TODAY -

Wainu Chara : An indigenous rice breed :: No negative impact of climate change
Source: The Sangai Express / Laishram Shamungou

Imphal, August 27 2019: Even though the climate is rapidly changing, with unpredictable heat, rainfall and drought etc bringing misery and hardship to all, Wainu Chara, a type of indigenous rice, has been growing and maturing without any visible negative impact.

Wainu Chara is a type of wild rice, similar to Taothabi, and which is mostly found in the low lying areas surrounding Loktak Lake and on the phums.

In the past, people even relied on this particular rice when there was drought or scarcity of food.

This year, the lack of adequate rainfall has brought miseries to farmers of the State as many fields are unable to sustain any crops.



Wainu Chara : An indigenous rice breed :: No negative impact of climate change
Wainu Chara : An indigenous rice breed :: No negative impact of climate change


However, Wainu Chara is thriving abundantly in various locations of Keibul Lamjao National Park as well as atop the Phumdis.

Speaking to The Sangai Express, one Oinam Nodiyachand (58) of Keibul Sargam said that the particular rice variety has a small stalk, is short and tasty.

After the rice ripens, it cannot be harvested using the normally used techniques and instead it has to be harvested using boats or equipment to catch the rice grains (which have the tendency to fall easily after the plant reaches maturity), he said, adding that in the past Wainu Chara used to be consumed when there was scarcity of other rice varieties and during famines.

Pointing out that the rice variety was not particularly favoured by farmers due to its low yield, Nodiyachand said that nowadays, as the Government is supplying rice to the people, Wainu Chara is not eaten by the people and the plant is growing abundantly in the wild.

Another local of the village, Oinam Iboyaima (52) said that the particularly rice variety can survive in even clear water and after the grains fall upon reaching maturity, they will always produce more rice plants the next year.

On the other hand, Manipur University Life Science Professor P Kumar explained that Wainu Chara is also grown in China and Taiwan and this particular wild rice is often regarded as the ancestor of the currently available rice varieties.

The family of Wainu Chara growing in other areas, particularly the North East region, originated from Loktak, he claimed.

Pointing out that other type of rice, namely Kambong, Sangsangba and Mursi, are also found in and around Loktak area, Prof Kumar said that Wainu Chara has been existing since time immemorial without any change in its appearance and characteristics.

If gene germ plasm of such a climate resilient rice variety is stored, it will be very beneficial to all, he added.

ICAR Imphal Joint Director Dr I Meghachandra said that Wainu Chara has a particular gene which helps in repelling pests and this is being investigated by the International Rice Institute, Philippines.

Wainu Chara possess a high level of seed dormancy (ability to survive underground for 2 to 3 years) which helps it in surviving many harsh climatic conditions, he added.

On the other hand, another scientist of ICAR, Ningombam Arti said that many of the rice variety eaten today originated from Wainu Chara and this particular rice has survived since many millennia and it is still surviving the current climatic change quite easily.

Such qualities of Wainu Chara can help in producing other varieties of rice which are resilient to climatic changes, the scientist added.

Dr Arti further explained that Wainu Chara is the ancestor of most of the commercial rice available in South East Asia region adding that the Wainu Chara growing at Keibul Lamjao can also be used to attract more tourists.

On the other hand, Directorate of Environment and Climate Change Deputy Director Dr T Brajakumar opined that it is really important to conserve and document disease and climate resilient plants in today's time.

(Written under the Climate Change State Level Media Fellowship) .


* Comments posted by users in this discussion thread and other parts of this site are opinions of the individuals posting them (whose user ID is displayed alongside) and not the views of e-pao.net. We strongly recommend that users exercise responsibility, sensitivity and caution over language while writing your opinions which will be seen and read by other users. Please read a complete Guideline on using comments on this website.




LATEST IN E-PAO.NET
  • Makru Bridge : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 22 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • AEgi nuZsirb puQniZ-waKL
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • What is your dream ?
  • And then I realised :: Poem
  • Rabbit farming : Advantages & management
  • Wishful think politicians would honour SOP
  • From CSOs to electoral politics
  • Bor khoiramnaba @Hiyangthang #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 21 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • 3rd Meet-the-minister : Gallery
  • Tomorrow's Not The Same : Macnivil video
  • Global lung health meet opens
  • Our Environment
  • Manipur and National Master Plan
  • Worst possible condition of Loktak Lake
  • Pulling in different directions
  • Mera Houchongba @ Kangla #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 20 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Memorial lecture of Prof S. Brajamani
  • 32nd Loktak Day celebration
  • Commercial sweet corn production strategies
  • Party manifesto & unemployment allowance
  • Discussion : Youth & Electoral Politics
  • Satisfactory role of police in pandemic era
  • Doing away with the 3 hour exams
  • Pena - A spike fiddle of Manipur
  • COVID-19 Status 19 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • 3rd Meet-the-minister
  • Minimising wastage
  • Fractured life :: Poem
  • Strengthening law and order & peace
  • National Entrepreneurship Olympiad
  • Different take on glorifying Manipuri warriors
  • What is it that Manipur wants?
  • Kwak Tanba @Sana Konung #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 18 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • 10th Anniversary of PCRM
  • Shri Krishna devotion in Sankirtan #2
  • Every girl child must be digitally empowered
  • Myths about hair care
  • Condemn Poll related violence in Andro
  • Anti-drug crusader seeking public mandate
  • Of news makers & others : Unwitting help?
  • Athuan Abomai funeral : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 17 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Mirabai Chanu - Daughter of Meira Paibis
  • Appeal to govt for ST recommendation
  • Entrepreneurship through Mushroom
  • My best Friend :: Poem
  • 'needs for preserving culture'
  • Authorities in denial mode on deforestation
  • Mount Manipur
  • Legal Outreach Program [Oct 16] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 16 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • COVID-19 : Impact in Manipur :: News Timeline
  • Outreach Programme in villages of Manipur
  • We belong with you :: Poem
  • The man with a golden heart
  • Yuva Shakti - Sports to Start-ups
  • Three Durgas - Micro, Small & Medium
  • General strike [October 15] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 15 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Nobel for journalists, Wow !
  • No Health without Mental Health
  • Seriously, what are we waiting for? :: Poem
  • Breeding management of dairy cows
  • Poor roads impeding development goals
  • Drop in new cases
  • Bor khoiramnaba @Hiyangthang #1 : Gallery
  • Naga Peace Process :: News Timeline
  • Steeper climb for female to civil service
  • World Food Day 2021
  • Journey of Covid vaccination so far
  • Vitamins for beauty
  • The Killing Fields 2021 :: News Timeline
  • Pravish case: Will justice be delivered ?
  • Racing towards Goonda Raj ?
  • A tribute to Padmashri Thongram Haridas
  • COVID-19 Status 13 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Shri Krishna devotion in Sankirtan #1
  • Malaria vaccine: Vital addition to toolkit
  • Drizzle :: Poem
  • Environment protection under Constitution
  • It's election time, 'CM Da Haisi'
  • Firing on a funeral service
  • Tungjoy, Senapati District : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 12 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • I-FLOCS eSYMPOSIA Manipur, 2021 held
  • Meaning of Life :: Poem
  • To love is to let go
  • Intl Conference @RGU, Arunachal [Oct 12]
  • Licence to abet violent polls
  • Not the time to let the guards down
  • Mai-Own : Manipur products #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 11 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • RIST Popular Talk -50 : Nobel Prize
  • Helpline on World Mental Health Day
  • Career options in Mental Health
  • International Conference at RGU, Arunachal
  • 'Houseful' BJP no guarantee to retain power
  • Ugly unfolding of events
  • 125th Jananeta Irawat Day #2 : Gallery
  • Tamenglong & Noney Projects : Gallery
  • Maisnam Meiraba: Men's Singles @ Bulgaria
  • A divided world :: Poem
  • Gandhi Account
  • Haplessness of voters
  • Lining up for the saffron party
  • Cosmos Fest @ Maram [7 Oct] #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 09 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Veg-in-a-Basket recognises its farmers
  • World Mental Health Day 2021
  • The fog always lifts :: Poem
  • Probable future of learning
  • Pest and disease management
  • Downloadable Manipuri Calendar :: 2022
  • COVID-19 Status 08 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • The power of laughter
  • Yet to come :: Poem
  • Keidoubagi Kidoino Shumang Leela
  • Sadbhavna Mandaps in Kangpokpi
  • Best chance to prevent virus deaths
  • What should Manipur look forward to?
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #3: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 07 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Folk Tale Tapta: Some Observations
  • Victoria's Secret
  • Training on Mushroom Cultivation
  • Night inspection of Prime Minister
  • New country roads promise...faster, quicker
  • Pact with Abonmai JAC silence detractors?
  • Probe for 30 days; job promise
  • Irawat Day @ Pishum : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 06 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Karishma Chanu : 2nd @ World Bodybuilding
  • Justice for Late Athuan Abonmai
  • Story to tell :: Poem
  • TIME2021 :: For Math Teachers & Educators
  • Wildlife Week, celebration of nature 2021
  • Vice President's wake-up call
  • Eyes now on Delhi for some days
  • Raas Lila and Shumang Lila
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #2: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 05 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • India Vice President visited IBSD, Takyelpat
  • Wake up :: Poem
  • Preserve trees when building a new house
  • Forgotten concern in economic governance
  • Launch of drone project for vaccination
  • The virus is still out there
  • Abonmai: Shutdown- 4 Oct #1: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 04 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • International Day of Non-violence
  • The cowboy dream
  • I may not be human but... :: Poem
  • Taking Kohima and Dispur on board
  • Building Cultural Competence
  • Case dip no guarantee Covid is over
  • COVID-19 Status 03 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Meeting at Hojai, Assam on ST status
  • In my garden of life :: Poem
  • The colored lens of life
  • Get rid of dandruff
  • 2022 polls: Different dilemmas ..
  • BJP on the swing
  • Issues galore for polls
  • Abonmai: Tamenglong Rally- 29 Sep: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 02 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Manipuri Nata Sankritana Mahajyaga
  • 'Cleanliness Drive' on 'Gandhi Jayanti'
  • Intricacies of intending candidates
  • Why cage ourselves ? :: Poem
  • Gandhi Jayanti observed at Manipur Univ
  • Sit-in Abonmai killing [1 Oct] : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 01 Oct : Govt of Manipur
  • Legal Services Week
  • Ningmareo Shimray, Natl Teacher Awardee
  • Phytobiotics as antibiotic growth for animal
  • Hindi Pakhavaada (Fortnight) Tamasha!
  • Pan-India Awareness & Outreach Campaign
  • The start & where to ? Stepping into Oct
  • 125th Jananeta Irawat Day #1 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 30 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Dr N Raghumani: CRSI Bronze Medal Award
  • Abonmai Killing: Protest [27 Sep]: Gallery
  • Irawat Day celebrated at Lilong
  • The interview
  • Strength training for young & old
  • Vaccination drive : need of the hour
  • Irabot Day: Time to contemplate
  • Bishwamitra Chongtham - Boxing: Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 29 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • October Calendar for Year 2021 : Tools
  • Melei Charong @ Pune [26 Sep]: Gallery
  • Thangol maya thangu thouna hey lao-uba
  • Lecture: Spectroscopy on Material @ MU
  • Quest :: Poem
  • 10th AGM / Cultural program of AMAND
  • Average testing rate keeps alive virus threat
  • A look at the coming Assembly polls
  • New paradigm transforming North East
  • COVID-19 Status 28 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • 23rd Morung Dialogue: .. Cultural Heritage
  • Nata Sankirtana @JNMDA Imphal [28 Sep]
  • World Heart Day 2021
  • Book published on Irabot Day :: Download
  • Adieu ! Oja Raghu Leishangthem
  • Yet another Tourism Day for formality
  • Quick speed in picking up 2 suspects
  • Vanijya Utsav @Imphal #2 : Gallery
  • Harup Waterfall, Kangpokpi Dist #2 : Gallery
  • COVID-19 Status 26 Sep : Govt of Manipur
  • Jadonang's Legacy : Talk- Rongmei Scholars
  • Featured Front Page Photo 2021 #4: Gallery
  • Schools in Jiribam : Gallery
  • Tarpon Katpa @ Loktak #1 : Gallery
  • World Alzheimer's Day : Gallery
  • Discussion: Merger Agreement 1949 : Gallery
  • Mova Cave, Hunpung, Ukhrul #3 : Gallery
  • Kanglasha Kaba Khanba removal #2: Gallery
  • Thri Kappi Sanaba @Andro #1 : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Bongbal Kholen, Kangpokpi #2 : Gallery
  • Laonii Fest of Poumai #2 : Gallery
  • Phuba Khuman, Senapati #2 : Gallery
  • Manipur Olympians reception : Gallery
  • Mary Kom reception- Aug 20: Gallery
  • Hijam Gourashyam : Manipur Sahitya
  • Sushila Likmabam reception- Aug 18: Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #2 : Gallery
  • S Nilakanta / P Sushila [Aug 11] #1 : Gallery
  • Mirabai felicitated truck drivers: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #3: Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai @Imphal #2: Gallery
  • HSLC 2021 Result: Statistics Abstract
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 1st Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 2nd Division
  • HSLC 2021 Result: 3rd Division
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Govt Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Private Schools
  • HSLC 2021 : Pass % : Aided Schools
  • Saikhom Mirabai @ Kakching: Gallery
  • Shanglakpam Nilakanta: Olympics #2: Gallery
  • Sushila Pukhrambam :: Olympics : Gallery
  • Saikhom Mirabai : Tokyo Olympics 2020
  • Pukhrambam Sushila : Tokyo Olympics Dream
  • Sushila Likmabam: Olympics Dream: Gallery