TODAY -

Pest invasion, a new challenge for farmers in hill areas
Source: Hueiyen News Service / Sobhapati Samom

Imphal, November 30 2013 : Pests and Plant disease management has become the major challenges of farmers in Manipur particularly in the hill districts.

The frequent outbreak of plant diseases in the wake of insect invasion, unavailability of adequate water source and subsequent economic value of certain agricultural crops, forced the villagers to take up other cereal and oilseed crops cultivation instead of paddy in the Khambi village, about 130 km from Imphal under Phungyar sub-division in Manipur's Ukhrul district.

"Considering the economic value of the crops in the present day markets and of course the plant diseases, most of us cultivate maize, banana and bene seeds in our fields", says 52 year old Weapon Malue of Khambi village.

"However, we've planted paddy in a limited area with extra labour," he added.

After taking retirement from active service more than a decade back, Weapon used to cultivate maize, banana and bene seeds on his cultivable land measuring around 5 hectares besides taking up poultry and piggery to feed a family of eight including his 6 children.

"But the frequent insect attacks at our farms since the last three years has created a new threat to our farming activities while we're trying to manage a sustainable livelihood", he felt.

Interestingly, like Weapon, more than 100 out of the total 130 village households followed similar cultivation pattern in view of the insect invasion and changing rain pattern, etc.

Sharing a similar sentiment, Solei Luiram of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, a farm science centre in Ukhrul district, said that unavailability of water and pest management are the new challenges of the cultivators.

"Only few of them out of around 100-130 households in a Ukhrul village(Khambi) retains paddy cultivation while the remaining focuses on other crops", the KVK scientist pointed out.

The new development has created an alarming situation where farmers are encouraged to use more pesticides or insecticides to control the pest and new diseases in the field.

"Thus, there are chances of vanishing the culture of producing organic agriculture products in the days to come," he added.

Well experienced Tangkhul couple Wilson Shongvah(46) and Leiyaphi Shongvah(45) of Khamasom village, 110 km from Imphal in Ukhrul district, have also been facing similar situation this time, forcing them to cultivate peas, grams and cabbages, etc, in half of their paddy field measuring around 3 hectare.

As a result they had a hard time to support the education of their four children as they managed to get only about 700 kgs of paddy against the previous record of more than 2500 kgs.

Not only the farmers in Ukhrul district, their counterparts in the remaining four hill districts Chandel, Churachandpur, Senapati and Tamenglong have also expressed their desire to draw the attention of the concerned authority to overcome the pest and water management challenges to enhance their farming activities.

On the other hand, the 6-member family of Amazon Ranamei (38) and Lily Ranamei (35) of Mayangkhang village, 54 km north of Imphal in Senapati district complained of excess water in the fields due to unpredicted rain this year.

Monsoon is said to be sustained by cloud formation over a warm Bay of Bengal which eventually blows northwards and precipitate over the region.

But there are instances wherein the warmer Indian Ocean kills clouds prematurely leading to unpredicted rainfall.

Manipur had witnessed drought like situation in June 2009 and again in July last year the months during which heaviest rainfall is usually the norm.

Surprisingly the average annual rainfall recorded in 2012(1156 mm) was much lower than this year's 1242 mm (till November 2013), as per Meteorological Office in Imphal records.

"The wet season (in May this year) has affected the growth of almost all the vegetables plants in the fields," says Lily, who cultivates Broccoli, Brinjal, cabbage, pea, ginger and ground nuts besides paddy at her tiny farmland measuring 1.5 hectares.

"Otherwise, we could have had a good harvest this time," she added.

Similarly, SK David (48) of Mayangkhang village who had a multi-cropping field besides poultry and piggery and Luini (60) and her husband Peter Maram(70) of Maram Khunou village both in Senapati district had also faced a similar situation in their respective farmland in hills.

But the villagers of Makuilongdi village, about 100 km north of Imphal in Senapati district have a different story.

Almost all the 250 households of the village never cultivates paddy since the last three decades as their fields are not suitable for the paddy but good for cultivating Cabbage, Potato and Pea.

So the Zeme tribe inhabited village, which becomes one of the largest producers of the above mention items in northern Manipur, buys rice/paddy every season for their consumption after selling their products.

"We've been supplying cabbage for consumption of Senapati district and beyond," says Chairman Lungronang of Makuilongdi village.

"Our village produces more than 200 truckloads of cabbage and about 100 truckloads of potato and pea in a season." Most of the farmers need new technology to deal with such challenges as the climate change is happening across the globe.

"In fact, we've requested the ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research)team to investigate into it (the insect invasion)", says Project Manager Tychicus Vashum of North East Region Community Resources Management Project (NERCORMP), Ukhrul.

"On the other hand, we've been initiating irrigation and land development besides taking all out effort (since last 13 years) to reduce jhum for the development of permanent farming sites,"Vashum said.

Horticulture scientist Dr Subhra Saikat Roy of ICAR Imphal when contacted in this regard, suggested for regular seed treatment with fungicides, use of bio pesticides or neem(organic) products.

If situation demands, the farmers should have judicious use of chemicals, he added.

"We've even identified some of the climate resilient crops for the region," he disclosed.

With the NERCORMP intervention programmes, now more than 100 hectares of permanent farming areas could be visible in 12 villages in north and east Ukhrul, according to NERCORMP functionary.

Besides, Tusom khullen under Chingai sub-division Rice, Kasom Khullen, Kamjong and Phungyar have named as Rice, Banana and Orange belts in the district.

For the records, Manipur's agriculture is confined to only about 10 percent of the total geographical area and the net agricultural area being 2.34 lakh hectares.


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • My Memories of Imphal #9 : Download
  • World Cancer Day at Imphal
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Bihari parties' in Nagaland election
  • Love for Unity :: Poem
  • Mental Health & Social Policy at Meghalaya
  • Couch surfing !
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Manipur Fashion Extravaganza #5 :: Gallery
  • World Wetland Day @Keibul Lamjao: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • Wild Edible Fleshy Fungi :: Book Review
  • World Wetlands Day at Keibul Lamjao
  • Cramps in legs and feet: What to do ?
  • Challenge for state in meeting JMM objective
  • Drug menace & the HIV reality
  • 74th Republic Day @ Kangla #2 :: Gallery
  • Chinese New Year @Bangkok 2023 :: Gallery
  • It's time for Wetlands restoration
  • Popularization of Science at Chandel
  • Aqua-based IFS model : Options
  • Want fabulous skin this Winter ?
  • Local contractor paying high price for past
  • Take the War on Drugs beyond
  • Sangai Fest: Anal Dance :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Feb : Govt of Manipur
  • International Bioresource Conclave
  • Chanchui Khayi wins Mega Miss NE 2022
  • Happiness :: Poem
  • Indispensable e-Governance but
  • Mass movement must to preserve forests
  • Reaching out to the interiors
  • Singcha Wuya Won @ Kamjong :: Gallery
  • 4 (Manipur) Battalion the Assam Rifles
  • COVID-19 Status 31 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Hazardous chemical contaminants in fishes
  • YouTube as a Career Choice
  • Indo-Naga Talks (2012-) :: News Timeline
  • My belated New Year resolution
  • Healthcare inadequacy hallmark of rural area
  • Incursion from across border
  • Puya Awareness / Exhibition :: Gallery
  • February Calendar for Year 2023 : Tools
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Dealing with peer pressure: Tips for student
  • The inspiration to choose right
  • Sholas of Ootacamund
  • Critical analysis of reservation system
  • Manipur favourite destination for refugees
  • Disturbing call from Lamlongei
  • 74th Republic Day @ Kangla #1 :: Gallery
  • Whither women's reproductive health in Asia
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Primary Health Center (PHC) at Tamei
  • Center Manager @ Imphal
  • IT Advance Trainer @ Imphal
  • Mealybugs & their biological control in NE
  • Namesake varsities exploiting education
  • Already 30 days into 2023
  • My Memories of Imphal #8 : Download
  • MaolKeki Foundation celebrates 5th Anniv
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • As a war rages...
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose #2
  • Wakhal Eronba (Leela) #2 :: Gallery
  • Echoes of Higher Education in Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 27 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • National Tourism Day 2023
  • Multi-State Cooperative Seed Society
  • The Mute Tree :: Poem
  • Artificial Intelligence Weapons, World at risk
  • Axe falls on 5 as anti-drug drive intensifies
  • Imphal-Ukhrul road stretch
  • Barak Festival & Dam Plans: Contradictions
  • Sangai Fest: Thang Ta :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Metamorphosis: 2023, Naga CM not need ...
  • History of Diabetes
  • Green Chemistry, for a sustainable world #2
  • Mr Imphal East Body Building :: Gallery
  • Taibang Keithel (2018) :: Review
  • Seiboi Singsit: Top achiever in Forest Dept
  • A Legal Discussion on "Frontier Nagaland"
  • Netaji & Dattatreya Hosabale
  • Thirukkural, the universal scripture
  • Perennial boundary row
  • Growing traffic congestion in Imphal
  • Support of all essential to win war on drugs
  • NH-102, part of Indo-Burma Road :: Gallery
  • Transforming education for Govt schools
  • COVID-19 Status 24 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Crying foul of officials of Forest Dept
  • Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose #1
  • Fish stock manipulation techniques #2
  • Workplace mental health matters
  • Education : Outside Manipur, why ?
  • Hand over case to CBI demand
  • Ibudhou Thangjing Lai Haraoba #7 :: Gallery
  • Swiss Artist in Manipur
  • Deepika Mayanglambam: Netaji Bose Award
  • COVID-19 Status 23 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Yes to: "Nagas Are Moving Ahead"
  • 4th Plenary Session of World Meetei Council
  • Tips for preventing cold weather acne
  • No time for verbal spat over drug issue
  • Louroi Festival @ Khurai #2 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Green Chemistry, for a sustainable world #1
  • Avatar of God :: Poem
  • ABHM appoints President for Northeast
  • A journey towards knowing ourselves
  • Follow up action - dismissal from service
  • More than half a century of Statehood
  • My Memories of Imphal #7 : Download
  • Tanthapolis Cinema at Sanakeithel
  • Nagas are moving ahead : A Commentary
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Vermi with aquaculture for farmer's income
  • The shameful game behind the games
  • Sangai Fest: Basanta Raas #1 :: Gallery
  • My fear for Manipuri Khorirol
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • 50 years of NS films to be observed
  • Time to use election to defeat Status quoists
  • Courage Begets Crown :: Poem
  • RSS, Mohan Bhagwat's mind
  • Healthcare sector in hills on Govt radar
  • Bringing home the spirit of the WC
  • Tributes to Oja Naba Wareppa :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Mishti Doi : Kolkata Diary
  • Fish stock manipulation techniques #1
  • Vibrant border villages: A 'game changer'
  • Keep your hands soft and smooth this winter
  • Success tale of Phalee village
  • Drugs and poppy in dry Manipur
  • Fish Fair @Hapta Kangjeibung #2 :: Gallery
  • The Sangai Film Festival, 2022
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Missionaries left enduring righteousness
  • Transaction of budget & financial business
  • Reliance Foundation Youth Sports concluded
  • Improved highways perilous for rule resisters
  • An unlikely ally for ATSUM
  • Nupilan & its impact in Manipuri society
  • Romi Meitei's Eikhoigi Yum :: Review
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Selected Screen Projects for Screen Lab
  • Moirang & Port Blair in freedom struggle #2
  • National Lok Adalat at Lamphelpat
  • 33rd Phek Area Sports Association Meet
  • Indian Army as a career choice
  • Multiple hurdles in battling drug menace
  • A process dating back to 1997
  • Louroi Festival @ Khurai #1 :: Gallery
  • South East Asian in performing art
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • BINER 2.0 @Manipur Tech Innovation hub
  • Frontier Nagaland- Marching toward Solution
  • Are our life predetermined by a higher power
  • The 108 Divya Desam Temples
  • Water crisis here to stay
  • Beyond arresting the 5 cops
  • 29th Imphal Book Fair Jan 15 2023 :: Gallery
  • 'Yumpham yaodaba / khudam leitaba wafamni'
  • Capacity Building program at Moreh
  • Health Technology : Can it solve health issues
  • A Sternly Life :: Poem
  • Sukrunye, festival of Chakhesang at Phek
  • Empowering through sex education #2
  • 'War on drugs' campaign winnable...
  • Second edition of the War on Drugs
  • My Memories of Imphal #6 : Download
  • Huidrom Nageshwar: Expedition to Antarctica
  • NNPG and NSCN joint statement
  • COVID-19 Status 14 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • The Village Playground :: Poem
  • Diabetes treatment beyond medications
  • TN CM Stalin out to prove good politics...
  • Yaoshang Thabal competition #3 :: Gallery
  • 'Champions of Film Heritage Award'
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • BIG grant, Ideation to Proof of concept
  • Amit Shah poses teasers for Naga leaders
  • State delimitation & gerrymandering
  • Nail care in Winters
  • Half-hearted upgrade of DM University
  • Prohibition lifted, now what ?
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #2 :: Gallery
  • Around the famous Loktak Lake!
  • Moirang & Port Blair in freedom struggle #1
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • NE India Launchpad 2.0 program
  • L Tonthoi: Best Female Actor @ GIFC
  • World Climate 2022, an overview
  • Drying up of Singda dam water fallout...
  • Shiv Sena: Hitting the right button
  • Nupilal Ningshing Lamjel #4 :: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • Frontier Nagaland Movement- a better world
  • An introduction to Manipuri Vaishnavism #2
  • Buried Deep :: Poem
  • Empowering through sex education #1
  • Robert Memorial Badminton at Senapati
  • Firearms in the hands of reckless denizen
  • Lessons from the past
  • State Level Gaan Ngai #2 :: Gallery
  • Ima Savitri - Documentary film : Review
  • COVID-19 Status 10 Jan : Govt of Manipur
  • 'Chahi Taret Khuntakpa' at Cachar
  • Emerging Manipur peace, prosperity @growth
  • State of the States 2022: Manipur on top
  • War on Drugs mission far from being over
  • Of Leikhom, Leinang & Uphul, Waiphul
  • New Year picnic @Singda #2 :: Gallery
  • Sangai Festival: Sangai Dance :: Gallery
  • 50th years of Manipuri Cinema celebration !
  • Nations wished to no more have war
  • Emerging career options
  • Spike in vehicle sale: Traffic chaos imminent
  • Cong making the right noises
  • Tupul Landslide site construction :: Gallery
  • Addressing skill aspirations among adolescent
  • Shumang Leela Kumhei #1 :: Gallery
  • State Level Gaan Ngai #1 :: Gallery
  • Imoinu Erat Thouni #1 :: Gallery
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2022 #6: Gallery
  • Manipur Journalist Awards #2 :: Gallery
  • Dr Savitadidi N Mehta Museum :: Gallery
  • Ningol Chakkouba @ Pune :: Gallery
  • Linthoi Chanambam- Judo Player :: Gallery
  • Olympians & National awardees of Manipur
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar for 2023