Certain weak areas of the State educational system singled out for treatment
- Part 1 -

Dr A K Chishti *

Department of Education(S) Govt of Manipur logo

While extending a hearty welcome to the bold initiative taken by the new Education Minister for bringing about a healthy change in the state educational scenario by involving the people in educational planning and administration with an open appeal to the students, teachers, parents, educationists+, civil societies etc. for suggestions including among others - the possible measures for improvements of any weak area of the educational system , the Association of Premier State College Seniors within the limited time available wishes to present this rejoinder based on a comprehensive appraisal of the State Education in Manipur before the year 1976 and thereafter with some suggestions for improvement and further development of the education.

While making direct relevance of education to the life of the people is the policy and planning of the Union of India, the British education system introduced in our kingdom during their rule served the purpose of running the administration with local hands trained for the clerical job. The trend continued even when the kingdom became a part of the Union of India.

Educational institutions under the management and control of State Govt. were limited; some LP Schools, ME Schools, High Schools and a College (estd. in 1946) were there to impart general education to the state children and youths. Some of our parents were the products of those institutions. In the early days they had to go outside the kingdom to sit in the Matriculation Examinations by traveling on foot or by bullock carts. Tongjeimaril road and Imphal-Dimapur road were the only communication lines.

It was under a pathetic condition that they struggled for the certificates and the degrees in those days. Some among them studied further outside the kingdom up to graduate level or beyond before the DM College was estd. It was some of the undergrads and grads who after returning home endeavored to open some more schools for spreading general education in their land, hills and plain. As the institutions absorbed the educated sons of the soil the problem of employment was also solved.

Two sets of institutions came into existence very soon: the Govt. run schools and Pvt. run schools. It is heartening to see that both the sets maintained the standard of education qualitatively and quantitatively though of course, the govt. schools were of higher status and were more prestigious. Thanks to the managements with high sense of dedication and responsibility.

With the poor salary and working conditions, the teachers and non- teaching staff particularly in the Pvt./ Aided schools discharged their duties to the best of their ability . Thus the teaching community commanded full respect from the society . More institutions in the urban areas came up gradually. Some of the taken over colleges by the Govt. in 1977 and onwards were established in the late '50s before the mushroom growth of colleges and schools took place in the State on commercial and political considerations creating an unprecedented situation resulting into the lowering of educational standard and miseries that followed.

It became a difficult time for the Govt. also to save the original Govt. schools and colleges with high reputations in the East. The Education Secretariat Dept. and the Directorate of Education became too overburdened. What was going on outside the State -the scene in other States and the framing of policy and planning by the Centre for the entire country and programmes to be taken up by the States, the establishment of UGC, the coming up of National Policy on Education 1968 followed by the inclusion of education in the Concurrent List through an Amendment of the Constitution - a landmark decision so and so forth, was to the said department a moving satellite to see in the sky during day time.

The tragedy was that our administrative education department with a local intellectual as the secretary education did not care to study even the UGC scheme for the higher education adopted by the parliament for implementation in the State in that 80 p.c. of the additional expenditure was to be borne by the Centre. Even the concept and philosophy of the scheme was not clear to the Education Secretary who was rather expected to welcome with enthusiasm the change in the policy of Higher Education in the country.

Such and such other officers unfit for the job have been running the show that blunder after blunder they committed in heaps brought the present state of education in the State that is what we mean by the state's predicament . The Govt. has not been able to settle the issue of seniority created in those days between the employees of original govt. institutions and taken over institutions that the appointments of D.E (U), Chairmen in the equivalent posts etc. are not made on regular basis still.

An officer of the MCS or IAS rank should not be entrusted with such a difficult job of Education Secretary simply because he belongs to the category. Experience demands that there are post graduate degree holders in different subjects, likewise doctors in different fields of specializations, the IAS in education, the IAS in finance etc. should be introduced and they be given training before appointments against such posts.

A thought should be given to this suggestion. The Govt. / Administration has suffered enough because of the non-existence of such officers with specialization and efficiency. Problem of educational reconstruction is not an easy job. It needed review after review by several commissions and committees notably the University Grants Commission and Secondary Education Commission.

It became imperative for the nation to evolve the NPE, 1968 and after review the NPE 1986 and now the NPE 1992. It was to bring a radical reconstruction of Education on the broad outlines recommended by the Commission for economic and cultural development of the country, for national integration and for realizing the ideal of a socialistic pattern of society.

This involves a transformation of the system to relate it more closely to the life of the citizens; a continuous effort to expand the educational opportunities; a sustained and intensive effort to raise the quality of education at all stages; an emphasis on the development of science and technology and cultivation of moral and social values.

According to the Recommendation the education system must produce young men and women of character and ability committed to national service and advancement. Only then will the education be able to play its vital role in promoting the national integration which is necessary if the country is to attain its rightful place in the comity of nations.

All the responsible officers are expected to inculcate this feeling and ideal and they should prove their credentials before a Body like the State Advisory Board of Education which is still to be constituted in line with NPE.

Of all the factors which determine the quality of education and its contribution to the national development, the teacher is undoubtedly the most important as the NPE stressed. It is on the teacher's personal quality and character and his educational qualifications and professional competence and leadership as well that the success of all individual endeavors must ultimately depend.

Teachers must therefore be accorded an honored place and position in the society, the NPE acknowledges. The emoluments and other service condition should be adequate and satisfactory having regard to their qualification and responsibilities. Teacher education particularly in service education should receive due emphasis. Teacher should also be more responsive than before and they should face accountability.

It has been the Govt. of India's strong policy that there should not be regional imbalances in the provision of educational facilities and educational opportunities. Educational development in the North Eastern Region is a special consideration for us. The planning commission has the record of approving projects in the educational sector State and Central sector involving crores of rupees for funding from the non lapsable pool of central resources.

We don't simply know how many of us are aware of this consideration. The reconstruction of education on the lines indicated above will need additional outlay. The aim should be gradually to increase the investment in education so as to reach a level of expenditure of 6 p.c. of the National Income as early as possible.

We have every reason of being confident that the Government of India will surely assist the state Govt. for the development programmes where coordinated action on the parts of the state and the center is called for.

to be continued....

* Dr A K Chishti wrote this article for The Sangai Express
The writer is the General Secretary, Association of Premier State College Seniors
This article was posted on July 30 2012

* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.

  • PM at Science Congress @MU #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Water & color #3: Gallery
  • Eyek Tamba :: Learn Manipuri script
  • A tribute to Stephen Hawking
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #3
  • Effect of a Sleepless Night :: Peom
  • Psychology at MIT School of Vedic Sciences
  • So near yet so far
  • Naga CSOs walking with JCILPS
  • Vegetables grown @Thanga #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Fancy Dress Contest: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khagempalli #2: Gallery
  • Truth of Life :: Poem
  • Celebration of womanhood
  • HQ IGAR (S) celebrates 15th Raising Day
  • Jet Airways for more flights for NE
  • Publicity doing good, Garbage filth continue
  • Other issue overriding education: Class XII
  • Wortam: The Rising Young Mashangva
  • Eidi Ethantani by Eyoom :: Review
  • OMCT : UA on harassment of Ranjeeta
  • Mass destruction of opium poppy cultivation
  • Career options in printing press
  • IBSD launches hi-tech facility for farmers
  • Bangalore Yaoshang - Cheiraoba Thabal
  • Quality over quantity
  • What will the PM have to say ?
  • Zeliang gets fresh summon from NIA
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni @Longmai (TML) #4 : Gallery
  • Nengneingah, Lungkhambou :: eMing
  • Yaoshang Water & color #2: Gallery
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #2
  • BJP led Govt, not flunk in first year
  • The Killing Fields :: News Timeline
  • Demand handing of Pravish case to CBI
  • PDA Govt claims false credit: NPF
  • Feminism & Path to Women's Liberation
  • Word of caution from Ibobi: BJP to listen
  • Yaoshang Cooking Contest #2 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #4 : Gallery
  • Radhakumar's Atoppa Sansar Amada #1
  • Nigol :: Poem
  • List of Portfolios : Nagaland Govt
  • Clarify: Report of Zeliang summoned by NIA
  • Academic Programs offered by PHFI
  • Cong speaks: Changes expected in future
  • One year under the BJP: Significant but..
  • Students @ Class X Exam #2 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khongman: Gallery
  • Draft Asian Declaration: right to justice #1
  • Cry Of A Dying River...21 :: Peom
  • Manipur-Nagaland border disputes
  • Not a word on beauty on Women's Day
  • Women Religious Tour reaches New Delhi
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #3 : Gallery
  • Chirom Indira- Nari Puraskar Award: Gallery
  • Human Rights Defender intimidated by Army
  • Rooftop Solar Power Plants: Gallery
  • Home stay for nature tourism in Manipur
  • Moodle: A learning management system
  • You can't stop small newspapers ...
  • BJP show in NE State: The backroom boys
  • Moldhin Chan: A Thado-Kuki Folktale #2
  • Yaoshang Nakatheng Chatpa #2 : Gallery
  • Mapithel Dam, Thoubal River & Tumukhong
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #2 : Gallery
  • Time for "Nokphade" to go global
  • Campaign on International Women's Day
  • War between Left & Right has begun
  • Poppy plantation, destruction & missing link
  • Security beefed up ahead of PM's visit
  • Neroca FC to gear up for Super Cup
  • Yaoshang Halankar #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Water & color #1: Gallery
  • Harassment of Ranjeeta (HRA) by Army
  • Women's positions need to change
  • The Weeds :: Poem
  • We now know gold was created in space
  • Issues of women's rights should be priority
  • Protection of paddy land Act
  • Thabal Chongba @Khurai : Gallery
  • Bor-keina race @Yaoshang Fest : Gallery
  • Front Page Photo 2018 #1: Gallery
  • Tanushree @Elecrama Startup Award: Vote
  • Indian Science Congress in MU: Act East?
  • Fulbright 'pathways' for college leaving class
  • Job @ St. Stone Medical Devices
  • Army jawan martyred in Bongjai IED blast
  • National Integration Tour for Women
  • AR conduct Yaoshang sport festival
  • Condemns rising vendetta politics in NE
  • Yaoshang Sport - Marathon #1: Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Keishampat #2: Gallery
  • NERIST Director post vacant since 2014
  • Dynamic Startup 3.0 at MIMS, MU
  • NDPP Legislature 1st Meeting at Kohima
  • 8th Theatre Olympics at Guwahati
  • Naga solution in 6 months: Nagaland Gov
  • All villages to be electrified within month: CM
  • IM denies involvement in attack on Army
  • Yaoshang Cooking Contest #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Sport @Keishampat #1: Gallery
  • Sentinel Cup Equestrian #5 : Gallery
  • Translating inclusion into seclusion is..
  • Condemns land acquisition of muslim
  • News erroneously portraying Zeliang
  • Report: Shillong Lajong vs East Bengal
  • Yaoshang Sport @Khagempalli #1: Gallery
  • LGBTQ Yaoshang Sports Meet #1 : Gallery
  • M. Shenbangpu : Akademi Award 2014
  • Tribe: A concept in a state of crisis
  • Neiphiu's NDPP-BJP alliance stakes claim
  • Digital footprints: Blueprints for detection
  • Rio refutes news about 'Naga Peace'
  • Yaoshang Mei Loukhatpa #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Nakatheng Chatpa #1 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang with Governor : Gallery
  • Black holes that are neither holes nor black
  • Lingaraja Temple- Lord of Three Worlds
  • Study helps hill student make up lost day
  • Yaoshang Mei Thaba : Gallery
  • Saroi Khangba #3 : Gallery
  • Chirom Indira: Highest Civilian Honour
  • Rejoinder to "MCPCR in dire straits"
  • Poppy destruction: The new norm ?
  • Stop harassment of Urikhimbham
  • Sadar Hills District Demand :: Timeline
  • Understanding the origin & essence
  • Call to reduce Yaoshang days: Make it 3
  • 8th AMWJU Sports Meet : Gallery
  • March Calendar for Year 2018 :: Tools
  • Yaoshang Thabalgi Sen Khaiba #2 : Gallery
  • Stop this shaming of menstruation
  • Yaoshang Greetings from BJP Manipur
  • Self-conscious manhood: Find true self
  • Parl Secy: To be or not to be ?
  • Holi colours can cause side-effects
  • Equality matters
  • Creating nuisance on the roads
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni @Longmai (TML) #3 : Gallery
  • Cultural @ Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • Nonsense is Sense : Guv's attention invited
  • Protection of Human Rights: Resolution
  • Protection of Human Right Defender: Meet
  • Mapithel dam chapter before NGT
  • GOC 3 corps calls on the Governor
  • Gangnam style is better
  • From boycott call to verbal duel: NPF, BJP
  • Festival of Colours to Sports Festival
  • Food Processing Training @Oinam : Gallery
  • Time to ban malicious Moreh products
  • Cry of a Dying River - 20 : Poem
  • Training prog on Food Processing at Oinam
  • One year - now a doomsday ahead..
  • Thought on full five days of Yaoshang
  • Loree Kaju Luita Phanit #3 : Gallery
  • Yaoshang Thabalgi Sen Khaiba #1 : Gallery
  • Death trolls :: Poem
  • Culinary arts as career option
  • Wetlands for a sustainable urban future
  • 12th Annual Damms Sports Meet 2018
  • NPF files complaint with ECI
  • Social Media for Empowerment
  • The perfect leader
  • NPF on the offensive against BJP
  • Lui-Ngai-ni Token Celebration at Chadong
  • Sannaroisingee Numit 2018 : Gallery
  • Reminiscence of career as an aerobiologist
  • Automation in microbiology laboratory
  • India's 'Act East' policy : Unlocking Manipur
  • Indo-Naga Peace Process :: Articles
  • No question of merger with anybody: NDPP
  • SC/ST wants reservation in Private Sector
  • Delhi-da Thabal MSAD na sougatchade
  • Students @ Class X Exam #1 : Gallery
  • AoNna tEnaba :: Seireng
  • Thanga Keithel : Gallery
  • Catholic education : A Global perspective
  • Don't flaunt your license gun
  • Home-made hair oil
  • Meet on Natural Resources Protection
  • Tackling the traffic menace
  • Religion as poll propaganda : Disturbing
  • Lui-Ngai-Ni @Longmai (TML) #2 : Gallery
  • Sentinel Cup Equestrian #4 : Gallery
  • The Peculiar Cut :: EI
  • 61st CC Meet Football postponed
  • A Late-Night Song :: Poem
  • Cyber stalking - Omnipotent danger
  • Math in the Indic Scientific Tradition
  • Rebooting efficient governance
  • Ongoing campaign for ST status: Opposition
  • Moldhin Chan: A Thado-Kuki Folktale #1
  • Saroi Khangba #2 : Gallery
  • Konthoujam Kunjo :: Akademi Award
  • NEROCA Vs Churchill Brothers #2: Gallery
  • Chaotic road traffic system of Manipur
  • King maker vs King saver
  • NIT students meet Union Sports Minister
  • Think of connectivity with new technology
  • Congress down, not out
  • Phases of Manipur Culture #2
  • Loree Kaju Luita Phanit #2 : Gallery
  • Prof N. Irabanta : Legendary Aerobiologist
  • Cry of a Dying River - 19 :: Poem
  • Folk Dance @ Republic Day #2 : Gallery
  • Shopping for Shivaratri #2 : Gallery
  • March Past @Republic Day #3 : Gallery
  • Indo-Naga Talks 2017 :: News Timeline
  • Temples of Manipur : Gallery
  • Thanga Landscape with Loktak : Gallery
  • Likkon Sanaba @ Lamshang : Gallery
  • MaiOn - Scenes #3 :: eRang
  • Singcha Wuya Won @Kamjong #5: Gallery
  • Recipients of Akademi Awards for 2014
  • List of MLA (Jan 2018) #2 : Gallery
  • Old Manipuri Movie #1 :: eRang Classic