TODAY -

Common future of Manipur - a view from tribal languages perspective
- Part 1 -

Ragongning Gangmei *



How did we come to think of a Common Future of Manipur?
What has led to the idea of a common future?
What could be the factors that would make it?
How it is being defeated today?
What do you understand by common future of Manipur?

Is it not the living together of all linguistic communities with dignity, pride and honour in the State?
Is it not the surviving together and safeguarding together of all linguistic communities in the State?
Is it not the sense of common belongingness of all linguistic communities to the State?

These are some of the questions that suggest a new thinking about the State of Manipur and its people and their co-existence. These thoughts are always driving us to rediscover the State of Manipur and its people and to have a look at them afresh.

It is the vision, aspiration and endeavour of the Council of Tribal Languages and Literature Societies, Manipur (CTLLSM) to achieve a Common future for all communities living in Manipur because Manipur is the land of multi-ethnic and multi-lingual communities. Also, the CTLLSM foresees the beauty of unity of the indigenous linguistic communities of Manipur that may take shape in the attempt to building a Common Future in the State. Also we see the rays of 'a new social order' to usher in Manipur when a 'common future' of the people is achieved.

Let us re-discover the State of Manipur afresh today

As we all know it, Manipur is belonged to many linguistic communities. It is a unity in diversity. This fact should be kept in mind by all policy makers, planners, politicians, administrators, buraucrates, social workers and common people all alike who love to see a better Manipur. It is a vital important to foster a healthy, well knitted and equal Common Future for all communities living in Manipur. Manipur is the land of the multi-ethnic and multi-language communities and let us have a look at them afresh and rediscover our Manipur anew today.

Manipur state today is the total sum of a combination of (1) Aimol, (2) Anal, (3) Angami, (4) Chiru, (5) Chothe, 6) Gangte, (7) Hmar, (8) Inpui, (9) Koireng, (10) Kom, (11) Kharam, (12) Lamkang, (13) Liangmai, (14) Mao, (15) Maram, (16) Maring, (17) Mate, (18) Meitei and Meitei Pangal, (19) Mizo, (20) Monsang, (21) Moyon, (22) Nepali, (23) Paite, (24) Paumai, (25) Purum, (26) Ralte, (27) Ruangmei(Kabui), (28) Sahte, (29) Sema, (30) Simte, (31) Tangkhul, (32) Tarao, (33) Thadou-Kuki, (34) Thangal, (35) Vaiphei, (36) Zeme and (37) Zou.

These are the linguistic communities of Manipur and these are the people of Manipur. They are the mosaic of the State's unity and integrity. Common Future of Manipur means the common future of these communities. It is the aspiration of each and every communiity to have an equal place of dignity, pride and honour in the state.

"Manipur is one, we are one" is rather remaining only a concept till today. It is only on the lips. It is practically very far from reality at grassroot levels. It should be made a reality and more meaningful. Today, Common Future is a beautiful challenge for all of us. And it should be made a challenge not only to us but also to the State Government. And it should be materialised sincerely and honestly by all stakeholders - the communities and the State Government.

When we rediscover our State of Manipur afresh, we shall see the need of unity of the indigenous language communities living in Manipur. And unity of indigenous linguistic communities can be achieved only when we all work for a common future. What exactly is the Common Future of Manipur? It is the common future of the linguistic communities of Manipur.

In fact this concept had been expressedly stated by the CTLLSM at several occasions and already published in book, local newspapers repeatedly and several memoranda had been submitted to the State Government of Manipur since 2009 and now almost one decade has gone without being heeded to by the State Government.

How the dream of common future of manipur is being defeated today?

Do all the commumities of Manipur truly have a common future in the State today? It is the pertinent question. To the tribal linguistic communities, it is a big NO. To find a true answer to this question, we have to go through the facts furnished below.

It is NOT the question of "Eigi eigi or maagi maagi". It should be please noted that it is for the common future of all communties living in Manipur and it is for the betterment of the whole people of Manipur. Without State's patronage no community can survive with progress and prosperity in the long run. In absence of State patronage, tribal language groups in Manipur are facing untold grievances. No fund was allocated in the State Budget of Education Department, Manipur, Board of Secondary Education, Manipur (BOSEM), Council of Higher Secondary Education, Manipur (COHSEM), State Council of Educational Research and Training(SCERT). In fact, it is creating a serious drawback to the aspiration of a common future for all communities living in Manipur.

Manipur State Government has approved 18 tribal languages for introduction in education system. Approval of languages for introduction in the education system is supposed to entail allocation of fund for promotion of these languages, textbook development and publications and also for administrative grant to the respective literature societies concerned. Fund should be earmarked by the State Government in Plan, Non-Plan with recurring and non-recurring expenditures for continuity of these languages. But these were not done at all by the State Government.

We smiled with happiness when we came to know that Meitei Mayek, the mother tongue of the Meiteis (not Manipuri, the State language written in Bengali script), is funded by the State Government. And we wept with frustration when we came to know that there is no fund for tribal languages in the State's Budget of Education.

TRI Financial Assistance - only a Fund of Compassion and Grace

It is truly appreciated that the Tribal Research Institute, Manipur (TRI) is providing tribal languages some sort of financial assistances to partially cover the printing costs of approved educational textbooks to the tune of, as of now, Rs.16.00 lakhs for the 18 approved tribal language groups. It is funded at 50:50 by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India and Tribal Affairs Department , Government of Manipur. The fund is neither sufficient nor a regular funding. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs can stop the funding any time. It is only a fund temporarily provided out of compassion.

Because production of school textbooks is the responsibility of the Education Department and TRI is not part of the Education Department and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs will continue fundiung for an indefinite longer period of time. Nor it can be rightfully claimed for a regular funding for printing of educational textbooks. The tribal language groups need proper funds that can be rightfully claimed and utilised with pride and honour. They also need annual maintenance and administrative grants.

Tribal Languages are turned down at Govt. Hr. Sc. Schools in Imphal Valley

In many of the Government Higher Secondary Schools at Imphal Valley, tribal language subjects (MIL) are turned down on the ground of non-availability of tribal language teachers. 0n the other hand, the State Government of Manipur is refusing to appoint tribal language teachers on the ground of non-availability of fund. So, it seems to be the ploy of the State Government to discourage the mother tongue education of the tribal communities in the State. Therefore, students belonging to tribal linguistic minorities are deprived of the opportunity of learning their mother tongues in the Government Higher Secondary Schools in Imphal Valley.

The future of tribal people are threatened in Manipur

It is well known to the people that language is the repository of custom and culture of a community and it is their pride and honour and their identity and future. Language is the moving spirit of a community for onward march to the future. In Manipur tribal languages are sidelined and not attended to by the State Government. As of now, no future is foreseen for indigenous tribal languages in Manipur - no fund, no protection and no policy for continuity of these languages. In absence of State's patronage to tribal languages, the future of the tribal people in Manipur is being threatened.

If the present situation is continued in the State for a century, the indigenous tribal languages shall be vanished from the soil of Manipur. So the tribal languages, as of now, are being threatened and thereby threatening the future of the indigenous tribal people in the State.

For protection and promotion of the languages of the indigenous people of Manipur, a Draft Bill "Manipur State Policy of Tribal Languages" was drafted and the Hill Areas Committee (HAC) of Manipur Legislative Assembly had forwarded the same to the Chief Minister's Secretariat in 2010. But it was neither attended to till today.

The National Policy of the linguistic minorities in India and how it is implemented at the neighbouring states.

The Constitution of India (Article 350-A) says -
"It shall be the endeavour of every State and every local authority within the State to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage (now secondary stage) of education to children belonging to linguistic minoriy groups."

Many states including the states of the north-east are implementing the National Policy under this Article in their respective states in the Country.

(a) Nagaland : The Nagaland State Government is providing one Language Officer, one Assistant Language Officer and all necessary staff to each language group of the State and gives annual administrative grant to the concerned literature societies and supply school textbooks to the students free of cost.

(b) Sikkim : The Sikkim State Government appoints one Language Translator, one Assistant Language Translator for each and every language group recognised by the State. The State Government gives annual administrative grant to the concerned literatrure societies and give school textbooks free of cost to the students.

All other States like Assam, Maghalaya and Arunachal Preadesh bear all the costs of production of school text books of tribal language groups and issues them free of cost to the students and also gives annual administrative grants to the concerned literature societies.

It seems Manipur State Government is neither aware of this Constitutional provision nor the Safeguards for Linguistic Minority groups issued by the Government of India from time to time. So,there is neither a plan nor provision for tribal language groups in the State.

(To be contd)


* Ragongning Gangmei wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is the chairman of Council of Tribal Languages and Literature Societies, Manipur
This article was reposted on February 04, 2017.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.


LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Imphal Ring Road and violations
  • COVID-19 Status 25 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Schools in Jiribam : Gallery
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Condemns attack on Student at B'lore
  • World Lung Day 2021
  • Equal pay for work of equal value
  • Training on Mushroom Cultivation
  • The sixth sense manifest :: Poem
  • Tarpon Katpa @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Land transfer commotion in Jiribam
  • Seminar On Youth & Environment organised
  • Irawat the Legend #2
  • 6 from Manipur cleared Civil Services Exam
  • World Pharmacist Day 2021
  • Scapegoating foot soldiers
  • The battered body says it all
  • World Alzheimer's Day : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Alzheimer's Day 2021 commemorated
  • MaolKeki Scholarship at St Stephen College
  • Condemnation on killing of Athuan Abonmai
  • Sana Leibak Manipur
  • Feelings :: Poem
  • Nominal monetary solace to Covid victims
  • Abducted from under the nose of cops!
  • Guru Leimapokpam Lakpati: Nata Sankritan
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Vanijya Utsav @Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • Truth should prevail over ethnic politics
  • Projects for Tamenglong & Noney
  • Changes :: Poem
  • Good road must to reap fruit of Act East
  • Rio, Sarma taken on board?
  • Discussion: Merger Agreement 1949 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Safe maternal and newborn care
  • Mourns demise of Naba Chakthekpi
  • Admin & Business Support @ R-Square
  • International Peace Day on Sept 21 2021
  • Customer Service Reps @ Amber & Arthur
  • Prioritising election, ignoring Covid-19
  • Not the time to let the guard down
  • Mova Cave, Hunpung, Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Irawat the Legend #1
  • Leishangthem Dhanachandra ..rears Sareng
  • Economic devpt & climate deterioration?
  • Detachment without Resentment
  • Wishful thinking for end to election-money
  • Drugs & manufacturing units within State
  • Kanglasha Kaba Khanba removal #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Sep 20, a crucial week for Nagaland
  • Lord's echo :: Poem
  • Jobs opening at Changerline, Imphal
  • In search of roots
  • Opposition cosy up as poll date nears
  • The end of RN Ravi's saga
  • 27th August 1965 : Birth of students force
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World's largest adult vaccination program
  • 2nd State Level Yogasana Sports C'ship
  • Just survival is enough :: Poem
  • Add oats to your beauty regime
  • Thri Kappi Sanaba @Andro #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Legal Campaign [17 Sep] : Gallery
  • Demise of Padma Shri Thongram Haridas
  • Legal Awareness & Outreach Campaign
  • Changes that the time brings :: Poem
  • AMWJU Foundation Day [16 Sep] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Mapping the Changemakers of NE India
  • Will inclusion centrestage at Equality Forum
  • World ozone day & the living beings
  • Understanding CAT
  • Eternally struggling Manipuri women
  • Posers on the Interlocutor
  • Zeilad Lake, Tamenglong #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Report on 54th Engineers Day 2021
  • Social Media & Political Campaigning
  • What if ? :: Poem
  • Condolence prayer for Oscar Fernandes
  • Virus threat not over yet
  • The virus is still out there!
  • RIMS, Imphal #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Nagaland CM Rio calls Ravi 'genuine' man
  • Role of media in combating Covid
  • One day business shut-down in Dimapur
  • The warning bell is ringing loud & clear
  • Anxiety over arrival of train service
  • Choosing candidate the first step
  • Raghu Leishangthem : Manipuri Poet Biodata
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Memo to CM : Inclusion of Meetei in ST
  • Without you :: Poem
  • Lessons from the pandemic
  • ICS (IAS) viva voce of Khushwant Singh
  • Blaming predecessor till near end of term
  • Questioning truce pacts with others
  • ILP & COVID checking @Jirighat : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Webinar: Higher Edn & Career in USA & UK
  • Prostate Cancer: Know its warning signals
  • Hope heals crisis :: Poem
  • AFSPA in NE amid peace accords
  • TSE completes 22 years : 1999 to 2021
  • Pathetic Road @Imphal-Jiri : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • National Lok Adalat in High Court of Manipur
  • On tourism in the Northeast
  • The Dement Corona Avoids :: Poem
  • The prism of relationships
  • Reappraisal of early Meitei settlement
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Royal Charter Day celebrated
  • Poshan Abhiyaan : A people's movement
  • MTech in Defence Tech at Amrita Univ
  • Ethno-Veterinary medicine in livestock
  • Power dept employees eyeing soft target
  • Taking a look at issues in 2012, 2017
  • Meetei Leikai @, Silchar, Assam #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • The uncle conundrum
  • Himalayan Day : Science & Knowledge
  • Pandemic : changing dynamics of preschool
  • Common factors that enhance beauty
  • Another peace deal sans solution..
  • Rolling up sleeves ahead of Assembly polls
  • Development, Ethnicity & Gender : Book Rvw
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Suicide Prevention Day 2021
  • 'bob World' : Mobile application launched
  • Glimpses of Love :: Poem
  • How much more ordeal can Afghans take?
  • Tall claims on reforming agriculture sector
  • The commandments from WHO
  • Burma refugees yes or no ?
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Biotechnology Grant (BIG) for startups
  • Teaching as a career in India
  • Epitome of impeccable humanity & humility
  • Role of CSOs vital in preventing virus
  • Disturbing high TPR in some hill districts
  • Fine Arts Exhibition MU #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Immune boosting for lactating women
  • Give up on fear not dreams !
  • Stop plantation of Palm Oil Trees in NE
  • Another Perspective of Life :: Poem
  • ..right recipe for bitter electioneering
  • Debate over ST status for Meiteis
  • Jadonang in History :: Part 2
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Athokpam Kholchandra : Dr Kamal Kabiratna
  • Remembering Lord Krishna appearance day
  • Sustainable livestock farming
  • After 9 years, thirst to serve unchanged
  • Disturbing TPR in some districts
  • Saikhom Mirabai: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • World Sexual Health Day in Manipur
  • Save The Peace : Conf on Indo-Naga peace
  • Teachers, I salute thee !
  • The Art of Living :: Poem
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipur Art Festival 2021 canceled
  • Towards a new Manipur Budget 2022-23
  • Inauguration of NPF Manipur Head Office
  • Natural facial at home for glowing skin
  • School yearning to resume normal class
  • The uproar over Urea 'shortage'
  • Chaklam Khongchat Numit #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Pundit Raja Atombapu : Doyen of journalism
  • Friends :: Poem
  • Meeting report at Cachar, Assam
  • Indigenous peoples & a new social contract
  • Pseudo-indigene permanent threat to native
  • Heavy rush for admission to Class XI
  • Jadonang in History :: Part 1
  • Memorial Stone & Shaheed Minar : Gallery
  • An officer and a gentleman
  • Mass production of biofertilisers
  • Kannappa Naayanaar - World 1st Eye Donor
  • Will election ruin gains made in virus fight
  • Signing off August with lowest TPR
  • Keidoubagi Kidoino on COVID #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • September Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Revisiting all alphabets of Article 371
  • Abdication :: Poem
  • Need a softer approach to language issue
  • 2022 polls: Tough task for Congress
  • Party hopping antics before the election
  • Death Anniv: Shimreingam Shaiza: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • Khangminashi Lecture VIII : Electric Vehicle
  • Ardent Gardener :: Poem
  • Vision Correction doesn't need a doctor
  • No place for Meetei in Heritage Museum?
  • Ordinary testing rate can't beat the virus
  • Why not make it a poll call
  • 90th Martyr Day- Haipou Jadonang : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Aug : Govt of Manipur
  • Cycle Rally- Natl Sports Day, MU : Gallery
  • Looking beyond the next 4 months
  • Laonii Fest of Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Phuba Khuman, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • 13th August @BT Park #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Olympians reception : Gallery
  • Mary Kom reception- Aug 20: Gallery
  • Hijam Gourashyam : Manipur Sahitya
  • 13th August @BT Park #1 : Gallery
  • Sushila Likmabam reception- Aug 18: Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #2 : Gallery
  • 13th August by CSOs : Gallery
  • 13th August @Thangal Complex : Gallery
  • 13th August @Hicham Yaicham Pat : Gallery
  • RK Sanayaima on 13th August : Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #1 : Gallery
  • Mirabai felicitated truck drivers: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #3: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • HSLC 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 1st Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 2nd Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 3rd Division
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • Saikhom Mirabai @ Kakching: Gallery
  • HSE 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSE 2021 Result: Subject Pass Percentage
  • HSE 2021 Result: District-Wise Pass %
  • HSE 2021 Result: Science Stream
  • HSE 2021 Result: Arts Stream
  • HSE 2021 Result: Commerce Stream
  • Shanglakpam Nilakanta: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #3: Gallery
  • Sushila Pukhrambam :: Olympics : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai : Tokyo Olympics 2020
  • Pukhrambam Sushila : Tokyo Olympics Dream
  • Sushila Likmabam: Olympics Dream: Gallery
  • Lalginsei, Radamchui, Ngaworpei: eMing
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2021
  • SPONSORED ADS