yumkhaibam Nanao Eramdam Yaourakhre
  • Lecture: Governance & Public Services
  • X-rated poem :: Poem
  • Ningol Chakkouba Celebration in Delhi
  • Baton changes hands at IGAR (South)
  • Rejoinder to NPF from NDPP [01 Sept]
  • A Wake-up call
  • Lok Sabha polls : More crucial for BJP
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #2: Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • The World of Kuki People :: Book
  • Effects of the Burning of Meitei Puyas
  • Soil Technician required at MaolKeki
  • Jr. Mr. India 2018, Gyanendra Thokchom
  • Rejoinder to HTC & allies' statement
  • Consensual sex..Does it amount to rape ?
  • Need for all to keep their sanity
  • Sanagi Tenawa :: Funga Wari
  • MU: Den of Insurgents or Den of Ideas?
  • Can NRC Update save Assam and NE ?
  • Victim of Enforced Disappearances
  • Admission for Ph.D. at Tripura University
  • Martyrdom of Haipou Jadonang #1: Gallery
  • Physics Program in Don Bosco College
  • Resolution: Right of Human Right Defender
  • Advancing rights of Human Right Defender
  • Dolaithabi Dam , Senapati : Gallery
  • Eid-Ul-Adhaa Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #1 : Gallery
  • 47th Nagas Annual Meet at Mumbai
  • Transcending Patriots' Day(s) #4
  • Sangai Fest: Fashion Show #2 : Gallery
  • Tikendrajit : The Lion of Manipur #3
  • Dr. Jodhachandra Sanasam : Sahitya
  • Architects announces 1st MADE 2018
  • Expedite FA Rally #2 : Gallery
  • Billie's Book by Ranjeeta Mayanglambam
  • Shougrakpam Bijaya :: A Profile
  • Disputed Myanmar Border Pillar : Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #3: Gallery
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS