Education : An agent of social control in individual's emancipation
With special reference to Manipur
- Part 2 -

Dr Priyadarshni M Gangte *

Manipur University Library at Manipur University (MU), Canchipur :: April 2012
Manipur University Library at Manipur University (MU), Canchipur in April 2012 :: Pix - Bunti Phurailatpam

Secondly, the banking system should provide venture capital right from every village level to the prospectus entrepreneurship for understanding new ventures. Banks have to be proactive to support the innovative products for enabling wealth generation by young entrepreneur by setting aside the conventional tangible asset syndrome.

Thirdly, there has to be an economic pull for generation of marketable products and enhancement of purchasing power among the people. This can come through by implementation of mega programmes such as rival connectivity interlinking of various infrastructure and power sector missions and interims development.

Pointing out that recent study has intimated level unemployment in the country to be around 36 millions, the President asserted that the country can find productive employment for all this many people by launching certain missions such as bio diesel generator through plants including Jatropha, dry land and herbal farming in the available 33 million hectares of waste land earmarked for cultivation .

Hence, educating farmer/cultivator communities by organizing mass awareness programs such as seminars, workshop, etc by the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, ICAR, CAU, etc. to create a mindset for gearing up to face this LPG world. Agriculture is the main source of the State economy. However, Agriculture Department is yet to come out with the desired manner of the public in its endeavour towards welfare activities of farmers for living both in rural and urban areas in the State of Manipur.

Horticulture Mission under Horticulture Department is doing a little progress in the State. However the task of substituting Jhuming cultivation has remained untouched in the hill areas, where Horticulture Department is expected to do so in introducing alternative means of livelihood for the tribal people, so that they stop to practice of old culture of cultivation in the hills. Therefore, Department of Horticulture is urgently required to tie with hill people in search of alternative means of their livelihood as replacement of jhuming cultivation in the hill areas.

9. Curriculum: In the context in Manipur, curriculum is designed by the subject experts under the instruction of BSEM, CHSEM and Manipur University, rather continued to impose another sort of impediment and hindrance in the way of learning teaching- process every educational institution due to introduction of different curriculum and syllabi that too, disorder, not in sequence and non- availability of sufficient numbers of prescribed textbooks in the open market or bookstore.

Thus it is highly desirable to maintain a common textbook delivered very effectively in the desire manner. The present curriculum of the state meets only half of the needs. Much more needs are to be done. There are enormous gaps in the education system of Manipur. It has not solved the conflicts as the state economy is declining. Peace education is desirable to fill those gaps.

10. Career and psychology counseling: Counseling centre for series of job also be opened at various educational institutions by engaging experts and well experience persons to give a professional counseling and proper advice and guidance to students so that they would be able to solve their own problems without any difficult Besides, a psychological counseling is needed to give the same to students so as to avoid abuse that may lead them to psychological and emotional problems.

11. Coaching /Tuition System: At present situation, it appears that coaching or tuition system is dominating the society with regard to pursuing the goal of education. In fact, coaching has been helping students to get and learn more understanding in particular subject(s) that has not been properly understand by them in the school teachings. However, it is not desirable to encourage them to entirely depend on tuition and support.

In school teachings, it includes culture, discipline, manner and etiquette apart from learning general education of all courses, whereas, in coaching centre it lacks other courses of teaching except task focus on particulars subject or lesson, which may lead to imperfect education at the end. In addition to it, some parents bear another burden, from home to coaching centre, because they used to drop and pick up their children from coaching centre while some parents have accompanied their children to tuition centre and, even, waiting for them until their tuition is over so as to bring them back to home. This trend an emerging culture will ultimately resort the children/student to lack their responsibilities and duties in family, society and state in future.

12. Education System under District Council: Contrary to the objectives laid down thereof, the District Council Schools have remained, still lagging behind in all respect: adequate school buildings for all schools of District Council need to be built up urgently, adequate school infrastructure buildings such as, academic building, teacher quarter, staff quarter and chowkidar quarter are inevitable to be constructed for a smooth functioning of the schools under District Council; teachers and staff of the District Council School should have to stay in their quarters nearby the schools so as enable them to render their services in pursuit of fulfilling the provision of free and compulsory education reaching to the needy students in the Hill Districts, authorities of District Council in coordination with school teachers should have introduce different kind of facilities under District Council which may lead to attracting local children for their willingness to learn education and to send their children to schools as a part of policy towards eradication of illiteracy in the Hill areas, no teachers of District Schools shall be allowed to draw their salary without performing their duties in the schools no system of engaging a substitute teacher by a regular teacher in the schools is allowed to take place forthwith on the part of the authorities.

Local people and village authorities in the Hill District should join hand together and form a suitable Committee which can gives a regular monitoring over the functioning and administration of District Council Schools in the Hill Districts. A permanent office for DI&AI of District Council Schools in every Sub-division of the Hill Districts should be set up in order to strengthen the District Council Schools and also to facilitate teachers and students to get easy access to authorities for presenting their grievances and redresssing their actual needs in a short time possible.

As education is the key to all-around development however, remained neglected for all the times in Manipur? The provision of free and universal primary education to the children upto the age of 14 in the State is still a dream. Huge investment on education sector in order to facilitate for masses to get access to education with low cost and affordable is still an articulation of theory and paper work in the state. We all know that literacy has been identified as an important factor in individual's emancipation.

Mahatma Gandhi had emphatically maintained that education is all round development of body, mind and spirit. We need a structural change from the present Indian western education system because it is not world class system as it is not character and man making education. This is the reason why education failed in India. Education ones have failed to create the mechanism to go with every aspects of life with everyone in this world. Swami Vivekananda's philosophy of education also counter and challenges in the system by pointing out(i)lack of development of power of concentration of mind and(ii)lack of holistic and long term vision i.e. lack of spiritual; because of two reason;(i) unabling mind for perfection, quality and excellence and (ii) petty and narrow minded and the thoughts only of immediate gains instead of long term good.

Conclusion: Now, it is high time to take up a holistic improvement towards educational system in the state to use the same in a long way. To reiterate, in a fast changing society and economy, a harmonious society needs individuals, intellectually high enlightened, physically healthy, economically self-sufficient, politically self-conscious, mentally well balanced, morally well discipline, religiously- highly spiritual.

Absence of all insecurities will ultimately lead all the individuals. Students who are future generation to be the responsible members and citizen of the family, society, and country wherever he/she belongs to, perhaps would be landed in disequilibrium. Therefore, the State Government, Parents, Civil Societies, Media and NGOs have to join hand together and play a vital role in ensuring a complete reformation of educational system in the state.

Concluded ....

* Dr. Priyadarshni M. Gangte wrote this article for Hueiyen Lanpao(English Edition) and The Sangai Express
The writer is a Sr. Lecturer at Damdei Christian College, Taloulong, Motbung, Manipur.
This article was webcasted on September 24 2012.

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