TODAY -

Hunger Marchers' Day and AMSU

Leihaothabam Sharatchandra *

>49th Hunger Marchers' Day 2013 (Chaklam Khongchat) at the Pishum Chingamacha Memorial :: 27 August 2014
49th Hunger Marchers' Day 2013 (Chaklam Khongchat) at Pishum Chingamacha Memorial on 27 August 2014 by AMSU :: Pix - Shanker Khangembam



Nearly 48 years ago, there was no common platform of the students of Manipur. In those days, the schools and colleges had their own students' unions. Among these educational institutions, D.M College was the top-ranking institution in terms of infrastructure and number of students. Other colleges had markedly less number of students. This was the case for all the schools also. Manipur University was not there at that time. For these reasons, D.M College had to take the leading role in the popular movement of the students.

At that time, something very serious and painful took place at Imphal. This incident centered around scarcity of rice leading to a near famine condition. Because of the seriousness of the social atmosphere, crowds of men and women of Imphal and surrounding areas gathered and approached the bungalow of the then chief minister and demanded that enough rice should be available.

That day was 27th August, 1965. On that day, students of DM College got the information of the gathering of the citizens of Imphal marching to the chief minister's bungalow. Gradually, the students of DM college along with a big crowd of students from neighbouring schools and colleges also came out carrying books and organised a public meeting at Imphal Pologround. The meeting took a decision to meet the chief commissioner and thus they started moving towards the bungalow of the chief commissioner.

At that time, the chief minister and other cabinet ministers were having initial discussion in the office room along with the chief commissioner. During the meeting, some student leaders were also allowed to take part in the discussion. Meanwhile, there was a big gathering of students and general people outside the bungalow office of the chief commissioner.

Apprehending trouble, the Manipur Rifles Jawans began to disperse the gathering by firing tear gas shells and lathi-charge. And some rounds of bullets were also fired. Then the students began to run helter and skelter towards the iron gate which was found locked. As there was no way out of the compound, there was an unfortunate stampede. After the stampede was over, people began to disperse.

Then unfortunately, a jeep of AIR Imphal carrying some student leaders arrived at the northern gate of the compound. Some MR Jawans stopped the jeep and began to shoot leading to injury of a student leader. After that, Waikhom Nilamani Singh, the driver of the jeep was pulled down and killed with a bayonet thrust. In the meantime, an ambulance arrived along with some student leaders to look for the injured persons in the compound. These students were also tortured severely and sent to jail.

After the situation worsened, there was a report that Oinam Nabakumar Singh of DM College was shot dead, while Nongmeikapam Pramodini Devi of Manipur college fainted and died afterwards. Many students were injured in the lathicharge and gun shots, and others who fainted in the commotion were hospitalized. The government of Manipur clamped curfew from that evening to morning of the next day. Another student, Laishram Chaobhal Singh of Lamphel High School who was wounded on that day and receiving treatment at home also died on September 22 in 1965.

In the morning of August 28, 1965, the curfew was lifted and the student leaders gathered near Keishampat bridge and discussed the necessity of some future course of action. After that, the leaders went to the house of a DM College student, Leihaothabam Sharatchandra Sharma and a formal meeting took place. In that meeting, an important decision which may be termed as historic, was taken to form an apex body of students called the 'All Manipur Students' Union' (AMSU) to organise and streamline the future students' movements in Manipur.

Thus, on 29 August 1965, a meeting of the newly formed students' organization was held at a Mandap in Uripok and formed the first Adhoc Executive Council (1965) of AMSU. Under the leadership of the Executive Council, programmes like organizing students' rallies to press the government for release of the jailed students unconditionally.

On September 2, the arrested 17 student leaders were released and a reception was given to them at MDU Hall. This programme of reception led to a more regularized and strengthened AMSU which went for the formation of a more regular and streamlined second Executive Council on an Adhoc basis. This Executive Council worked hard for the drafting of a constitution of AMSU before the end of its term. On 1st January 1967, a general body meeting of AMSU held at MDU Hall approved the Constitution, after thorough discussion. This process of running the activities of AMSU under the leadership of Executive Council continued for many years and even today, the same tradition is being maintained.

Some of the issues taken up by AMSU on academic, social and political areas are:
(1) Manipur Statehood Movement,
(2) Territorial Integrity of Manipur,
(3) Establishment of a University for Manipur,
(4) Secularism in academic institutions,
(5) Introduction of Meitei Mayek,
(6) Foreigners' Issue,
(7) Control of prices,
(8) Movement for inclusion of Manipuri language in 8th schedule of Indian Constitution,
(9) Problems of Human rights and AFSPA,
(10) Restoration of Inner Line Permit system in Manipur etc. etc.

One important issue, which was not seriously considered by the people of Manipur and the Government, was the territorial integrity of Manipur. People could not think of the possibility of building of some undesirable moves threatening the age-old and historically mandated territorial integrity of Manipur. In 1961, Nagaland became a state under the Indian Constitution and at that time, Manipur was a Union Territory. The government of India had no intention of granting statehood to Manipur. But under pressure of continuous socio-political movements organised by various groups, Manipur became a state of India in 1972.

Here is a very serious problem eating into the vitals of some groups and organizations both in Manipur and outside. Even before statehood was granted to Manipur, sometime in 1967-68, some Naga leaders and the government of Nagaland started an aggressive programme for formation of a 'Greater Nagaland' by integrating chunks of areas inhabited by Nagas of Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. AMSU was very seriously concerned with the issue and it submitted a memorandum to the then Prime Minister Smt. Indira Gandhi on 4 January 1968. The memorandum was received by the Prime Minister's Office and an acknowledgement was sent to the President of AMSU on 18 January 1968.

'The Sunday Hindustan Standard', Calcutta in its 7th January 1968 issue (at page 7) published a report under the caption "Manipur split-up move condemned". The text of the news report and the acknowledgement letter pertaining to receipt of the AMSU memorandum are given here for ready reference:

In this way, in the case of the movements for promotion of Manipuri language and Meitei script, AMSU had always been taking active roles. The Meitei Mayek has already been introduced in academic world of Manipur under the Manipur Gazette 1980. After this, the grievances concerning the growth of status of Manipuri language continued.

In 1972, the Sahitya Academy recognized Manipuri Language and in 1979, Manipuri became official language of the state. After this, a big conglomerate called 'Manipuri Language Demand Coordinating Committee' (MLDCC) of Manipur formed by people living in Manipur and diaspora Manipuris living in various parts of north east India spearheaded an impressive movement demanding inclusion of Manipuri language in the 8th schedule of Indian Constitution. AMSU was also a powerful member of MLDCC. The result was that on 20 August 1992, Manipuri Language was included in the 8th schedule of Indian Constitution.

Last but not the least, it is the quite relevant to note that AMSU, which was involved through these years in a series of socio-political and academic activities of Manipur, are still ready to be involved actively in more and more nation-building activities in future. AMSU sincerely feels that if the people are serious, and if the people know the rightness of their demands, they always achieve their goals. AMSU, which is a time-tested common platform of right thinking and committed students, will always be there to go along with the people.


* Leihaothabam Sharatchandra wrote this article for Hueiyen Lanpao
This article was posted on August 28, 2014.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Mova Cave, Hungpung, Ukhrul #1 : Gallery
  • Expanding Economy Beckons :: Speech
  • Before trains arrive, must read
  • Impact of the Shirui Lily festival
  • Securing Wi-Fi: Negating doorstep threat
  • Blood donation drive in North East
  • Expecting changes in dealing SoO
  • Scourge of drug trafficking
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #2 : Gallery
  • Let's talk about our children today
  • A blow to image boosting
  • Fear and Superstition
  • Latrine :: Poem
  • Letter to JS-MHRD from MUTA
  • JS-MHRD did not meet with MUTA
  • Drawing on Energy Efficiency
  • MU impasse: Attention Mr. Prime Minister
  • Admission time : Sky high cut off
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #2 : Gallery
  • Yoga Day: Celebrating Your Health
  • Chak-hao - black gold of Manipur
  • In response to the culture of shaming
  • 3rd Documentor Imphal
  • 4th International Day of Yoga by AR
  • Appeals for Resolution of MU Crisis
  • Recommendation to control Flood damages
  • International Yoga Day at Loktak PS
  • After Flood : Introspection about the future
  • MUSU & JAC : Hot issues before the Govt
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #2
  • General Thangal Eco Park : Gallery
  • Letter to President on Crisis at MU
  • Precision medicine & life sciences
  • Black topping-can ground leveling be behind
  • Condemns security force intrusion in MU
  • Developer wanted at LMP, Konjeng Leikai
  • AR gears up for International Yoga Day
  • NPF rejoinder to NDPP : 20 June
  • Rejoinder by Dr. Shurhozelie : 20 June
  • For a little bit more
  • Deadline of 5 days time set : MU crisis
  • Garlic Festival @Ukhrul #4 :: Gallery
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #3 : Gallery
  • Inungshi, Gaichanglungliu :: eMing
  • Taking 'Hau' Music to Rest of World
  • Kakching bags cleanest city in NE Award
  • JRF (Junior Research Fellow) at IBSD
  • Oxfam India launches emergency response
  • VC, MU - Resign immediately :: MUTA
  • Inner Line Permit (ILP) Demand :: Timeline
  • Translation of ancient Manipur texts begin
  • Pre Yoga Capsule organized
  • NDPP Rejoinder on 19 June
  • NPF Youth Wing Rejoinder on 19 June
  • Favouring digital govt : still a Virtual dream
  • June 18 Anniv : Consult all stakeholders
  • Great June Uprising @Kekrupat #1 : Gallery
  • Binota Thokchom at BRICS Young Scientist
  • The Merger of Manipur
  • Improving school management in Manipur
  • Pros & cons of screening tests
  • NPF Rejoinder on 18th June
  • Nagaland CM statement on Aboi ambush
  • June 18 significance: Still living on prayer
  • Need to identify one's strength
  • 18 Immortal Souls Remembered : Flash
  • The Great June Uprising : Read all about it
  • The Pitfalls of Identity Politics
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • All his sons :: Poem
  • Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Eid bring cheer in flood hit areas
  • Willong Khullen, Maram #1 : Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • Defending the environmental defenders
  • Delusion in self - cause of worry
  • Road to Russia: FIFA World Cup
  • It must be love :: Poem
  • 'Future of Naga people is bleak'
  • Give a miss call to Amnesty
  • 'Naga area' bandh on June 18
  • Dzuko valley #4 :: 360 Panorama View
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Id-Ul-Fitr Festival
  • Letter to PM Modi on Naga Talks
  • Greetings on Eid-Ul-Fitr
  • Rejoinder to NPF statement
  • Rejoinder to Nagaland Chief Minister
  • Flood relief continue on 3rd day
  • India-Vietnam Youth Dialogue 2018
  • MU debacle: Why would it be left unnoticed
  • Spirit of World Cup : Brazil to Russia
  • NEC to come under Home Ministry
  • Manipur NGO hosts summit on LGBTQ
  • Flood in Imphal [14 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Women Struggle in Self-Determination
  • 14 June- World Blood Donor Day
  • Naga Integration not possible- NPF react
  • Naga Integration is not possible- CM Rio
  • Relief work in flood affected areas
  • A day which keeps our spirit alive
  • Ranked 320 in the country : MU
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #2 : Gallery
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #5
  • Be alert: It's admission time
  • Yin and Yang
  • Watermelon beauty benefits
  • Temp accommodation for Aligarh students
  • Wrath of Mother Nature: Why challenge..
  • 60 pc is no longer first class : 95 pc
  • Flood in Imphal [13 June] #1 : Gallery
  • Sanamahi Laihui & Sanamahi Laining
  • Kuhi- Essential plant for Nungbi pottery
  • Climate justice is integral to development
  • The bridge :: Poem
  • Lt S Vijaya Devi felicitated
  • Then : Indifferent :: Now : Hyper sensitive
  • Phumdigi Tantha : Dance Drama : Gallery
  • Grief at Xavier Rutsa's demise
  • Modi's India: A descend into Ochlocracy
  • The Philippine Experience
  • Cry of a Dying River #33 :: Poem
  • Community Iftar at Moijing, Cachar
  • Candle Light at DU over Assam lynching
  • Demand replacement of Manipur Univ VC
  • The Tragedy of Higher education
  • Unacceptable points spelt out
  • Teinem Luira Phanit @Ukhrul #3: Gallery
  • RPL-PMKVY trainees @Hojai : Gallery
  • Manipur Sports University in UP ?
  • Coloniality of the Postcolonial
  • Yellow leaves in the autumn :: Poem
  • Prof N Irabanta-distinguished academician
  • Leadership matters
  • Artificial turf for budding talents
  • 2 municipal bodies in NE awarded
  • Who is Arambam Somorendra ?
  • Manglandasu Nang - OST :: e-pao Radio
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #3 : Gallery
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #2
  • Grass root challenge- Education in hills
  • Earth does not belong to us...
  • Sita Mata as test-tube baby
  • What happen to VIP Culture Mr. CM
  • Merchants of education
  • Laitonjam Rajnikanta : Profile
  • A blessing to see :: Poem
  • Sovereignty Struggles in Northeast #4
  • Difference between Hinduism & Hindutva
  • How to choose the perfect fragrance
  • Iftaar party at Lilong
  • Bitter truth of Manipuri society
  • MU, NSU, IGNTU : Students at the centre
  • Amuktang-Ga Haikho #1 : eRang
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #2 : Gallery
  • Pony : A Cavalry Horse Par Excellence #2
  • Issues that keep Manipur burning
  • Cry of a Dying River - 32 :: Poem
  • CM & AR interaction with villagers
  • Certification of PMKVY trainees of Hojai
  • Christian appeals for Peace in Shillong
  • How safe are our women?
  • Riders put up by JAC for talk
  • Khangkhui Cave in Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Pluralism, Democracy & Ethnic Relation #2
  • Irom Sharmila meets with Mehbooba Mufti
  • JRF @ Mizoram University (Biotechnology)
  • Tobacco and heart disease
  • Understanding SOWA - RIGPA #2
  • Campaign "to End Child Sexual Abuse"
  • Implementation of 7th Pay
  • Indigenous street vendor sing gi wafam
  • The crumbling Manipur University
  • Kang Tournament @ Yaiskul : Gallery
  • Zeliangrong orphaned by Nationalism #1
  • A rainy night :: Poem
  • HSLC Exam is the start! What next?
  • 1528 cases of fake encounter
  • Linthoi's "The Tales of Kanglei Throne" #1
  • Handloom Weaver @Bishnupur : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #2 : Gallery
  • Hinduism in Manipur : Political Perspective
  • All the World and his Wife :: Poem
  • Tribal Cultural Festival #1 : Gallery
  • Women in CCpur turn to self-help groups
  • Purul Paoki Wrestling : Gallery
  • Sangai Veterans' Football #1 : Gallery
  • Khangminashi IV (Lecture) : Report
  • Seminar at MU - Hinduism in Manipur'
  • Evolution of The Meetei State
  • Heartbreak at Ukhrul: Unfolding Shirock
  • State Level Khurpui-Lam Festival: Gallery
  • June Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • School Girls Basketball #2 : Gallery
  • Where is Manipur....???
  • 'Manipur' in Google maps : Gallery
  • The Killing Fields - 2013-18 : News Timeline
  • Mama Poktabi :: Funga Wari
  • Veterans Football Tournament #2 : Gallery
  • Shirock 2018 - Shirui Lily Fest #1 : Gallery
  • Sougrakpam Vijaya makes history sailing...
  • Arunachali unfurled Salai Taret at Mt Everest
  • Panthoiba: 2nd Rank- class XII, Uttarkhand
  • Ras Leela @JNMDA Day : Gallery
  • HSLC 208 Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • HSLC 2018 :: Toppers Listing
  • HSLC 2018 :: Check Result
  • HSLC :: Statistical/Subject Topper
  • HSLC 2018 :: External
  • Poumai Purul Hiimai Paoki #2 : Gallery
  • Kakching Garden :: 360 Panorama View
  • Folk Dance Festival #5 : Gallery
  • Aerial view from Chingmeirong : Gallery
  • Curtain Raising- Sangai Fest 2017: Gallery
  • Lainingthou Lai Lam thopka #2 : Gallery
  • Re-visiting Khangkhui caves in Ukhrul
  • Gardening @Ema Keithel #2: Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #2: Gallery
  • Pakhangba Cheng Hongba #2 : Gallery
  • Steelheart @ Shirock , Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • A. Halim Chowdhury: A Profile
  • Class XII Exam Toppers : Gallery
  • Class XII Result : Science Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Arts Toppers
  • Class XII Result : Commerce Toppers
  • HSE Result 2018 : District Wise
  • HSE Result 2018 : Highest Marks
  • HSE Result 2018 : Science Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Arts Stream
  • HSE Result 2018 : Commerce Stream
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic
  • SPONSORED ADS